M. Duskri
UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh

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PENGEMBANGAN TES DIAGNOSTIK KESULITAN BELAJAR MATEMATIKA DI SD

Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan Vol 18, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Graduate School, Yogyakarta State University

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian untuk: (1) menemukan prosedur pengembangan tes diagnostik kesulitan belajar matematika SD/MI, (2) mengetahui kualitas butir tes diagnostik yang dikembangkan, dan (3) mengetahui informasi yang dapat dimunculkan dari hasil analisis tes diagnostik. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan dari Borg & Gall. Subjek uji sebanyak 542 orang siswa kelas VI SD/MI di Kota Banda Aceh dan Aceh Besar. Analisis kuantitatif untuk mengetahui informasi butir tes menggunakan program ITEMAN dan Program R. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1) pengembangan tes diagnostik kesulitan belajar matematika di SD ini meliputi: studi pendahuluan, studi literatur dan hasil­hasil penelitian, analisis masalah, merumuskan learning continuum, merumuskan peta konsep, menyusun tes essay, polarisasi jawaban siswa, menyusun tes bentuk pilihan ganda, validasi pakar melalui focus group discussion, uji coba terbatas, dan uji yang diperluas, (2) indeks daya beda butir tes antara 0,391 sampai dengan 2,317, indeks kesukaran butir tes antara -2,158 sampai dengan 2,528, kecocokan uji tes dengan kemampuan peserta (θ) antara -2,00 sampai dengan 2,60, dan fungsi informasi tes antara 0,111 sampai dengan 3,879, dan (3) informasi yang dapat dimunculkan dari tes meliputi: hasil tes secara klasikal dan individual, grafik ketuntasan belajar, profil individual, analisis salah konsepsi dan saran remedial.Kata kunci: tes diagnostik, kesulitan belajar matematika______________________________________________________________ DEVELOPING DIAGNOSTIC TEST OF MATHEMATICS LEARNING DIFFICULTIES IN ELEMENTARY SCHOOLSAbstract The purposes of this study were: (1)to find a method to develop diagnostic test of mathematics learning difficulties in primary schools, (2) to determine the diagnostic test characteristics developed, and (3) to determine the information that could be generated by using diagnostic test. This study was a development research by Borg & Gall. The participants of main field testing were 542 grade VI students of primary schools in Banda Aceh City and Aceh Besar Regency. The quantitative analysis to determine the information of the test items developed used ITEMAN program and R Program. The results of this study are: (1) in developing the diagnostic test of the mathematics learning difficulties, the research phase included preliminary study, literature and research results study, problem analysis, formulating learning continuum, formulating concept map, preparing essay-form tests, students answers polarization, preparing multiple-choice tests, experts validation with focus group discussion, preliminary and readability tests, operational field testing, and main field testing to obtain model that fitted theoretically and empirically, (2) discriminating power of test items index ranges from 0.391 to 2.317, the difficulty test items index ranges from -2.158 to 2.528, the test compatibility testing with the participants ability (0) ranges from -2.00 to 2.60 and the test information function ranges from 0.111 to 3.879, and (3) the information that can be generated from the diagnostic test includes classically and individually test results, graphic of learning outcomes attainment, individual profile, every answers analysis, false conception and remedial suggestion analysis.Keywords: diagnostic test, mathematics learning difficulties

Pengenalan Sifat dan Karakteristik Tabung dengan Pendekatan Matematika Realistik

Didaktik Matematika Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

The learning process of mathematics, especially the one related to the characteristic of cylinder, at elementary school or at the other higher level of school only required the students to memorize the concept of it without comprehending its meaning. Based on that reason, it is a need to have an appropriate learning approach to help the students in understanding the characteristics of cylinder. This research aims to describe the learning activity of cylinder characteristic by using Realistic Mathematics Education (RME). There were five students of grade V from SDN 3 Sigli who were involved in this study.Byusing the approach, the students were motivated to learn about cylinder characteristics more meaningfully. The use of the appropriate context that matches with the students’ culture also became a strong foundation for them in possessing a meaningful experience toward the material. It also can lead them to have more formal learning experiences (identifying the characteristics of cylinder). There were three kinds of activities that are conducted in the study and were related to introduction the characteristicsof cylinder. They were glueing by using different colour, drawing a tissue place, and unloading the model of the tissue place. The use of concrete objects that relates to the culture of the students to develop their ability in understanding the material of the cylinder was the first step in learning the cylinder volume concept

Peningkatan Kemampuan Pemahaman dan Komunikasi Matematis Siswa SMAN 3 Banda Aceh melalui Penerapan Model Problem Based Learning

Didaktik Matematika Vol 3, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

The purpose of this study to determine enhancement the ability of understanding and communication mathematically by applying the Problem Based Learning (PBL) in the learning activity. The population in this study were students of SMAN 3 Banda Aceh with a sample of two classes. Type of research is experimental with pretest-posttest control group design. The experimental group was treated with a model of learning in the form of PBL and the control group with conventional learning. Data were collected using achievement test and observation sheets during the learning takes place. The results of data analysis showed that     1)there are significant differences in increased ability mathematical understanding of students who received PBL learning compared to conventional learning are reviewed as a whole and based on the level of students, 2) there is an interaction between the factors of student learning at low levels and moderate to increased understanding of mathematical abilities, but no interaction at a high level because the student already has a good ability of mathematical understanding, 3) there are significant differences in enhancement communication skills students acquire mathematical learning by PBL compared to students who received conventional learning is reviewed based on the whole student, but there is no difference if the review is based on the level of the student, 4) there is interaction between the factors of student learning at low levels and moderate to increased mathematical communication but no interaction at a high level because students already have a good mathematical communication skills.

Peningkatan Kemampuan Penalaran Matematis Siswa melalui Model Discovery Learning

Didaktik Matematika Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the differences between improvement of mathematical reasoning abilities of students who obtain a model of learning through discovery learning and students who received conventional teaching. This research was a quantitative study with experimental method, that has pretest-posttest group design. The population was all students at MTsN Lambalek by taking samples of two classes, namely class-VIIIA as the experimental class and VIIIB as the control class. Then, the data were collected by using testing techniques. The collected data were analyzed by ANOVA. Based on the results of the analysis, it can be concluded that the students mathematical reasoning abilities in experimental class was better than the control class which was reviewed based on the whole student and grouping students.

Penerapan Model Eliciting Activities untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Matematis dan Self Confidence Siswa SMA

Didaktik Matematika Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

The ability of mathematical creative thinking and self-confidence are ones of the targets in mathematics learning. Therefore, learners need a relevant model to have them be active in searching information themselves, group working, building self-confidence, and improving creative thinking in perceiving and understanding the information to resolve a problem. One of the models is model-eliciting activities to improve students’ mathematical creative thinking and self-confidence to have students organize their own knowledge in learning. Applying this model, this research was to investigate (1) the differences of students’ mathematical creative thinking improvement through dividing into low, medium, and high subgroups, (2) the description of students’ self-confidence in mathematics learning, and (3) the correlation of creative thinking ability and self-confidence in mathematics learning. This experiment used one-group pretest-posttest design. The population was all first year students of SMA Negeri 5 Banda Aceh, and the sample was all students in Class X-IA3. The instruments applied in the research were mathematical creative thinking ability test and self-confidence questionnaire. The statistic testing applied in data analysis was the average difference test, whereas the questionnaire was counted based on the percentage. The result obtained showed that the improvement in students’ mathematical creative thinking exists in those who applied model-eliciting activities. While, the result from the questionnaire proves that the majority of the students (74.6%) establish positive view toward mathematics learning using model-eliciting activities. In contrast, there was no any correlation between creative thinking ability and self-confidence in mathematics learning.

Meningkatkan Kemampuan Representasi Matematis melalui Penerapan Model Problem Based Learning

Didaktik Matematika Vol 4, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

The ability of representation is one of the important components to develop students thinking skills, because this capability is instrumental in helping students to transform abstract ideas into real idea and it can train students to improve problem solving skills with a variety of forms including pictures, diagrams, mathematical expressions, or words or written text. One model of learning that increases the ability of the mathematical representation is a learning model of problem-based learning. This research aims to: 1) determine a mathematical representation increased ability of students taught with problem based learning models 2) the interaction between the learning model of problem-based learning and grouping of students to increase the ability of the mathematical representation. This research is a quantitative research with an experimental method, that has pretest-posttest group design. The population was all students of class X SMA UnggulPidie Jaya by samples of two classes, namely class X3 as an experimental class and class X2 as the control class. The data collection was done by using test. Then analyzed by t -test and ANOVA at the 0.05 significance level after testing prerequisites are met. Based on the analysis we can conclude that: 1) to improve the mathematical representation of students who applied learning model of problem based learning is better than an increase in the ability of the mathematical representation of students who received conventional learning. 2) there is no interaction between the learning model and grouping of students to increase the ability of mathematical representation.

Kemampuan Koneksi Matematis dan Peta Konsep Siswa SMP melaluiModel Pembelajaran Advance Organizer

Didaktik Matematika Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstract. Mathematics is structured that any material science related. To understand the interrelated mathematical material this needs the capability matematis.Kemampuan connection mathematical connection is very important and is one of the capabilities that must be owned by a person and the unavoidable presence when someone studying mathematics. This study aims to determine: Is the increase in mathematical connection ability of students who obtain advance learning through learning model organizer better than students who received conventional learning, interaction learning model initial advance organizer with the ability of students to increase the ability of students' mathematical connections, and describes the ability to make map concept of junior high school students who acquire learning through advanced learning model organizer. This research uses experimental methods kuantitatifdengan approach. The population in this study were all seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 5 Lhokseumawe consisting of ten classes. As a sample of randomly selected classes will be the subject of study chosen as an experimental class VII1 class and class VII5 control..Instrumen elected as class research in this study is testing the ability to connect mathematical description shaped totaled about 5 grains soal.Koefisien the reliability test of 0.672 koefesienreliabilitas tests showed high levels. The results showed that: (1) Increased ability of students being taught mathematical connection with the advance organizer learning model is better than the students who obtain konvensionalbaik overall learning and based on the level of the student. (2) There is no interaction learning model initial advance organizer with the ability of students to increase the ability of students' mathematical connections. (3) The ability of the students create concept maps in learning mathematics through advanced learning model organizeradalah well. Keywords: Learning Model Advance Organizer, Ability Mathematical Connections, and Concept Map

Pengembangan Lembar Self-Assessment untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Siswa SMP melalui Pendekatan Saintifik

Didaktik Matematika Vol 5, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Students’ ability to solve mathematics problems, especially problem-solving questions, is still relatively low despite the 2013 curriculum requiring students to be able to solve such questions and expecting the learning process to apply a scientific approach. This learning process requires students to be more engaged and teachers to facilitate students experiencing difficulties during the learning process. However, teachers have a little knowledge of the difficulties experienced by students in the learning process because the learning process conducted in the classroom does not provide enough information concerning the students’ difficulties. Students’ self-assessment can help students in identifying their difficulties, and the teacher can choose the right strategies to overcome them. Therefore, it is necessary to develop learning instruments encouraging students to engage more in assessing their abilities which in turn improving their problem-solving abilities.  This study aimed to develop and produce the valid, practical and effective self-assessment sheet and student worksheet to improve students’ problem-solving skills employing scientific approach. This study was development research referring to the Dick and Carey model. The learning instruments trials were conducted at one of the junior high schools in Banda Aceh. The results of the study found that the self-assessment sheet and student worksheet employing the scientific approach satisfied the criteria of being valid, practical and effective. Thus, teachers and students can use this self-assessment sheet and worksheet to improve the quality of learning in schools.

Kecerdasan Logis Matematis Siswa melalui Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek di SMA

Didaktik Matematika Vol 6, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

This research aimed is to describe students' logical-mathematical intelligence through project-based learning. This study was descriptive qualitative research. Participants in this research are students of class XI school in Meulaboh for one class that is class XI-1. The data is students answer that was obtained from the logical-mathematical intelligence test. The data collected by using multiple intelligence tests and student answers results obtained from the task of logical-mathematical intelligence during the project-based learning process. The results show that in general logical-mathematical intelligence during project-based learning each group meets a minimum of four out of five aspects of logical-mathematical intelligence. Thus, the logical-mathematical intelligence of students developing after the implementation of the project-based learning.

Upaya Meningkatkan Kreativitas dan Kemampuan Pemecahan Masalah Matematika Siswa Sekolah Menengah Pertama melalui Model Pembelajaran Treffinger

Didaktik Matematika Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Didaktik Matematika
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Students are often confronted with problems related to mathematics in their daily life. Problem solving is one of the competencies that are the focus of mathematics learning. Solving the problem needs creativity in order to develop the imagination of the students to avoid a single answer and uniforms to students. Creativity is a process to produce something new that can be accepted as useful and defensible. The research objective of this experiment was to determine: (1) the effect of Treffinger learning model to increase of mathematical creative thinking abilities of students at SMPN 16 Banda Aceh, (2) the effect of Treffinger learning model to increase of mathematical problem solving abilities of students at SMPN 16 Banda Aceh, and (3) the description of students' response to Treffinger learning model in mathematics. The population in this study was all students of class VII SMP 16 Banda Aceh and the subject of research was selected as the experimental class was VII2. The instrument of this research was to test the ability of creative thinking and problem solving skills have the form mathematical problems of three questions, have the reliability of 0.592. The results show that: (1) there was an effect of Treffinger learning model to increase of mathematical creative thinking abilities of students at SMPN 16 Banda Aceh, (2) there was an effect of Treffinger learning model to increase of mathematical problem solving abilities of students at SMPN 16 Banda Aceh, and (3) the students of class VII-2 SMP Negeri 16 Banda Aceh have responded positively to the Treffinger learning model