Nyoman Sadra Dharmawan
Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Udayana, Bali
Articles
29
Documents
INFEKSI EKSPERIMENTAL TAENIA SAGINATA PADA SAPI BALI

Majalah Kedokteran Udayana Vol 31, No 110 (2000): Majalah Kedokteran Udayana
Publisher : Majalah Kedokteran Udayana

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (22.63 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari aspek biologi hubungan inang-parasit antara Taenia saginata dengan sapi Bali. Penelitian dikerjakan dengan infeksi eksperimental proglottid gravid T. saginata yang diperoleh dari pasien orang Bali. Sebanyak dua ekor sapi Bali masing-masing diinfeksi dengan 30 proglotid. Sapi pertama disembelih enam minggu pasca infeksi, sedangkan yang kedua delapan minggu pasca infeksi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada sapi pertama ditemukan dua sistiserkus yang belum berkembang sempurna pada otot masseter, dan tiga pada otot femoralis caudalis. Pada sapi yang kedua pertumbuhan sistiserkus telah sempurna dan terdistribusi ke seluruh karkas, terutama pada otot-otot di daerah muka, intercostae, diafragma, jantung, dan paha. Setiap sayatan yang dilakukan di daerah otot sapi yang kedua, ditemukan antara 3 - 5 sistiserkus. Dari penelitian ini dapat dinyatakan bahwa onkosfer T. saginata berkembang sempurna menjadi Cysticercus bovis pada sapi Bali sekitar delapan minggu pasca infeksi. Kata kunci : Teania saginata, sapi Bali, infeksi, eksperimental ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to determine the biological aspects (host-parasite relationship) of Taenia saginata in Bali cattle. Two Bali cattle were used as the samples, each was infected by 30 human-derived proglottides of T. saginata. Cattle I and II were slaughtered and examined for the presence of Cysticercus bovis, six and eight weeks post infection (p.i.), respectively. The result showed that C. bovis was present in both cattle. In regard with distribution and development of the C. bovis, some differences, however, were noted between these two cattle. In cattle I, C. bovis was only observed in the muscles of the masseter (n = 2) and the caudal femur (n = 3). In cattle II, it was found to be widely distributed in almost all of the skeletal muscles, namely the cheek, intercostal, diaphragm, heart muscle, and the thighs. The number of C. bovis found in each of the muscle examined in cattle II was between 3 to 5. The C. bovis observed in cattle I were less well developed as compared with those found in cattle II. Although the total sample was small, the finding of the present study may indicate that in Bali cattle the oncospheres of T. saginata might reach its optimal development (into C. bovis) in eight weeks time p.i. Key words : Taenia saginata, Bali cattle,, infection, experimental