Cesilia Meti Dwiriani
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor

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USIA MENARCHE, KONSUMSI PANGAN, DAN STATUS GIZI ANAK PEREMPUAN SEKOLAH DASAR DI BOGOR Lusiana, Sanya Anda; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 2, No 3 (2007): November 2007
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Abstract

The general objective of this research was to analyze the correlation between nutritional status, food consumption, and first menstruation age (menarche) of female Elementary School children. The research was conducted using cross sectional study design from May to June 2007 in 14 Elementary Schools in Bogor. Sample criteria was: 5 grade student consist of pre menarche and post menarche students. A total of 120 students was chosen by purposive sampling. Spearman Correlation Test shows that there was no correlation between menarche age of mother and menarche age of the sample. Post menarche sample had sufficient energy intake but low iron intake. About 86.7% post menarche sample and 68.3% pre menarche sample had normal nutritional status. Spearman Correlation Test shows that nutritional status (BMI/Age) has negative significant correlation to menarche age (r=-0.062; P
MODEL PENDUGA BERAT BAYI LAHIR BERDASARKAN PENGUKURAN LINGKAR PINGGANG IBU HAMIL ., Chairunita; ., Hardinsyah; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 1, No 2 (2006): November 2006
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Abstract

Nutritional status of pregnant women can be measured by anthropometry which is simple and non expensive. Waist circumference of pregnant women (WCP) may reflects uterus and fetus  growth. The objective of this study is to develop an estimation model of birth weight based on WCP during the third trimester. For this purpose 250 pregnant women were selected from six health centers and five midwife clinics of Tanah Sareal, Bogor.  Body height and weight, waist and hip circumferences, mid-upper arm circumference, fundal height were measured on 28th, 32nd , and 36th  week of gestation. Body weight prior to pregnancy, history of pregnancy and birth, and food consumption  was collected through an interview. The results show the two most appropriate estimation models of birth weight are based on WCP (R2=28.58%) and body weight (R2=28.27%) on 28 week of gestation, with the equations are : birth weight =  166.4(WCP)3 - 977.6(WCP)2 + 1914.7(WCP) - 1246.6 and birth weight = 14.7(body weight)3 - 79.4(body weight)2 + 143.1(body weight) - 82.5. Further prospective study with larger sample size are required to develop an estimation model of birthweight. Keywords : estimation model of birthweight, waist circumference measurement, pregnant   women.
PENGETAHUAN GIZI, AKTIVITAS FISIK, KONSUMSI SNACK DAN PANGAN LAINNYA PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR DI BOGOR YANG BERSTATUS GIZI NORMAL DAN GEMUK Deni, .; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 2 (2009): Juli 2009
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     Childhood obesity is increases rapidly in developing country. It’s has important short-term and long-term medical consequences also psychosocial consequences. The objective of the research is to analyze nutritional knowledge, physical activity, snack habit, in normal and overweight of Bina Insani elementary students in Bogor. The cross sectional study design was used in this study to analyze nutritional knowledge, snack habit, and physical activity in normal and overweight students. The total number of 80 students sample was chosen randomly. It consists of 40 students sample with normal nutritional status and 40 students sample with overweight nutritional status. Primary data consisted of physical activity recall (1x24 hours), food consumption recall (2x24 hours), anthropometry data (weight and height), social-economy’s sample condition, food habit, and snack habit using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Secondary data were included data of Bina Insani Elementary School. The result showed no relation between level education and wage of parent, nutritional knowledge level, nutritional attitude, snack habit and physical activity with nutritional status of sample. The average energy adequacy level according to WNPG (2004) respectively 82.2% in normal sample and 73.6% in overweight sample.  Keywords: nutritional knowledge, physical activity, snack habit, children, overweight.
KEBIASAAN DAN KUALITAS SARAPAN PADA SISWI REMAJA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR Sari, Anna Febritta Intan; Briawan, Dodik; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
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ABSTRACTThe study aimed to describe breakfast habit among teenage girls of vocational high school Bogor. A cross-sectional study was conducted and was involving 68 students 14—18 years old from SMK Pelita Ciampea, Bogor District. Breakfast consumption was collected by a 7-day food records. The result showed that there were 45.6% schoolgirls having breakfast regularly. Breakfast frequency per week was associated with BMI and anaemic status (p
GAYA HIDUP DAN STATUS KESEHATAN SOPIR BUS SUMBER ALAM DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO, JAWA TENGAH Musbyarini, Kartika; Anwar, Faisal; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 1 (2010): Maret 2010
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The general objective of this research was to analyze the correlation between life style with health status of Sumber Alam’s Drivers in Purworejo District, Central Java. The research was conducted using cross sectional study design from July through August 2009 in PO Sumber Alam Purworejo District. Sample was chosen by simple random sampling which resulted 67 drivers. Almost all the samples (91%) had smoking habit and all of the samples had no habit on alcohol drinking. More than half (58.2%) had excersice habit. The physical activity levels in work day was higher than that in holiday  (p
FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR Damayanthi, Evy; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Kustiyah, Lilik; Briawan, Dodik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 3 (2010): November 2010
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Abstract

Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status. One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not having canteen). Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ) and height for age (HAZ) were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009). School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years), more girls (54%), and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ). School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana) and mother (senior high school).  Almost all school children (99%) knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97) with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14), tempe and tofu (2.22 + 1.10), vegetables (2.25 + 0.76) and fruits (2.37 + 1.31). There was a tendency overweight and obese school children eat more rice although statistically not significant.  On average, school children drank milk more than twice daily (2.34 + 0.98), plain water more than 7 glasses daily (7.34 + 4.10), exercise 3 times weekly (3.02 + 2.16) and no difference were observed between nutritional status and family socioeconomics. School children food habit were strongly supported by mother behavior especially in providing breakfast, lunch box and guiding their children in choosing snack food. School children from middle class in urban Bogor had relatively good food habits which were supported by mother behavior. This study found no relationship between family socioeconomic and nutritional status on school children food habit. Key words: food habit, nutritional status, elementary school children.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT MULTI GIZI MIKRO DAN PENDIDIKAN GIZI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN GIZI, PEMENUHAN ZAT GIZI DAN STATUS BESI REMAJA PUTRI Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Rimbawan, .; Hardinsyah, .; Riyadi, Hadi; Martianto, Drajat
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
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This study was aimed to analyze the effect of multi-micronutrients (MMN) supplementation and nutrition education on nutrition knowledge, mean adequacy ratio (MAR) and iron status of young adolescent girls (YAG). The study was done in three purposively selected junior high schools (JHS) in rural Bogor by implementing a quasi experiment control trial for 112 YAG for 16 weeks: thirty five YAG in the first JHS as a MMN group (SG) were given three times of MMN tablets per week, forty two YAG in the second JHS were given MMN tablet plus nutrition education delivered by trained teacher fortnightly called SGP group and thirty five YAG in the third JHS as a control group. The result showed that the increment of nutrition knowledge score as well as MAR of SGP group were significantly higher than the other two groups. The decrement level of hemoglobin (Hb) in SG and SGP groups was significantly lower than in control group, but in the subset data of anemic group, both intervention groups had significantly increased level of Hb. This imply that nutrition education improved nutrition knowledge of YAG, but MMN tablet could not improve Hb level in general and only had effect on YAG suffering from anemia.Key words: multi-micro nutrients, nutrition education, iron status, adolescent girls
Identification of In Vitro Bioavailability of Zinc in Different Types of Eggs and Methods of Processing Rimbawan, .; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Fahriza, Ennita
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 24, No 1 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
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Abstract

This research was intended to asssess zinc content and zinc bioavailability from six kinds of egg processing (boiled, poached, salted, fried egg with shallow frying (“dadarâ€Â and “ceplokâ€Â), also “pindangâ€Â on three types of egg (local hens egg, layer egg and ducks egg). An in vitro dialysis procedure was employed to determine zinc bioavailablity. The experimental design used was complete random design with factorial experimental and further statistical analysis by Duncan Multiple Range. The results indicated that zinc bioavailabilities from three types of egg with six kinds of egg processing were ranged from 3.60 to 19.01 percents. Zinc content was ranged from 1.15 to 3.12 mg/100 g in wet basis or 2.59 to 12.22 mg/100 g in dry basis. Frying egg decreased zinc bioavailability and zinc content significantly (p<0.05). Boiling and poaching of egg increased zinc bioavailability and zinc content significantly (p<0.05). The data suggest that chickens egg (local hen’s and layer egg) processed by boiling and poaching increased zinc bioavailability.
The Effect of Sodium Propionate Addition, Type of Packaging and Duration of Storage on Iodine Content and the Quality of Seaweed (Euchemma cattonii) Jelly Candy Warastuti, Rina; Damayanthi, Evy; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 24, No 2 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
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The purpose of this research’s to study utilization of seaweed (Euchemma cattonii) for producing jelly candy, and to analyse the effect of sodium propionate addition, type of packaging and storage on iodine content of seaweed jelly candy. The preliminary step was conducted to formulate seaweed jelly candy which is mostly prefered through organoleptic test. The organoleptic test revealed that formula 1 was the mostly prefered. The gel dow composition are gelatin (8 g), water (13), HFS-55 (35 g), sucrose (10 g), essence (0.18 g), food colour (0.12 g), citrate acid (0.5 g) and antifoam (0.005 g), whereas the seaweed dow consist of seaweed and water (26 g), sucrose (7 g), essence (0.7 g). The result of analysist variance showed that sodium propionate addition effected on iodine content. Type of packaging used has shown influenced total sugar, while duration of storege effected iodine, water and total sugar of seaweed jelly candy. Sodium propionate, type of packaging and duration of storage has influenced total acid of seaweed jelly candyKeywords: stotage, iodine, seawed.
HUBUNGAN KOMPOSISI TUBUH DAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN PERKEMBANGAN SEKSUAL PADA REMAJA PUTRI DI PERKOTAAN DAN PERDESAAN Handayani, Mega Seasty; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Riyadi, Hadi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 8, No 3 (2013): NOVEMBER 2013
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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyzed the association of percent body fat and nutritional status on sexual development in adolescence girls in urban and rural areas. A cross sectional study involved 100 students of 8th grade junior high school. Age of menarche and breast growth used as sexual development indicators. Results showed that proportion of subjects with stunting and severe stunting was higher in rural area (34%) than urban area (14%). Subjects in urban area had earlier age of menarche (18%). Breast growth of subjects in urban and rural areas were in midpuberty phase. Statistical analysis showed a correlation between nutritional status (BMI/U) and percent body fat, nutritional status and sexual development, as well as percent body fat and sexual development (p<0.05).Keywords: age of menarche, breast growth, percent body fatABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan persen lemak tubuh dan status gizi dengan perkembangan seksual pada remaja putri di perkotaan dan perdesaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional yang melibatkan 100 siswi kelas VIII SMP. Usia menarche dan pertumbuhan payudara digunakan sebagai indikator perkembangan seksual. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan proporsi subjek pendek dan sangat pendek lebih banyak terdapat di SMP desa (34%) dibandingkan SMP kota (14%). Subjek di SMP kota mengalami menarche lebih awal (18%). Pertumbuhan payudara subjek di SMP kota maupun di SMP desa berada pada fase midpubertas. Hasil analisis statistik menunjukkan terdapat hubungan antara status gizi (IMT/U) dengan persen lemak tubuh, status gizi dengan perkembangan seksual dan persen lemak tubuh dengan perkembangan seksual (p<0.05).Kata kunci: persen lemak tubuh, pertumbuhan payudara, usia menstruasi