Erry Erry
Peneliti Pusat Humaniora. Kebijakan Kesehatan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan - Kementerian Kesehatan, Jakarta

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Plasma Lutein Level in Age-Related Macular Degeneration Erry, Erry
Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 57 No. 6 June 2007
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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The aim of this study is to determine the difference of lutein plasma levels between ARMD and non ARMD, and whether lutein plasma level decreases the risk factor for ARMD. An analytic observational case control study for ARMD patients was done in Cicendo Eye Hospital Bandung, since July 2004 until November 2004. One hundred ninety eight patients, aged 50 to 85 years were included in the case group. Ninety nine patients with ARMD and ninety nine patients without ARMD as a control group. The sample was collected by consecutive admissions, no randomization until the required size of sample was achieved. The lutein plasma level of the two groups was assessed with spectrophotometer. The mean lutein plasma level was 0.148 μmol/l (SD=0.077 μmol/l) for ARMD case group, 0.328 μmol/l (SD=0.313 μmol/l) for non ARMD control group. There was a statistically significant difference between the two groups (t-test=5.561; p<0.0001) with OR=3.83. Risk of ARMD was increased in people with a low plasma level of lutein. The cut off valueof Lutein Concentration this study is <0,15 μmol/L with 66,2% accuracy.Keywords: ARMD, lutein plasma levels, risk factor.
PERBANDINGAN IDEAL ANGGARAN UPAYA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (UKM) DAN UPAYA KESEHATAN PERORANGAN (UKP) Dl TINGKAT KABUPATEN/KOTA Sundari, Siti; Wibowo, Hendrianto Trisno; Erry, Erry; Sukoco, Noor Edi Widya; Rusiawati, Yuyus; Riswati, Riswati
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 10, No 1 Jan (2007)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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The Community Health Efforts (Usaha Kesehatan Masyarakat/UKM) and Individual Health Efforts (Usaha KesehatanPerorangan/UKP) Programs were established to enhance services towards more promotive and preventive than curative and rehabilitative services. Accordingly, the budget allocated for the UKM should be more than or balanced with the UKP budget. Due to the abscence of benchmark for ideal proportion of the UKM and the UKP budget at the District/Municipal levels, the budget allocated for both efforts were highly depending on decision of local authorities and the budget allocated by the Central level. This study aimed to determine the ideal proportion of UKM and UKP budget at the Districts/Municipalities having Index Poverty Level level equal or above 34.4. This was an observational study using a retrospective design. Data were collected at 6 (six) District/Municipal Health Offices on Health Budgets allocated during year 2003-2005 and analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively. Results showed that the proportions of budget allocated for the UKM and UKP were varied from 49.9%-57.2% for the UKM and 42.8%-50.1% for the UKP. Eventhough there was an increased of UKM budget which meant more services toward promotive and preventive activities, the services provided by the UKM were more towards curative than preventive functions. Furthermore, both efforts have continuum services from promotive to rehabilitative services. To conclude, the concept of UKM and UKP needs to be redesign in order to accomplish theDepartment of Health Grand Strategy for promotive and preventive services before stating the benchmark for the UKM and the UKP budget proportions.Key words: the UKM, the UKP, health-budget, districst, municipalities
HYPERTENSI DAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR RISIKONYA DI INDONESIA Susilowati, Dwi; Aryastami, Ni Ketut; Erry, Erry
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 13, No 2 Apr (2010)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: This study describes the hypertension rate in Indonesia in 2007 and its related factors. The data was obtained from RISKESDAS (Riset Kesehatan Dasar/Basic Health Research) 2007 which included questions of individual, social and physical health of respondents aged 15 years and more during the data collection. Methods: Statistical method used was cross tabulation and un-pair t-test. Results: The result showed that totally 36.3% males and 35 8% females suffered from hypertension. High hypertension rates were found at Gorontalo, East Java, Central Java, Bangka Belitung and West Java provinces. Hypertension began at early aged, those aged 15-18 years, 6. 5% boys and 12.8% girls suffered from hypertension. Being head of the family, low education and not working was related to a higher rate for hypertension. Those with no education have the highest hypertension rate, i.e.: 61.4% among females and 49.0% among males. Pregnant women have lower hypertension rate as compared to non-pregnant women. Those who were unemployed had the high estrate for hypertension (42.4%). Hypertension rate among farmers was higher as compare to fisher-men (42.3% vs 21 8%). Those that suffer from heart disease, Diabetes Mellitus and stroke had a significantly higher hypertension rate than those who were not. Those that smoked or chew tobacco in the past one month has a higher hypertension rate than those who were not smoking or tobacco chewing. The majority of the smokers were heavy smokers. Key words: hypertension, age, sex, marital status, education level, occupation, tobacco, physical activity
DISTRIBUSI DAN KARAKTERISTIK PTERIGIUM DI INDONESIA Erry, Erry; Mulyani, Ully Adhie; Susilowati, Dwi
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 14, No 1 Jan (2011)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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Background: Pterygium is an epithelial conjunctiva bulbi and connective tissue growth that could cause viston problem. Pterygium is mainly found at tropical and subtropical areas. There is no accurate data about pterygium prevalence in Indonesia. Methods: Those analyzed were respondents aged 5 years and more from Basic Health Research (RISKESAS) 2010, a cross sectional non intervention study. Diagnosis was made using flashlight and compared it to a chart. Results:The prevalence of pterygium at both eyes was 3.2% and at one eye was 1.9%. The highest prevalence of pterygium atboth eyes was at West Sumatra province (9.4%), the lowest prevalence was at Jakarta province (0. 4%). The highest prevalence of pterygium at one eye was at West Nusa Tenggara province, the lowest was at Jakarta province (0. 2%). The lowest prevalence of pterygium at both eyes as well as at one eye was at those aged 5-9 years (0. 03%) while the highest prevalence were found at age 70 years and more. The prevalence of pterygium at both eyes and the prevalence of pterygium at one eye based on gender were almost similar, the prevalence of pterygium among farmers was the highest (6.1%)and the lowest were among school children (1.0%); the highest prevalence were those with no schooling (11.0%) and the lowest were those that finished Junior High School (1.6%); the highest was at rural area for both eye (3.7%) as well as for one eye (2.2%) as compared to urban area. The prevalence of pterygium of both eyes was highest at lowest household expenditure (3.2%) while the lowest for one eye pterygium ( 1. 7%) at highest household´s expenditure. Pterygium is a community health problem at rural areas especially among farmers and sailors that were used for high sunlight exposure. This type eye problem increased among those who lived in the equator. Key words: pterygium, eye, province, rural, urban, Indonesia