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The Strategies Of English Pragmatic Competence Of Pre-School Aged Children Drajati, Nur Arifah
International Conference on Education and Language (ICEL) Vol 2 (2013): 1st ICEL 2013
Publisher : Bandar Lampung University (UBL)

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Abstract

Pre-school aged children employ certain strategies in order to acquire language, including pragmatic competence in English of pre-school aged children. The studies are to investigate the learning strategies to acquire pragmatic competence in English of pre-school aged children and to investigate the communication strategies to acquire pragmatic competence in English of pre-school aged children.The research employs a qualitative approach with sectional design. The data are spoken speeches gathered from observation of 4 children of 4, 5, 6, and 7 years old. The collected data are analyzed by using performance analysis technique. The analysis is based on linguistic behaviors and actual speeches performed by the subjects as reflection of their pragmatic competence and strategies to acquire it.The analysis of the data came up with the following finding. The learning strategies to acquire pragmatic competence consist of cognitive strategies and social strategies. The cognitive strategies contain four types: imitating speeches, repeating strategies, revising speeches and translating in the form of translation from Indonesian into English. The social strategies consist of two types requesting clarification and asking for inter-responses.Second, the communication strategies to acquire pragmatic competence of pre-school aged children  consist of two categories:non-verbal form and verbal form. The non verbalform include the use of pictures and songs and strategies of expressing speech contents.The findings contribute to the development of the theory of language acquisition strategies, particularly the theories of learning strategies and communication strategies. Practically, the findings of the study can broaden the educator’s knowledge of strategies in acquiring pragmatic competence of child learners.
Self-Reflection of Attitude after Teaching Abroad: A Narrative of Teaching Indonesian to American Students Andawi, Dyan Ayu; Ngadiso, Ngadiso; Drajati, Nur Arifah
Humaniora Vol 10, No 1 (2019): Humaniora
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21512/humaniora.v10i1.5284

Abstract

This research aimed at exploring how the former participant of teaching abroad reflects intercultural experience in order to know the development of attitude as one of the descriptors of intercultural competence. The attitude being explored were (1) acknowledging the identities of others, (2) respecting otherness, (3) having empathy, (4) identifying positive and negativeemotion, and (5) tolerance for ambiguity. This research applied a qualitative method. The data were taken from the former grantee of Fulbright Foreign Language Teaching Assistant (FLTA) who taught Indonesian to the students of higher education in the U.S in the academic year of 2015/2016. The former grantee was examined after two years of the program. The researchwas based on a narrative inquiry that used an instrument named the Autobiography of Intercultural Encounters. It was a selfreflection portfolio made specifically to reflect an intercultural encounter from the eye of the participant. The results indicate that the participant shows a considerable degree of reflection to five elements of attitude aforementioned. It gives a significant implication that the self-reflection increases the participant awareness upon the experience of otherness thus reinforcing the ability to evaluate the changes in attitude.
English Communication Problems and Needs from Social Engagement Perspective as Experienced by Airport Passenger-Handlers Cahyani, Anisa Putri; Drajati, Nur Arifah
English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris Vol 10, No 2 (2017): English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris
Publisher : English Education Department of Tarbiyah & Teacher Training Faculty of UIN Lampung

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Abstract

Airport and airlines service demand qualified employees to have proficient English communication skill to support smooth flow of airport and flights operation, primarily the workers involved in passenger-handling. English for Specific Purpose (ESP) course which fulfills the target needs could help such situation. This small scale study presents stakeholders’ comments about the staffs’ English communication ability and needs in the work setting (data collected through semi-structured interview) and problem of English communication encountered by the currently working staffs (through open-ended questionnaires as preliminary data and extended group interview or discussion). This paper reflects the experience of the airport passenger-handlers in Indonesia regarding with their challenges in performing English oral communication in the workplace. Analyzed from the perspective of social engagement, the problems and needs found in this study are possible to be the basis for ESP material betterment in the related field.
INVESTIGATING ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHERS IN DEVELOPING TPACK AND MULTIMODAL LITERACY Drajati, Nur Arifah; Tan, Lynde; Haryati, Sri; Rochsantiningsih, Dewi; Zainnuri, Hasan
Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics Vol 7, No 3 (2018): Vol. 7 No. 3, January 2018
Publisher : Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17509/ijal.v7i3.9806

Abstract

Technology in every field is snowballing. Likewise, the use of technology in education requires knowledge and understanding of English teachers. The fact that most of the technology for enhanced language learning workshop did not continue into the classrooms. Another case is that teachers do not want to use technology at all in their classrooms because of lacking time and facilities. TPACK namely Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge provides insight for pre-service teachers and in-service teachers of English to optimize three things for education; those are the aspect of technology, pedagogy, and content knowledge. With the use of this learning model, excellent technology, pedagogy, and knowledge will support and produce a comprehensive learning process. The purpose of this study was to examine the perception and implementation of pre-service teachers and in-service teachers about the literacy of the three above aspects. By using quantitative research, we get the data from questionnaires of 100 pre-service teachers and in-service teachers. The findings describe the demographic teacher with technology, pedagogy and content knowledge literacy (TPACK). The three points of the TPACK literacy are Pedagogical Content Knowledge for Multimodal Literacy, Technological Pedagogical Knowledge (21st C Learning), and Knowledge about digital media tools. The implications of this research give direction and the alternatives to the implementation of the TPACK model for English classroom. In future, it provides the advantages to developing the quality of English teachers’ professional development. Keywords:
Photovoice: Exploring the Role of Teacher’s Question for University Students’ Fluency in Speaking Class Drajati, Nur Arifah
JSSH (Jurnal Sains Sosial dan Humaniora) JSSH (Jurnal Sains Sosial dan Humaniora) Vol. 2 No. 1 Maret 2018
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30595/jssh.v2i1.2160

Abstract

Abstract. Speaking skill is essential in language learning and teaching process because the goal of learning a foreign language is to be able to communicate using the target language. Fluency is one of the leading criteria that the students should accomplish in speaking skill. However, most of EFL students tend to be more nervous if they speak English, and this will impact their fluency. The objective of the research is to investigate how questioning gives an impact for students’ fluency in academic speaking class. The researchers used narrative inquiry to collect and process the data using Photovoice. The participants of this research were 12 university students. The finding shows that the use of questioning can develop students’ speaking fluency in academic speaking class. As the implication, teachers can give questions followed with feedback to enhance the students’ fluency. Keywords: fluency, speaking skill, questioning, photovoice.
Photovoice: A Tool of Reflective Learning to Enhance Students Speaking Ability Husnun, Amirah; Wulandari, Aprilia; Munawwaroh, Atika; Drajati, Nur Arifah
Register Journal Vol 11, No 1 (2018): REGISTER JOURNAL
Publisher : State Institute of Islamic Studies Salatiga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (418.68 KB) | DOI: 10.18326/rgt.v11i1.59-78

Abstract

Students tend to do the same mistakes when performing an oral speaking test. Due to the lack of students skill in performing speaking, it triggers the researchers to raise this issue so the problem of students in performing speaking could be solved by using reflective learning based on reflective learning strengths. Narrative inquiry is used in this research to elaborate the method, in order to find and analyze the data, photovoice in which more practical is needed by collaborating with SHOWeD analysis. The participants of this study are 15 students who join speaking class of English Education Department. This article provides the findings of the use of reflective learning in the classroom to gain students speaking ability for college students. In conclusion, the use of reflective learning from lectures to enhance students speaking ability could be achieved through a certain treatment during the learning and teaching process.Keywords:  Reflective Learning;  Speaking Ability;  Narrative Inquiry;  Photovoice.
Designing Multimedia-based Presentation in Academic Speaking Classroom Sukma, Denty Marga; Nurkamto, Joko; Drajati, Nur Arifah
International Journal of Language Teaching and Education Vol 2 No 3 (2018): Volume 2, Issue 3, November 2018
Publisher : Universitas Jambi, Magister Program of English Education Department

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1033.038 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/ijolte.v2i3.5753

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Educational technology is substantially aimed at assisting the teaching and learning process especially in material delivery that can be done using Powerpoint Presentation. Particularly, the integration of text-based material and a variety of media promote the likelihood that the audience experiences the effective information processing. Therefore, multimedia-based presentation that is accompanied by verbal explanation must be designed as effective as possible in order to foster the audience’s understanding. The current research was aimed at investigating the strategies employed by the students in designing multimedia-based presentation in Academic Speaking classroom. This qualitative research was carried out using case study approach to obtain the in-depth information. The data were collected through observation, document analysis, and interview. The results show that the students strategies in designing multimedia-based presentation are mainly to foster the audience’s thinking process. Those strategies are using heading to lead to thesis, using bullet list to create sequential delivery, and using the additional element to engage the audience. To make the slide gets into the logical manner, a transitional device is also required. This research will contribute to the teaching and learning process that uses presentation as the method of material delivery. The teacher and the student are expected to know the strategies to design an effective presentation that can promote the audience’s way to process the information. Keyword: academic speaking, educational technology, information processing, material delivery, multimedia-based presentation  
The effect of Dictogloss Technique on the students’ writing skill Pertiwi, Dian; Ngadiso, Ngadiso; Drajati, Nur Arifah
Studies in English Language and Education Vol 5, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (738.414 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/siele.v5i2.11484

Abstract

Dictogloss can be considered as way for integrating form and meaning in the learning context. The main objective of this research is to analyze whether: (1) Dictogloss is more effective than Direct Instruction to teach writing for the eleventh grades students, and (2) students having high motivation have better writing skill than those having low motivation for the eleventh grade students. This article refers to an experimental study on the effectiveness of Dictogloss to teach writing skill at one of Islamic School in Surakarta, Indonesia. The sampling used in this research was cluster random sampling with two classes as sample, namely the experimental class taught using Dictogloss and the control class taught using Direct Instruction. To collect the data, there were two instruments used in this research namely, the writing test and the motivation questionnaire. After treatment was given to both classes in eight meetings, a post test of writing to obtain data was conducted. The data were analyzed by using 2x2 Multifactor Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). Before conducting the ANOVA test, pre-requisite test namely normality and homogeneity test were conducted. The result of this research shows that: (1) Dictogloss is more effective than Direct Instruction to teach writing, and (2) students having high motivation have better writing skill than those having low motivation. Therefore, it is recommended for the English teacher to apply Dictogloss in writing activity to promote an effective teaching on writing skill. In conclusion, Dictogloss can be used to improve students’ writing skill for the eleventh grade students.
Sociocultural Framework: Emotional Geographies of a Female EFL Teacher in 3T Area Rejeki, Sri; Kristina, Diah; Drajati, Nur Arifah
English Language and Literature International Conference (ELLiC) Proceedings Vol 2 (2018): 2nd ELLiC Proceedings: Education 4.0: Trends and Future Perspectives in English Educa
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Teaching English in EFL context needs more than the knowledge of subject matter and pedagogical skill but also its emotional side. Teacher emotion is one of necessary aspect that could not be left behind. An EFL teacher who teaches English in 3T areas in Indonesia encountered some challenges such as geographical feature, culture, poor quality of both students and teachers, and so on. This research paper tries to find out teacher emotions experienced by female teacher in one of 3T areas. This research will explore the distance and closeness felt by the teacher while teaching English there. This research was conducted using a narrative case study method. The data were collected from the participant’s journal and interview. Referring to Hargreaves framework, the findings reveal 5 emotional geographies of the participant namely sociocultural, political, moral, spatial, and professional. This research contributes to Indonesian government as the one that concerns in 3T areas. It is also significant data for EFL teachers who have to handle complex situations while teaching in such context.
Promoting Assisted-Online Platform in Evaluating Reading Exercise in English for Academic Purpose Program Mahmudah, Khotimah; Drajati, Nur Arifah; Ngadiso, Ngadiso
IJIE (Indonesian Journal of Informatics Education) Vol 2, No 2 (2018): (IJIE) Indonesian Journal of Informatics Education
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/ijie.v2i2.26438

Abstract

Along with the development of the digital era, how to pass learning evaluation can be done by using one of platforms in technology. This is no exception in the case of evaluation for academic reading at the university level. This study used Google Form as a platform for conducting an evaluation process of reading exercise. The purposes were to create a chance for university students that join in English for academic purpose program in order to evaluate a specific material outside of class, to determine the levels of difficulty from reading exercises assisted-online platform, and to determine the discrimination indexes of reading exercises assisted-online platform. This paper was qualitative-content analysis research involved fifteen university students who came from different programs. The data collection was gathered from observation and document analysis. The finding reveals that the evaluation of reading exercise can be done effectively using online platform outside of class. This result is a novelty in doing evaluation for English Teacher. In conducting a test, by using an online platform, it also indicates that the test is valid and reliable. The implication is that the online platform has several benefits in helping teachers carrying out an evaluation or developing a test of a lesson and implementing the test outside of the class as effective as in the class.