Ova Emilia
Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Journal : Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education

Persepsi Mahasiswa dan Dosen terhadap Early Clinical Experience pada Program SI Keperawatan STIK Immanuel Bandung Yuliana, Yuliana; Emilia, Ova; Rahayu, Gandes Retno
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 1, No 2 (2012): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (348.764 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25082

Abstract

Background: Early Clinical Experiences (ECEs) is a learning strategy that helps students integrate their knowledge through clinical learning in classes easily from their initial semester of study. Advantages have been earned by both students and lecturers; nevertheless, obstacles in the implementation have frequently emerged. Ideally, lecturers and students should know their own perception on ECEs for the sake of creating good communication and expected learning results in order to improve preclinical education. The purpose of this study is to find out different perceptions between students and lecturers on ECEs in nursing undergraduate program.Method: This was a descriptive study using quantitative and qualitative approaches (mix method). Subjects comprised students in the year of 2007 and 2008 as many as 71 nursing students and 21 lecturers, consisting of 11 academic advisors and 10 clinical advisors. Qualitative method was done with Focus Group Discussion for students groups and in-depth interview to academic advisors and clinical advisors. Quantitative analysis used descriptive analysis and comparative analysis used One Way Anova analysis. Qualitative analysis used content analysis that included identification, coding, categorization, and synthesis. In the end, the result of quantitative analysis was integrated with the result of qualitative analysis.Results: Mean score of students’ perception on ECEs was 3.11 (SD 0.24) which was lower than that of academic advisors (3.27 (SD 0.28)) and of clinical advisors (3.30 (SD 0.25)), (F score of 3.18 and p<0.05) while the result of multiple comparison test of students and clinical advisors showed p=0.047. Perception difference of students and clinical advisors on ECEs components in the supervision process showed p=0.00.Conclusion: There was a significant difference among three respondent groups on ECEs perceptions. The significant difference between students and clinical advisors was in the component of supervision process while there was no significant difference between students and academic advisors as well as between academic advisors and clinical advisors. Students posed the lowest ECEs perception score compared to both academic and clinical advisors. Problems came up in the components of structure and content, supervision process, learning experience, and student evaluation.
Keefektifan Metode Microskill Untuk Meningkatkan Kualitas Supervisi Klinik Sunarko, Sunarko; Emilia, Ova; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 1, No 2 (2012): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (275.179 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25092

Abstract

Background: Clinical education requires competent supervisor to guide student. Supervisory competency should be trained and closely monitored to ensure quality learning process taking place. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of micro-skill supervisory model to improve the supervision quality among nursing student. Method: The research used quantitative approach with quasi experimental design. Subject consisted 91 students of the third year Nursing students at Magelang Health Polytechnic. Students were divided into two groups: intervention group (44 students) and control group (47 students) using purposive sampling. Research questionnaire consisted of 21 items which were derived from 5 micro skill domains was used. Intervention was supervision using micro-skill model during 2 weeks in a rotation of clinical practice.Results: There was no difference of quality clinical supervision was used in the control group while in experiment group the pre and post test score was significantly different. The experiment group had higher quality of supervision. The study showed that only 9 items showed significant improvement of supervision and 12 items did not show any improvement.Conclusion: Clinical teaching using micro skill model is more effective in improving the quality of nursing student clinical supervision compare to the conventional method. 
Comparison of Learning Environment in 3 Different Settings to Support Clinical Skills Acquisition in Undergraduate Medical Students Mohan, Kirubashni; Emilia, Ova; Widyandana, Widyandana
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 1, No 2 (2012): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.859 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25093

Abstract

Background: Integration between preclinical basic science education, skills training program in the laboratory setting and real clinical setting is recommended. This study explores clinical setting which suitable for undergraduate skills training program. The purpose of this study is to compare 3 different clinical settings (Sardjito Hospital, Klaten Hospital, and Puskesmas), which is appropriate for undergraduate clinical skills training.Method: This was a descriptive quantitative study, using cross sectional method. Data collection used self administrated questionnaire comprised of clerkship students who pooled of Sardjito Hospital, Klaten Hospital and Puskesmas (Primary Health Centre). Data analysis was done using ANNOVA test.Results: The Puskesmas scored the highest mean compared to Sardjito Hospital and Klaten Hospital for an overall learning environment and also in the scales for autonomy, social support, and role clarity. Sardjito Hospital scored the highest mean for the scales of supervision, workload, emphasis on teaching and learning and variety. There is a positive correlation between the learning environment and skills practice opportunity.Conclusion: Puskesmas as primary health centers is a better overall clinical learning environment compared to Sardjito Hospital and Klaten Hospital, but scored low means in domains such as emphasis on teaching and learning and variety. There is a positive correlation between the learning environments and skills practice opportunity with different features for each setting. There is no correlation between skills practice opportunity and gender or marital status.
Pengaruh Kinerja Tutor terhadap Kemandirian Belajar Mahasiswa dalam Problem Based Learning di Fakultas Kedokteran UISU Martinus, Martinus; Rahayu, Gandes Retno; Emilia, Ova
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 1, No 3 (2012): NOVEMBER
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (533.987 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25105

Abstract

Background: For two years implementation of PBL in Faculty of Medicine Islamic University of Sumatera Utara several phenomenon should be evaluated such as various performance of tutor in facilitating PBL and student’s self study not much. This research aimed to evaluate the relationship between tutor performance and student’s self study and reporting process in PBL.Method: This was observational analytical research, cross sectional study with population of all students of Faculty of Medicine Islamic University of Sumatera Utara. Primary data was collected from June to August 2009. Instrument used were tutor performance evaluation questionnaire, self learning activity evaluation questionnaire and student’s self study and reporting process in PBL questionnaire with Likert scale. Kruskall Wallis test was used to assess the relationship between tutor and student performance.Results: Average score of tutor performance on first year was higher compared to the second year students (p=00,32). There is significant difference in student’s self study and report process in PBL between high and moderate tutor performance’s group (p=0,000; p=0,000), high and low tutor performance’s group (p=0.007, p=0,008), but not significant difference between moderate and low tutor performance’s group (p=0,111, 0,280).Conclusion: Tutor performance is related to higher level of student’s self study and report process in PBL.
Penggunaan Audit Klinis Sebagai Cara Pembelajaran untuk Meningkatkan Perilaku Peserta Didik PPDS Onkologi Radiasi Periode September 2010 - Maret 2011 Djuita, Fielda; Mardiwiyoto, Harsono; Emilia, Ova; Soehartati, Soehartati
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Maret
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (588.175 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25139

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Background: Clinical Audit is one of the formative evaluations that conducted to maintain and increase behavior and performance of the Radiation Oncology students, as an effort to maintain radiotherapy services and grant the quality of education. The objective of this study is to evaluate the role of clinical audit in improving students’ behavior.Method: This was a quasi-experimental research time series. We have done audit to the medical record chart of the residences at Policlinic I, II, III and stay at semester 3, 4, 5 in FK UI/RSUPNCM between September 2010 and December 2011 (T0). Audit had done by the author and one of the lectures. After analyzing the audit report, the reports were sent to the students one by one through email followed by forwarding it to the lecturer involved in this research. Then we continue the audit by performing the second clinical audit (T1) from January until March 2011. We used the mean score from the two auditors. The score divided into 4 groups as follows: hospital clinical record, treatment prescription, simulation and planning also evaluation during treatment. After that the author compared the audit score before and after intervention with t-test.Results: There were 16 Oncology Radiation students with 163 cases (To) and 156 cases (T1) who worked at Policlinic I, II and III. Behavior mean score is 1.9229 (T0), standard deviation 0.0514 and mean score after first intervention is 1.9764, standard deviation 0.0479 with p= 0.006.Conclusion: The students’ behaviors and performance are changed significantly after intervention.
Hubungan Motivasi Berprestasi dan Perhatian terhadap Proses Kognitif pada Mahasiswa Tahun Pertama Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Politeknik Kesehatan Maluku Marasabessy, Nurlaila; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Emilia, Ova
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Maret
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (377.781 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25154

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Background: Earlier data showed that the mean of achievement index at first year students in Environmental Health Polytechnic of Maluku were decreased for the last 3 years, from 2,9 at year 2008, become 2,6 at year 2010. Studentspresence rate in the first semester for science and skills subjects such as basic of environmental health, microbiology, patophysio-anatomy, and health entomology also decreased from 89,09% at 2008 to 77,04% at 2010. Several studies and experts concludes that both quality and quantity of student’s learning are influenced by some factors like achievement motivation, attention, and cognitive process. The decrease on that factors may influence quality and quantity of learning process. The objective of this study is to identify the correlations between achievement motivation and attention to student’s cognitive process at first year students of Environmental Health Polytechnic of Maluku.Method: This was a quantitative study using survey to 80 first year students academic year 2010/2011. It is used modified instrument Archer’s Health Professional Motivation Survey to assess achievement motivation, Attention Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder to assess attention, and Cognitive Processing Inventory to assess cognitive process. Correlation significance between factors analyzed by using Pearson Correlation.Results: There were significant correlations between achievement-motivation oriented to mastery learning and performance towards cognitive process. Attention factor also correlated to the cognitive process.Conclusion: Early stimulations of learning motivation and profession explanation are needed to the first year students. Learning methods that stimulate students engagement are important to improve the quality of student’s learning process.
Pengaruh Pelatihan Caring terhadap Perilaku Memberikan Asuhan Keperawatan pada Mahasiswa Saat Rotasi Klinik di Politeknik Depkes Palangka Raya Purba, Maria Magdalena; Emilia, Ova; Rahayu, Gandes Retno
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 2, No 2 (2013): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.125 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25171

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Background: Caring in nursing is a very basic component, as the heart of profession, Which means that caring is a fundamental component, and central and unique focus of nursing. Caring, which is a core of nursing practice, must grow from self and deepest heart to help other people since being a nursing student so that caring in nursing education, must be placed as main competency in nursing education. The aim of this research to evaluation the efficacy of caring training in improving understand cognitive, affective and psychomotor competencies of caring, among students during clinical periodMethod: This research used quasi experiment non-randomized control group pretest-posttest design. Respondents of research were nursing students of Poltekes Palangka Raya, Semester V, regular class, X-A period, with total of 37 respondents as intervention group and regular class of X-B period with total of 35 respondents as control group.Results: Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistical analyses. Results of research indicated that cognitive, affective and psychomotor competencies of caring in nursing students with caring training did not show significant effect (cognitive: p-value = 0,21, affective: p-value = 0.58, psychomotor: p-value = 0.07); however, the average scores were higher among student received caring training The caring behavior showed no difference between male and female students.Conclusion: There is insignificant difference between students with caring training and students without caring training. The training should be modified as suggested in the paper. 
Pengaruh Kuliah Konseptualisasi dengan Peta Konsep pada Awal Pelatihan Keterampilan Medik terhadap Nilai OSCE Akhir Blok Suryosubianto, B P; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Emilia, Ova
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 2, No 2 (2013): JULI
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (271.371 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25173

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Background: OSCE is known as a skills examination method with high level of objectivity and reliability. Many efforts explore to increase OSCE achievement. Increasing the underlying knowledge of medical skills prior to a skills training proven to improve the skills achievement. A lecture delivered using concept maps, are considered better than the conventional lecture. The objective of this study is to find out that a lecture using concept maps before splinting skills training will increase the OSCE scores.Method: A quasi-experimental post test only study was conducted among 151 students of the Faculty of Medicine, General Achmad Yani University studying trauma at the fourth semester. The 74 students of the experiment group got a trauma lecture using concept maps, the 77 students of the control group got a trauma lecture without concept maps. The result of the splinting OSCE scores of the two groups were compared and statistically analyzed.Results: The average value of the OSCE score of the experiment group was significantly higher (89.10) than the control group (84.93). There were no differences in OSCE score among different gender, grade point average value, and the expertise of the instructors.Conclusion: Lecture in trauma before splinting skills training using the concept map that explains on the conceptualization (i.e. indication, contraindication, and how to prevent, identify and treat the splinting complications), will increase the score of OSCE. Demonstration of cases according to the theme of the subject involving a group of students, will enhance student understanding of the lecture topics.
Self-Reflection and Insight pada Mahasiswa Kedokteran dan Hubungannya dengan Persepsi terhadap Perilaku Profesional Mokhtar, Shulhana; Emilia, Ova; Suryadi, Efrayim
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 2, No 3 (2013): November
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1355.465 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25182

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Background: In term of health service duty, physicians unprofessional behavior, than their lack of knowledge or skills, are more likely to cause some problem. The issues of professionalism can be identified when student are still in the process of education. There are several things associated with the development of professionalism, such as self-reflection and the ability to understand (insight) the incidents around them in this study professional behavior was mainly connected with responsibility. This study aimed to examined the relationships between UMI medical students (SRI) and perception of professionalism (responsibility)Method: It is a quantitative study using cross sectional approach. The participants were UMI students of batch 2009-2011 who are still studying at the university data were obtained from the questionnaires SRI scale and perceptions scale. Descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA-test and Pearson correlation test were used to analyze the data.Results: In general, students SRI score were LOW (M=2,46), as well as students’ perceptions of responsible behavior (M= 2,25). Based on students characteristics, significant difference in SRI was only found in the high school of origin (p = 0,043) and in the perception was found in father’s occupation (p = 0,018). Correlation analysis found a significant relationship between SRI and perceptions of professionalism (p = 0,0001).Conclusion: Self-reflection and insight of UMI medical students were still low and they were aligned with students’ perceptions of professional conduct (responsibility) which were also low. These values varied by students characteristics but for all intents and purposes, the differences were not significant.
Motivasi dan Strategi Belajar Siswa dalam Pendidikan Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah dan Collaborative Learning di Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin Anwar, Ayub Irmadani; Prabandari, Yayi Suryo; Emilia, Ova
Jurnal Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia: The Indonesian Journal of Medical Education Vol 2, No 3 (2013): November
Publisher : Asosiasi Institusi Pendidikan Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (679.374 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jpki.25189

Abstract

Background: Education providers in many ways short of expectations. Education strategy is essential in teaching and learning activities. Student who has motivation and learning strategies tends to devote all their ability to get the optimal learning results according to the expected goals. Understanding student motivation and learning strategies will help institution to facilitate students for their study success. This study aimed of determine differences in student motivation and learning strategies at Faculty of Dentistry, University of Hasanuddin among students with collaborative learning and problem-based learning educational strategies.Method: This was quantitative research with observational analytic cross-sectional study design. The subjects were all students of class 2007 and 2008 data were collected using Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ). Descriptive analysis and Mann-Whitney test were used to analysis the data.Results: The subjects consisted of 84 students of class 2007 and 79 students of class 2008. The mean score of learning motivation and learning strategy were higher among students with PBL than students with collaborative learning. There we are significant differences in learning strategies with different education strategies except in organization (p=0,369) and anxiety (p=0.058).Conclusion: There are differences in the learning motivation and learning strategies in students with collaborative learning and problem based learning education strategies, except in organization and anxiety component. Learning motivation and learning strategies in problem based learning students are higher than collaborative learning students.
Co-Authors Abbas, Marwan Abdul Wahab Abu Bakar Agustiningsih, Denny Agustiningsih, Denny Amiruddin Amiruddin Amitya Kumara Aria Kekalih Armaijn, Fadhilah Armis Armis Ayub Irmadani Anwar, Ayub Irmadani Bahari, Rafidah Bata, Verayanti Albertina Budi Iman Santoso Djaswadi Dasuki Djauhar Ismail Donal, Donal Dwi Andayani, Dwi Dwi Cahyani Ratna Sari Eddy Hartono Edi Patmini Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari Fatimah, Akifah Fielda Djuita, Fielda Fitriyani, Nurrahma Wahyu Ganap, Eugenius Phyowai Gandes Retno Rahayu Guardian Yoki Sanjaya, Guardian Yoki Hamid, Noor Aini Abdul Hari Kusnanto Hartono Hartono Herlin Fitriani Kurniawati, Herlin Fitriani Heru Pradjatmo Ibrahim, Juliani Irwan Taufiqur Rachman Iwan Dwiprahasto Juwartini, Dwi Kartini, Farida khusnul khotimah Ksyatria, Yudhistya Ngudi Insan Leman, Michael Andreas Leo Prawirodihardjo Lidia, Hepta Lilie Fransiska Lionita, Widya Liufeto, Koheresto G. Malik, Ummu Kalzum Mandawati, Murti Marasabessy, Nurlaila Mardiwiyoto, Harsono Maria Magdalena Purba, Maria Magdalena Martinus, Martinus Martinus, Martinus Mayae Hugo Mei Neni Sitaresmi Mia Kusmiati Moch. Anwar Mohammad Hakimi Mohan, Kirubashni Mokhtar, Shulhana Mokhtar, Shulhana Mora Claramita, Mora Muhammad Hakimi Muhammad Nurhadi Rahman Nani Emma Novianto, Asep Nuraliah, Nuraliah Nuring Pangastuti, Nuring Nurlina Ina, Nurlina Paunno, Magdalena Petrana, Nurul Hikmah Phyowai Ganap, Eugenius Poedji Rochjati Popy Irawati Pratiwi, Putu Irma Puspasari, Puspasari Putranti, Rizka Aries Raharja, Supanji Rahayu, Retno Gandes Ratnawati, Lili Risanto Siswosudarmo Rukmono Siswishanto Sangun, Diannisa I E Sanip, Suhaila Septiani, Evi Shinta Prawitasari Siswanto Agus Wilopo Soehartati, Soehartati Soenarto, Srisuparyati Soerjo Hadijono Sri Herlina, Sri Sri Linuwih Susetyo Wardhani, Sri Linuwih Susetyo Sukamdi Sukamdi SUMIYATI SUMIYATI Sunarko Sunarko Surayya, Rahmi Suryadi, Efrayim Suryosubianto, B P Sutresno, Ismail Joko Titik Kuntari Trisasi Lestari, Trisasi Umar Dhani, Umar Vella Dwi Yani Widyandana Widyandana Widyandana, Doni Widyandana, Doni Yanti Yanti Yayi Suryo Prabandari Yuliana Yuliana