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Pengaruh tingkat partisipasi angkatan kerja dan indeks harga konsumen terhadap upah minimum Provinsi Jambi

e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan Vol 7 No 1 (2018): e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan
Publisher : e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the development labor force participation rate, consumer price index and provincial minimum wage, and also analyze the effect of labor force participation rate and consumer price index on Jambi Province Minimum Wage. The analytical method used is descriptive analysis and quantitative analysis using secondary data. Based on the analysis it can be concluded that during the period 2000 to 2015 the average development labor force participation rate is 0.09%, the average consumer price index is -1.00%, the average provincial minimum wage is 16.77%. Simultaneously labor force participation rate and consumer price index have a significant effect on Jambi Province Minimum Wage. Partially labor force participation rate have not significant effect on Jambi Province Minimum Wage while consumer price index have a significant effect on Jambi Province Minimum Wage. Keywords: labor force participation rate, consumer price index, provincial minimum wage. AbstrakTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis perkembangan Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja, Indeks Harga Konsumen dan Upah Minimum Provinsi serta menganalisis pengaruh Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja dan Indeks Harga Konsumen terhadap Upah Minimum Provinsi Jambi. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriftif dan analisis kuantitatif dengan menggunakan data sekunder. Berdasarkan hasil analisis dapat disimpulkan bahwa selama periode 2000 sampai 2015 rata-rata perkembangan Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja sebesar 0.09%, rata-rata perkembangan Indeks Harga Konsumen sebesar -1,00% dan perkembangan Upah Minimum Provinsi sebesar 16,77%. Secara simultan Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja dan Indeks Harga Konsumen berpengaruh signifikan terhadap Upah Minimum Provinsi. Secara parsial Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja tidak berpengaruh terhadap Upah Minimum Provinsi sedangkan Indeks Harga Konsumen berpengaruh terhadap Upah Minimum Provinsi. Kata kunci: tingkat partisipasi angkatan kerja, indeks harga konsumen, upah minimum provinsi.

Dinamika Ekonomi dan Peluang Kerja Rumah Tangga Perkebunan Rakyat di Kabupaten Tanjung Jabung Barat

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Program Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze: (1) to analyze the economic dynamics of the household smallholder plantation  in Tanjung Jabung Barat which include changes in household assets, expenditure and consumption patterns of the household; (2) to analyze the dynamics of domestic employment opportunities household smallholder plantation  in Tanjung Jabung Barat which includes changes in working hours and employment status both of head or household members. The main data used in this study is raw data SUSENAS Year 2010 and 2014. Descriptive data were analyzed quantitatively using a single frequency tables. The research found that: 1) During the period from year 2010 to 2014, the general economic welfare of households smallholder plantations in Tanjung Jabung Barat has shown. This can be seen from the aspect of increasing ownership and quality of housing and the ownership of productive assets and other household assets. In addition, the increase in prosperity is also evident from the increase in household expenditures and changes in food consumption patterns and non-food; 2) In terms of working hours devoted a good show that a relatively large proportion of heads of households and household members who work above the normal working hours. Allocation of long working hours is one of the survival strategies of households smallholder plantations in Tanjung Jabung Barat; 3) From the job status shows most heads of households trying to temporary laborers/workers are not paid. These unpaid workers generally are members of the household

Faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi yang mempengaruhi keterlibatan penduduk lanjut usia dalam pasar kerja di Provinsi Jambi

Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik Vol 30, No 2 (2017): Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik
Publisher : FISIP Universitas Airlangga

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Abstract

The study aims to analyze: 1) individual characteristics and profession of elderly in Jambi province; 2) socioeconomic factors affecting involvement of elderly in labor market. Data used in this study is from “raw data” National Socio-Economic Survey or Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasionnal (SUSENAS) of Jambi Province in 2015. The results of the study reveals: 1) the number of elderly working is relatively large. Nearly half (48,99 percent) of elderly have working as their main activity; 2) the characteristics of elderly who work are: a) predominant in rural areas; b) predominant by men; c) generally has status as the head of the family; d) generally less educated (only graduate from primary school or below); e) mostly working in agricultural with a relatively long working hours; 3) The results of binary logistic regression show that age, sex, education, marital status, status in family, health conditions, and location of rural-urban affect significantly involvement of elderly in labor market.

Pemanfaatan Dana Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Untuk Pembiayaan Pembangunan Pertanian di Provinsi Jambi

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 4 No 3 (2017): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aims to describe the distribution of corporate social responsibility (CSR) partnership funds by various companies in Jambi Province, both State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) and Private Owned Enterprises (BUMS). This study is a collective case study (survey and case study). The results of this study indicate the large potential of CSR partnership fund for Jambi Province. Based on CSR partnership fund distribution can generally be divided into two forms: Partnership and Community Development Program (PKBL). The partnership program includes the provision of revolving fund credit with low interest to UMKM with various business fields in Jambi province. Development of CSR fund disbursement is more directed to community empowerment efforts. The various forms of Community Development cover the areas of education with the provision of scholarships, health, construction of public facilities, natural disaster relief and environmental conservation. Furthermore, although the potential of CSR funds for Jambi Province is quite large, it has not been able to encourage the development of the agricultural sector in Jambi Province. This is evident from the relatively small amount of CSR partnership program funds channeled for the development of the agricultural sector. Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, financing development, agricultural development Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penyaluran dana kemitraan corporate social responsibility (CSR) oleh berbagai perusahaan yang ada di Provinsi Jambi baik Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) maupun Badan Usaha Milik Swasta (BUMS). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian studi kasus kolektif (survei dan studi kasus).  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan cukup besarnya potensi dana kemitraan CSR untuk Provinsi Jambi. Berdasarkan penyaluran dana kemitraan CSR  secara umum dapat dibedakan dalam 2 bentuk yaitu Program Kemitraan dan Bina Lingkungan (PKBL). Program kemitraan meliputi pemberian kredit dana bergulir dengan bunga rendah kepada UMKM dengan berbagai bidang usaha yang ada di Provinsi Jambi.  Bina Lingkungan penyaluran dana CSR lebih banyak diarahkan kepada upaya pemberdayaan masyarakat. Berbagai bentuk Bina Lingkungan tersebut meliputi bidang pendidikan dengan pemberian bidang bea siswa, bidang kesehatan, pembangunan fasilitas umum, bantuan bencana alam dan pelestarian lingkungan. Selanjutnya, meskipun potensi dana CSR bagi Provinsi Jambi cukup besar ternyata belum banyak dapat mendorong pembangunan sektor petanian di Provinsi Jambi.  Hal ini terlihat dari relatif kecilnya dana program kemitraan CSR yang disalurkan untuk pengembangan sektor pertanian. Kata kunci: Corporate Social Responsibility, pembiayaan pembangunan, pembangunan pertanian

Analysis of palm oil industry cluster in Jambi Province

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 5 No 1 (2017): Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze palm oil industry clusters in Jambi Province. This study is a collective case study (survey and case study). The result shows that Jambi Province has a considerable potential for the development of palm oil industry. It can be seen from the development of plantation area, production of Palm Fresh Fruit Bunches, Crude Palm Oil, Palm Kernel Oil, and Palm Oil Mill. However, there are still very limited downstream products of palm oil that can be produced. Based on SWOT analysis, it shows that beside having large opportunities, Jambi Province also faces with various obstacles and threats on the way to develop palm oil industry. Keywords: Industry cluster, palm oil industry, SWOT analysis

Analysis cluster of palm processing industry in Indonesia

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 5 No 4 (2018): Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

The purposes of this research are:  1) to analyze profile of palm processing cluster from upstream up to downstream in various regions in Indonesia; 2) to analyze strength, weakness, threats, and opportunity in palm processing industry, moreover to identify the role of existing various institutions in palm processing industry cluster in steering palm processing industry development; 3) to formulate the policy of palm processing cluster to encourage agricultural development. Data used in this research is secondary data that obtained from related institutions. Data is analyzed descriptively and quantitatively, utilizing frequency of distribution’s table, crosstable, and SWOT analysis. The result of this research concludes that Indonesia has big potential to palm processing industry, particularly in upstream industry. This thing can be seen from wide of area and palm production, which are owned. From the region side, majority wide of the area and palm production in Sumatera, from wide of area’s viewpoint is approximately 63.26% in Sumatera region, from production’s viewpoint is approximately 68.71%. In the meantime, from the downstream product, palm-processing industry in Indonesia is still limited. Less or more 100 products derived from palm in Indonesia, are only able producing 23 kinds of derived products, meanwhile in Malaysia almost reaching out 70 varieties.

Partnership model for small industry in cluster perspective in encouraging regional development (case study on some small industries in Jambi City)

Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6 No 2 (2018): Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

This study aims to analyze: 1) the profile of the small industry clusters in Jambi City, those are batik industry cluster, tofu/tempeh industry cluster and furniture industry cluster; 2) the collaboration/partnership between various business actors and other parties in small industry cluster in Jambi City works; 3) an effective partnership models for small industry clusters. This research is a collective case study (survey and case study). The analysis was carried out on the profile of the small industry cluster and the partnership between various industrial groups in the small industry cluster. The results of the study showed that Jambi City has potential for the development of small industries. It can be seen from the development of business and employment in small industries. Based on the partnership between industry groups, in Batik industry cluster and tofu/tempe industry cluster, it showed the existence of upstream partnership to the source of raw materials, downstream partnership to the consumers, and partnership with supporting industries. In terms of pattern, the partnerships are directed towards traditional partnerships which are based on trust. Meanwhile in the furniture industry cluster, there is no partnership at all, both upstream and downstream, as well as partnership with the supporting industries. However, the partnerships have not been effective. For this reason, it is necessary to build a partnership in small industry cluster that pays attention to the principle of mutual benefit, equality, legality, empowerment, and social capital.

ANALISIS KOMPARATIF KEMITRAAN CONTRACT FARMING DAN NONCONTRACT FARMING PADA AGRIBISNIS HORTIKULTURA

Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika No April (2011): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat suatu komparatif antara kemitraan contract farming dengan noncontract farming dengan mengambil kasus pada agribisnis hortikultura (sayuran). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode multy case study yang menggabungkan studi kasus dan survei. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dilihat dari jalannya kemitraan, terlihat dari bentuk hubungan kemitraan pada contract farming meliputi bidang permodalan, pemasaran dan bantuan teknologi, sementara pada noncontract farming hanya dalam bentuk pemasaran semata. Dari sisi bentuk aturan maka contract farming bersifat formal dan tertulis, sementra noncontract farming informal dan tidak tertulis. Kemudian dari berbagai uraian aspek dasar kemitraan terlihat kemitraan noncontract farming lebih menguntungkan terutama dilihat dari sisi peningkatan pendapatan. Dari sisi kesetaraan noncontract farming relatif lebih mengarah kepada adanya kesetaraan posisi bagi kedua belah pihak yang menjalankan kemitraan.    Dari sisi legalitas walaupun kemitraan noncontract farming  hanyalah kemitraan yang bersifat informal dimana aturan-aturan yang digunakan bersifat tidak tetulis bukan kontrak/SPK yang hanya didasarkan kepada rasa saling percaya bagi kedua belah pihak yang bermitra tetapi pada dasarnya aturan-aturan tersebut lebih dapat mengikat kedua belah yang bermitra.  Dari sisi pemberdayaan terhadap petani, walaupun dengan kemitraan noncontract farming relatif memperlihat kurangnya upaya-upaya terutama oleh pedagang pengumpul sebagai mitra yang mengarah kepada pemberdayaan petani namun demikian dengan kemitraan noncontract farming  secara umum  lebih dapat menjadikan petani untuk mandiri tidak menimbulkan ketergantungan karena petani dapat memutuskan berbagai hal yang  berkaitan dengan usaha tani yang dijalankannya. Kata kunci: kemitraan contract farming, noncontract farming dan agribisnis hortikultura

Perilaku Konsumen dalam Pemilihan Asuransi Kendaraan Bermotor Antara Jenis All Risk dan Total Loss Only (TLO) (Pengujian Respon Konsumen Terhadap Unsur Ketidakpastian

Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika No April (2013): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

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Abstract

Penelitian bertujuan untuk menganalisis: (1). Dampak unsur ketidakpastian terhadap perilaku konsumen dalam memilih asuransi kendaraan bermotor antara jenis all-risk dan total loss only (TLO); (2) Perbedaan dampak unsur ketidakpastian terhadap perilaku konsumen laki-laki dan wanita dalam memilih asuransi kendaraan bermotor antara jenis all-risk dan TLO. Penelitian menggunakan metode percobaan ekonomi dengan pelaku percobaan sebanyak 30 orang mahasiswa. Percobaan dilakukan dengan tiga jenis perlakuan: kondisi low risk, medium risk dan high risk. Data dianalisis pada masing-masing tingkat risiko, secara secara deskriptif dan menggunakan analisis ragam. Hasil percobaan menemukan: (1) Keputusan konsumen dalam memilih asuransi ditentukan oleh jenis dan banyaknya informasi yang diperoleh; (2) Proporsi perempuan dalam mengikuti asuransi lebih besar dibandingkan laki-laki, yang menunjukkan relatif lebih tingginya tingkat kehati-hatian perempuan dalam menghadapi ketidakpastian resiko pada masa yang akan datang; (3) Laki-laki cenderung lebih berani mengambil resiko pada masa yang akan datang berdasarkan pengalaman masa lalunya (terutama ketika pada masa lalu atau pada percobaan periode sebelumnya tidak mengalami kehilangan kendaraan). (4) Pada kondisi low risk dan medium risk, tidak terdapat perbedaan perilaku laki-laki dan perempuan dalam mengikuti asuransi maupun dalam memilih jenis asuransinya. Namun pada kondisi high risk terdapat perbedaan perilaku laki-laki dan perempuan, terutama pada pemilihan asuransi TLO.Kata Kunci: Ekonomi Percobaan, Asuransi, Perilaku Konsumen, Probabilitas

STUDI TENTANG KINERJA SEKTOR PERTANIAN PROVINSI JAMBI TAHUN 2005 - 2009

Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika Vol 9 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

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This study aims to look at the performance of the agricultural sector of Jambi province during the period 2005 to 2009. The study was conducted using secondary data obtained from various sources. Data were analyzed qualitative and quantitative descriptive descriptively using frequency tables and cross tabulations. Seen from a variety of indicators show the performance of the agricultural sector has been pretty good. From the existing data Jambi provincial agricultural sector has experienced an average growth of 6.56 percent per year and more than half the labor force works in agriculture. However, the achievement of several different indicators, it appeared that the development of agricultural development have not been able to improve the welfare of farmers, this can be seen from the magnitude of the exchange rate of the farmers (NTP), which since 2007 tend to decrease and in 2009 NTP Jambi province less than 100 is 94 , 82. In order to encourage agricultural development in the province of Jambi government has carried out various policies. Given the potential and role of agricultural sector on the economy of the province of Jambi, the agricultural development should be continued and the level will be the future of agribusiness approach. Keywords: Agricultural development, institutional and agribusiness ------------------------------------------------------------ 1). Staf pengajar Fakultas Ekonomi Unja