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KAPASITAS KERJA FISIK Doewes, Muchsin
Sport Science Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Sport Science

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Abstract

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PERBEDAAN PENGARUH PENDEKATAN PEMBELAJARAN DAN TINGKAT MOTOR ABILITY TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KETERAMPILAN DRIBBLE PASSING DALAM BERMAIN SEPAKBOLA (Studi Eksperimen Pendekatan Pembelajaran Drill, Pemecahan Masalah dan Terhadap Peningkatan Keterampilan Dribble Wahyudi, Benny Andriyana; Hidayatullah, Muhammad Furqon; Doewes, Muchsin
Sport Science Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Sport Science
Publisher : Sport Science

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Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui perbedaan pengaruh : (1) pendekatan pembelajaran terhadap peningkatan keterampilan dribble passing dalam bermain sepakbola, (2) prbedaan peningkatan motor ability terhadap peningkatan keterampilan dribble passing dalam bermain sepakbola, (3) pengaruh Interaksi antara pendekatan pembelajaran dan peningkatan motor ability terhadap peningkatanketerampilan dribble passing dalam bermain sepakbola.Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen dengan rancangan faktorial 2 x 2. Populasi penelitian ini adalah siswa putra SMP N 1 Jumapolo. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah proposive random sampling, besarnya sampel yang diambil sebanyak 40 siswa putra. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan tes dan pengukuran. Pengambilan data dribble dan passing bola. Pengambilan data kemampuan motorik tes motorability.Teknik analisis data pada penelitian ini menggunakan analisis varians dan uji rentang Newman Keuls, pada taraf singnifikansi 5 %.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang dilakukan dapat disimpulkan sebagai berikut : (1) Ada perbedaan pengaruh signifikan antara pendekatan pembelajaran drill dan pemecahan masalah terhadap peningkatan keterampilan dribble passing, Fhitung>Ftabel atau 6,80>4,08. Pengaruh pendekatan pembelajaran drill terhadap peningkatan keterampilan dribble passing lebih baik dari pada pemecahan masalah. (2) Ada perbedaan pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap peningkatan keterampilan dribble passing pada permainan sepakbola bagi siswa putra yang memiliki kemampuan gerak tinggi dan rendah, 15,95> Ftabel = 4,08. Pengaruh tingkat motor ability tinggi terhadap peningkatan keterampilan dribble passing lebih baik dari pada tingkat motor ability rendah. (3) Terdapat pengaruh interaksi yang signifikan antara pendekatan pembelajaran dan tingkat motor ability terhadap peningkatan keterampilan dribble passing pada permainan sepakbola, Fhitung = 9,33> Ftabel = 4,03. Berarti dapat disimpulkan : a) Siswa yang memiliki kemampuan gerak tinggi lebih cocok jika diberikan pendekatan pembelajaran pemecahan masalah dan b) Siswa dengan kemampuan gerak rendah lebih cocok jika diberikan pendekatan pembelajaran drill.
Efek Diuresis Ekstrak Propolis pada Tikus Putih Jantan (Rattus Norvegicus) Fadityo, .; Doewes, Muchsin; ., Kisrini
Nexus Kedokteran Translasional Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Nexus Kedokteran Translasional
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background:Diuretics are medicine that increase the amount of  urine volume. Propolis has 150 compounds that have biological activities, one of the is flavonoid. Flavonoid known to has diuretic effect. Methods:The research is a laboratory experimental analytic study using randomized controlled trial done at Laboratory of Setia Budi University Surakarta in June 2012. The research subject is a number of 35 male white rats of Wistar strain. They were divided into five treatment groups, each group consists of seven rats. Simple random sampling is used for sampling technique. Before the treatment,  rats were adapted for 7 days and fasted for 48 hours but still provided with drinking water. Propolis extract was given orally. Group I was given aquadest 2.5 ml as negative control, group II was given hydrochlorothiazide 0.3 mg/2.5 ml as positive control, group III was given propolis extract at dose 30 mg/2.5 ml as dose I, group IV was given propolis extract at dose 60 mg/2.5 ml as dose II, and group V was given propolis extract at dose 120 mg/2.5 ml as dose III. Rats urine volume was measured every 6 hours for 24 hours. Results:Result of statistic calculation using Anova test with p < 0.05 shows that there is significant difference in total rats urine volume between group I, II, III, IV, and V. The Post-Hoc test result between group I compared with the others group was significant difference.Group II has the largest urine volume from all groups. Group III has the largest urine volume among the groups that given propolis extract. Group IV has larger urine volume than group V and group V has the least urin volume among the groups that given propolis extract. Conclusions:Through observing amount of urine volume and statistic calculation, it can be concluded that propolis extract has diuretic effect in the male white rats.The increase of propolis extract dose cause the decrease of urine volume. Keywords:Propolis extract, hidroclorotiazid, diuretic
Efek Diuresis Ekstrak Seledri (Apium graviolens L.) pada Tikus Putih Jantan (Rattus norvegicus) Evanti, Annisa Marsha; Doewes, Muchsin; Murti, Bhisma
Nexus Kedokteran Translasional Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Translasional
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Celery (Apium graviolens L.) is known has some biochemical substances effect such as kalium nitrat, manitol, and apigenin/flavonoid which can result diuretic effect. This research aims at finding out the diuretic effect of celery extract (Apium graviolens L.) on the male white rats (Rattus norvegicus). Methods: The research is a laboratory experimental analytic study using the Randomized Controlled Trial design. The research subject is a number of 30 male white rats of Wistar Strain, 200 grams of body weight. They were divided into five treatment groups randomly. Group I was given 3 mL aquadest as negative control, group II was given 0,32 mg/3 mL hydrochlorotiazid as positive control, group III was given 1,2g/3 mL celery extract as dose I, group IV was given 2,4g/3 mL celery extract as dose II, and group V was given 4,8g/3 mL celery extract as dose III. Rats urine volume was measured every 4 hours for 16 hours. Results:The result of statistic calculation using ANOVA test with p = 0.000 (p < 0.001) shows that there are significant differences in total rats urine volume between group I, II, III, IV, and V in every observation time. The Post-hoc test shows significant differences between negative control and three dosages of celery extract (p < 0.05), and the similarities between positive control and three dosages of celery extract (p > 0.05). Conclusions: Through observing amount of urine volume and statistic calculation, it can be concluded that there is diuretic effect of celery extract on the male white rats. Celery extract at dose 2,4 g/3 mL has the highest diuretic effect but celery extract at 1,2 g/3 mL has the optimum diuretic effect. Keywords: Celery extract, diuretic effect, hydrochlorotiazid
Pengaruh Ekstrak Etanol Belimbing Wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.) dengan Variasi Dosis terhadap Kadar Testosteron Bebas Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) Jannah, Nur Zahratul; Doewes, Muchsin; Kisrini, .
Nexus Kedokteran Translasional Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Translasional
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Abstract

Background: Belimbing wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.) contains apigenin and luteolin as natural flavonoids, and antioxidants that may increase testosterone levels. Apigenin and luteolin increase testosterone levels by enhancing StAR (Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory) activity. Antioxidant protects cell from oxidative stress caused by ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species). This study aimed to evaluate the effect of variation dosage of Belimbing Wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.) ethanolic extract on free testosterone levels in rats (Rattus norvegicus) Methods: This  was a pure experimental study with randomized post test only controlled group design. Samples were 24 male Wistar strain rats, 8-10 weeks aged and weighted ± 200 g on average. Samples were randomly divided into 4 groups, each group consists of six rats. Group K were given aquadest for 14 days. Group P1, P2, P3 were given ethanolic extract of belimbing wuluh orally at dose 57 mg/200 g body weight of rats, 114 mg/200 g body weight of rats, and 228 mg/200 g body weight of rats for 14 days. At 15th, blood were drawn from retroorbitalis plexus using microtubuler tube and free testosterone level were measured. Free testosterone levels of rats were measured by using ELISA (Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assay) method. Data were analyzed using one-way ANOVA test (α = 0.05). Results: Mean free testosterone levels in group K was 2.40 ± 2.02 ng/ml; in group P1 was 1.76 ± 1.01 ng/ml, in group P2 was 1.58 ± 0.53 ng/ml and in group P3 was 1.68 ± 0.64 ng/ml. Results for one-way ANOVA test showed no mean different (p=0.642). Conclusions: There were no effect between variation dosage of belimbing wuluh (Averrhoa bilimbi Linn.) ethanolic extract on free testosterone level in rats (Rattus norvegicus). Keywords: Averrhoa bilimbi Linn. extract, flavonoid, free testosterone level
Efek Analgesik Ekstrak Daun Kemangi (Ocimum sanctum L.) terhadap Tikus Putih (Rattus norvegicus) Agrensa, Riza Setya; Doewes, Muchsin; Samigun, .
Nexus Kedokteran Translasional Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Nexus Kedokteran Translasional
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta

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Background: Pain is a symptom of a disease that many felt by the people, the prevalence of pain in adults reach to 40% per day, while 89% felt the pain episode at least once a month. To overcome the pain that arises, people often use drugs is to reduce pain or analgesic. This research aims to find out whether there is an analgesic effect of kemangi extract (Ocimum sanctum L.) against the white mice (Rattus norvegicus). Methods: This research uses experimental methods to the post test only control group design. The research at the University of Setia Budi Surakarta performed. The subject of this research is 25 tail of a white mice (Rattus norvegicus), 3 months old with average weight 200 grams. First, subject adapted for 1 week, then not given to eat and drink for 18 hours before the treatment. The subject is divided into 5 groups. The negative control group was given aquades, while the positive control group was given aspirin. The third treatment group each got kemangi extract dosage of 225 mg/200 g body weight, 450 mg/200 g body weight, and 675 mg/200 g body weight. Pain induction method used is a medium hot plate, and then calculated the frequency jumps. The data obtained and analyzed by One-Way ANOVA and LSD. Results: The results of One-Way ANOVA test showed a significant difference between the five treatment groups. LSD test results showed a significant difference between the negative with the positive control group. Positive control group treated with the first and second doses showed a significant difference, but with the third dose treatment group showed no significant difference. This shows that only the third dose group has the analgesic effects. Conclusions: Of the three groups treated with kemangi extracts, only the third dose treatment groups shows analgesic effect on white mice. Keywords: kemangi extract, analgesic effects
Pengembangan Prototipe Alat Bantu Latihan Mengayun (Swing Trainer) pada Atlet Woodball Amin, Anas Kholikul; Doewes, Muchsin; Purnama, Sapta Kunta
Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 7, No 1 (2017): July 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Tujuan penelitian untuk: (1) Menghasilkan desain prototipe alat bantu mengayun agar dapat digunakan dalam latihan mengayun bagi atlet woodball putra tingkat pemula dan lanjutan, (2) Menguji desain alat bantu mengayun dapat efektif digunakan atlet untuk meningkatkan keterampilan gerakan mengayun. Langkah-langkah yang digunakan dalam prosedur pengembangan adalah: (1) Potensi dan Masalah, (2) Pengumpulan Data, (3) Desain Produk, (4) Validasi Desain 2 ahli woodball dan 2 ahli peralatan, (4) Perbaikan Desain, (5) Uji Coba Produk 6 atlet, dan (6) Uji Coba Pemakaian 10 atlet. Produk akhir model alat bantu mengayunSwing Trainer yang dapat digunakan untuk latihan gerakan mengayun. Hasil validasi alat dari rubrik penilaian ahli woodball dan ahli peralatan mendapatkan skor 92 (tepat) sedangkan hasil efektivitas model model alat bantu mengayun didapatkan dari hasil penilaian ahli woodball pada uji coba skala kecil dan uji coba skala besar dengan mendapatkan skor rata-rata atlet dapat melakukan keseluruhan gerakan mengayun dan sebanyak 16 atlet menyatakan alat bantu mengayun efektif digunakan untuk latihan gerakan mengayun.The purpose to: (1) to generate a prototype design tools that can be used to swing in swing training for beginner and advanced mens level, (2) to test swing design tools can be effectively used to improve the skills of swing motion. Here are steps of procedure developmet: (1) Potention and problems, (2) Data/information collection, (3) product design, (4) Design validation 2 woodball expert and 2 tools expert, (5) Upgrading design, (6) Product experiment 6 athletes, and (7) Aplication experiment 10 athletes. The result of this research is a product, this final product is a tools swing swing trainer which can be used for swing training. The tools validation result is obtained from an assessment rubric from woodball expert and tools expert with the score 92 (exact). Meanwhile the efectiveness resulf a tools swing prototype is obtained from an assessment result by woodball expert in small scale experiment and large scale experiment. From those experiments, the average score of athletes can do the whole swing motion and there are 16 athletes clarify that tools swing is an effective tool to be used in swing movement practice.
SKILL DEVELOPMENT TRAINING MODEL Slalom Dribbling and Pass Techniques in Football (Research Development at the Athlete's Son Intermediate School Football (SSB) in Banda Aceh) Irfandi, Irfandi; Sugiyanto, Sugiyanto; Doewes, Muchsin
JOURNAL OF EDUCATION SCIENCE Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Universitas Ubudiyah Indonesia

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That background for this research is the ability in mastering the technical skills led mainly led slalom and pass in football where before conducting research there are a number of athletes who do not really optimal in mastering the technical skills, this has happened to the son of middle-level athletes in the School of Football (SSB ) in Banda Aceh. This study aims to developt a wide range of draft model design engineering skills training, preparing in the manufacture of the initial product, carry out test small group, large group test, and implement test the effectiveness of the product, so as to obtain results in the form of improved quality of training and technical mastery of athletes, especially herding slalom and pass the football at the middle school level athletes sons Football (SSB) in Banda Aceh.Research development or better known as the research and development carried out at the School of Football (SSB) Real Madrid Foundation RMF-Aceh, and the School of Football (SSB) Young Stars Banda Aceh. The subjects of the study is the son of middle-level athletes who numbered 44 athletes from SSB Real Madrid Foundation, and 22 athletes from Young Stars SSB Banda Aceh. Test phase was conducted in a small group of Young Stars SSB, followed by a large group test conducted in SSB Real Madrid Foundation Aceh. While the implementation phase of product effectiveness test conducted in SSB Real Madrid Foundation and the Young Stars SSB.This study was able to develop the skills training model figure terutamamodel herding techniques slalom skills training and pass the intermediate level athletes sons School Football (SSB) in Banda Aceh. Results mastery of skills training models herding techniques and pass the slalom obtained based on: 1) Summary data of the percentage of questionnaires and validation by a number of experts who obtained an average score of 67% and 73%, and it was included in the category of pretty valid, means that the product model of skill training and pass the slalom herding techniques in football can be used and applied as a model practice guidelines on SSB son of middle-level athletes. Percentage data model results in ujicobakan in small groups derived from mastery of technical skills training model of the athletes which amounted to 81.10%, which means that a valid use, and a large group gained mastery of skills training models herding techniques slalom and pass in football is at 85.34 % means that the product is valid to use, so it can be interpreted as if the models developed in real capable of delivering results, and a very remarkable contribution accurate, especially in the mastery of technical skills training models led slalom and pass in football.Thus, to interpret the results of the development of a model for a given treatment group, in which case there is a significant difference between the groups before being given treatment when compared with the group after being given treatment. Based on data from the pretest-posttest athlete shows some results of technical mastery skills training models amounted to 62.27%, and thereafter the product models (the process of treatment) then the effect of increased very significantly to the mastery of technical skills training model products to get the results of 67.27%. Differences in the form of percentage figures is a result of the result of the provision and application of product models (such as treatment), where the impact of a given product models and demonstrate a very significant effect on the deeper levels, in terms of mastery of product models mainly herding engineering skills training models slalom and pass in football.Keywords: model design exercise, soccer, herding slalom, pass, treatment, and research development
Pengaruh Pendekatan Tradisional dan Pendekatan Pendidikan Gerak dalam Pembelajaran Penjasorkes terhadap Kebugaran Jasmani dan Kemampuan Memecahkan Masalah sejati, Restian Gigih; Kristiyanto, Agus; Doewes, Muchsin; Doewes, Muchsin
Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2016): December 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Tujuan : (1) Mengetahui perbedaan pengaruhterhadap kesegaran jasmani antara siswa yang diajar dengan pendekatan pendidikan gerak dengan siswa yang diajar dengan pendekatan tradisional serta pengaruhnya kepada kelompok siswa kelas tinggi,kelompok siswa kelas rendah.(2) Mengetahui interaksi pendekatan pembelajaran pendidikan jasmani terhadap kesegaran jasmanikelompok siswa. (3) Mengetahui yang lebih efektif memberikan kemajuanpendekatan tradisional atau pendidikan gerak.Penelitian ini eksperimental. Populasinya : siswa SD N 01,02 dan 03 Kemiri.160 sampel yang diambil (purposive sampling).Variabel bebas : Pendekatan tradisional,pendekatan pendidikan gerak. Variabel terikatnya :Kesegaran jasmani, dan memecahkan masalah.Pengumpulan data : Randomized group pre-test-post-test design. Analisis data menggunakan(ANAVA). Simpulan : (1) Ada perbedaan pengaruhkesegaran jasmani siswa diajarpendekatan pendidikan gerak dengan siswa diajar pendidikan tradisional dengan nilai signifikasi 0,0000 adalah 0,05 dari F=1.491 serta perbedaan pengaruhnya kelompok kelas tinggi dan kelompok kelas rendahdengan nilai signifikasi 0,0000 adalah = 0,05 F=1.7773 (3) Ada interaksi pendekatan pembelajaran pendidikan jasmani terhadap kesegaran jasmani sekelompok siswa .(4) Ada perbedaan pengaruhkemampuan memecahkan masalah antara siswa diajarpendekatan pendidikan gerak dengan siswa diajar pendekatan tradisional.(5) Terdapat interaksi pendekatan pembelajarn pendidikan jasmani terhadap kemampuan memecahkan masalah.Kelompok siswa pendekatan pendidikan gerakunggul dibandingkan pendekatan tradisional probabilitas 0,002 dari Tabel of between subjects effects Fhitung.Purposes: (1) To know the difference of influences towards physical fitness between students who were taught using movement education approach with ones who were taught using traditional approach as well as the impacts on high class student groups, low class student groups. (2) To know the interaction of physical education learning approach towards physical fitness of student groups. (3) To know which one is the most effective advancement traditional approach or movement education. This research is experimental. The population: students of SD N 01,02,03 Kemiri. 160 samples were collected (purposive sampling). Free variables: traditional approach, movement education approach. Bound variables: physical fitness, and problem solving capabilities. Data collection: randomized group pre-test-post-test designs. Data analysis used (ANAVA). Conclusions: (1) There were different impacts between physical fitness of students being taught using movement education approach with students being taught using traditional education with significance value 0.000 is 0.05 of F=1.491 as well as differences of impacts on the high class group and low class group with significance value 0.0000 is = 0.05 F=1.7773 (3) There were interactions of physical education learning approach towards the physical fitness of a group of students. (4) There were differences of impacts on the problem solving capabilities between students being taught using movement education approach and students being taught using traditional approach. (5) There were interactions of physical education learning approach towards problem solving capabilities. Movement education approach student group was more advanced than traditional approach probability 0.002 from the Table of between subjects effects Fhitung.
Evaluasi Latihan Kondisi Fisik Atlet Bulutangkis dan Latihan Olahraga Pelajar Jawa Tengah Aprilia, Khalida Nawa; Kristiyanto, Agus; Doewes, Muchsin
Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, dan Pengembangan Vol 3, No 4: APRIL 2018
Publisher : Graduate School of Universitas Negeri Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.19 KB) | DOI: 10.17977/jptpp.v3i4.10743

Abstract

Abstract: Background of this research is to know systematic exercise program physical condition of athletes PPLOP Badminton Central Java by applying the principles of practice. The research method used in this research is program evaluation research. The subjects in this study were athletes and trainers of PPLOP Badminton Central Java consisting of 2 trainers, 4 male athletes and 4 female athletes. The results of the Physical Condition Exercise Evaluation Study are: First, the results of interviews show that for the principle of recovery less exercise be noticed. Second, the results of observations showed that of the training program came in the good criteria of 81.83%. However, observation table showed that on the principle of recovery and overload shows the value is still in the low criteria that is to overload 69.37% and for recovery 69.13% so for the principle of overload and recovery in the exercise program must get improvement. Third, the result of improvement of physical condition after get improvement on physical exercise program through overload principle and recovery principle are as follows: Analysis of preliminary test data and final test with db = N - k = 8 - 1 = 7 and 5% significance level, the limit number of rejection of the null hypothesis in ttable is 2.37 and tcount is 9.23, thitung>ttable means there is significant difference in initial test and final test on physical condition improvement with an increase of 12,412%. The conclusion of this research is that the improvement of physical exercise program implementation of PPLOP Badminton athletes in Central Java will be maximal if applying whole practice principles.Abstrak: Latar belakang penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui sistematika program latihan kondisi fisik atlet Bulutangkis Jawa Tengah dengan menerapkan prinsip-prinsip latihan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah evaluasi program.  Subjek penelitian adalah atlet dan pelatih Bulutangkis Jawa Tengah terdiri ats dua pelatih, empat atlet putra, dan empat atlet putri. Hasil penelitian Studi Evaluasi Latihan Kondisi Fisik. Pertama, hasil wawancara menunjukkan prinsip recovery kurang diperhatikan. Kedua, hasil observasi menunjukkan program latihan yang diterapkan masuk kriteria baik 81,83%. Akan tetapi, tabel observasi menunjukkan prinsip recovery dan overload masuk kriteria rendah yaitu overload 69.37% dan recovery 69.13%, sehingga prinsip overload dan recovery harus mendapatkan perbaikan. Ketiga, hasil peningkatan kondisi fisik setelah mendapatkan perbaikan melalui prinsip overload dan recovery adalah: analisis data tes awal dan tes akhir dengan db = N - k = 8 - 1 = 7 dan taraf signifikansi 5%, angka batas penolakan hipotesis nol dalam t tabel sebesar 2.37 dan thitung sebesar 9.23, maka thitung > ttabel berati terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan pada tes awal dan tes akhir pada perbaikan kondisi fisik atlet dengan peningkatan sebesar 12.412%. Kesimpulan penelitian ini bahwa perbaikan penerapan program latihan kondisi fisik atlet Bulutangkis Jawa Tengah akan lebih maksimal apabila menerapkan keseluruhan prinsip-prinsip latihan.