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Journal : International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

The Integration of Cleaner Production Indicators on the Environmental Performance Measurement System for the Indonesian Natural Rubber Industry Hasibuan, Sawarni; Gumbira-Sa’id, E.; Eriyatno, Eriyatno; Saillah, Illah; Honggokusumo, Suharto; Romli, M.
International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology Vol 3, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

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Abstract

This study aims to identify the priority of the cleaner production implementation and integrate it in the design of a comprehensive environmental performance measurement system for natural rubber industry in Indonesia. Prioritizing the cleaner production on the production process of natural rubber is based on the case of 10 Indonesian crumb rubber companies using the Analytical Hierarchy Process. The comprehensive environmental performance measurement system in natural rubber industry, i.e. in crumb rubber industry, starts from the selection of key environmental performance indicators (KEPI) using the fuzzy independent preference evaluation method. The environmental performance measurement model is developed to assist users in evaluating the comprehensive environmental performance and condition of the key indicators. The weighting for each of the KEPI is performed by means of the expert choice software. The environmental performance measurement model is designed in the form of a environmental scorecard with traffic light facilities which can provide recommendations based on the performance achievement status of each KEPI. From the results of the model verification in the case of crumb rubber industry, several indicator statuses were found "not good", i.e. on the index of raw materials, solid waste load, water conservation, energy conservation, and environmental innovation indicators. The environmental performance ranking model is designed to evaluate the comprehensive environmental performance in different companies or at different assessment periods.
Development Model of Renewable Energy Policy Based on Social Forestry for Sustainable Biomass Industry Sadirsan, Erwin Susanto; Siregar, Hermanto; Eriyatno, Eriyatno; Legowo, Evita H.
International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology Vol 4, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

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Abstract

New and renewable energy development should be encouraged considering Indonesia is now a net importer of oil. The subsidy for transportation and electricity more than 300 trillion rupiahs. Presidential Decree No. 5, 2006, mandates the target energy mix by 2025 is 17% for new and renewable energy. The demand growth of energy in Indonesia around 7%, compare to developed country only 2 – 3%. This study aims to develop renewable energy policy models in particular biomass for rural electrification; to identify the factors that influence the price of feed in tariff policy, in particular wood-based biomass,; and  designing the role of social  forest for raw materials bio-pellet industry in a sustainable supply chain. Research using soft systems methodology, then it has analyzed by Interpretative Structural Modeling (ISM) and the Strategic Assumption Surfacing and Testing (SAST). The results showed key element of development policy model of renewable energy for community-based forest industry that is sustainable biomass energy tariff, competent human resources, coordination among related local government offices, community participation, funds and investment business, microfinance, community leaders, state forest lands, smallholder plantations policy, spatial regions, financial institutions, NGOs and professional associations energy field. The strategic assumptions have been identified which is sufficient supply of raw materials, industrial raw materials available, available alternative industrial biomass potential of raw materials in the local, the obvious trade system, support regulatory and local governments, inventory of land and forest, and the support of community leaders.