Fakhriati Fakhriati
Lektur Keagamaan, Badan Litbang & Diklat Keagamaan RI

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PENGARUH SYIAH DALAM KEHIDUPAN MASYARAKAT ACEH (Refleksi atas Naskah Hikayat Hasan Husain dan Nur Muhammad) Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Jurnal Analisis Vol 11, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : IAIN RADEN INTAN LAMPUNG

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Abstract

The article examines the traces of ideology and practices of Shia teachings that developed in Indonesia, particularly Aceh by analyzing two popular texts in Acehnese society, especially the Pidie region, the story of Hasan and Husain and Nu r Muhammad. To this end, the author uses an interdisciplinary approaches; first it uses philology and codicology to assess the content and the physic of the manuscript. Then the inter-textual approach is used to compare the text of the manuscript with similar texts in order to obtain information related to the cultural practices of the Shia in Acehnese society. Then to analyze the context of the background and the existence of the manuscript appeared in the local community even its popularity it uses the approach of social history. The authors found that the two texts being studied describe that people were really appreciated and reflected history of the past, then they use it as a spirit in their lives. Persistent struggle and relentless fight the people of Aceh against in disbelief and colonialism, perhaps, was part of a reflection of genuine appreciation for the history of the struggle of ‘Ali and his family that they were praised in the saga.
Kadirun Yahya: Perjalanan Menuju Saidi Syekh dalam Tarekat Naqsyabandiyah Kholidiyah Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Jurnal Lektur Keagamaan Vol 11, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI

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Naqsyabandiyah Khalidiyah Order is a name for Naqsyabandiyah order that refers to one of Caliph that is Syekh Abdul Khalik Fajduani. This School of thought has spread out in the archipelago and became a great interest for the Colonial. Kadirun Yahya who has interests with this order (tarekat) is a scientist, a physics teacher, joined tarekat and become the leader of this order and succeeded in developing and raising the Naqsyabandiyah Khalidiyah. In his hand, the Naqsyabandiyah order has different appearance instead of other tarekat. The specification of this tarekat was lies with its scientific approach. He tries to explain his tarekat through scientific theory, though he admitted that it is not easy for everybody to understand the metaphysical problems through the explanation of science, unless for they who understand religion as much as science and technology. Keywords: Tarekat, Metaphisyc, Scientific Approach
Refleksi Pengamalan Tasawuf di Aceh pada Abad ke-19M dalam Kitab Dia’ul Wara Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Jurnal Lektur Keagamaan Vol 12, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Badan Litbang dan Diklat Kementerian Agama RI

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Historically, it is proved that the coming of Islam into Aceh went on together with teaching and applying sufism. For the next term, sufism then internalized in Achenese life. Thus, there are many ulamas who mastered and taught sufism. They had left valuable heritage through their writing called manuscripts which can be used by the people, both in their era and the next generation. One of the sufi ulamas who left his writing works is Teungku Khatib Langgien arrived from Langgien, Pidie Regency. One of his works which is important is ¬i±’ul War± contained of sufi doctrines. Teungku Khatib Langgien can be catagorized as a wise ulama in discussing and teaching his people. He concerned their ability in understanding his teaching. In his book, I argue that the information inside is able to be read by any level of people and used in any time without limitted time.Keywords: sufism, manuscripts, Aceh, and ulama
The Use of Papers in The Acehnese Islamic Manuscripts and its Historical Context Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 2, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

Paper is the most popular material used for writing Islamic manuscript in the Archipelago, including Aceh. Both imported and traditional papers were used for writing Islamic manuscripts in Aceh. Using certain paper for writing an Islamic manuscript might be used for tracing a great information on the context of papers that can be able to learn and know the relationship between the country of paper producers and the country of the paper users. This article argues that Acehnese Islamic manuscripts were written mostly in imported papers containing of watermark images commonly used in Islamic countries. This indicates that Acehnese had either social, economic, political, or knowledge relationship with Islamic countries.
Sufis’ Actions Against the Dutch in Aceh in The Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Center for Research and Development of Religious Literature and Heritage

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Abstract

Sufis in Aceh, historically, had shown its real action in their daily life in relation to both vertical and horizontal. For vertical relations, the followers performed any Sufi practice leading them to their God. For horizontal relationship, they protected and defended their society and state by performing jihad against the Dutch as colonizers and infidels for them. There are at Ieast three factors influenced Sufis actions to be more attractive. First, the condition of Acehnese sultanate became weak. Second, the Dutch seemed eagerly to expand their colonial territory to Aceh. Third, the Acehnese had already kept in touch with other Muslims in Arabia since the Islam coming to this area. This article elaborates in detail on this matter by using primary sources from manuscripts and archives. Besides, secondary sources are also referred for comperation.
PENGARUH SYIAH DALAM KEHIDUPAN MASYARAKAT ACEH (Refleksi atas Naskah Hikayat Hasan Husain dan Nu>r Muh}ammad) Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Analisis : Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 11, No 2 (2011): Analisis : Jurnal Studi Keislaman
Publisher : IAIN Raden Intan Lampung

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Abstract The  article  examines  the  traces  of ideology  and  practices  of Shia teachings that developed in Indonesia, particularly Aceh by analyzing two  popular  texts  in Acehnese  society,  especially  the  Pidie region, the story of Hasan and Husain and Nu r Muhammad. To this end, the author uses an interdisciplinary approaches; first it uses philology and codicology to assess the content and the physic of the manuscript. Then the inter-textual approach is used to compare the text of the manuscript with similar texts in order to obtain information related to the cultural practices of the Shia in Acehnese society. Then to analyze the context of the background  and the existence  of the manuscript  appeared in the local community even its popularity it uses the approach of social history. The authors found that the two texts being studied describe that people were really appreciated  and reflected history of the past, then they use it as a spirit in their lives. Persistent  struggle and relentless fight the people of Aceh against in disbelief and colonialism, perhaps, was part of a reflection of genuine appreciation  for the history of the struggle  of ‘Ali and his family that  they  were praised in the  saga.
Penafsiran Tanda-tanda Laut melalui Pemaknaan Hari dalam Naskah Melayu-Aceh Koleksi Teuku Nurdin Aceh Utara Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Manuskripta Vol 6 No 2 (2016): Manuskripta
Publisher : Masyarakat Pernaskahan Nusantara (The Indonesian Association for Nusantara Manuscripts, Manassa)

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Abstract

Maritime Culture becomes an integral part of the culture of the people of Aceh, especially those who living at the coastal areas. The concern of the Acehese for their marine environment is also found in the Acehnese manuscript. One of the source that reflecting this maritime culture for the Acehnese people can be found in the Teuku Nurdin collection. The manuscript containing the sea signs and their interpretation, for the people who want to sail and earn a living by observing the good or bad days indicated in the text. The author makes an analysis with reference to the events experienced by some prophets in the past, such as the prophet Jonah and Moses. This paper attempts to describe the contents of manuscripts that provide an information about the good days in their relation to sea signs that should be observed more carefully by sailors and fishermen. The analysis will also describe the associated coastal cultural history that has developed in Acehnese society. Therefore, the philology-related approach to the study of textual texts and history became an important task to be done in this study. The author expected to reveal the meanings and functions of ocean signs, from the different points of view. --- Budaya Bahari menjadi bagian tidak terpisahkan dari budaya masyarakat Aceh, khususnya yang hidup di pesisir. Perhatian masyarakat terhadap lingkungan mereka yang diwarnai dengan laut juga ditemukan dalam naskah Aceh. Salah satu bentuk kepedulian masyarakat Aceh yang ditemukan dalam naskah Aceh koleksi Teuku Nurdin adalah menafsirkan tanda-tanda laut yang diperkenankan untuk berlayar dan mencari nafkah di laut dengan menelaah hari-hari yang dianggap baik dan tidak baik. Penulis naskah membuat analisis dengan mengacu kepada kejadian-kejadian yang dialami oleh beberapa Nabi pada masa lampau, seperti Nabi Yunus dan Nabi Musa. Tulisan ini mencoba memaparkan isi naskah yang memberi informasi terkait hari-hari baik dan hubungannya dengan tanda-tanda laut yang patut dicermati lebih hati-hati oleh pelaut dan nelayan. Analisa juga akan menguraikan terkait sejarah budaya pesisir yang berkembang pada masyarakat Aceh. Karena itu, pendekatan Filologi terkait kajian teks naskah dan Sejarah untuk memahami sejarah budaya setempat menjadi hal yang penting dilakukan dalam studi ini. Studi ini diharapkan dapat mengungkap kebermanfaatan tanda-tanda di laut sebagai sumber daya dari berbagai sudut pandang. 
Interconection and Local Wisdom of Malay and Arabs Ulamas Works: Study on Malay and Arabic Manuscripts’ Papers Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Al-Qalam Vol 24, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Makassar

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Abstract

Malay and Arabs are two continents, located in different area, Southeast Asia and Middle East. Historically, writers as ulamas (religious prominent figures) tended to use watermarked papers for writing many things both related to religious, historical knowledge, and also their experience. Looking at the manuscripts existing nowadays, almost all Malay and Arabic manuscripts’ papers have unique and similar watermark images and countermark inside. It cannot be denied that historical background and context appeared behind the papers. Historically, the relationship among the countries since the coming of Islam to Malay -- that was in Aceh at the first -- gave the effect of produced and using the papers. Trade and diplomatic relation can be assumed as the biggest factor taken places in this aspect. Besides, Western countries also took important role in exporting their paper to other countries. In addition, they had colonized some Muslims countries both Southeast Asian and Middle East. As the most popular producers of watermark images, Western countries also exported their papers to other countries, including their colonized countries. This paper tries to elaborate ulamas’ paper in these two nations in its similarity and diversity to find local wisdom inside. Thereafter, to analyze the relationship among the countries is another focus of this paper. This paper tries to use Philological, codicological, and socio-historical approach in dealing with the content and physics of the manuscripts, and its historical context.
REFLEKSI KONFLIK ANTARA ULAMA DAN UMARA PADA ABAD KE-19M; TELAAH ATAS NASKAH SIRAJUDDIN Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 17, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

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Abstract

Historically, Acehnese almost constantly struggled with conflicts. It is recorded that between ulamas (Sufi and Syar’i’s ulamas) had often in disagreement among themselves. The conflict also occured between ulamas and uleebalangs or umara. Not only that, conflict that led people to defend their religion and the nation cannot be avoided when the colonizers tried to enter and dominate Aceh. In this situation, the role of ulamas cannot be denied at all. They took important position as catalysts and mobilizers in the struggle against the colonizers. This information is not only obtained from secondary sources, but also from those directly involved in the conflict. Manuscript of Sirajuddin written by Teungku Muhammad Ali Pulo Pueb, an ulama came from Pidie, Aceh and lived in the 19th century, contains historical facts about several conflicts in Aceh. This Acehnese manuscript would be an interesting subject of study about several conflicts in Aceh because on the one hand the author discussed about Sufi teaching, and on the other, he illustrated the reality of conflict that occurred at that time. Comparison on how other two ulamas, Fakih Jalaluddin and Teungku Khatib Langgien, dealt with the conflict is also discussed in this article in order to understand to what extent of their defends, speaking up for religion, looking after their nation, and also involved in the conflict growth in Colonial era. Keywords: conflict, ulama, umara, manuscript, sufism
TRADISI INTELEKTUAL ACEH DI DAYAH TANOH ABEE DAN DAYAH RUHUL FATA Fakhriati, Fakhriati
Al-Qalam Vol 20, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Agama Makassar

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Abstract

Sejak Islam masuk ke wilayah Aceh, dilanjutkan dengan masa kejayaan, penjajahan, dan kemerdekaan,para ulama Aceh telah mengisi warna sejarah tradisi intelektual dengan berbagai tulisan tangannyayang sekarang sebagiannya masih disimpan baik di dayah (pesantren) maupun di masyarakat. Tradisiintelektual di Aceh telah berkembang secara dinamis dalam menyahuti perkembangan zamannya.Dua dayah, Tanoh Abee dan Ruhul Fata, misalnya, menyimpan karya-karya ulama yang dapat dilihatperkembangan tradisi intelektual dari periode ke periode. Tulisan ini menganalisis karya ulamayang disimpan di Dayah Tanoh Abee dan karya ulama yang ada di Dayah Ruhul Fata untuk melihatsejauhmana tradisi intelektual berkembang di kedua dayah ini pada masa silam dan masa sekarang.Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan pendekatan filologi dan sejarah, serta mengumpulkandata melalui eksplorasi, observasi, dan inventarisir karya-karya ulama di dua dayah tersebut. Hasilpenelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi kesinambungan tradisi intelektual yang cukup dinamis dariabad ke 17 hingga 20 di wilayah ini dan pengadopsian tradisi penulisan dari naskah Arab Timur Tengah.