Anis Fahri
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LAJU KONVERSI LAHAN SAWAH MENJADI PERKEBUNAN SAWIT DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHINYA SERTA DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP PRODUKSI PADI DI KABUPATEN KAMPAR, RIAU Fahri, Anis; M. Kolopaking, Lala; Budiman.Hakim, Dedi
Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 17, No 1 (2014): Maret 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

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Abstract

Conversion Rate of Rice Field to Palm Oil Plantation, the Affected Factors and Its Impact to Rice Production in Kampar District, Riau. Kampar district is a center of rice production area in Riau Province and since ten years ago had been being conversed to palm oil plantation. This study aimed: (1) to identify the rate of land conversion, (2) to analyze factors that influence the conversion of paddy fields at the farm level, (3) to identify impact of paddy field conversion on rice production. The study was conducted in Kampar district from April to December 2013 using survey design and involving 60 farmers as respondent that consisted of 30 paddy farmers in Kampar Sub District and 30 farmers in Tambang Sub District who undertook paddy field conversion to palm oil plantations. Analyzing the data used multiple linear regressions. The results of landsat analysis from 2002 to 2010 showed a decreased occurred paddy field area by 1955.79 ha (21.77%) (from 8,984 ha to 7028.21 acres). The factors which significantly influenced paddy field conversion were: (1) reduction in paddy farming income, (2) an increase in palm oil farming income, (3) irrigation constraints, and (4) the lack of knowledge regarding the regulation of paddy field. Paddy field conversion during the period of 2002-2010 was estimated on causing the loss of 9,192 t of grain, which was, equivalent to 5,767 t of rice per years.   Key words: Land conversion, palm oil, paddy field, Kampar District Kabupaten Kampar merupakan sentra produksi beras di Provinsi Riau yang dalam kurun waktu sepuluh tahun terakhir terjadi konversi lahan sawah. Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1) mengidentifikasi laju konversi lahan sawah, (2) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi konversi lahan sawah di tingkat petani, (3) mengidentifikasi dampak konversi lahan sawah terhadap ketahanan pangan. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Kampar Provinsi Riau dari bulan April hingga Desember 2013 menggunakan rancangan survey yang melibatkan 60 petani responden, terdiri dari 30 petani padi di Kecamatan Kampar dan 30 petani yang melakukan konversi lahan sawah ke perkebunan kelapa sawit di Kecamatan Tambang. Analisis data mengggunakan regresi linear berganda. Hasil interpretasi data citra landsat 2002-2010 menunjukkan terjadi penyusutan lahan sawah seluas 1.955,79 ha (21,77%) dari 8.984 ha menjadi 7.028,21 ha. Faktor-faktor yang diduga secara signifikan mempengaruhi konversi lahan sawah di tingkat petani adalah: (1) penurunan pendapatan usahatani padi, (2) peningkatan pendapatan usahatani kelapa sawit, (3) kendala irigasi dan (4) kurangnya pengetahuan tentang kebijakan larangan konversi lahan sawah. Konversi lahan sawah selama periode 2002 - 2010 diperkirakan telah menyebabkan hilangnya 9.192 t gabah kering giling atau setara dengan 5.767 t beras/tahun.   Kata kunci: Konversi lahan, kelapa sawit, padi sawah, Kabupaten Kampar
LAJU KONVERSI LAHAN SAWAH MENJADI PERKEBUNAN SAWIT DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHINYA SERTA DAMPAKNYA TERHADAP PRODUKSI PADI DI KABUPATEN KAMPAR, RIAU Fahri, Anis; M. Kolopaking, Lala; Budiman.Hakim, Dedi
Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian Vol 17, No 1 (2014): Maret 2014
Publisher : Balai Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Conversion Rate of Rice Field to Palm Oil Plantation, the Affected Factors and Its Impact to Rice Production in Kampar District, Riau. Kampar district is a center of rice production area in Riau Province and since ten years ago had been being conversed to palm oil plantation. This study aimed: (1) to identify the rate of land conversion, (2) to analyze factors that influence the conversion of paddy fields at the farm level, (3) to identify impact of paddy field conversion on rice production. The study was conducted in Kampar district from April to December 2013 using survey design and involving 60 farmers as respondent that consisted of 30 paddy farmers in Kampar Sub District and 30 farmers in Tambang Sub District who undertook paddy field conversion to palm oil plantations. Analyzing the data used multiple linear regressions. The results of landsat analysis from 2002 to 2010 showed a decreased occurred paddy field area by 1955.79 ha (21.77%) (from 8,984 ha to 7028.21 acres). The factors which significantly influenced paddy field conversion were: (1) reduction in paddy farming income, (2) an increase in palm oil farming income, (3) irrigation constraints, and (4) the lack of knowledge regarding the regulation of paddy field. Paddy field conversion during the period of 2002-2010 was estimated on causing the loss of 9,192 t of grain, which was, equivalent to 5,767 t of rice per years.   Key words: Land conversion, palm oil, paddy field, Kampar District Kabupaten Kampar merupakan sentra produksi beras di Provinsi Riau yang dalam kurun waktu sepuluh tahun terakhir terjadi konversi lahan sawah. Penelitian ini bertujuan: (1) mengidentifikasi laju konversi lahan sawah, (2) menganalisis faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi konversi lahan sawah di tingkat petani, (3) mengidentifikasi dampak konversi lahan sawah terhadap ketahanan pangan. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Kampar Provinsi Riau dari bulan April hingga Desember 2013 menggunakan rancangan survey yang melibatkan 60 petani responden, terdiri dari 30 petani padi di Kecamatan Kampar dan 30 petani yang melakukan konversi lahan sawah ke perkebunan kelapa sawit di Kecamatan Tambang. Analisis data mengggunakan regresi linear berganda. Hasil interpretasi data citra landsat 2002-2010 menunjukkan terjadi penyusutan lahan sawah seluas 1.955,79 ha (21,77%) dari 8.984 ha menjadi 7.028,21 ha. Faktor-faktor yang diduga secara signifikan mempengaruhi konversi lahan sawah di tingkat petani adalah: (1) penurunan pendapatan usahatani padi, (2) peningkatan pendapatan usahatani kelapa sawit, (3) kendala irigasi dan (4) kurangnya pengetahuan tentang kebijakan larangan konversi lahan sawah. Konversi lahan sawah selama periode 2002 - 2010 diperkirakan telah menyebabkan hilangnya 9.192 t gabah kering giling atau setara dengan 5.767 t beras/tahun.   Kata kunci: Konversi lahan, kelapa sawit, padi sawah, Kabupaten Kampar
Study Patterns Of Assistance Field School Integrated Crop Management Rice In Riau Province Fahri, Anis; Sipahutar, Dorlan; Saleh, Amiruddin
Jurnal KMP (Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan) Vol 10, No 2: Juli 2012
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jurnalkmp.10.2.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACT Study pattern of Assistance Field School Integrated Crop Management (FS-ICM) Rice in Riau Province was conducted in 2011 focused on acquiring data and information (FS-ICM) attending patterns were effective. Experiment was conducting in nine county region of Riau Province. Stipulating location sample of data mining and farming groups in purposive random sampling method. Primary data collected through focus group discussions (FGD),  involved an extension worker, community leaders and participating farmers (FS-ICM) as well as ICM demonstration plot farmer cooperators. Collected data had been validated, and classified regarding clustered  topic in order information distributed related to discussion topics. Moreover, the data was  interpreted by reference and expertise team. Data was analysed by SWOT analysis method (Strength, Weakness, Opportunity and Threat). The results of internal environmental analysis (ALI), strength variable value was greater than weakness variable value  (379> 355). Results of analysis of the external environment (ALE), the chance variable values is smaller than threat variable value (360 <390). Patterns of innovation assistance accomodated  SL-PTT on aspects bases on  paddy power (potential region, motivation, market access); aspects of weakness bases (Adoption of technology, labor, cost of production); aspects of opportunity bases (Agroecosystems, VUB rice, promotion of innovation SL-PTT); and aspects of threats bases (climate, mentoring systems, technology development). Keywords: Accompaniment patterns, FS-ICM rice