Articles

Penggunaan Diksi dan Gaya Bahasa pada Wacana Iklan Sepeda Motor Ekawati, Ekawati
BAHASA DAN SASTRA Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : BAHASA DAN SASTRA

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Fokus permasalahan dalam penelitian ini; bagaimanakah penggunaan diksi dan gaya bahasa pada wacana iklan sepeda motor. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan bagaimanakah penggunaan diksi dan gaya bahasa pada wacana iklan sepeda motor. Manfaat penelitian (1) memberikan masukan pada pembuat iklan agar lebih kreatif dan inovatif, (2) dijadikan alternatif sebagai bahan pembelajaran di sekolah khususnya diksi dan gaya bahasa, (3) sebagai acuan bagi pihak-pihak yang hendak melakukan penelitian dengan topik yang sama. Dalam penelitian ini metode yang digunakan adalah metode kualitatif melalui pendekatan analisis. Analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini menggunakan teknik padan intralingual, dan teknik padan ekstralingual. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, diperoleh hasil yang sama dengan mengacu pada kajian teori yang digunakan. Adapun hasil yang diperoleh yaitu makna denotasi merupakan makna lugas atau makna sebenarnya yang bersifat objektif. Makna yang ditemukan pada wacana iklan motor lebih banyak menunjukkan keunggulan sebagai kelebihan dari setiap produk yang diiklankan untuk mempersuasif pembaca atau calon konsumen. Penggunaan diksi pada wacana iklan sepeda motor Yamaha menggambarkan bahwa produksi Yamaha selalu mengeluarkan produk dengan perubahan, desain, dan gaya yang selalu baru. Pada wacana iklan sepeda motor Honda, penggunaan diksi atau pilihan kata selalu memunculkan kata teknologi yang menggambarkan bahwa setiap produksi Honda memiliki teknologi yang tidak terkalahkan. Sedangkan pada wacana iklan sepeda motor Suzuki lebih memilih penggunaan diksi yang menggambarkan bahwa produksi sepeda motor Suzuki lebih menunjukkan keunggulan pada kekuatan mesin yang tidak dapat dikalahkan, dan lebih eksklusif sesuai pilihan penggemar sepeda motor produksi Suzuki. Penelitian ini juga ditinjau dari aspek makna umum dan aspek makna khusus, serta gaya bahasa apa saja yang digunakan dalam iklan motor tersebut. Adapaun gaya bahasa atau majas yang banyak digunakan adalah gaya bahasa penegasan, yakni gaya bahasa retoris yang ditandai dari kata-kata yang digunakan. Dari hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan diksi menggunakan makna denotasi untuk menjabarkan makna yang terkandung pada wacana iklan motor.
HUBUNGAN BEBAN KERJA FISIK, FREKUENSI OLAHRAGA, LAMA TIDUR, WAKTU ISTIRAHAT DAN WAKTU KERJA DENGAN KELELAHAN KERJA (Studi kasus pada pekerja Laundry Bagian Produksi Di CV.X Tembalang, Semarang) Narpati, Jalu Risang; Ekawati, Ekawati; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Fatigue is a feeling of fatigue that results in a decrease in mental and physical performance. The usual fatigue is a problem with lack, interest, and even decreased capacity. Fatigue in workers can reduce alertness and cause accidents. The current variable is working. While the independent variables are workload, exercise, sleep, rest time and work time. The purpose of this study is to Analyze Physical Work Relationships, Frequency of Sports, Sleep Length, Rest Time and Fatigue Working Time Working on Production Laundry Laundry Workers at CV. X Tembalang, Semarang. This type of research is a descriptive analytic study with a cross sectional study approach. This research instrument uses IFRC questionnaire. The sample in the study were 36 production workers with total sampling method. The prevalence measurement results were 80.6%. Based on the results of the Chi-Square statistical test, it shows that the independent variables are freely variable, namely between work with workload (p = 0,000), exercise frequency (p = 0,003), bedroom (p = 0,005), rest time (p = 0.005) and work time (p = 0.003). Suggestions for parties are as much as one minute for 1-2 minutes every 30 minutes of work and a minimum rest of 30 minutes after 4 hours of work to avoid tension and work that allows to optimize and ensure that the time needed to work can be reduced.
PENGETAHUAN IBU NIFAS TENTANG KUNJUNGAN ULANG MASA NIFAS DI PUSKESMAS TEPUS 1 KABUPATEN GUNUNGKIDUL Ekawati, Ekawati; Haniah, Haniah
Media Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 6 No 1: MIK April 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat FKes Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30989/mik.v6i1.208

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Background: The causes of Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) in Indonesia are bleeding (30.3%), hypertensive disorder during pregnancy (27.1%), infection (7.3%), obstructed (1.8%) and abortion (1.6%). Bleeding occurs in the postpartum period which is started after delivering placenta and ended when the the womb organs recovered as before pregnant. The length of postpartum period is about 6 weeks. During postpartum period, there are several re-visit to heath provider such as; KF 1 (first postpartum visit) is a visit on 6 hours to day 3rd after delivering, KF 2 (Second postpartum visit) is a visit on day 4th to 28th after delivering, and KF 3 (third postpartum visit) is a visit on day 29th-42nd after delivering. Objective: This study aimed to describe the knowledge level of postpartum mother about visitation during childbirth. Method: This study was a descriptive quantitative research with cross sectional design. The number of sample was 30 respondents. The data were taken using primary data and questionnaires. Result: The postpartum mother who do postpartum visits in Puskesmas Tepus 1 Gunung in the age of 20-35 years category was 19 respondents (63.3%). A number of 13 respondents (43.3%) had secondary school, 19 respondents (63.3%) were housewife and 18 respondents (60%) had 2-3 children. The result of postpartum revisit showed that 13 respondents (43.3%) made KF1, 12 respondents (40%) made KF 2, and 11 respondents (36.7%) made KF 3. Conclusion: The knowledge level of postpartum revisit in Puskesmas Tepus 1 Gunung was mostly in adequate category. Key word: Postpartum Mother Knowledge, Postpartum Visits
ANALISIS PEMASARAN BUAH LOKAL DI KALIMANTAN BARAT Ekawati, Ekawati; Ellyta, Ellyta; Rizieq, Rahmatullah
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JAI Vol 2 No 1 Juni 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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The final objective of this research is the completion of a local fruit marketing model to maintain local fruit products in the domestic market. Hence, the local fruit products always be a favorite product of West Kalimantan community. The specific objective of this research are (1) to identify the local fruit consumer profile, (2) to elaborate the local fruit consumer profile, (3) to identify and elaborate the local fruit consumer behavior, (4) to analyze the factors influencing consumer decision to buy local fruit. This study used descriptive survey method with 400 respondents by random selected method. The data would be analyzed by using multi-attribute models, while the relationship between factors to the consumption decision of local fruit would use rank Spearman correlation. The results stated that the decision to consume both local and imported fruit was more determined by their own decisions than determined by other people opinions. Consumers in Pontianak prefer to choose imported fruit rather than local fruit. In local fruit marketing, sellers had to consider four factors that correlate with the desire of consumers to buy the local fruits, namely: (a) taste, (b) quality/durability; (c) price and (d) packaging.
Perbedaan Kapasitas Vital Paksa Paru Tenaga Kerja pada Lokasi Pengecoran/ Pencetakan dan Lokasi Pengikiran/Pembubutan di Industri Kerajinan Cor Aluminium “ED” Giwangan Yogyakarta. Ekawati, Ekawati; Suwondo, Ari
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 4, No 2 (2005): vol 4, No 2 (2005)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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ABSTRACT Background: Dust pollution can be exist at production process on industry, include on “ED” aluminium cast indust, Yogyakarta which is on the production process included foundry and fitting-shop process. Aluminium dust can influence lung function of the worker. The aim of this research was to study the difference of forced vital capacity (FVC) on workers between foundry and fitting-shop in “ED” aluminium cast industry, Giwangan Yogyakarta. Method: This was an observational research using cross sectional design. The population was 15 workers on each location. The data was collected using questionnaire, measuring of lung function and total dust content. The data would be analyzed using Mann-Whitney test. Result: The result showed that the average of total dust content on those location was 0.65 mg/m3 and 2.75 mg/m3 orderly. This was still below the threshold value (10 mg/m3). The measuring of lung function showed that 73.35% of workers in foundry  and 66.6% of workers in fitting-shop had  FVC decreasing with the average of FVC was 75.80% and 77.27% in order. The statistic test showed that there was no significant difference of FVC between  those workers. Conclusion: No significant difference of FVC on workers between foundry and fitting-shop in “ED” aluminium cast industry, Giwangan Yogyakarta.   Key Words: Forced Vital Capacity, workers, foundry, fitting-shop.
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN DAN PRAKTIK PERAWAT MENGENAI KESELAMATAN PASIEN (PATIENT SAFETY) DI INSTALASI GAWAT DARURAT RS X SEMARANG Jaladara, Vena; Jayanti, Siswi; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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In Indonesia, reports regarding patient safety has not been noticed and concerned decently, but the arraignments toward malpractice are increasing. Nurses, are the spearhead of the health care. Emergency room  is one of healthcare area that needs fast and right treatment, so that the nurses should have good knowledge and practice regarding patient safety.The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between nurses knowledge and nurses practice or the implementation regarding patient safety at emergency room of X Hospital Semarang. This study is belong to an explanatory research with cross sectional approach. The population that used was total sampling, with 35 nurses which are working at emergency room of X Hospital Semarang. Data was collected directly used questionnaire that is based on Joint Commission International (JCI).Chi Square test was used to analyze the data. The results of statistical test showed that there is a correlation between nurses knowledge regarding patient safety with the implementation of patient safety at emergency room of X Hospital Semarang with p value=0,000. Socialization and review concerning patient safety should be given periodically by nurse supervisor.
PENGARUH KARAKTERISTIK PEKERJA TERHADAP KEJADIAN MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER PADA PEKERJA PABRIK TENUN MASARI PEMALANG Sandi, Pandu Reviami; Ekawati, Ekawati; Suroto, Suroto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Musculoskeletal disorder ( msds ) was a term used which are aimed at a disorder in a muscle that happened in the muscles of order that was felt to be someone starting from complaints mild to the complaints that are heavy. One cause its work tools that are not ergonomic may cause an impact such as the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorder. The purpose of this research was to determine the individual factors (age, body mass index, smoking habit) and occupational factors (tenure, repetitive movements, work sitting position) that influenced to the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorder on worker of MASARI weave factory in Pemalang. The method of this research used survey research approach with cross sectional study design Total sampling taken in this research is 33 workers. Statistical test data of rank spearman correlation performed indicated that there was no correlation between (body mass index, smoking habit, work sitting position) and there was a correlation between working period and the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorder (P-value = 0.03). There was a correlation between age and the occurrence if musculoskeletal disorder (p-value = 0.001). Based on statistical test of multiple regressions, there were variables that had influence toward the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorder; the variables were working period and age. In conclusion, age was more influential to musculoskeletal than working period (working period t=3.564, age t=6.119). the new recruitment workers better age >35 tahun and working period >35 tahun. 
PENERAPAN HAZARD IDENTIFICATION RISK ASSESSMENT AND RISK CONTROL (HIRARC) SEBAGAI PENGENDALIAN POTENSI KECELAKAAN KERJA DI BAGIAN PRODUKSI BODY BUS PT. X MAGELANG Primasari, Annisa Devi; Denny, Hanifa Maher; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Hazard Identification Risk Assessment and Risk Control (HIRARC) is a tool or a method to identify, assess or measure and control hazards based activities work in every workplace. PT. X Magelang doesn’t have HIRARC method so that the company is also hasn’t apply SMK3. The aim of this research was to describe  the identified of potential hazards, the risk assessment and  control (HIRARC). The study utilized qualitative approach using interview and field observation. The subjects of this research were five informants and the production of the body bus, while triangulation informants are the manager of body bus area and the staff of SHE. The finding of this research was able to identify some potential hazards such as minor injuries, scratches, slips and trips, falls, burns, back/neck, RSI (Repetitive Strain Injury), cuts, hearing loss, toppling incidents, inhalations. While the potential of risks belonged to extreme 9,2% high 44,6% medium 21,5% and low 24,6%.
Evaluasi Pemenuhan Permenaker No.04/MEN/1980 dan SKEP/100/xi/1985 Terhadap Alat Pemadam Api Ringan di PT. Angkasa Pura I Bandar Udara Ahmad Yani Semarang Kristianto, Dhito Hadi; Ekawati, Ekawati; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Catastrophic fires as an undesirable events are always good material losses, the human soul as well as the environment. Planning countermeasures of fire (Fire Safety) is to save souls and then avoid damage intensity as minimum as possible. Based on the results of the initial survey on the Check-In area, Light of fire Extinguishers as one of the fire extinguishers at PT. Angkasa Pura I Ahmad Yani Airport does not comply with the provisions of PERMENAKER No. 04/MEN/1980. This study aims to evaluate the application of light-weight Fire Extinguishers according to regulations. This research is qualitative research with type a descriptive method. Sample research consists of 5 main buildings and one informant informant triangulation chosen directly by the researchers. Measuring instrument which is used in the form of a check list, and guidelines for the interview. The data were analyzed using qualitative analysis results are presented in the form of a narrative (description). The results showed that as much as 60% installation is in compliance with regulations of the APAR, maintenance carried out for three months, the condition still exists as yet APAR ready-to-wear. Conclusion the research that is both fitting, Fire Extinguishers Mild conditions, maintenance of Fire Extinguishers and the use by employees is in compliance with the provisions of the existing provisions.
PERBEDAAN KELELAHAN DAN STRES KERJA PADA TENAGA KERJA SHIFT I, II DAN III BAGIAN PRODUKSI PABRIK MINUMAN PT. X SEMARANG Novitasari, Melcy; Jayanti, Siswi; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract : Shift work is one of the company’s strategies to maximaze company’s productivity and efficiency. Meanwhile, this strategy had several problems specially for employees who can or less adapt to the working hours. Problems that may arise is the fatigue and job stress. This study aimed at investigated the difference between fatigue and job stress of production workers shift I, II and III the beverages factory PT. X Semarang. This research is analytic survey with cross sectional approach. Samples used were 42 workers, who worked on shift I, II and III. Measurement of fatigue by used Bourdon Wiersma test to see results of speed, accuracy and constancy, and for job stress used General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12). Analysis used Oneway Anova Test. The results of fatigue, there are differences speed and accuracy before and after work between shift I, II and III (p value = 0,000); differences constancy before work between shift I, II and III (p value = 0,001); there is no difference constancy after work between shift I, II and III (p value = 0,870). Results of measurements job stress, there were differences job stress between shift I, II and III (p value = 0,008). From this study it can be concluded, there were differences fatigue in terms of speed, accuracy and constancy and job stress between shift I, II and III.
Co-Authors A. Trihadi Kusuma, A. Trihadi Adlina Rahmadini Adzhani, Adlina Rahmadini Amir, Johan Anggraini, Tyasning Yuni Astuti Annisa Ayu Tantia, Annisa Ayu Annisa Devi Primasari, Annisa Devi Ari Suwondo Arif Setiawan Atikah Atikah Baining, Mellya Embun Baju Widjasena Bande, L. O. S. Benedicta Sonya Ajeng Lestari, Benedicta Sonya Ajeng Bina Kurniawan Charisma, Yuwan Martus Tegar Daru Lestantyo Dewi Sarah, Dewi Dhandy Dwi Yustica, Dhandy Dwi Dhito Hadi Kristianto, Dhito Hadi Dian Putri Nastiti, Dian Putri Dine Wahyu Prima, Dine Wahyu Dini Anggraeni Novitasari, Dini Anggraeni Eksandy, Arry Ellyta Ellyta Faddila Purna Dewi, Faddila Purna Farid, Muhammad Miftah Fyka Ferziandhani, Fyka Galih Pamungkas, Galih H.S., Gusnawaty Hakim, Mohamad Zulman Haniah Haniah Hanifa Maher Denny, Hanifa Maher Hanifah, Febi Abu Helmi Tri Wahyuadi, Helmi Tri IDA RAHMAWATI Ida Wahyuni Ika Fitriyana, Ika Kevin Yudhistira Pribadi, Kevin Yudhistira Kiki Indriyanti, Kiki Kusuma Handayani, Kusuma Lambang Aryanto, Lambang Lanti Annistyaningrum, Lanti Mahmud, Saifuddin Masdiana Tahir, Masdiana Melcy Novitasari, Melcy Mudayatiningsih, Sri Muhammad Faizal Reza Ferdiniko, Muhammad Faizal Reza Muhammad Iqbal Muhammad Zaefani Aedy, Muhammad Zaefani Nabilah Fairusiyyah, Nabilah Nadya Eka Febrina, Nadya Eka Narpati, Jalu Risang Nino, Bagus Putra Novi Yuliani, Novi Noviastuti, Theresia Kartika Nugraheni, Marina Nurul Oktavia Puspita Sari, Nurul Oktavia Nurul Ufuk Nuansa, Nurul Ufuk Oceania Starizky, Oceania Oktaviani Lety Rani, Oktaviani Lety Pandu Reviami Sandi, Pandu Reviami Pradina, Ari Rahmatullah Rizieq Retno Kamilia Mutiara, Retno Kamilia Rizqi Haidar, Rizqi Saidah, Nur Sefriani, Wiwit Setyoaji, Dhaniswara Shabira Noviandini, Shabira Siswi Jayanti Suroto Suroto Susi Susanti Susilaningtyas, Maulina Susmini, Susmini Ulum, Muchammad Bachrul Vena Jaladara, Vena Vita Insani Saragih, Vita Insani Wardana, Erlangga Rendra Widya Saraswati, Widya Wijayanti, Siswi Yuannisa Yuannisa, Yuannisa Yuliani Setyaningsih Zaeanina, Fatwa Faizah Zainal Abidin Suery, Zainal Abidin Zulkarnaen Zulkarnaen