Ova Emilia
Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Journal : Jurnal Kesehatan Reproduksi

The Impact of Obstetrician/Gynecologist Hospitalists on Neonatal Quality of Care in Sardjito General Hospital Yogyakarta, Indonesia: A Retrospective Cohort Study Phyowai Ganap, Eugenius; Hakimi, Mohammad; Hadijono, Soerjo; Emilia, Ova
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 3, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : IPAKESPRO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.28084

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background : The hospitalist model in obstetric care which was introduced over the last decades now has an important role in care delivery management with the potential positive impact on neonatal outcomes.Methods : This research design was retrospective cohort. Participants included is the patient in the time before and after implementation of obstetrician/gynecologist full-hospitalist policy during October 2013 until September 2014. The outcome measured were mean response time, APGAR score at 5 minutes, , NICU admission. Univariate and multivariable analyses was conducted to evaluate and determine the factor which significantly contribute to neonatal outcomes.Results and Discussion: We included total 71 patients (37 on-call obstetrician group and  34 full-time hospitalist group).  Univariate analysis indicated  mean response time was significantly differ in full-time hospitalist group when compared to the on-call obstetrician group (65,3 + 25,89 vs. 84 + 22,29 mins; p = 0,002). Implementation of full-time hospitalist did not impact the  NICU admission and APGAR score at 5 minutes. Conclusion : Implementation of full-time hospitalist model is  not affecting neonatal outcomes.Keywords :  Infant and Maternal Mortality, Obtericians / Gynecologist Hospitalist, Labor and Delivery, Maternal and Neonatal Care, ICU Response Time. 
PEMANFAATAN POJOK LAKTASI DI PUSKESMAS I CILONGOK KABUPATEN BANYUMAS Khotimah, Khusnul; Emilia, Ova; Hakimi, Mohammad
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : IPAKESPRO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.4914

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PEMANFAATAN POJOK LAKTASI DI PUSKESMAS I CILONGOKKABUPATEN BANYUMASKhusnul Khotimah, Ova Emilia,Mohammad HakimiABSTRACTBackground : Based on survey Indonesian demographic and health in 2007 that exclusive breastfeeding 38 %decrease from 39,5% in 2002-2003, child under 6 months who gets milk incease from 16,7% until 27,9% in2007. American Academy of Pediatrics (1)get recomendation baby must get exclusive breastfeeding in 6 monthuntil 2 years old. Banyumas regency are have a program to increase scope of exclusive breastfeeding by regulationof regent number 52 in 2012 about increase exclusive breastfeeding in Banyumas Regency. One of the material insocialization is about lactation room and standardization, right of women worker to breastfed in office, publicfacility.Objective : to determine factors can effected utilization of lactation room in Puskesmas I Cilongok.Methods : this study was an observational study with a cross sectional design and qualitative study or called mixmethod. Location of study in Puskesmas I Cilongok. Sample of this study is employed mother who breastfeedand visitors of Puskesmas I Cilongok in Banyumas Regency. Sampling method used sampling convinience get 41women until this study done. independent variable are attitude of breastfeed mother about lactation room andbehavior of breastfeed mother. Dependent variable is utilization of lactation room. Data analysis consisted ofunivariable analysis, bivariable analysis using chi-square test and multivariable analysis using logistic regressiontest and also qualitative analysis.Results and Discussion : there is no effect attitude of breastfeed mother about lactation room with utilization oflactation room, can we see from p = 0,247 (RP1,58; 95% CI 0,70-3,55), the similar result from dialogue thatmother have good attittude but not utilized, they say not get socialization from health worker. The good Behaviorbreastfeed mother have relation with utilization, can we see p = 0,028, RP2,35 (95% CI 1,05-5,23). Results fromdialogue mother who get bad behavior not utilized. Utilization in lactation room only just breastfeeding, neverused to pamp and saving breastmilk. People not respond that room lactation is a necessary, because withoutpolicy about room lactation, they are can breastfed in any where.Conclusion : Good attitude of breastfeed mother about lactation room can not get effect utilization of lactationroomand good behavior breastfeedmother can get effect with utilization lactation room in Puskesmas I Cilongok.Keyword: attitude breastfeed mother, behavior breastfeed mother and utilization lactation room ABSTRAKLatar Belakang:Berdasarkan data Survey Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI) tahun 2007 tercatat bahwacakupan ASI eksklusif sebesar 38% menurun dari 39,5%di tahun 2002-2003, sementara jumlah bayi dibawah 6bulan yang diberi susu formula meningkat dari 16,7% menjadi 27,9% ditahun 2007. American Academy ofPediatrics (1)merekomendasikan bahwa durasi minimal ASI eksklusif menjadi 6 bulan tetapi optimal harus terusselamaminimal 2 tahun.Kabupaten Banyumas sedangmemiliki program gunameningkatkan cakupan ASI eksklusifyang dituangkan lewat Peraturan Bupati Banyumas nomor 52 tahun 2012 tentang peningkatan pemberian ASI diKabupaten Banyumas. Salah satu materi sosialisasi tersebut berisi tentang anjuran pengadaan pojok laktasibeserta standarisasinya, hak ibu bekerja yang menyusui di kantor pemerintahan, sarana pra sarana umum juga.Tujuan:Untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi pemanfaatan pojok laktasi di Puskesmas I Cilongok.Metode:Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis observasional dengan desaincross sectionaldan kualitatif. Tempatpenelitian Puskesmas I Cilongok. Sampel penelitian ibu bekerja menyusui dan pengunjung puskesmas memilikibayi umur 0 bulan sampai dengan 2 tahun berada di Puskesmas I Cilongok. Pengambilan sampel menggunakansampling conviniencediperoleh 41 orang selama penelitian dilakukan.Variabelindependen adalah sikap ibumenyusui terhadap pojok laktasi, perilaku ibu menyusui. Variabel dependen ialah pemanfaatan pojok laktasi.Analisa data meliputi analisis univariabel, bivariabeldengan menggunakan chi square sedangkan multivariabelmenggunakan uji regresi logistik serta analisis kualitatif.Hasil dan Pembahasan:Sikap ibu menyusui terhadap ketersediaan pojok laktasi tidakmempengaruhi pemanfaatanpojok laktasi dilihat dari nilai p = 0,247 (RP1,58; 95% CI 0,70-3,55), hasil ini didukung hasil wawancara bahwasikap baik tetapi tidak memanfaatkan pojok laktasi dengan alasan sosialisasi yang kurang dari petugas kesehatan.Perilaku ibu menyusui yang baik berhubungan dengan pemanfaatan pojok laktasi dilihat dari nilai p = 0,028,RP2,35 (95% CI 1,05-5,23). Hasil wawancara ibu yang berperilaku tidak baik cenderung tidak memanfaatkanpojok laktasi. Pemanfaatan pojok laktasi hanya untuk menyusui saja, tidak digunakan untuk memeras danpenyimpanan ASI. Rendahnya pemanfaatan pojok laktasi dikarenakan faktor kebutuhan. Masyarakat desa tidakmenganggap bahwa pojok laktasi merupakan kebutuhan, karena tanpa adanya kebijakan pengadaan pojok laktasimereka dapat menyusui dimanapun.Kesimpulan:sikap ibu menyusui terhadap ketersediaan pojok laktasi yang baik tidak mempengaruhi pemanfaatanpojok laktasi dan perilaku ibu menyusui yang baik dapat mempengaruhi pemanfaatan pojok laktasi di PuskesmasI Cilongok Kabupaten Banyumas.Kata kunci: sikap ibu, perilaku ibu, pemanfaatan pojok laktasi
PENGARUH IBU HAMIL PEROKOK PASIF TERHADAP KEJADIAN LAHIR MATI DI KOTA AMBON Paunno, Magdalena; Emilia, Ova; Wahab, Abdul
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 2, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : IPAKESPRO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.12647

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PENGARUH IBU HAMIL PEROKOK PASIF TERHADAPKEJADIAN LAHIR MATI DI KOTA AMBONMagdalena Paunno1, Ova Emillia2, Abdul Wahab3ABSTRACTBackground: Intervention in the care for pregnant women can reduce antenatal mortality until 75%.Antenatal Care (ANC) in Ambon municipality is categorized good if compared from the mean rate ofnational level, that is, Visit 1 (89%) and Visit 4 (87.76%); however, the incidence of stillbirths in Ambonis still considered high. Data about the incidence of stillbirths in three hospitals of Ambon showed thatthere were 44.2 stillbirths per 1000 live births while national data in 2003 showed that there were only9.6 stillbirths per 1000 live births. The direct cause of stillbirth is hypoxia, that is, the lack of oxygenin a pregnant woman’s body due to the exposure of cigarette smoke. In Ambon municipality, 65% ofhouseholds have 1 active smoker and almost all of the smokers (90%) smoke inside the house. This rateof course exceeds the national rate. In addition, other factors causing stillbirth are the quality of antenatalcare, age, parity, anemia and women’s educational level.Objective: To study whether passive smoking during pregnancy is a risk factor of the incidence of stillbirths.Method: This was an observational study with case-control study design. Study sites were in three hospitalsof Ambon municipality, namely Dr. M. Haulussy District Hospital, Al-Fatah Hospital, and Sumber HidupHospital. Subjects were divided into two groups which were case and control with comparison of 1:1 (69stillbirths as case and 69 live births as control) from January to December 2007. Samples were taken usingnon probability sampling which was determined with quota sample. The analysis of quantitative dataused univariable analysis, bivariable analysis with chi-square test (χ²) and stratification, and multivariableanalysis with logistic regression.Result and Discussion: There was a significant relationship between passive smoking during pregnancyand the incidence of stillbirth based on bivariable analysis with OR=3.36 (95% CI=1.20-5.41) while basedon multivariable analysis with OR=2.8 (1.01-7.94). Other risk factors that affected the incidence of stillbirthwere the quality of antenatal care with OR=3.2 (95% CI=1.39-7.52) and anemia during pregnancy withOR=2.3 (95% CI=1.20-5.41). Meanwhile, stratification analysis showed that non anemic women duringpregnancy was significantly related to stillbirths with OR=5.7 (95% CI 1.10-55.22). However, age, parity andeducation were not the risk factors of the incidence of stillbirth in Ambon.Conclusion: Passive smoking during pregnancy was a risk factor of the incidence of stillbirth in Ambonmunicipality. Other factors that caused the incidence of stillbirths were the quality of antenatal care andanemia. However, age, and parity were not the risk factors of the incidence of stillbirths in Ambon.Keywords: pregnant woman, passive smoking, stillbirthINTISARILatar belakang: Intervensi pada perawatan ibu hamil dapat menurunkan kematian perinatal hingga 75%.ANC di Kota Ambon dikategorikan baik, bila dilihat angka rata-rata secara nasional yaitu K1 89%, K4 87,76%namun, kejadian lahir mati sangat tinggi dibanding angka nasional. Salah satu penyebab langsung lahirmati adalah hypokxia yaitu kekurangan oksigen dalam tubuh ibu, akibat dari ibu hamil terpapar asaprokok. Di Kota Ambon, 65% rumah tangga mempunyai 1 orang perokok, dan hampir semua perokok (90%)merokok di rumah. Angka ini lebih tinggi dari angka nasional. Faktor lain menyebabkan lahir mati adalahkualitas antenatal care, umur, paritas anemia ibu selama hamil, pendidikan ibu yang rendah.Tujuan: Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui apakah ibu hamil perokok pasif merupakan faktor risiko kejadianlahir mati.Metode: Penelitian observasional dengan rancangan kasus-kontrol. Lokasi penelitian pada 3 RS di KotaAmbon yaitu: RSUD dr. M. Haulussy, RS. Al-Fatah, RS. Sumber Hidup. Subjek penelitian 1:1 69 lahir mati(kasus) dan 69 lahir hidup (kontrol) pada bulan Januari sampai dengan bulan Desember 2007. Pengambilansampel dengan cara non probability sampling, ditentukan secara quota sample . Analisis data terdiridari analisis univariabel, analisis bivariabel menggunakan uji chi-square (χ²), stratifikasi serta analisismultivariabel menggunakan regresi logistik.Hasil dan Pembahasan: Ada hubungan yang bermakna antara ibu hamil perokok pasif dengan kejadianlahir mati. Analisis bivariabel OR=3,36 (95% CI=1,20-5,41) analisis multivariabel OR=2,8 (1,01-7,94). Faktorrisiko lain yang mempengaruhi kejadian lahir mati adalah: Kualitas antenatal care mempunyai nilai OR=3,2(95% CI=1,39-7,52), ibu hamil anemia OR=2,3 (95% CI=1,20-5,41) dan pendidikan OR=2,42 ( 1,15-5,10).Saat analisis strativikasi, ibu tidak anemia mempunyai hubungan bermakna dengan lahir mati OR=5,7 (95%CI 1,10-55,22). Umur, paritas dan pendidikan bukan merupakan faktor risiko lahir mati di Kota Ambon.Kesimpulan : Ibu hamil perokok pasif merupakan faktor risiko terhadap kejadian lahir mati di Kota Ambon.Faktor lain yang menyebabkan lahir mati adalah kualitas antenatal care dan anemia ibu hamil.Kata kunci: ibu hamil, perokok pasif, lahir mati.1 Air Selobar Community Health Center, Ambon Health Office, Maluku Province2 Obstetric and Gynecology Division, Faculty of Medicine,Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta3 Maternal and Child Health-Reproductive Health, Graduate Program,Faculty of Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta
Perbandingan Skala Nyeri pada Kuretase antara Pemberian Lidokain Paraservikal dan Intraservikal Ksyatria, Yudhistya Ngudi Insan; Pradjatmo, Heru; Emilia, Ova
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 3, No 1 (2016)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.13872

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Background: Curettage is a gynecological diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. Curettage actions causing sensation of pain although the pain threshold is different for each person. Local anesthesia is an effective choice for various minor gynecological procedures. One of them is paracervical block. Paracervical block reduces pain by blocking nerve impulses across the uterovaginal plexus. Another method is the injection of local anesthetic trough intracervical who works as an anesthetic infiltrating agent, distending the tissue, causing mechanical disruption of nerve impulses. Theoritically, intracervical lidocaine injection will require a lower level of precision than the blockade of peripheral nerves directly, more reliable and reproducible. We measured patient’s pain during curettage usingthe Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Method: RCT Location of study: Bantul District Hospital, Wonosari District Hospital, and Banjarnegara Distric Hospital. Result and Discussion: The study included 60 patients who got curettage within inclusion criteria. Every time patients came, we performed randomization and divided the patients into two groups, the control group (paracervical) and intervention group (intracervical), 30 subjects each. VAS was measured 5 minute after curettage was started. Characteristics of subjects in curettage frequency, curettage indication, parity and educational level for both groups are equal, did not differ statistically. The results of the mean pain scale (VAS). In the control group was 42,33±16,583 and 34,33±18,880 on the treatment group. Mean difference was 8 mm, with 95% CI -1.124 to 17.124 and p=0.408. The difference was not significant statistically. The intracervical group has mild pain scale (VAS<44 mm) in 27 of 30 patient, compared to 15 of 30 patients in paracervical group. It result in Relative Risk (RR) of 1,532. Conclusion: Intracervical lidocaine injection can be considered as an alternative local anesthetic on curettage. The average pain scale did not differ significantly with paracervical block. And both of it located in VAS < 44mm (mild pain). Intracervical lidocaine injection even have RR= 1,532 compared with paracervical block to produce mild pain scale (VAS < 44 mm). Keywords: curettage; paracervical;intracervical ;VAS 
THE IMPACT OF OBSTETRICIAN/GYNECOLOGIST HOSPITALISTS ON MATERNAL QUALITY OF CARE IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA: A COHORT STUDY Ganap, Eugenius Phyowai; Hakimi, Mohammad; Hadijono, Soerjo; Emilia, Ova
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : IPAKESPRO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.35421

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Background: The hospitalist is defined by 24-hour a day/7 day a week physician who assists or is employed by the hospital to manage patients, triage and emergencies.  The hospitalist model in obstetric care that was introduced over the last decades now has an important role in care delivery management with the potential positive impact on maternal outcomes. Unfortunately, in Indonesia there were limited data available related to the implementation of hospitalist model and the impact on maternal quality of care.Objective: To determine the impact of obstetrician/gynecologist hospitalist on maternal quality care. Method: This research design was a retrospective cohort. Participants included were the patients in the time before and after implementation of obstetrician/gynecologist hospitalist policy during October 2013 until September 2014. Univariate and multivariate analysis were conducted to evaluate and determine the factors, which significantly contribute to maternal outcomes.Result and Discussion: We included a total of 71 patients (30 in the on-call group and 41 in the full time hospitalist group). Univariate analysis indicated mean response time was significantly different in the hospitalist group compared to the on-call group (65.3 ± 25.89 vs 84 ± 22.29 mins; p = 0.002). Implementation of full-time hospitalists did not impact the ICU admission and transfusion incidence.Conclusions: Implementation of the full-time hospitalist model was associated with a significant improvement of response time in emergency obstetric care without affecting maternal outcomes.Keywords: Maternal mortality, obstetrician/gynecologist hospitalist, labor and delivery, maternal care, ICU response time
Profil Primigravida Muda dan Luaran Persalinan di Rumah Sakit Dr.Oen Surakarta Raharja, Supanji; Emilia, Ova; Rochjati, Poedji
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.37993

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Background: Pregnancy at a young age has become an important health problem both in developed and developing countries. Pregnancy at a young age increases the risk of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. This is because adolescent women who are not ready both physically and psychologically to get pregnant.Obsjective: This study aims to identify and analyze labor in young primigravida (<20 years) with pathological labor in hospital Dr.Oen Surakarta.Method: This was an observational analytic study without intervention in the form of comparative cross sectional study conducted in young primigravida group age <20 years and primigravida group age 20 to 34 years old, who underwent labor in hospital delivery room. Dr.Oen Surakarta. This study used secondary data from the medical record of pregnant women who gave birth at RS.Dr.Oen Surakarta from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 201. A comparison between young primigravids (<20 years) in which pathologic pathways were performed with primigravida of reproductive age (20-34 years) experienced pathological labor were conducted.Result and Discussion: The number of deliveries in young primigravida (<20 years) was 61 people (6.65%) whereas in primigravida (21-35 years) there were 856 people (93.34%). Younger primigravids have lower levels of education than the primigravida age of reproductive age (p 0.00, CI 3.557 - 11.227). The younger primigravida has a tendency to give birth outside its residence area compared to primigravida of reproductive age (p 0.00; CI 0.050,178). Unmarried status in the young primigravida is greater than that of primigravida of reproductive age (p 0.00, CI 0.011 - 0,229) .An Antenatal Care on Primigravida reproductive age is more regular than young primigravida (p 0.03; CI 0.255 - 0.97) . Young primigravida tended to have anemia (p = 0.00, OR 8.4 CI 3.22 - 21.93) The risk of prematurity was higher in young primigravids than in the reproductive age primigravida (p 0.01, OR 2.9 CI 1, 16 - 7.25). Younger primigravids have a higher risk for pathologic delivery compared to primigravida of reproductive age (p 0.05 OR 0.56 CI 0.315 - 1.01).Conclusions: There are differences in terms, level of education, marital status, residence, regularity of ANC between young primigravida and prmigravida of reproductive age. The study found that young primigravids have a higher risk of occurrence of anemia, prematurity and pathologic delivery compared with healthy reproductive age primigravids.Keywords: young primigravida, primigravida healthy reproductive age, risk factors
PERSEPSI REMAJA TERHADAP FAKTOR PENGHAMBAT PEMANFAATAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI DI PUSKESMAS GAMBOK KABUPATEN SIJUNJUNG Dwi Yani, Vella; Emilia, Ova; Kusnanto, Hari
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 1, No 1 (2014)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.4913

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PERSEPSI REMAJA TERHADAP FAKTOR PENGHAMBATPEMANFAATAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN REPRODUKSIDI PUSKESMAS GAMBOK KABUPATEN SIJUNJUNGVella Dwi Yani, Ova Emilia, Hari KusnantoABSTRACTBackground: Reproductive health service is an important component that has to be improved globally becauseteenagers often lack basic information about reproductive health. Despite the need for reproductive health serviceonly a few teenagers utilize the service due to several constraints in having reproductive and sexual health serviceas a result of limited access to the service and negative perception about center of reproductive health service.Data of Sijunjung District Health Office Sumatera Barat show that only 20% of teenagers utilize reproductivehealth service available. Whereas cases in teenagers indicate that 9.2% of teenagers have had premarital sexualintercourse and 40% are married at teenage period (<20 years) and 10% is caused by unwanted pregnancy.Objective: To study the perception of teenagers about physical, process, economic and psychosocial factors asobstacles in the utilization of reproductive health service.Method: The study was observational with cross sectional design and descriptive quantitative approach thatused qualitative data obtained from indepth interview. Subject of the study were students of SMU 1 and 2 of 14-16 years old around the working area of Health Centers that have health service for teenagers with as many as131 respondents.Result and Discussion: Perception of teenagers about physical, process and economic factors showed that themajority had good perception so these factors were not obstacles for teenagers in utilizing reproductive healthservice. The majority of teenagers (68%) had bad perception about psychosocial factor so this was an obstacle inthe utilization of reproductive health service.Conclusion: Obstacles in the utilization of reproductive health service at the health center were caused bypsychosocial factor because of shame and unwillingness to tell the problem to staff that was considered asstrangers. Teenagers also doubted the confidentiality of the problem they told to the staff.Keywords: perception, teenagers, reproductive health, utilizationABSTRAKLatar belakang: Pelayanan kesehatan reproduksi merupakan komponen penting yang harus diperbaiki secaraglobal. Remaja sering kali kekurangan informasi dasar tentang kesehatan reproduksi. Meskipun kebutuhanpelayanan kesehatan reproduksi tinggi namun pemanfaatannya masih rendah karena berbagai hambatanmemperoleh pelayanan dan juga adanya persepsi negatif terhadap pusat pelayanan kesehatan reproduksi. Datadari dinas Kesehatan kabupaten Sijunjung Sumatera Barat menunjukkan hanya 20% remaja yang memanfaatkanpelayanan kesehatan reproduksi. Sedangkan kasus dan masalah kesehatan reproduksi menunjukkan 9,2% sudahberhubungan seks sebelum menikah, dan 40% menikah pada usia remaja (<20 tahun) serta 10% mengakibatkankehamilan tak dikehendaki.Tujuan: Untuk mempelajari persepsi remaja terhadap faktor fisik, proses, ekonomi dan psikososial untukmemanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan reproduksi remaja.melalui wawancara mendalam.Subyek penelitian adalah siswa SMA kelas 1 dan 2 usia 14-16 tahun di wilayahkerja puskesmas sebanyak 131 responden.Hasil dan Pembahasan: Mayoritas remaja memiliki persepsi baik terhadap faktor fisik, proses, dan ekonomi. Tigafaktor bukanmerupakan penghambatmemperoleh layanan kesehatan reproduksi. Sementara itu faktor psikososialdianggap sebagai penghambat (68%) untuk memanfaatkan pelayanan kesehatan reproduksi.Kesimpulan: Hambatan pemanfaatan layanan kesehatan reproduksi adalah faktor psikososial karena malu dantidak percaya untuk menceritakan masalah pada petugas kesehatan yang tidak dikenal. Remaja juga meragukankerahasiaan masalah yang diungkapkan.Kata kunci: persepsi, remaja, kesehatan reproduksi, pemanfaatan
PENGARUH KONSELING SAAT PERSALINAN TERHADAP KEPESERTAAN KELUARGA BERENCANA PASCA SALIN DI KABUPATEN KOLAKA Abbas, Marwan; Hadijono, Soerjo; Emilia, Ova; Hartono, Eddy
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 4, No 2 (2017)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.35425

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Background: Death among reproductive age women about 25-50% is caused by pregnancy related condition. Family Planning program is known as one pillar to control pregnancy. Counseling plays important roles to increase contraceptive prevalent rate.Objective: To assess the effectiveness of family planning counseling during latent phase of labor in increasing postpartum contraception.Method: The study was an experimental design which involved all primary health centre, Maternity Hospital and General hospital in Kolaka district in the period of 1 January 2016 to March 2016. Sampling included 108 subjects divided into intervention and control group. Selection of health facility into two groups was done through simple coin toss. Intervention was family planning counseling conducted during latent phase of labor using flipchart standardised by BKKBN in 2014.Result and Discussion: From all subjects, 70 (64.8%) decided to participate in post partum contraception. Participation for contraception was significantly higher in counseling group (92%) compare to control (37%) (p<0.001, RR 2.5; CI 1.75 – 3.57). Age and companion during labor did not influence contraception participation (p>0,05). There was a trend that contraception participation higher in older age. Other factors such as education, income, parity and previous conseling significantly influence contraception participation (p<0,05).Conclusion: Family planning counseling during latent phase increase the participation in postpartum contraception. Education, income, parity and previous counseling influence the participation in postpartum contraception. Keyword: Family Planning, Post partum contraception, Factors on contraception participation
HUBUNGAN ANTARA VAGINOSIS BAKTERIAL DAN PERSALINAN PRETERM Lidia, Hepta; Emilia, Ova; Anwar, Moch.
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 2, No 2 (2015)
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Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.12637

Abstract

HUBUNGAN ANTARA VAGINOSIS BAKTERIAL DANPERSALINAN PRETERMHepta Lidia1, Ova Emilia2, Moch. Anwar3ABSTRACTBackground: Preterm birth remain becomes global issue due to its contribution on high neonatal mortalityrate. WHO (2012) estimated 15 million babies are born premature and Indonesia as one of 10 countries withhighest rates of preterm birth (15,5/100 live births). In the poorest countries, on average, 12% of babiesare born too soon compared with 9% in higher-income countries. Approximately 50% of spontaneouspreterm birth is associated with genital infection. Plenty of efforts had been done to detect risk factorearly, however if has not successfully decreased preterm birth rate. Because of that, it is a needed to doearly screening of lower genital tract in pregnant woman to prevent preterm birth.Method: Cross sectionalLocation of study: Senopati Bantul hospital and Sewon community health centerResult and Discussion: This study involved 134 pregnant woman. Bivariate and multivariate analysis resultshowed that bacterial vaginosis, increased preterm birth significantly (OR 4,26; IK 95% 1,16-15,62). Otherrisk factor that increased preterm birth are history of preterm birth (OR 11,16; IK 95% 1,32-94,45).Conclusion: Proportion of bacterial vaginosis in preterm birth significantly higher, compare to fulltermbirth. History of preterm birth in last pregnancy significantly increased the number of preterm birth.Keywords: Preterm Birth - bacterial vaginosis – early screeningABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Persalinan preterm masih menjadi masalah global oleh karena memberikan kontribusipada kematian bayi yang cukup tinggi, WHO (2012) memperkirakan 15 juta bayi lahir preterm dan Indonesiatermasuk salah satu dari 10 negara dengan angka persalinan preterm tertinggi (15,5/100 kelahiran hidup).Di negara-negara miskin, rata-rata 12% bayi lahir preterm dibandingkan 9% di negara berpendapatan lebihtinggi. Diperkirakan 50% dari kelahiran prematur spontan terkait dengan infeksi saluran genital. Banyakupaya yang telah dilakukan untuk mendeteksi risiko secara dini selain juga intervensi medis, namun belumbanyak menurunkan kejadian persalinan preterm. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan suatu skrining awaluntuk infeksi saluran genital bawah pada wanita hamil untuk mencegah persalinan pretermMetode: cross sectionalTempat penelitian: RSUD Senopati Bantul dan Puskesmas SewonHasil dan Pembahasan: Penelitian melibatkan 134 ibu hamil. Hasil analisis bivariat dan multivariatmenunjukkan bahwa vaginosis bakterial meningkatkan kejadian persalinan preterm secara signifikan (OR2,70; IK 95% 1,29-5,67). Faktor risiko lainnya yang meningkatkan persalinan preterm secara signifikanadalah riwayat persalinan preterm pada kehamilan sebelumnya (OR 11,16; IK 95% 1,32-94,45).Kesimpulan: Kejadian vaginosis bakterial pada persalinan preterm secara signifikan lebih tinggi dibandingkanpada persalinan aterm. Demikian juga riwayat persalinan preterm pada kehamilan sebelumnya secarasignifikan meningkatkan risiko kejadian persalinan preterm.Kata kunci: Persalinan preterm - vaginosis bakterial - skrining awal1,2,3 Bagian Obstetri dan Ginekologi FK UGM/RSUP Dr. Sardjito Yogyakarta
Hubungan Pengetahuan, Sikap dan Perilaku Bidan Desa terhadap Kanker Leher Rahim dan Pencegahannya di Kabupaten Sragen Sutresno, Ismail Joko; Emilia, Ova; Prawitasari, Shinta
JURNAL KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : IPAKESPRO

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkr.35429

Abstract

Background: Cervical cancer (cervix) is the second most common type of cancer in women, with an estimated of 530,000 new cases and more than 270,000 deaths each year. In 2012, cervical cancer cases in Central Java was 2,259 cases. Cervical cancer is easily recognizable and can be prevented with screening. A village midwife as the closest healthcare provider to the community is expected to function better in encouraging the prevention of cervical cancer.if they receive appropriate knowledge and attitude toward screening.Objective: to understand the correlation of knowledge, attitude and behavior of village midwife against cervical cancer and its prevention in Sragen district.Method: This analytic study is using quantitative and qualitative approach. Quantitative studies was done with cross-sectional study. The population of this research were 208 village midwifes from 20 sub-districts in Sragen and the subjects were 118 midwives whom randomly sampled. Data were analyzed using univariate and bivariate analysis.The qualitative study was done using depth interview.Result and Discussion: There is no correlation between age, level of education as well as work duration with their knowledge about cervical cancer prevention (P = 0.787; 0.344; 0.822); there is no correlation between village midwives’ knowledge with their behavior towards cervical cancer prevention (P = 0.664); there is no correlation between the village midwives’ attitudes and behavior towards prevention of cervical cancer (P = 0.460). Qualitative results support the quantitative results.Conclusion: There is no correlation between village midwives’ knowledge, attitudes and behavior towards cervical cancer prevention.Keywords: Cervical cancer, knowledge, attitude, behavior
Co-Authors Abbas, Marwan Abdul Wahab Abu Bakar Agustiningsih, Denny Agustiningsih, Denny Amiruddin Amiruddin Amitya Kumara Aria Kekalih Armaijn, Fadhilah Armis Armis Ayub Irmadani Anwar, Ayub Irmadani Bahari, Rafidah Bata, Verayanti Albertina Budi Iman Santoso Djaswadi Dasuki Djauhar Ismail Donal, Donal Dwi Andayani, Dwi Dwi Cahyani Ratna Sari Eddy Hartono Edi Patmini Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari Fatimah, Akifah Fielda Djuita, Fielda Fitriyani, Nurrahma Wahyu Ganap, Eugenius Phyowai Gandes Retno Rahayu Guardian Yoki Sanjaya, Guardian Yoki Hamid, Noor Aini Abdul Hari Kusnanto Hartono Hartono Herlin Fitriani Kurniawati, Herlin Fitriani Heru Pradjatmo Ibrahim, Juliani Irwan Taufiqur Rachman Iwan Dwiprahasto Juwartini, Dwi Kartini, Farida khusnul khotimah Ksyatria, Yudhistya Ngudi Insan Leman, Michael Andreas Leo Prawirodihardjo Lidia, Hepta Lilie Fransiska Lionita, Widya Liufeto, Koheresto G. Malik, Ummu Kalzum Mandawati, Murti Marasabessy, Nurlaila Mardiwiyoto, Harsono Maria Magdalena Purba, Maria Magdalena Martinus, Martinus Martinus, Martinus Mayae Hugo Mei Neni Sitaresmi Mia Kusmiati Moch. Anwar Mohammad Hakimi Mohan, Kirubashni Mokhtar, Shulhana Mokhtar, Shulhana Mora Claramita, Mora Muhammad Hakimi Muhammad Nurhadi Rahman Nani Emma Novianto, Asep Nuraliah, Nuraliah Nuring Pangastuti, Nuring Nurlina Ina, Nurlina Paunno, Magdalena Petrana, Nurul Hikmah Phyowai Ganap, Eugenius Poedji Rochjati Popy Irawati Pratiwi, Putu Irma Puspasari, Puspasari Putranti, Rizka Aries Raharja, Supanji Rahayu, Retno Gandes Ratnawati, Lili Risanto Siswosudarmo Rukmono Siswishanto Sangun, Diannisa I E Sanip, Suhaila Septiani, Evi Shinta Prawitasari Siswanto Agus Wilopo Soehartati, Soehartati Soenarto, Srisuparyati Soerjo Hadijono Sri Herlina, Sri Sri Linuwih Susetyo Wardhani, Sri Linuwih Susetyo Sukamdi Sukamdi SUMIYATI SUMIYATI Sunarko Sunarko Surayya, Rahmi Suryadi, Efrayim Suryosubianto, B P Sutresno, Ismail Joko Titik Kuntari Trisasi Lestari, Trisasi Umar Dhani, Umar Vella Dwi Yani Widyandana Widyandana Widyandana, Doni Widyandana, Doni Yanti Yanti Yayi Suryo Prabandari Yuliana Yuliana