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PENINGKATAN BERAT BADAN IBU HAMIL MEMPENGARUHI BERAT BADAN LAHIR BAYI DI DAERAH PESISIR Saimin, Juminten; Faisal, Muhammad; Asmarani, Asmarani; Wicaksono, Satrio
Preventif Journal Vol 2, No 2 (2018): PREVENTIF JOURNAL
Publisher : Preventif Journal

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Abstract

Pertumbuhan janin dan berat badan bayi lahir dipengaruhi oleh status gizi ibu hamil, baik sebelum dan selamakehamilan. Prevalensi BBLR di negara-negara berkembang masih tinggi. Tingginya kasus BBLR akan berdampakpada peningkatan angka kesakitan dan kematian bayi. Penelitian ini Mengetahui hubungan antara peningkatanberat badan ibu hamil dan berat lahir bayi di daerah pesisir. Metode Penelitian ini adalah observasional analitikdengan metode cross sectional. Penelitian dilakukan di wilayah Puskesmas Mata, Puskesmas Nambo danPuskesmas Abeli pada bulan Desember 2016. Populasi penelitian adalah ibu berusia 20-35 tahun yang melahirkandi daerah pesisir Kota Kendari pada bulan Januari-Oktober 2016. Pengambilan sampel secara simple randomsampling, dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 215. Analisis data menggunakan uji Chi-square. Hasil penelitianmenunjukkan responden terbanyak berusia 20-25 tahun (43,3%), pendidikan terakhir SMA (44,2%), sebagai iburumah tangga (90,2%), pekerjaan suami adalah wiraswasta (44,2%), dan multiparitas (60,9%) dengan IMT sebelumhamil sebagian besar normal (65,6%). Peningkatan berat badan selama hamil sebagian besar normal (65,1%) danberat badan lahir bayi terbanyak BBLN (91,6%). Terdapat 8,4% bayi BBLR yang dilahirkan oleh ibu denganpeningkatan berat badan yang kurang selama kehamilan. Terdapat hubungan antara peningkatan berat badan ibuhamil dengan berat badan lahir bayi (p=0,00). Terdapat hubungan antara peningkatan berat badan ibu hamildengan berat badan lahir bayi di daerah pesisir.Kata kunci: BBLN, BBLR, peningkatan berat badan ibu hamil
Preliminary Investigation on the Useful Chemicals obtained from High-Temperature and High-Pressure Water Treatment of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis Obutus) Bark Daimon, Hiroyuki; Faisal, Muhammad
Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan Vol 7, No 4 (2010): Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Department, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

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Abstract

The possibility of utilizing residual forest biomass to produce valuable chemicals was investigated. An outer layer of a bark of Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obutusa) tree, a Japanese cypress, was used as a sample material. Experiments were carried out in a semibatch reactor apparatus that allows the study of the effect of reaction temperatures in a single run. Analysis of the products by GC-MS reveals formation of useful compounds such as furfural, some aromatic compounds (1,3-di-tert-butyl benzene and 2,4-di-tert-butyl phenol), and fatty acids (myristic acid, palmitic acid and stearic acid).Keywords: fatty acids, furfural, high temperature water treatment, hinoki, residual biomass
Recovery of Organic and Amino Acids from Sludge and Fish Waste in Sub Critical Water Conditions Faisal, Muhammad; Daimon, Hiroyuki; Fujie, Koichi
Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan Vol 8, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Department, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

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Abstract

The possibility of organic and amino acid production from the treatment of sludge and fish waste using water at sub critical conditions was investigated. The results indicated that at sub-critical conditions, where the ion product of water went through a maximum, the formation of organic acids was favorable. The presence of oxidant favored formation of acetic and formic acid. Other organic acids of significant amount were propionic, succinic and lactic acids. Depending on the type of wastes, formation of other organic acids was also possible. Knowing the organic acids obtained by hydrolysis and oxidation in sub-critical water of various wastes are useful in designing of applicable waste treatment process, complete degradation of organic wastes into volatile carbon and water, and also on the viewpoint of resource recovery. The production of lactic acid was discussed as well. The results indicated that temperature of 573 K, with the absence of oxidant, yield of lactic acid from fish waste was higher than sewage sludge. The maximum yield of total amino acids (137 mg/g-dry fish) from waste fish entrails was obtained at subcritical condition (T = 523 K, P = 4 MPa) at reaction time of 60 min by using the batch reactor. The amino acids obtained in this study were mainly alanine and glycine.Keywords:  organic acids, amino acids, sub-critical water, hydrothermal, resources recovery
MEMBANGUN SISTEM INFORMASI GEOGRAFIS (SIG) BERPARADIGMA QUR’ANI Faisal, Muhammad
El-QUDWAH El-Qudwah (04-2008)
Publisher : lemlit-uin malang

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Abstract

GIS ( Geographical Information System) be organization pool hardware, computer software and geographical data design efficiently in taking, saving,updating, manipulation, analyses and presents all part of geographical information. Geographical yields region map. At era now Peta region have been tidy and diolah into a computer peripheral, this komputrer peripheral which will analyse existing of a place and arranges it by corresponding to model representing the original. Increasinglyly berkembangya research about regional map especially in information technology area, finally is formed an geographical information system. This system of course can give certainty of the decision takers about settlement of region ( region mapping). If evaluated from a real far flung Indonesia state region, hence would hardly requires a GIS which is accurate and precise, why that way? because very very vital position of GIS a region / area having extraordinary effect to pursue existence of events of disaster which bia ought to be prevented early possibly. Why Indonesia region that way respects reputedly overseas, but simply happened a lot of disaster that is still not after, disaster coming silih to change, altogether having element at one particular nature phenomenon which we might not take care of reallyly and serious. Of course settlement of the region needs existence of involvement various party(sides to manage it, but in reality a lot of Iameness happened, why the Iameness Iameness happened, possibly this happened because basis nation believe we still weakening and hardly unable to esteem nature. Result of this research proves that we must be wise wise and in managing nature.Keyword : GIS, nature phenomenon
Production of Valuables Organic Acids from Organic Wastes with Hydrothermal Treatment Process Faisal, Muhammad
Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan Vol 7, No 1 (2009): Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Department, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

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Abstract

This article reports production of valuables organic acids from the hydrothermal treatment of representative organic wastes and compounds (i. e. domestic sludge, proteinaceous, cellulosic and plastic wastes) with or without oxidant (H2O2). Organic acids such as acetic, formic, propionic, succinic and lactic acids were obtained in significant amounts. At 623 K (16.5 MPa), acetic acid of about 26 mg/g-dry waste fish entrails was obtained. This increased to 42 mg/g dry waste fish entrails in the presence of H2O2. Experiments on glucose to represent cellulosic wastes were also carried out, getting acetic acid of about 29 mg/g-glucose. The study was extended to terephthalic acid and glyceraldehyde, reaction intermediates of hydrothermal treatment of PET plastic wastes and glucose, respectively. Studies on temperature dependence of formation of organic acids showed thermal stability of acetic acid, whereas, formic acid decomposed readily under hydrothermal conditions. In general, results demonstrated that the presence of oxidants favored formation of organic acids with acetic acid being the major product. Keywords: hydrothermal treatment, organic acids, organic wastes, oxidant, supercritical water oxidation
Rapid Determination of Microbial Quinones using Supercritical CO2 Extraction Faisal, Muhammad; Irvan, Irvan; Atsuta, Yoichi; Daimon, Hiroyuki; Fujie, Koichi
Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan Vol 5, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Department, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

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Abstract

The supercritical CO2 extraction of microbial quinones from activated sludge samples obtained from various activated sludge was investigated and compared to the conventional method using organic solvent extraction. The extraction was carried out in a supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) system in the temperature range of 25 to75 oC and the pressure up to 30 MPa. Different extraction conditions, such as the temperature, pressure, extraction time and modifier were employed to maximize the SFE efficiency. Significant amount of microbial quinones (ubiquinones and menaquinones) could be extracted rapidly with supercritical CO2. Results on the value of diversity and dissimilarity suggested that the SFE with supercritical CO2 extraction was a reliable technique for quinones extraction.
Karakteristik Pembakaran Beberapa Jenis Biomassa dalam Fluidized Bed Boiler Mahidin, Mahidin; Hamdani, Hamdani; Muhtadin, Muhtadin; Faisal, Muhammad; Mahyuddin, Mahyuddin
Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan Vol 10, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Rekayasa Kimia & Lingkungan
Publisher : Chemical Engineering Department, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

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Abstract

Pembakaran biomassa dalam rangka memproduksi energi termal untuk menghasilkan utilitas lain dapat dilakukan dengan mengkonversi energi tersebut ke bentuk energi lain. Boiler dengan unggun terfluidisasi dipilih sebagai teknologi konversi energi termal menjadi energi listrik, karena kukus yang diproduksi dapat digunakan untuk menggerakkan turbin yang dikopling dengan generator listrik. Unit dimana proses pembakaran berlangsung, yaitu ruang bakar dan freeboard dipilih sebagai target pengamatan untuk mengevaluasi kinerja boiler tersebut. Hasil pengamatan terhadap pembakaran tiga jenis biomassa, serpihan kayu ketam, kulit pinang dan ranting kayu kering, memperlihatkan bahwa masing-masing jenis biomassa memiliki karakteristik pembakaran tersendiri. Temperatur pembakaran maksimum untuk serpihan kayu ketam dan ranting kayu kering didapatkan pada waktu pembakaran 30 detik, sementara untuk kulit pinang pada 20 detik. Hasil yang sangat menarik adalah ditemukan bahwa temperatur maksimum dapat ditingkatkan dengan mengubah sistem pengumpan bahan bakar. Sistem pengumpan antara memberikan temperatur maksimum yang lebih tinggi dibanding dengan sistem pengumpan biasa.
THE LEGAL PROTECTION FOR A GOOD FAITH BUYER UNDER A COURT DECISION Faisal, Muhammad
Mimbar Hukum - Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada Vol 27, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

There are various principles given in Indonesian Civil Code (KUHPerdata) and HIR/RBg in providing legal protection on good faith purchaser, but all of these principles eventually dropped their pedestal on a judge’s verdict to decide whether or not the intention of the buyer is based on a good faith purchaser. There are also many factors that can influence the decision of a judge that can lead to different conceptions of the protection provided. In addition, the rapid development of the present law requires judges to review the general principles of law and also applying existing law theories in the making of their verdict. Permasalahan perlindungan hukum pembeli beritikad baik merupakan masalah yang cukup mendasar dalam hukum kita. Terdapat berbagai prinsip yang diberikan dalam KUHPerdata maupun HIR/RBg dalam mengupayakan perlindungan hukum pembeli beritikad baik, akan tetapi upaya-upaya tersebut pada akhirnya menjatuhkan tumpuannya pada putusan hakim untuk menilai beritikad baik atau tidaknya seseorang. Di sisi lain, terdapat banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi putusan seorang hakim sehingga apabila dikaitkan dengan itikad baik, dapat menimbulkan konsepsi yang berbeda-beda terhadap perlindungan yang diberikan. Selain itu, pesatnya perkembangan hukum sekarang ini mewajibkan hakim-hakim untuk mempelajari kembali asas-asas hukum serta menerapkan teori-teori hukum yang ada dalam membuat putusannya.
CDM Potential in Palm Solid Waste Cogeneration as an Alternative Energy in Aceh Province Mahidin, Mahidin; Machdar, Izarul; Faisal, Muhammad; Nizar, Muhammad
Makara Journal of Technology Vol 16, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Directorate of Research and Community Services, Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) as a solid waste in Crude Palm Oil (CPO) industry does not utilized yet as an alternative energy source to generate electricity. It is well known that use of solid wate (biomass) as an energy source is part of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) scheme due to direct reduction of Green House Gases (GHGs) emission and provide a direct contribution to sustainable development. Utilization of EFB as a source of energy is very potential to be implemented in Aceh since this province has 25 CPO Mills at the moment which actively produce about 870,000 ton EFB per year. This study is subjected to evaluate the potency of electricity  from EFB theoretically by using primary data (survey data) and secondary data. Potency of EFB and number of electricity produced from that EFB are estimated using primary data and direct combustion scenario, respectively. Calculation methods for emission reduction acieved are done by AMS-I.D: Renewable electricity generation to the grid and AMS-III.E: Methane emissions avoided from dumping at a solid waste disposal site. The result of this investigation shows that energy consumption in 25 CPO Mills is 45 GW(e)h per year. Evidently, the number of energy/electricity which is potential to be produced by using 75% EFB is 1,047 GWh per year; so that the GHGs emission reduction up to 171,232.21 tCO2e per year.
Peranan Badan Arbitrasi Nasional Indonesia dalam Menyelesaikan Sengketa Bisnis di Indonesia Faisal, Muhammad
Jurnal Jatiswara Vol 30 No 2 (2015): Jatiswara
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Mataram

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to determine and understand the role of Indonesia Arbitration Centre (BANI) in resolving business disputes in Indonesia and procedure in Indonesia Arbitration Centre to dispute business settlement. Method of approach in this research use Legislation approach (statute approach), conducted by reviewing laws and regulations relating to the issues discussed. Conceptual Approach, examines the views/concept of the experts people to the issues of discussed: Based on above, the results of this reasearch are: Indonesia Arbitration Centre is currently favored to dispute resolution by the parties who are in business, It is seen from the development of BANI in settlement the business dispute both after and before enactment of The Act Number 30 of 1999 on Arbitration and Alternative Dispute Settlement. Dispute Settlement procedures at BANI can be done by submission of application and registration, defendant feedback, foration the arbitral tribunal, arbitration reconnaissance, determination the arbitration decision and the submission and registration of the arbitration decision.