Tengku Erwinsyahbana
Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

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Sistem Hukum Perkawinan Pada Negara Hukum Berdasarkan Pancasila Erwinsyahbana, Tengku
Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 3, No 01 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum

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Abstract

Marriage is included as basic needs (rights) of every human being, whose goal is to establish a family or household who are happy and eternal by Belief in God Almighty. The inclusion of elements of the phrase "Belief in God Almighty" within the meaning of marriage mentioned in Article 1 of Law no. 1 of 1974, indicating that the marriage can not be viewed simply as a matter of personal (individual), but must also be viewed as the legal relationship between a man and a woman in a household that has religious values ​​based on the Pancasila as a life philosophy of the Indonesian nation.
PERSPEKTIF HUKUM PERKAWINAN ANTAR AGAMA YANG BERKEADILAN DIKAITKAN DENGAN POLITIK HUKUM PERKAWINAN INDONESIA DALAM RANGKA PEMBANGUNAN HUKUM KELUARGA NASIONAL Erwinsyahbana, Tengku
Indonesian Journal of Dialectics Vol 2, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Unpad

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Abstract

It is likely that inter-religion marriage often takes place due to plurality adhered by the Indonesian people. Many couples have not had their inter-religion marriage registered due to refusal by the Civil Registry Office to register their marriage on grounds that the inter-religion marriage is not permitted in religious teachings, and further, it is not regulated in Law No. 1 of 1974. This fact obviously raised the feeling of injustice and legal uncertainty in the inter-religion marriage so that it is interesting to investigate the aims of which were: to discover the law on inter-religion marriage in the politics on marriage law based on Five Basics Principles of the Republic of Indonesia (Pancasila) when associated with function of the marriage registry institution, to discover the legal certainty of the interreligion marriage conducted overseas when associated with function of the marriage registry under the Indonesian legal system, as well as the inter-religion marriage law in the political perspective on equitable marriage law based on Pancasila as an effort for legal system development of national family. Toanalyzethe research findings, the following theories are adopted, which are, the Pancasila-based legal state, Pancasila-based justice as well as legal development and legal certainty theories.The research was a legal research natured by adopting approaches on legal history and comparative as well as laws and regulations. The research was descriptive nature and in view of the costruction, it was a prescriptive research.The main data required for the research consisted secondary and primary data.Data collection that have been adopted was document study and interview methods The analysis of the data collecting was conducted on a qualitative juridical method focusing on the analysis on the legal certainty and legal aspect which live and grow among the public, as well as legal synchronization.The research indicated that the inter-religionmarriage in Indonesia has taken place due to a legal uncertainty in the context of Law No. 1 of 1974 which did not regulate whether or not the inter-religion marriage practice was permitted. On the contrary, however, the relevant law has opened the possibility of such marriage to took place. It was also possible that the uncertainty on the inter-religion marriage was due to the provisions regarding marriage as set forth in Law No. 1 of 1974 and Law No. 23 of 2006 which conflict with each other. The state should therefore guarantee that the public legal certainty is to be realized as one characteristic indicated in a Pancasila-based legal state is the existence of legal certainty. Viewed from the theories on Pancasila-based justice as well as legal development and legal certainty approache.Thus, to realize public orderliness and harmony, it shall be necessary to only register the marriage at one institution. This has to be conducted as an effort to keep orderliness of population administration and legal certainty when it comes to inter-religion marriage.
Sistem Hukum Perkawinan Pada Negara Hukum Berdasarkan Pancasila Erwinsyahbana, Tengku
Jurnal Ilmu Hukum Vol 2, No 02 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Hukum

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Abstract

Marriage is included as basic needs (rights) of everyhuman being, whose goal is to establish a family orhousehold who are happy and eternal by Belief in GodAlmighty. The inclusion of elements of the phrase “Be-lief in God Almighty” within the meaning of marriagementioned in Article 1 of Law no. 1 of 1974, indicatingthat the marriage can not be viewed simply as a mat-ter of personal (individual), but must also be viewedas the legal relationship between a man and a womanin a household that has religious values based on thePancasila as a life philosophy of the Indonesian na-tion.
ANALISIS YURIDIS PUTUSAN LEPAS DARI SEGALA TUNTUTAN HUKUM ATAS TINDAK PIDANA PERUSAKAN EKOSISTEM MANGROVE DI KABUPATEN LANGKAT (Putusan P.N. Stabat Nomor: 374/Pid.B/2006/PN.Stb) Erwinsyahbana, Tengku
YUSTISIA Vol 80 (2010)
Publisher : YUSTISIA

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Abstract

The aim ofthis research are to know some case thathas been processed that there some defendant was decided outof any prosecution by thejudge at Court of Disctrict Altough thepublic prosecutor had collected wasqualified. Decidedoutofanyprosecution wasvery interested toanalyze toknow more how the reasoning andconsideration of the judge. This research is normative juridical bycase study method. The collected data were analyzed using ofjuridical qualitative methods. Based on analysis results therewas concluded that thejudge assess that defendant did not able to responsible, because there was forgiving reasons. Therefore thejudge decided out ofanyprosecution because offorgiving reasons injudge decision not accordance with Penal Code.
PERSYARATAN NASKAH JURNAL DE LEGA LATA Erwinsyahbana, Tengku
DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 1, No 1 (2016): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (125.472 KB) | DOI: 10.30596/dll.v1i1.779

Abstract

PERSYARATAN NASKAH JURNAL DE LEGA LATA
Pengantar Penyunting Erwinsyahbana, Tengku
DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 1, No 1 (2016): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (120.274 KB) | DOI: 10.30596/dll.v1i1.775

Abstract

Pengantar Penyunting
PERSYARATAN NASKAH JURNAL DE LEGA LATA Erwinsyahbana, Tengku
DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 1, No 2 (2016): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (125.302 KB) | DOI: 10.30596/dll.v1i2.808

Abstract

PERSYARATAN NASKAH JURNAL DE LEGA LATA
Pengantar Penyunting Erwinsyahbana, Tengku
DE LEGA LATA: JURNAL ILMU HUKUM Vol 1, No 2 (2016): DE LEGA LATA
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sumatera Utara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (120.563 KB) | DOI: 10.30596/dll.v1i2.806

Abstract

Pengantar Penyunting
KEPASTIAN HUKUM PENGGADAIAN HARTA BERSAMA TANPA IZIN DARI SALAH SATU PASANGAN DALAM PERKAWINAN (ANALISIS PUTUSAN MAHKAMAH SYAR’IYAH NOMOR :0049/Pdt.G/2014/Ms-Aceh) Erwinsyahbana, Tengku; Valini Tanjung, Vivi Lia
Varia Justicia Vol 13 No 1 (2017): Vol 13 No. 1 Maret 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

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Abstract

Seseorang yang menguasai barang bergerak, dianggap sebagai pemilik, apabila berhutang kepada lembaga gadai, maka barang bergerak yang dikuasai dapat dijadikan sebagai jaminan bagi pelunasan hutangnya. Berdasarkan Pasal 36 ayat (1) UU No. 1 Tahun 1974, ditentukan bahwa jika seorang suami atau isteri, bermaksud melakukan perbuatan hukum yang objeknya terkait dengan harta bersama, maka perbuatan hukum tersebut harus didasarkan pada persetujuan kedua belah pihak. Ironisnya dalam praktik penggadaian yang objeknya adalah harta bersama, maka persetujuan seperti yang dimaksudkan tidak pernah diminta-kan. Kenyataan yuridis seperti ini menarik untuk diteliti dan dianalisis, yang tujuannya adalah untuk mengetahui kepastian hukum pelaksanaan gadai yang objeknya adalah harta bersama. Jenis penelitian ini adalah yuridis normatif dengan pendekatan perundang-undangan dan pendekatan kasus, yang bersifat deskriptif. Data penelitian berupa data sekunder, sehingga metode pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik studi dokumen, sedangkan analisisnya dilakukan secara yuridis kualitatif. Dalam hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa gadai terhadap harta bersama dalam perkawinan tanpa adanya persetujuan pasangan suami isteri adalah batal demi hukum, oleh sebab itu disarankan agar pemerintah segera memper-baharui aturan hukum demi menjamin kepastian hukum terhadap pelaksanaan gadai.
KEPASTIAN HUKUM PENGGADAIAN HARTA BERSAMA TANPA IZIN DARI SALAH SATU PASANGAN DALAM PERKAWINAN (ANALISIS PUTUSAN MAHKAMAH SYAR’IYAH NOMOR :0049/Pdt.G/2014/Ms-Aceh) Erwinsyahbana, Tengku; Valini Tanjung, Vivi Lia
Varia Justicia Vol 13 No 1 (2017): Vol 13 No. 1 Maret 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v13i1.1865

Abstract

Seseorang yang menguasai barang bergerak, dianggap sebagai pemilik, apabila berhutang kepada lembaga gadai, maka barang bergerak yang dikuasai dapat dijadikan sebagai jaminan bagi pelunasan hutangnya. Berdasarkan Pasal 36 ayat (1) UU No. 1 Tahun 1974, ditentukan bahwa jika seorang suami atau isteri, bermaksud melakukan perbuatan hukum yang objeknya terkait dengan harta bersama, maka perbuatan hukum tersebut harus didasarkan pada persetujuan kedua belah pihak. Ironisnya dalam praktik penggadaian yang objeknya adalah harta bersama, maka persetujuan seperti yang dimaksudkan tidak pernah diminta-kan. Kenyataan yuridis seperti ini menarik untuk diteliti dan dianalisis, yang tujuannya adalah untuk mengetahui kepastian hukum pelaksanaan gadai yang objeknya adalah harta bersama. Jenis penelitian ini adalah yuridis normatif dengan pendekatan perundang-undangan dan pendekatan kasus, yang bersifat deskriptif. Data penelitian berupa data sekunder, sehingga metode pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik studi dokumen, sedangkan analisisnya dilakukan secara yuridis kualitatif. Dalam hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa gadai terhadap harta bersama dalam perkawinan tanpa adanya persetujuan pasangan suami isteri adalah batal demi hukum, oleh sebab itu disarankan agar pemerintah segera memper-baharui aturan hukum demi menjamin kepastian hukum terhadap pelaksanaan gadai.