Fitrah Ernawati
Puslitbang Gizi dan Makanan, Badan Litbangkes Depkes RI

Published : 31 Documents
Articles

Found 31 Documents
Search

HUBUNGAN ANTARA ZINC SERUM DENGAN STATUS GIZI LANSIA

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 25, No 1 (2002)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.53 KB)

Abstract

Background: The findings of study that 30% in Bogor and 27% in Jakarta of elderly people were undernourished. Malnutrition may occur due to infection and low food intake. Among elderly people, one of the factors that causes low food intake is affected by impairment of taste sensory and teeth function. The impairment of taste sensory is influenced by zinc status in the body . Objectives: To collect food consumption pattern data of zinc rich foods, zinc concentration in serum and to analyze association of zinc concentration and nutritional status. Methods: Research design was cross sectional, and conducted in two sub districts in Bogor city. The respondents were women in 60-75 years of age, no suffering from illnesses and chronically disease. The total respondent was 90 people, and divided into three groups of 30 peoples. Data gathered included respondent identity, physical examination, anthropometry, blood biochemical and zinc dietary consumption. Results: Zinc dietary consumption adequacy of underweight group was only 30% of recommended dietary allowance, while for normal and overweight groups were 40% of dietary allowance. Zinc serum concentration of underweight group ( 82 ug/dl) was not significantly different with normal group( 85 ug/dl), however differed significantly (p<0.05) with overweight group (95 ug/dl). Underweight group suffered 40% zinc deficiency, 27% for normal and only 7% for overweight group. Conclusions: Zinc deficiency was more prevalent in underweight group than that of normal and overweight group. [Panel Gizi Makan 2002,25: 26.331.

ENERGI EXPENDITURE PADA LANSIA

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 25, No 2 (2002)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (62.889 KB)

Abstract

Back ground: Physical activity is a factor to estimate the energy requirement. The elderly tend to reduce their activities which influence their energy requirement. Now aday the energy need for elderly is extrapolated from the adult. Energy expenditure based on their daily activities is a method to estimate the energy requirement. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to assess energy expenditure of elderly people based on the daily physical activities. Methods: The study was conducted in 2 sub-sub districts of Bogor Country. A total of 92 elderly ( 42 men and 50 women) were included in this study. The inclusion criteria were BMI 18.5 – 25.0 , physically and hematologically healthy and agree to participate in this study. Physical activities data were collected 3 days respectively using method record and recall and energy intakes using 3 day food record by weighing. Results: The average age was 67.5 ± 5,1 years for male elderly and 65.4 ± 3.9 years of female elderly. Recreational activities (reading, waching TV, sitting) were the most activities done by male elderly (34.9 % of the day) while female elderly 34.8 % of the day were spent for sleeping activity. The highest energy expenditure of male elderly was contributed from reactional activities (570.3 ± 187.8) Kcal/day while female elderly the highest energy expenditure was contributed from household work activities. The average energy expenditure for male elderly was 1870.2 ± 261.2 Kcal/day or 34.4 Kcal/Body weight/day and female elderly was 1840.2 ± 255.7 Kcal/day or 38.2 Kcal/Body weight/day. The energy intake of male elderly was 1858 ± 471.7 Kcal/day or 34.1 Kcal/Body weight/day and female elderly was 1472 ± 255.7 Kcal/day or 30.8 Kcal/Body weight/day. Conclusions: Conclusion of this research was the energy expenditure of male elderly balance with their energy consumption,while the energy expenditure of female elderly higher than their energy consumption. Recommendations: Further study on physical activities of elderly of different culture in Indonesia is needed. [Penel Gizi Makan 2002,25 (2): 22-30].

FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN TINGKAT KESEGARAN JASMANI LANSIA LAKI-LAKI TIDAK ANEMIA

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 26, No 1 (2003)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.335 KB)

Abstract

Background: Physical fitness can be used as indicator of the community health including elderly people. One of the benefit is elderly could live independently and do their daily activities without assistant. Since there were some factors related to physical fitness of the elderly people.This study aim to determine what factors were associated with physical fitness of non anemic male elderly in rural and urban area. Methods: 217 non anemic male elderly in rural area and 289 in urban area were participated in this study. After screening on blood hemoglobin level an agreed to participate the measurement followed by physical fitness measurements. Nutritional status was calculated from their body weight and height. Structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on sociodemographic factors, sosial activities, daily physical activities. Semi- FFQ was applied to assess their energy and protein intake. Results: The proportion of elderly who had low level physical fitness was 57.1 % in rural area and 82.6 % in urban area. Statistical analysis shows that the level of physical fitness in rural area was significantly associated with sociodemographic characteristic (age, current occupational and economic burden), sosial activities (religious activities),life style ( current and previous smoking status), health status (systolic and diastolic blood level), energy and protein intakes. In Urban area shows that the level of physical fitness was significantly associated with life style (current smoking status, physical activities level, nutrtitional status, health status (systolic blood level) and energy and protein intakes. Conclusions: Several factors which cause the difference of level physical fitness between elderly at rural and urban area were job status, economic burden, physical activity, and diastolic blood pressure. [Penal Gizi Makan 2003,26(1): 11-20].

PERBEDAAN KADAR ZAT BESI ASI PADA IBU MENYUSUI ANEMIA DAN TIDAK ANEMIA

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 30, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: National House Hold Survey reported in  2001, that prevalence of anemia among infants 0-6 month old is 61%. Anemia among young infants presumably is caused by lack of breast milk iron since young infants got their nutrient mostly from  breast milk. Objectives: The objective of the study is to assess the differences of breast milk iron concentration between   anemic and non anemic of lactating mothers. Methods: The design of the study is cross-sectional. The study was done in Bogor District from April to December 2004. Samples of the study were lactating mothers who have 2-4 month old children. Results: The study found out that 34% samples had anemia. There was a significant difference (p<0.05), feritin concentration (33.24 µg/dl vs 67.86 µg/dl), and breast milk iron concentration (0.15 mg/l vs 0.28 mg/l) between anemic and non anemic samples. Conclusions: The concentration of feritin, breast milk iron of the non-anemic samples were higher than the anemic samples. [Penel Gizi Makan 2007, 30(1): 8-12] Keywords: anemia status, breast milk iron, ferritin

SINDROME METABOLIK PADA ORANG DEWASA GEMUK DI WILAYAH BOGOR

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 31, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Metabolic Syndrome Among Obese Adults In Bogor Area.Background: Metabolic syndrome, also known by the insulin resistance syndrome, is a common metabolic disorder that result from the increasing prevalence of obesity. Little information exists on the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Indonesia.Objectives: To find out proportion of metabolic syndrome and factors related to-demographic and potentially modifiable lifestyle factors among obese adults in Bogor area.Methods: Metabolic syndrome, as defined by the US National Cholesterol Education Program - Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP III) criteria, were evaluated in two districts in Bogor sample of 221 overweight and obese (Body Mass Index > 25 kg/m2) women and men aged 30-55 years who participated in the correlational study on Profile of the Body and Serum Fats Distribution and Physical Activity among adults with BMI > 25 kg/m2 in Bogor rural and urban, 2003.Results: The metabolic syndrome was present in 36.2 percent of 221 men and women aged 31-55 years which have BMI > 25 kg/m2. The syndrome was significantly more frequent in men (44%) than women (28.6%) [P=0.017]. The syndrome was present in 92.3, 62.9, and 40.3 percent of central obesity, low HDL-cholesterol, and high triglycerides level, respectively. Age of the subject > 44 years, the men factor, physical inactivity, and Waist-Hip Ratio (WHR) > 0.93 were the significantly risk factors associated with increased odds of the metabolic syndrome.Conclusions: The metabolic syndrome was present in high prevalence of the two subdistricts in Bogor obese adults. However, upon thinking about the syndrome was associated with several modifiable lifestyle factors (physical activity, WHR), there was an opportunity to reduce proportion of metabolic syndrome by increasing physical activity that also make lower WHR.Keywords: metabolic syndrome, adulthood obesity, NCEP-ATP III, risk factors

DETERMINAN STATUS ANEMIA SISWA SLTA DI DKI JAKARTA

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 31, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Determinants of Anemia Status Among High School Students In Jakarta.Background: The prevalence of anemia among adolescents remains high. The effect of anemia among adolescents especially girls will affect the health status of mothers in the future.Objectives: The study was to analyse the determinants of anemia status among adolescents high school students.Methods: The study design was crosssectional from The Survey Of School Childrens Nutritional Status at 10 Cities In Indonesia 2005. The samples of the study were adolescent aged of 15-19 years from high school in Jakarta.Results: The result of the study was that anemia among adolescents high school students were 16%, and the female students had 2.2 (Cl 95%: 1.3-3.7) risk of getting anemia compared to male students.Conclution: Adolescents high school female students need more attention because they have twice the chance to get anemia than male.Keyword: status anemia, female students, high school students

PROFIL BIOKIMIA DARAH PEKERJA LAKI-LAKI DENGAN KATEGORI RINGAN DAN BERAT

Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan Vol 32, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Biochemical Profile of Male Workers According To Hard or Light Works.Background: Various occupations could be categorized as light, moderate and heavy activities as well. Heavy workers by mean those who mainly work based on muscle strength usually received low salary, therefore they have low purchasing power for providing better nutrition, including for adequate energy intake. In contrary for those who work mainly using brain capacity rather than muscle strength usually received higher salary and consumed food with high content of fat. The difference of income could result difference of nutrition intake, even different impact to health/nutrition status and sensitivity to certain diseases as well. The profile of nutritional biochemistry could indicate the health status of people.Objectives: To study the relationship between biochemical profile of worker and different type of work.Methods: The subjects were 43 worker of sandal handicraft considered as light level workers and 44 workers of sand and stone as heavy workers whose met criteria 30-55 years old, physically healthy and agreed to involve in this study. Body composition was measured using anthropometry and blood analysis. Anthropometric measurement was applied including body weight, height, MUAC and skin fold thickness. Blood analysis was hemoglobin, albumin, protein and triglyceride. Nutrient intake was collected by combination weighing and 24 hours recall method for 3 consecutive days. Other data collection includes physical examination by a medical doctor and interview was done to identify their characteristic and socio demografi.Results: The proportion of workers who had serum albumin below normal was higher in heavy worker compared to light worker (56.8% vs. 23.3%). This finding indicated that more than half of hard workers had protein depletion as result of break down protein stores in thebody. The average of serum albumin of light workers was significantly higher compared to heavy workers. No significantly different based on the hemoglobin, protein and triglyceride concentration between the heavy and the light workers. The average energy and protein intake shows the heavy worker had higher intake on both nutrients compared to the lightworkers. The average energy intake of light worker was 1923 ± 295 Kcal and protein 41.6 ± 8.99 g, while the energy intake of heavy worker was 2232 ± 500 Kcal and protein 46.7 ± 14.7g.Conclusions: There was no significantly different found regarding biochemical profile oftwo workers, except serum albumin concentration. The lower profile of serum albumin concentration indicated that the heavy workers sacrificed of prolonged protein depletion of the body.Keywords: hemoglobin, protein, albumin, triglyceride, male worker.

PENGARUH SUPLEMANTASI VITAMIN C DIBANDINGKAN DENGAN MULTI VITAMIN-MINERAL TERHADAP STATUS ZAT GIZI ANTIOKSIDAN PADA WANITA PEKERJA

GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

EFFECT OF THE VITAMIN C SUPLEMENTATION TOWARD MULTI VITAMIN-MINERAL ON THE STATUS OF NUTRITIONAL ANTIOXIDANT IN WOMAN WORKERSMicronutrients, both vitamins and minerals are needed by the body in limited quantities, but their roleis essential to the body. To fulfill vitamin and mineral requirements, consumption of variant andbalanced diet is needed because most vitamins and minerals are not produced by our body. Foodsupplements can be a good alternative in providing sufficient amount of micronutrient if intake fromdietary sources are not enough. This research was intended to analyse the effect of multi vitaminmineral (MVM) supplementationcompared to a single nutrient supplementation (Vit C 1000 mg) ondietary antioxidant status. It was conducted on Februari 2008and thedesign of this research was adouble blind randomized controlled trial. There were 92 samples aged 20-45 years old, healthy(physically and clinically), did not consume alcohol, did not smoke and were willing to partipate in theresearch. Multi vitamin-mineral supplementation increased serum concentration of vitamin E andsuperoxide dismutase (SOD) significantly(p<0.05), while single supplementation of vitamin C 1000 mgimproved only vitamin C status. Suplementation of multi vitamin-mineral reduced free radicals byimproving superoxide dismutase (SOD) status. Keywords: multi vitamin-mineral supplementation, superdioxide dismutase status, vitamin Estatus, viin C status.

STATUS ZINC PADA LANSIA LAKI-LAKI YANG ANEMIA DAN TIDAK ANEMIA DI DESA DAN KOTA

GIZI INDONESIA Vol 27, No 2 (2004): September 2004
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ZINC STATUS OF ANEMIC AND NON-ANEMIC MALE ELDERLY IN RURAL AND URBAN AREASThe elderly peoples are prone to micronutrients deficiency such as zinc. The impact of low intake of zinc is impaired functions of wound healing, immunity and taste and smell. The article presents the zinc state of elderly people with or without anemia. The age of subjects was 60 – 75 years. physically and clinically healthy, and agreed to participate in this study. Data collection including anthropometric measurements (body weight, height, mid-upper circumference), zinc, and Hb. Body Mass Index was calculated using ratio body weight to height. Hemoglobin level was analyzed using cyanmethemoglobin method and serum zinc was analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer method. The average Body weight, height and MUAC of urban elderly were statistically higher compared to rural elderly. The proportion of anemic among elderly in rural was 29.0 percent and 15.7 percent in urban. Serum zinc level showed that the proportion of elderly who have low serum zinc level was higher in rural compared to urban area (76.0% vs 54.9%). Out of 54 elderly whose anemic 87.1 percent have serum zinc level below 70 mg/L, while in urban area out of 64 anemic elderly 68.8 % have serum zinc level below 70 mg/L.The proportion of elderly who have suffered anemia and have low serum level were higher in rural compared to urban area.Keywords: anemia, zinc, elderly

PENGARUH SUPLEMENTASI MULTIVITAMIN MINERAL TERHADAP STATUS GIZI DAN KESEHATAN

GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

THE EFFECT OF MULTIVITAMIN MINERAL SUPPLEMENTATION ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND HEALTHUse of multivitamin mineral (MVM) supplement has grown rapidly over the past several decades.According to several studies, supplement users tend to have higher micronutrient intakes from theirdiet than nonusers. Consequently, they have an increased intake but are also more likely to exceedthe upper level. The study was aimed to analyze the effect of MVM supplementation on renal functionthrough the double blind randomized controlled trial. Subjects were 93 of the female workers in PTRicky Putra Globalindo Tbk, Citeureup, Bogor who were randomly allocated to three treatments. Thefirst received only placebo (without vitamin C and MVM); the second received 1000 mg vitamin C; andthe third received MVM supplement that contains 1000 mg vitamin C, 45 mg vitamin E, 700 µg vitaminA, 6,5 mg vitamin B6, 400 µg folic acid, 9,6 µg vitamin B12, 10 µg vitamin D, 10 mg Zn, 110 µg Se, 0,9mg Cu, and 5 mg Fe. The supplements were distributed and consumed daily during 10 weeks. Themean change before and after study were tested with t paired test. The results showed the BMI,systolic and diastolic blood pressure, urea and creatinine blood serum were not significantly differentbefore and after study (p>0,05). The distribution of female workers based on BMI showed that morethan half of them have normal nutritional status (BMI 18,5-24,9 kg/m2). The distribution based onsystolic and diastolic blood pressure showed that most of them were not hypertension (systolic <140mmHg, diastolic <90 mmHg); and the distribution based on urea and creatinine showed that most ofthem have normal status (urea 8,0-25,0 mg/dl; creatinine 0,6-1,5 mg/dl).Keywords: food supplement, BMI, blood pressure, urea, creatinine.