Phitra Sekar Dianggra
Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Sebelas Maret

Published : 2 Documents
Articles

Found 2 Documents
Search

Perbandingan Induksi Misoprostol Dengan Induksi Oksitosin Terhadap Lama Persalinan Pada Kehamilan Postterm di RSU PKU Muhammadiyah Delanggu Klaten.

Jurnal Kedokteran Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Kedokteran Indonesia

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: The incidence of postterm pregnancy accounts 10% of all pregnancies, and causes perinatalmortality 3 to 5 time as many as full-term pregnancy, depending on placenta function. Labor inductioncan lessen perinatal mortality if it is carried out before the emergence of insufficency signs. Oxytocinhas often been used for labor induction, but recently misoprostol has been increasingly used. Thisstudy aimed to compare the effect of misoprostol induction and oxytocin induction on labor time inpostterm pregnancy.Methods: This study was a double-blinded randomized controlled trial (RCT). The target populationwas mothers with postterm pregnancy who undertook induction. The source population was motherswith postterm pregnancy who undertook induction and gave birth at RSU PKU MuhammadiyahDelanggu, Klaten, Central Java. Eighteen postterm mothers undertook oxytocin induction and 18postterm mothers undertook misoprostol induction. Confounding factors that were controlled forincluded maternal age, parity, gestation age, birth weight, Apgar score, and Bishop score. The datawas analyzed by independent t test, by use of SPSS version 16.Results: This study showed that misoprostol induction shortened on average 3.5 hours less thanoxytocin, and this difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). This result was consistent withanother related finding that showed higher Bishop score in misoprostol induction than oxytocininduction.Conclusion: It is concluded that labor time induced by misoprostol is shorter than oxytocin in posttermpregnancy. Misoprostol can be used to replace oxytocin as a faster inductor for postterm pregnancy.Keywords : postterm pregnancy, oxytocin induction, misoprostol induction, labor time

Lama Pencapaian Target Energi dalam Masa Perawatan Pasien Stroke

JNH (Journal of Nutrition and Health) Vol 6, No 2 (2018): JOURNAL OF NUTRITION AND HEALTH
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (579.31 KB)

Abstract

Latar belakang :Komplikasi tersering stroke yaitu malnutrisi. Malnutrisi dapatmeningkatkan lama masa rawat dan biaya perawatan. Salah satu cara menilai risikomalnutrisi dengan menilai lama pencapaian target energi. Tujuan : Mengetahui rata-ratapencapaian target energi, perbedaan lama masa rawat antara pencapain target energi ≤ 3 haridengan > 3 hari.Metoda :Jenis penelitian cross sectional, dilakukan di instalasi rekammedis RSUP dr. Kariadi dengan mengambil data pasien yang dirawat di Unit Stroke selamabulan Januari-September 2017. Jumlah subyek sebanyak 71 subyek dipilih secara acaksederhana, kemudian diambil data identitas pasien, lama pencapaian target energi, lama masarawat. Uji beda dilakukan untuk mengetahui perbedaan lama masa rawat antara pencapaintarget energi ≤ 3 hari dengan >3 hari.Hasil :Sebagian besar pencapaian target energi yaitu 3hari (SB : 1,37). Lama pencapaian target energi ≤ 3 hari yaitu 81,7%. Terdapat perbedaanlama masa rawat antara pencapaian target energi ≤ 3 (mean : 13,0) dengan > 3 hari (mean :15,3; p mann whitney 0,60) Simpulan : Pencapaian target energi ≤ 3 hari mempunyai masaperawatan lebih pendek diantara pasien stroke.Kata kunci : lama pencapaian target energi, lama masa rawat, malnutrisi, stroke