. Elvitriana
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Mercury in sediment and freshwater organisms from Kr. Sikulat River around the artisanal gold mining plants in Sawang, Aceh Province, Indonesia Suhendrayatna, .; Elvitriana, .
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 2 (2012): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Artisanal gold miners in Sawang use mercury in gold separation process. The workers put gold ore and mercury into the tumblers to extract gold and silver by amalgamation method. After gold and silver are isolated from the ore as amalgam, mercury is vaporized by burning with an oil burner. Furthermore, wastewater containing mercury is discharged at landfills and Kr. Sikulat River stream. With the purpose of knowing the impact of small-scale gold mining plant in Sawang, the concentrations of mercury in Kr. Sikulat River sediment and the accumulation of mercury in tissues of freshwater organisms from Kr. Sikulat River were investigated. Sediments were taken from locations near the gold mining plant and freshwater organisms were caught in the estuary from Kr. Sikulat River. Samples were transported live to the laboratory and sampled dissected after death. Tissue from each organism were removed and grained after dried. Total mercury analyzed using an Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (AAS), AA-6300 Shimadzu. The results showed that the concentration of mercury in sediment found 0.0339 mg-Hg/kg, while the concentration of mercury in the water phase were found 0.005 – 0.047 mg-Hg/L. Mercury was also found in the concentration of 0.1903 mg-Hg/kg accumulated in the shellfish, but it was not found accumulated in other freshwater organisms such as fish and shrimp. Based on these results, a regular monitoring program in Kr. Sikulat River is necessary conducted in order to better elucidate the rate of bioaccumulation and biomagnification by organisms
Uptake of Mercury Ion in a Wetland Plant, Canna Sp. Suhendrayatna, .; Marlina, Henny; Zaki, Muhammad; Elvitriana, .
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 5, No 1 (2015): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Canna Sp. is one of the plants that can live in conditions of wetland cultivated in freshwater courses, which often serve as recipients for domestic and other sorts of wastewater. In the context of its life ability, this study deals to investigate the capacity of Canna Sp. in uptake toxic heavy metal mercury from a wetland system. Canna Sp. was cultivated in a polybag contained wastewater for a couple months to reach acclimatization. The wastewater contained mercury ions in different concentrations of 1.2; 0.96 and 0.36 mg-Hg/L. Each polybags contained five stems of Canna Sp. Control media (contain no mercury in media) were also prepared for these treatments. During 14 days of the experiment, the atmospheric air and water temperature (30+3 oC is optimum) were maintained and every five days, length of stems, concentration of mercury ion in water phase, and its tissue were analyzed. The concentration of mercury in shoots, leaves, and roots were analyzed by Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer, Shimadzu AA 6300 after destructed using TCLP method. Results showed that Canna Sp. has resistant a survival on water phase containing mercury and it inhibits the growth of Canna Sp. in the log phase. The highest mercury ion uptake by Canna Sp. occurred in the root (1.16 – 1.34 mg-Hg/kg) compared to the leaves (0.05 – 0.33 mg-Hg/kg) and the shoots (0.29-0.69 mg-Hg/kg). These results reached to the conclusion that Canna Sp. has a potential for mercury phytoremediation application in a wetland system.