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PERBEDAAN PRODUKSI DAN PENDAPATAN USAHATANI PADI SAWAH SISTEM IRIGASI TEKNIS DENGAN SISTEM POMPANISASI Fachri, Muhammad; Tarigan, Kelin; Hasyim, Hasman
JOURNAL ON SOCIAL ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS Vol. 2 No. 2 Februari 2013
Publisher : JOURNAL ON SOCIAL ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURE AND AGRIBUSINESS

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Abstract

ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis perbedaan biaya pengairan usahatani padi sawah sistem irigasi teknis dengan sistem pompanisasi; perbedaan produksi usahatani padi sawah sistem irigasi teknis dengan sistem pompanisasi; perbedaan pendapatan usahatani padi sawah sistem irigasi teknis dengan sistem pompanisasi, dan membandingkan tingkat distribusi pendapatan petani padi sawah sistem irigasi teknis dengan sistem pompanisasi. Metode analisis data menggunakan metode uji beda rata-rata (compare means) dengan menggunakan metode independent sample t-test dengan dua desa yang berbeda sistem pengairannya dan metode analisis gini ratio. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara biaya pengairan sistem pengairan irigasi teknis dengan sistem pompanisasi. Terdapat perbedaan yang sangat nyata antara produksi pada sistem irigasi teknis dengan sistem pompanisasi. Terdapat perbedaan yang sangat signifikan antara pendapatan pada sistem irigasi teknis dengan sistem pompanisasi. Dan tingkat distribusi pendapatan di desa Makmur masuk dalam kategori ketimpangan pendapatan rendah dan untuk desa Sei Rejo masuk dalam kategori tingkat ketimpangan pendapatan sangat rendah. Kata kunci: Irigasi, pompanisasi, biaya pengairan, produksi, pendapatan.   ABSTRACT The objective of this study to analyze the differences in the cost of irrigating paddy fields technical irrigation system with pumping system; difference paddy farming production technical irrigation system with pumping system; difference paddy farm income technical irrigation system with pumping system, and compared the distribution of income of rice field farmers technical irrigation system with pumping system. Data analysis method is used average on different test methods (compare means) by using independent sample t-test with two different villages irrigation systems and analytical methods gini ratio. The results showed that there are significant differences between the cost of irrigation technical irrigation systems with pumping system. There is a very real difference between the production of technical irrigation with pumping system. There is a significant difference between income on technical irrigation with pumping system. And the distribution of income in the Makmur village level in the category low income inequality and to the Sei Rejo village in the category very low levels income inequality. Keywords: Irrigation, pumps, irrigation costs, production, income.
ANALISIS KINERJA JARINGAN FTTH (FIBER TO THE HOME) DI JALAN LOTUS PERUMAHAN CEMARA ASRI MEDAN Fachri, Muhammad; Zulfin, Muhammad
Singuda ENSIKOM Vol 10, No 26 (2015)
Publisher : Singuda ENSIKOM

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Abstract

Fiber to the home (FTTH) merupakan suatu bentuk penghantaran serat optik dari pusat penyedia (provider) ke kawasan pengguna dengan menggunakan serat optik sebagai medium penghantaran. Teknologi ini digunakan untuk mendapatkan layanan yang dikenal dengan istilah triple play services yaitu layanan akan akses internet yang cepat, suara dan video dalam satu infrastruktur pada unit pelanggan. Tulisan ini menganalisis kinerja jaringan FTTH menggunakan teknologi GPON (Gigabit Passive Optical Network) di Jalan Lotus Perumahan Cemara Asri. Dalam analisis kinerjanya, parameter yang dianalisis power link budget, power margin dan rise time budget. Hasil dari analisis kinerja FTTH di Jalan Lotus Perumhan Cemara Asri  Medan, bahwa dari perhitungan untuk   uplink (1310 nm) menghasilkan redaman sebesar  18,9 dB dan untuk downlink (1490 nm) sebesar 18,7 dB sedangkan uplink (850 nm) menghasilkan redaman sebesar  22,8 dB dan untuk downlink (1300 nm) sebesar 19,9 dB. Nilai power margin menghasilkan nilai yang masih berada di atas nol dB (tidak negatif) sehingga mengindikasikan bahwa link memenuhi kelayakan power link budget. Nilai rise time total untuk uplink (1310 nm) sebesar 0,25 ns yang masih di bawah waktu total bit rates sebesar 0,583 ns, sedangkan untuk downlink (1490 nm) sebesar 0,251 ns yang masih di bawah waktu total bit rates sebesar 0,292 ns. Nilai rise time total untuk uplink (850 nm) sebesar 0,346 ns yang masih di bawah waktu total bit rates sebesar 15,6 ns, sedangkan untuk downlink (1300 nm) sebesar 0,253 ns yang masih di bawah waktu total bit rates sebesar 7 ns.
KEBERADAAN EKTOPARASIT PADA IKAN MAS (Cypprinus carpio) YANG DIPELIHARA DENGAN PERBEDAAN PERSENTASE PERGANTIAN AIR Andriyanto, Septyan; Fachri, Muhammad
Media Akuakultur Vol 9, No 2 (2014): (Desember 2014)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perikanan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kelautan da

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Abstract

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Hubungan Nilai Eosinofil Darah Tepi dengan Gejala Asma pada Pasien Asma Stabil Fachri, Muhammad; Tajudin, Sari Rahmawati
Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 13, No 2 (2017): JURNAL KEDOKTERAN DAN KESEHATAN
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Jakarta

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Asma adalah penyakit saluran napas inflamasi kronis yang penting dan merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang serius di berbagai negara di seluruh dunia. Asma dapat terjadi pada segala usia dengan manifestasi yang sangat bervariasi dan berbeda-beda antara satu individu dengan individu lainnya. Inflamasi yang terjadi pada asma adalah inflamasi yang khas yaitu inflamasi yang disertai infiltrasi eosinofil, hal ini yang membedakan asma dari gangguan inflamasi jalan napas lainnya. Pentingnya peranan sel-sel inflamasi terutama sel eosinofil didalam mencetuskan gejala asma, maka tulisan ini membahas tentang peranan eosinofil pada asma dan aspek patogenesanya. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekatan cross sectional dengan pemilihan sampel menggunakan metode total sampling sebanyak 105 pasien. Alat penelitian berupa rekam medis yang diambil pada periode 3 – 20 November 2016. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat untuk menjelaskan karateristik masing-masing varibel yang diteliti, dan bivariat dengan melihat nilai eosinofil darah tepi dan gejala asma yang tercatat pada rekam medis untuk mengetahui hubungan nilai eosinofil darah tepi dengan gejala asma. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa ada hubungan yang bermakna antara nilai eosinofil pasien terhadap sesak (p value = 0,001), mengi (p value = 0,000), rasa berat di dada (p value = 0,000) dan terdapat hubungan yang tidak bermakna antara kadar eosinofil pasien terhadap gejala batuk (p value = 0,671) dan derajat asma (p value = 0,515). Semakin jelas gejala asma (mengi, sesak dan berat di dada) pada pasien asma stabil, maka semakin tinggi nilai eosinofilnya dan bermakna secara statistik kecuali pada gejala batuk. Semakin tinggi derajat asma stabil pada pasien asma stabil maka pasien cenderung memiliki kadar eosinofil yang tinggi, namun belum bermakna secara statistik. Kata Kunci: Eosinofil, Gejala Asma, Derajat Asma Stabil.
PERTUMBUHAN CACING SUTERA PADA MEDIA KOTORAN PUYUH DAN AMPAS TAHU TERFERMENTASI SERTA TEPUNG TAPIOKA DENGAN KOMPOSISI BERBEDA Fachri, Muhammad; fitrani, mirna; ., yulisman
Jurnal Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia Vol 4, No 1 (2016): JURNAL AKUAKULTUR RAWA INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Sriwijaya

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ABSTRACT Silk worm is one of natural feed with high nutrien content. The supply of silk worm is still rely on nature, therefore needs to be cultured. The aim of this research was to know the growth of silk worm that cultured on combination media of quail manure and tofu waste fermented and tapioca flour. This research conducted since March until May 2015 in Laboratorium Dasar Perikanan, Aquaculture Program Study, Faculty of Agriculture, Sriwijaya University. The research method used Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three treatments and three replications : (Treatment A : 50% fermented quail manure, 35% fermented tofu waste and 15% tapioca flour, Treatment B : 50% fermented quail manure, 25% fermented tofu waste and 25% tapioca flour, Treatment C : 50% fermented quail manure, 15% fermented tofu waste and 35% tapioca flour). The fermented quail manure, fermented tofu waste and tapioca flour were entered to container base on composition treatment with water flow 525 mL/min. Silk worm were put on media for 42 days. The results showed that culture of silk worm used fermented quail manure, fermented tofu waste and tapioca flour gives significantly effect (P<0,05) on biomass production, population and nutrition content of silk worm. The treatment B reached the fastest time of population and the highest of population, biomass also nutrien contain. Based on the results, the culture of silk worm use quail manure and tofu waste fermented and tapioca flour could increase biomass, population and nutrition content of silk worm.   Keywords : tofu waste, fermentation, quail manure, growth of silk worm, tapioca flour
Hubungan Penggunaan Kontrasepsi Suntik Tiga Bulanan selama Satu Tahun dengan Peningkatan Tekanan Darah Ardiansyah, Ardiansyah; Fachri, Muhammad
Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Kes Mas: Jurnal Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

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Abstract

Background: Increased blood pressure is the change in blood volume or blood vessel elasticity systole and diastole increased 10 mmHg or more, as measured by sphigmomanometer. Increased blood pressure has multifactorial causes, one of is the use of injectable hormonal contraception. This study aims to describe the prevalence of elevated blood pressure in the study subjects and relationships using injectables three months for one year with an increase in blood pressure. Method: This study used a cross-sectional study. Sampling of 80 respondents with consecutive sampling technique. The study was conducted of injectables acceptor three months for one year, data analysis using Chi-square test. Results: Most of the results obtained have increased blood pressure as much as 58.8% and the results of bivariate analysis using Chi-square test is known that there is a significant relationship between the variables use of injectables (p value &lt;0.05) with an increase in blood pressure. Conclusion: There was a relationship significant between the use of injectables contraception to the increase in blood pressure
Comparison of Various Degree of Stable Asthmatic Patients With Obesity and Normoweight at Jakarta Islamic Hospital Sukapura Rahmawati, Galih Lidya; Fachri, Muhammad
JOURNAL OF THE INDONESIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia Vol 64, No 12 (2014): Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia
Publisher : PENGURUS BESAR IKATAN DOKTER INDONESIA

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Introduction: Asthmatic patients with obese will have a pulmonary function decline if it is compared with normoweight asthmatic patients, because there are accumulation of adipose tissue on those who have obese.Objective: This study aim to describe the difference of pulmonary function between various degrees of stable asthmatic patients with obese and normoweight.Methods: Analytic observational study with cross sectional design. Retrieval of data in total sampling and data processing using SPSS 20 software.Results: Subjects of this study were 47 patients with stables? asthma diagnosis, mostly on aged 30- 39 years, female, body mass index (BMI) obese, value of pulmonary function FEV1 with obstruction, the degree of asthma control portion and stable asthma trigger factors caused by respiratory tract infections. The value of FEV1 in stable asthmatic patients tend to be decreased in patients withobese if it is compared with stable asthmatic patients with normoweight, but it is not statistically significant.Conclusion: The value of pulmonary function FEV1 in stable asthmatic patients tend to be decreased in patients with obese if it is compared with stable asthmatic patients with normoweight, but it is not statistically significant.Keywords: Pulmonary Function, Stable Asthma, Obesity, Normoweight
Overview of Various Degrees of Adult’s Asthma Patients With Trigger’s Asthma Attacks In Sukapura, Jakarta Islamic Hospital (RSIJ Sukapura) Widjaya, Risa Maulida; Fachri, Muhammad
JOURNAL OF THE INDONESIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia Vol 64, No 12 (2014): Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia
Publisher : PENGURUS BESAR IKATAN DOKTER INDONESIA

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Introduction: Asthma is one of the top ten disease in Indonesia. Reducing of asthma attacks can be done by minimizing exposure to asthma triggers? factors.Objective: This study aims to find out overview of stable asthma patients with triggers? asthma attacks.Methods: Descriptive study with cross sectional study design, a total sampling methods and data processing using SPSS 20 software.Results: Subjects of this study were 47 patients with stables? asthma diagnosis, mostly on aged 30-39 years, female, high school education level (high school), worked as a Housewife (IRT), body mass index (BMI) normoweight and moderate persistent asthma. And almost intermittent asthma triggers? factors was caused by pollutants and irritants, GERD, and respiratory tract infections,whereas in the mild and moderate persistent asthma due to respiratory infections and severe persistent asthma due to GERD and respiratory tract infections.Conclusion: Most of asthma patients are female, aged on 30-39 years old, high school educated, worked as a housewife with IMT normoweight. Classification of moderate persistent asthma with a triggers? factor for respiratory tract infections.Keywords: adult asthma, the degree of asthma, asthma triggers factors
Charactersitic of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients Related to Smoking Habit Brinkman Index Value in Rumah Sakit Islam Jakarta (RSIJ) Sukapura Shamara, Fani; Fachri, Muhammad
JOURNAL OF THE INDONESIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia Vol 64, No 12 (2014): Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia
Publisher : PENGURUS BESAR IKATAN DOKTER INDONESIA

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Introduction: The risk of COPD increases along with duration of smoking and number of cigarettes smoked per day.Objective: To find out the characteristic of COPD patients related to brinkman index of smoking habits .Methods: This is a descriptive study with cross-sectional study design. Total sampling data retrieval and data processing using SPSS 20 software.Results: From 43 subjects we found most stable COPD patients were male, age 60-69 years, their last education was junior high school, mostly they were retired / not having a job, had normoweight BMI, degree of stable COPD were moderate and severe.Conclusion: Most subjects had smoking category of heavy smokers and moderate COPD degrees.Keywords: COPD, smoking, Brinkman index
The Relation Between Smoking Risk Factor, Lower Respiratory Tract Infection, Air Pollution and Socioeconomic With Various Degrees of Copd Stable at Jakarta Islamic Hospital (RSIJ) Sukapura Rasyid, Labibah; Fachri, Muhammad
JOURNAL OF THE INDONESIAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia Vol 64, No 12 (2014): Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia
Publisher : PENGURUS BESAR IKATAN DOKTER INDONESIA

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Introduction: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is one of non-infectious disease that becames public health problems in Indonesia, COPD prevalens increase up at the age group over 40 years.Objective: To understand the relationship between smoking risk factor, lower respiratory tract infection, air pollution and socioeconomic with various degrees of COPD stable.Methods: Analitic research with research design was cross-sectional. By using total sampling technique and data processing using SPSS 20 software.Results: The number of patients with stable COPD was 43 patients, most patients were male, 60 years old, work as unemployee and moderate degree category. Most COPD risk factor in moderate degree of COPD is smoker, had a lower respiratory tract infection, exposed by outdoor air pollution and had social economy with a good residential.Conclusion: Most COPD risk factor had a heavy smoker category, a lower respiratory tract infection, exposed by outdoor air pollution and had social economy with good residential, but had not meaningful statistically. There was meaningful relationship between sex and education with various degrees of COPD stable.Keywords: degree of COPD, COPD risk factors