Aly Diana
Department of Medical Nutrition Faculty of Medicine Universitas Padjadjaran

Published : 6 Documents
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Breakfast Composition in Junior High School Students

Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Adolescence is a time of rapid development that requires higher nutrient intake levels than in adulthood. However the habit of skipping breakfast has become very popular among adolescents. Skipping breakfast has negative effects such as difficulty in concentrating, growth impairment and decrease academic performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the breakfast composisition of early adolescents in Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia.Methods: A cross sectional study with non-probability sampling method, was conducted in a junior high school Jatinangor during the month of July 2013. Ninety six participants were included in this study. All the participants underwent an interview about the food intake for breakfast in seven days using eating pattern recall guidelines.Results: Overall, 37% of the respondents skipped breakfast. The mean of total calories among the adolescents who consumed breakfast was 286.06 (187.89) kcal. The amount of carbohydrate, fat and protein consumed was 29.23 (19.93) gram, 13.93 (13.29) gram and 8.78 (6.11) gram accordingly. The main reason for adolescent to skip breakfast was lack of time.Conclusions: Majority of the respondents have their  breakfast before they go to school. Overall, the total calories comsumed is sufficient however the amount of protein consumed is low. [AMJ.2015;2(4):525–8] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n4.637

Perception of Mothers on Adequate Nutrition

Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

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Abstract

Background: Malnutrition in children less than 5 years old persists around the world. In West Java and one of the districts of West Java (Sumedang), the prevalence of malnutrition is about 18.5% and 15.8% respectively.  Numerous factors can lead to child malnutrition. Difficulties in availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality of food can be contributing factors. A good perception of mother on adequate nutrition can improve children’s nutritional status. This study was conducted to study the perception of mothers with children 2 to 5 years old on adequate nutrition. Methods: Most of the respondents had good perception on the aspect of adequate nutrition.  Results showed perception on availability was 83.8%, physical accessibility was 97.1%, economical accessibility was 98.6%, information accessibility was 84.8% and acceptability was 81.0%. However, perception of respondents on good quality nutrition for the main meal and additional food was still poor. Moreover, there are taboos for eating shrimp and watermelon. Additionally, children were given snacks in large amount.Results: There was a strong correlation between mid-upper arm muscle area/size and muscular strength (correlation cooefficient 0.746). Moreover, the higher the Body Mass Index, the stronger the muscle strength was to some point. If the BMI was more than 25 kg/m2, this findings did not occurred. Conclusions: This study reveals that the perception of mothers on good quality food is poor regardless the good results on availibility, accesibility and acceptability. [AMJ.2017;4(1):87–93] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n1.1027

Preliminary Study: Glycemic Index of Brown and White Rice Variant IR64 in Healthy Adult Men

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences VOL 1, NO 1, July (2013)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

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Abstract

Objective: To measure the glycemic index of brown and white rice in healthy adult men. Methods: The study was conducted in April 2010 at Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor. Subjects of 21 healthy male students were randomly divided into 3 groups, which were given white bread (WB), white rice (WR) and brown rice (BR). Results: The results show that the highest and lowest average values of the blood glucose response was in the WR group at 30 minutes (126.9 mg/dL) and at 120 minutes (87.4 mg/dL), respectively. The glycemic index of brown rice (97.28) was lower compared to the white rice (99.26). Conclusions: Both WR and BR are classified as high glycemic index food. The higher glycemic index of brown rice, compared to the index found in other literatures, may be caused by differences in variant and/or production process. This study suggested the importance of evaluation of local products before promoting it to the community.     Keywords: Blood glucose level, brown rice, glycemic index DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v1n1.106

Preliminary Study: Glycemic Index of Brown and White Rice Variant IR64 in Healthy Adult Men

International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : International Journal of Integrated Health Sciences

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Objective: To measure the glycemic index of brown and white rice in healthy adult men. Methods: The study was conducted in April 2010 at Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor. Subjects of 21 healthy male students were randomly divided into 3 groups, which were given white bread (WB), white rice (WR) and brown rice (BR). Results: The results show that the highest and lowest average values of the blood glucose response was in the WR group at 30 minutes (126.9 mg/dL) and at 120 minutes (87.4 mg/dL), respectively. The glycemic index of brown rice (97.28) was lower compared to the white rice (99.26). Conclusions: Both WR and BR are classified as high glycemic index food. The higher glycemic index of brown rice, compared to the index found in other literatures, may be caused by differences in variant and/or production process. This study suggested the importance of evaluation of local products before promoting it to the community.     Keywords: Blood glucose level, brown rice, glycemic index DOI: 10.15850/ijihs.v1n1.106

Perception of Mothers on Adequate Nutrition

Althea Medical Journal Vol 4, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Malnutrition in children less than 5 years old persists around the world. In West Java and one of the districts of West Java (Sumedang), the prevalence of malnutrition is about 18.5% and 15.8% respectively.  Numerous factors can lead to child malnutrition. Difficulties in availability, accessibility, acceptability and quality of food can be contributing factors. A good perception of mother on adequate nutrition can improve children’s nutritional status. This study was conducted to study the perception of mothers with children 2 to 5 years old on adequate nutrition. Methods: Most of the respondents had good perception on the aspect of adequate nutrition.  Results showed perception on availability was 83.8%, physical accessibility was 97.1%, economical accessibility was 98.6%, information accessibility was 84.8% and acceptability was 81.0%. However, perception of respondents on good quality nutrition for the main meal and additional food was still poor. Moreover, there are taboos for eating shrimp and watermelon. Additionally, children were given snacks in large amount.Results: There was a strong correlation between mid-upper arm muscle area/size and muscular strength (correlation cooefficient 0.746). Moreover, the higher the Body Mass Index, the stronger the muscle strength was to some point. If the BMI was more than 25 kg/m2, this findings did not occurred. Conclusions: This study reveals that the perception of mothers on good quality food is poor regardless the good results on availibility, accesibility and acceptability. [AMJ.2017;4(1):87–93] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v4n1.1027

Breakfast Composition in Junior High School Students

Althea Medical Journal Vol 2, No 4 (2015)
Publisher : Althea Medical Journal

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Background: Adolescence is a time of rapid development that requires higher nutrient intake levels than in adulthood. However the habit of skipping breakfast has become very popular among adolescents. Skipping breakfast has negative effects such as difficulty in concentrating, growth impairment and decrease academic performance. Therefore, this study was conducted to identify the breakfast composisition of early adolescents in Jatinangor, Sumedang, Indonesia.Methods: A cross sectional study with non-probability sampling method, was conducted in a junior high school Jatinangor during the month of July 2013. Ninety six participants were included in this study. All the participants underwent an interview about the food intake for breakfast in seven days using eating pattern recall guidelines.Results: Overall, 37% of the respondents skipped breakfast. The mean of total calories among the adolescents who consumed breakfast was 286.06 (187.89) kcal. The amount of carbohydrate, fat and protein consumed was 29.23 (19.93) gram, 13.93 (13.29) gram and 8.78 (6.11) gram accordingly. The main reason for adolescent to skip breakfast was lack of time.Conclusions: Majority of the respondents have their  breakfast before they go to school. Overall, the total calories comsumed is sufficient however the amount of protein consumed is low. [AMJ.2015;2(4):525–8] DOI: 10.15850/amj.v2n4.637