Djarismawati Djarismawati
Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Ekologi Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan

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PREVALENSI CACING PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR WAJIB BELAJAR PELAYANAN GERAKAN TERPADU PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN DAERAH KUMUH DI WILAYAH DKI JAKARTA Mardiana, Mardiana; Djarismawati, Djarismawati
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 7, No 2 Agt (2008)
Publisher : Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/jek/article/view/1653

Abstract

Helminthiasis Prevalence Among Compulsory Learning of Public School Children In The Slum Areas of Poverty Elimination Integrated Program in Jakarta Province.Helminthiasis study among compulsory learning of public school children poverty elimination (SD-WGT-Taskin) integrated movement in the slum areas was conducted. An activities werw perfonned inNorth Jakarta and East Jakarta townships in 2003. There are seven SD-WGT-Taskin in North Jakartatownship and three in East Jakarta township. There were two SD-WGT-Taskin that randomly selected from each township. All student in the SD-WGT-Taskin are the school age children that strayed as the beggar, waste pickes from the poverty families in the slum areas. These children were collected and toughtin the governmental public school building during after noon. In order to determine the helminthiasis prevalence, the stool specimen were collected from the students, floated by MgSo4 and examined under microscope. It was found that 50 (49,02%) out at 102 stool specimen from Nort Jakarta were found positive of helminth eggs, of 12 (9,80%) out 128 stool specimen from East Jakarta were found positive of helminth eggs. It was found also that 40 (80,00%) out of 50 positive helminth eggs from Nort Jakarta were A.lumbricoides eggs, 10 (20,00%) were positive of T. trichiura while for Ancylostoma sp. Egg was found negative. Of 13 (68,42%) out 19 specimen from South Jakarta were found positive of A. lombricoides egg,6 (31,82%) specimen were T. trichiura eggs while ancylostoma sp eggs was found negative. Of 62(74,70%) out 83 specimen from West Jakarta were found positive of A. lombricoides egg, 21(25,30%) specimen were T. trichiura eggs while ancylostoma sp eggs was found negative. Of 7 (58,33%) out 12 specimen from East Jakarta were found positive of A. lombricoides egg, 5 (41 ,67%) specimen were T.trichiura eggs while ancylostoma sp eggs was found negative. It is concluded that helminthiasis among the student who study in SD-WGT-Taskin in Nort Jakarta and west Jakarta were found high prevalence. Regarding of the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendation should be treated with blanket method to all student of SD-WGT-Taskin, instead of selected method.Keywords: Visceral Helminth, Prevalence, SD-WGT-Taskin
GAMBARAN SANITASI RUMAH SAKIT DI DKI JAKARTA Musadad, D. Anwar; Lubis, Agustina; Wasito, Sidik; Kasnodihardjo, Kasnodihardjo; Z., Sunanti; Djarismawati, Djarismawati
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 19, No 1 Mar (1991)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/481

Abstract

The objectives of this study is to get information on hospital sanitation. Tlie study was carried out in 7 Government Hospitals in Jakarta. The results show that 57.1% of the water samples did not meet the bacteriological standards and 4 hospitals (57.1%) have mixed containers for medical and non medical wastes. Majority of the hospitals surveyed (85.7%) disposed their infectious sewage to the septic tank, then released it into the river. Four hospitals (57.1%) did not have sufficient washbasins. Bacteriological concentration in patient-care rooms were relatively high (2-49 colonies per 5 minutes collection). It can be concluded that the hospital sanitation is not in a good condition. It is suggested that the hospitals should improve their sewage treatment and add simple water supply treatment, washbasins and incinerators. It is also necessary to improve the ventilation and lighting system in the wards and undertake routine water quality control.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEJADIAN PENYAKIT BATUK DENGAN NAFAS CEPAT PADA BALITA Lubis, Agustina; Soesanto, Sri Soewasti; Kusnindar, Kusnindar; Nainggolan, Riris; Djarismawati, Djarismawati; Sukar, Sukar
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 24, No 2&3 Sept (1996)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/418

Abstract

Acute respiratory infection primarily cough and rapid breathing is a common cause of morbidity and death among children under five years of age. According to The Directorate General of Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Health, incidence of acute respiratory infection is 10%. The National Household Health Survey indicated that 25.2% of infant deaths were caused by this disease. The objective of this analysis was to identify the determinant factors related to the occurence of cough with rapid breathing among children under five years of age. Data were taken from Indonesia Demographic Health Survey 1994. The dependent variable was children of under five years of age who were suffering from cough with rapid breathing and as independent variables were mothers education and activities, overcrowding of household occupants, houses wall materials, roof materials and use of kerosene stove. The result showed that among social factors, mothers education and participation in social organization were significantly associated with the morbidity of cough with rapid breathing . The risk of having cough with rapid breathing was 0.7 less likely to occur among children born to mothers who participated in the social organization activities (OR=0.7) compared to mothers who did not participate in those activities. While, among environmental factors: overcrowding of household occupant, housess wall material, use of kerosene stove were significantly associated with the occurance of cough with rapid breathing among children under 5 years of age. The overall analysis of environmental and social factors analysis showed that the risk of children whose mothers have low education and do not participate in social organization activity was 2 times higher than those born to mothers with higher education and participation in social organization activities. The risk of children who lived in houses with floor space less than 10 sq.m/capita and use kerosene stove was 1.7 times higher than children who lived in houses with larger floor space and use other than kerosene stove.
PENELITIAN KUALITAS PENYEDIAAN AIR BERSIH DI RUMAH SAKIT TAHUN 1991 Lubis, Agustina; Palupi, Kumoro; Nainggolan, Riris; Djarismawati, Djarismawati
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 21, No 1 Mar (1993)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/410

Abstract

A study on water quality was conducted in 9 hospitals in Jakarta (3 hospitals type A and 3 hospitals type B) and Bogor (2 private and 1 government hospital). The objective of the study was to get information about the quality of water supply and the cleanliness of the water tap in every room in each hospital. The water samples (356) were taken from the water source, reservoir and nursing wards and also 118 swab of the water taps. The result showed that Pseudomonas sp were the predominant bacteria found in the water samples and none of the hospitals were free from bacteria. The percentage of water pollution in government hospitals was higher than in private type A hospitals, but this was not found in the type B hospital. The water tap swabs showed that private hospitals were worse than the government type B hospital. It is suggested to increase the monitoring of water supply and other facilities such as hand washing facilities of the paramedics. It is necessary to chlorinate all of the water supplies in the hospital because the concentration of CI in the water supply usually do not meet the standard of clean water.
PENELITIAN TENTANG CARA PENGOLAHAN IKAN LAUT (TONGKOL DAN KEMBUNG) YANG AMAN UNTUK KESEHATAN Supraptini, Supraptini; Aminah, Nunik Siti; Lestari, Enny Wahyu; Nainggolan, Riris; Djarismawati, Djarismawati; Sugiharti, Sugiharti
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 26, No 2&3 Sept (1998)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/295

Abstract

Incidence of food poisoning are still happening. Result of a study as reported by the Directorate General of Communicable Disease Control, Ministry of Health, indicated that the poisoning are frequently caused by sea fish especially tuna fish (Auxis thazard). Thats why Health Ecology Research Centre has done another research to find a safe way how to cook sea fish especially tuna fish for safe consumption. This research was conducted from June 1997 until March 1998. The samples consisted of tuna fish (Auxis thazard) and kembung fish (Rastrelliger spp) bought from Fish Auction in Cilincing and Cilincing market. The fishes were carried in an ice box to be analized in the laboratory and prepared in different cooking methods: fresh steamedfish, fish cooked in coconut milk, fried fish and grilled fish. Measurement of histamine levels were done by the Mopper Method and observation of microflora for fungi and bacteria, to know wich way of cooking fish was related to the lowest histamine level. By analizing histamine level it was found that fresh steamed fish contained the lowest histamine (tuna 6,34 ppm, kembung 3,91 ppm),fish cooked in coconut milk (tuna 8,11 ppm, kembung 5,20 ppm), fried fish (tuna 14,86 ppm, kembung 13,18 ppm) and grilled fish (tuna 31,12 ppm, kembung 19,49 ppm). It has been proven that the histamine level of cooked fresh fish is less than 50 ppm (US Food and Drug Administration/FDAs, allowable concentration). The conclusion of this research : to cook fresh fish is the best and that fish must be handled carefully. The rotary histamin content was lowest in fresh steamed fish, followed by fish cooked in coconut milk, fried fish and grilled fish. The kinds of fungi found were : Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus ochraceus, Khamir and Rhizopus sp. In the cooked fish we did not find any pathogenic bacteria.
PENELITIAN SISTEM SANITASI MAKANAN RUMAH MAKAN/RESTORAN DI KODYA BANDUNG 1991 Supraptini, Supraptini; Djarismawati, Djarismawati; Lubis, Agustina; Nainggolan, Riris; Musadad, D. Anwar
Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan Vol 20, No 4 Des (1992)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | http://ejournal.litbang.depkes.go.id/index.php/BPK/article/view/249

Abstract

Bandung is one of the beautiful cities which is promoted for tourism. Therefore, it should be supported with good facilities including healthy food establishments. A study on sanitation system of food service has been conducted and the objective of this study is to get the information on the condition of restaurant sanitation, the awareness, skill and knowledge of the managers, food handlers and also to know the sanitation system of food service in the restaurants in Bandung. Samples were taken from 90 authorized restaurants. Questionnaires were used for interviewing the managers, and food handlers of the restaurants. Samples of water and food, swab of food facilities, swab of rectum and food handlers hand were taken from 30 restaurants. The result showed that the sanitation system of food in the restaurants were fair although the effort to meet the standard were not optimum. The quality of water should be improved because 48.5% of water supply in the restaurants did not meet the standard. The awareness and knowledge of the managers and food handlers of the restaurants was fair although their action did not always conform with the knowledge. The bactériologie test showed Salmonella. sp negative in the fresh meat samples, and 10% of cooked meat samples contained  E. coli.
PENINGKATAN KADAR HISTAMIN PADA IKAN LAUT YANG SUDAH DIOLAH Djarismawati, Djarismawati; Aminah, Nunik Siti; Supraptini, Supraptini; Rahmawati, Mitri
Jurnal Ekologi Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 Feb (2002)
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Upaya Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

 It was very difficult to recover the condition of people·s nutntion especially among the children during the economic crisis, even though that problem could be overcome by consuming protein especially from sea-fish. But handling food originated from sea-fish was very difficult, because sea-fish could be easily contaminated by toxins. In this study the histamine contents in fresh and processed sea-fish will be analized. The objective of the study was to test the best way of fish cooking to minimize the histamine content. The limiting time of the fish remain fresh after taken from the market was also studied. The result showed that the time taken to bring the fish from the sampling points to the laboratory and the way of fish cooking would influence the histamine content in cooked fish. We also found that cooking fish with coconut milk has resulted the lowest histamine content as compared with frying or roasting. Keywords: histamine, sea fish, nutrition