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ANALISIS KANDUNGAN Pb PADA AIR SUMUR GALI MASYARAKAT DI SEKITAR TEMPAT PENIMBUNAN LIMBAH PADAT INDUSTRI TIMAH DARI DAUR ULANG AKI BEKAS DESA SEI ROTAN KECAMATAN SEI TUAN KABUPATEN DELI SERDANG TAHUN 2012 Tumanggor, Winni R.E; Dharma, Surya; Marsaulina, Irnawati
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Lingkungan dan Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Analysis of lead containing in the dug wells’ water of communities around of the solid waste dumping of lead insdustry from battery recycling. Dug wells were the most common means used by the people as a major source of clean water. The groundwater quality degradation is characterized by the presence of some pollutants such as lead that can be derived from leaching of hazardous materials, such as ex-storage batteries and ex-inner batteries. The design was descriptive research. It described that the dug well’s construction, lead containing in the water of dug well and the condition of solid waste dumping of lead industry from battery recycling. The samples of dug wells water were taken from 5 spots distance from waste dumping location, they were 25 metres, 50 metres, 100 metres, 150 metres, and 200 metres. Each spots was choosen 2 dug wells so that totals samples are 10. This research had done in Sei Rotan Village Percut Sei Tuan District Deli Serdang Regency 2012. The result of the research showed that none were met with health requirements. The results of the laboratory examination found the all of dug well water samples that lead containing exceed the quality standards established by the Decree of Permenkes No. 416 / Minister / Per / IX / 1990 figure of 0.05 mg / L. It is recommended that, the participation of community and role of government was needed to improve public knowledge about the pollution of lead industry from battery recycling and the physical construction of dug well through training, extension and renovation of the water supply facilities in order to obtain clean water that meets health requirements. Key words : Dug Well Water, Lead Containing
HUBUNGAN KEBERADAAN JENTIK Aedes aegypti DAN PELAKSANAAN 3M PLUS DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT DBD DI LINGKUNGAN XVIII KELURAHAN BINJAI KOTA MEDAN TAHUN 2012 Parida S, Sulina; Dharma, Surya; Hasan, Wirsal
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Dan Keselamatan Kerja
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The relation of Aedes aegypti larva existence and 3M Plus implementation with DHF disease in Area XVIII Binjai District Medan. Medan is one of DHF endemic area and the most endemic subdistrict is Medan Denai Subdistrict. The most effective way to eradicate DHF disease is with eradicating mosquito nest or PSN DBD, so that is important to know the Aedes aegypti larva existence and effectiveness of 3M Plus implementation.This research aims to know the relation of Aedes aegypti larva existence and 3M Plus implementation with DHF disease. The research location is in Area XVIII Binjai District Medan Denai Subdistrict. This research samples are 100 housewive, that is taken by purposive sampling technique. This research is analytic survey with cross sectional design study using Exact Fisher test.Results showed that the House Index value is 5%, Container Index is 4%. 3M Plus implementation that includes to good category 78% and bad 22% . The relation of Aedes aegypti larva existence with DHF disease has p=0,002. The relation of  3M Plus implementation with DHF disease has p=0,047. From the results, it can be known that there is relation of Aedes aegypti larva existence and 3M Plus implementation with DHF disease in Area XVIII Binjai District. It is suggested to Medan Health Department and Desa Binjai Health Service Center to socialize to do eradicating Aedes aegypti mosquito nest or PSN DBD regularly to decrease the number of DHF disease in Binjai District especially in Area XVIII. Keywords : Larva Existence, 3M Plus, DHF
Kontigensi Perilaku Birokrasi Pemda: Reviu Hasil Penelitian Disertasi Almarhum Dr. Kadjatmiko, M.Soc.Sc. Dharma, Surya; Patar, Simatupang
Ilmu Administrasi Publik Vol 1, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Makassar

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Each organization, include the organization of kabupaten and kota governments in Indonesia unavoidably needs bureaucracy. The behaviour of bureaucracy is not independent, but attributable to and affected by other factors. The result of the research is the behaviour of the bureaucracy of governments in kabupatens and kotas was marked with the strengthening of the characteristics of professional bureaucratic behaviour in the form of being open, adaptive and appreciative; form of activities that are based on formal and informal relation; nature of common activities bound by shared vision and mission of providing public services, etc. The existing local government’s leadership, organizational structure and learning organization are perceived as the main driver in building trust among colleagues that leads to organizational change. Therefore, these factors does have significant effect on bureaucracy.
PENGARUH DAYA TOLAK PERASAN SERAI WANGI (Cymbopogon nardus) TERHADAP GIGITAN NYAMUK Aedes aegypti Manurung, Rofirma; Chahaya, Indra; Dharma, Surya
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Lingkungan dan Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Effect of thrust fragrant lemongrass (Cymbopogon nardus) against bites of Ae.aegypti mosquito. Vector of Dengue Fever (DHF) is a Ae.aegypti mosquito could can be eradicated by spraying insecticide, which give impack for the environment. Alternative insecticides which are safe for the envinronment may come from plants.  Fragrant lemongrass (Cymbopogon nardus) is a mosquito repellent plant by producing Olea volatilia that serve as mosquito repellent. This research aims to dentify effect fragrant lemongrass (Cymbopogon nardus) as a repellent against bites of Ae.aegypti mosquito. The consentration fragrant lemongrass used were 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%. This reseach is a quasi experimental study with completely randomize design. The material test was the extract of fragrant lemongrass. Sampel of the research was adult Ae.aegypti mosquito, each box was using 10 mosquitos for control and 10 mosquitos for different consentration and they were repeated for 3 times. The result from the research was the number of Ae.aegypti bite on consentration of 1% were 2 mosquitos, on consentration of 2% was 1 mosquito, on consentration of 3% and 4% were none  mosquito bite. Effect of the fragrant lemongrass to Ae.aegypti mosquito bite after spraying of the extract fragrant lemongrass on rabbits showed that the power of protection on consentration of 1% and 2% was 75% to 88%, while power of protection on consentration of 3% and 4% of 100%. The result of Anova test showed that there was the significant difference on the mosquito to bite on various treatment consentration and extended with Post Hoc test gave impact difference result away different consentration. The consentration of 3% and 4% of the extract very effective as fragrant lemongrass repellent because of having  power of protection 100%. Key words: fragrant lemongrass (Cimbopogon nardus), mosquito Ae.aegypti
ANALISA KADAR TIMBAL (Pb) PADA HATI SAPI DARI PETERNAKAN SAPI POTONG DI KABUPATEN DELISERDANG TAHUN 2012 Irasanti, Merry; Santi, Devi Nuraini; Dharma, Surya
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Lingkungan dan Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Analysis of lead (Pb) in beef liver from cattle farm in Deliserdang regency in 2012. Beef liver is a nutritious food contains a lot of protein needed for body growth, development and health. A high protein beef liver could be potentially contaminated both microbiological and chemical substance. Contamination of lead (Pb) could be occurred at the husbandry.This study aimed to determine the lead (Pb) in beef liver from cattle farm in Deli Serdang and describe the location of the cattle farm, fodder and drinking water for cow. This study was conducted by descriptive method as an attempt to describe the location of the cattle farm, fodder and drinking water for cow and the analysis of the lead (Pb) in beef liver. The analyze showed the lead (Pb) in beef liver did not exceed the specified threshold value, according to Standar Nasional Indonesia 7378 tahun 2009. The laboratory tests result of the lead (Pb) from ten beef livers showed that the lowest was 0,023 ppm and the highest was 1,230 ppm. Based on the result of study, it was found that the content of lead (Pb) in beef liver was under the specified threshold value. This could be as the result of the good feeding of cattle farm in Deli Serdang regency but there are also many cattle farms located on the side of the highway and close to waste dumps. However, there should be controlling, regulation, and advisory by related instance (Health Department). Key words :  Lead (Pb), beef liver
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KOMPONEN RUMAH DAN JARAK RUMAH TERHADAP KADAR SO¬2 DALAM RUMAH DI SEKITAR TEMPAT PEMBUANGAN AKHIR SAMPAH (TPA) NAMO BINTANG KECAMATAN PANCUR BATU KABUPATEN DELI SERDANG TAHUN 2012 Sinaga, Shinta Dewi Putri; hasan, wirsal; dharma, surya
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Lingkungan dan Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Relationship between the component of the house and the distance between house of SO­2 in the house around Namo Bintang final disposal waste Pancur Batu distric Deli Serdang regency in 2012. Final disposal waste has a very important function, but it potentially caused environment degradations. It is caused by a pile of garbage producing a variety of pollutans that could cause air pollution such as SO2 (Sulfur dioxide), either inside or out side the house around landfill side.This research was an analytic survey with a cross-sectional study design and the population was entire houses locating in Dusun III Desa Baru. The sample size taken was 32 houses, drawn by simple random sampling method.The aim of this study was determine the relationship between the component of the house, and the distance between house of SO2 in the house.The results showed that there wasn’t relationship between the components that include ceiling, windows home, family and guest room windows, vents, and disposal facilities kitchen smoke while SO2 levels, with p value = 0,848; 0,234; 0,081; 0,792; and  0,206. Construction of the walls of the house showed was relationship with SO2 levels, with p =0,034. There was no relationship between the distance between home and SO2 levels with p = 0,994. For that, it is needed an attention of the public and government to increase  public knowledge about the components of a qualified home through health promotion and improvement of the components in order to avoid air pollution. Keywords : components home, distance, SO2 (Sulfur dioxide)
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK DENGAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGELOLAAN SAMPAH DI LINGKUNGAN III DAN V KELURAHAN BAGAN DELI KECAMATAN MEDAN BELAWAN TAHUN 2012 Erfinna, Tota Farida; cahaya, indra; dharma, surya
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Dan Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Relationship of Responden Characteristics (Education, Income, Occupation Knowledge and Attitude) And The Management Of Solid Waste Management Program In Area III and V Bagan Deli, Medan Belawan sub-district. Solid waste management program is one of the programs of Ministry of Sea and Fishery in Medan Belawan sub-district. On its implementation, solid waste management program in area III and V yet done well. Lack of the participation of the society on solid waste management may be caused by less understanding on sorting out the rubbish of household. The objective of this research is to analyze the relationship of responden characteristics (education, income, occupation knowledge and attitude) and the management of solid waste management program in area III and V Bagan Deli, Medan Belawan sub-district. This research was analytical survey with cross sectional design. The population was the housewives living in area III and V Bagan Deli, Medan Belawan sub-district for 631 persons, and the sample was taken for 87 persons. The data of the characteristics (education, income occupation, knowledge and attitude), management program, and the participation of the people was taken through direct interview using questionnaire. The collected data then analyzed using chi-square test at α = 0,05.The resulth of research showed that statistically the characteristics include education (p-value = 0,028), occupation status (p-value= 0,000). Knowledge level (p-value=0,002), and attitude (p-value=0,000) has significant relationship not have significant influence to the participation of the society. It si suggested for the management program parties to improve socialization about solid waste management program in rder to get better understanding on the rubbish and to improve the participation of the people. Key word : Characteristics, Participation, Solid Waste
KARAKTERISTIK KARYAWAN YANG BEKERJA PADA RUANGAN YANG MENGGUNAKAN AC DAN KELUHAN SICK BUILDING SYNDROME DI GEDUNG TVRI KOTA MEDAN TAHUN 2012 Sinaga, Pramayana A.P; Naria, Evi; Dharma, Surya
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Lingkungan dan Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Characteristics of employees who work in room with air conditioner and has complaints of Sick Building Syndrome at office of TVRI Medan in 2012. Sick Building Syndrome is an accumulation of health problems related to air quality on an environment, or can also be defined as a non-specific health complaints from the occupants of the room air conditioned such as redness and watery eye, nasal congestion, sneezing, dry skin, and allergic to cold air. The purpose of the research is to identify the characteristics of employees working in air-conditioned based on: age, sex, length of employment, smoking habits, allergies, nutrition of state, and medical history to the incidence of Sick Building Syndrom. The type of study was descriptif of employees who are being in room with air conditioner including: age, sex, length of employment, smoking habits, allergies, nutrition of state, and medical history to the incidence of Sick Building Syndrome (SBS) at office of TVRI Medan. The result showed that is no characteristics of employees working a room with air conditioner including age, sex, length of employment, smoking habits, allergies, nutritional status, and medical history of complaints of sick Building Syndrome as lethargic complaints, headaches, dry throat, redness and watery eye, nasal congestion, and sneezing. The conclusions obtained from this research is none of employees who work in TVRI room with air conditioner has complaints of Sick Building Syndrome. Keywords: Sick Building Syndrome, Characteristics of Employees, Health Complaint
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN Sr TERHADAP PERILAKU PERAMBATAN RETAK FATIK PADA PADUAN Al-6%Si-0,7%Fe Dharma, Surya
Jurnal Dinamis No 9 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Dinamis

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AbstrakPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh penambahan Sr pada paduan Al-6%Si-0,7%Fe terhadap perilaku perambatan retak fatik pada proses pengecoran cetakan pasir.Paduan Al-6%Si-0,7%Fe dilebur dalam dapur krusibel pada temperatur 730oC kemudianditambahkan Sr dalam logam cair, selanjutnya dituang ke dalam cetakan pasir. Kekuatan tarikdan ketahanan terhadap perambatan retak fatik diuji dengan menggunakan mesin Servopulser.Dari pengujian yang dilakukan diketahui bahwa penambahan Sr pada paduan Al-6%Si-0,7%Femeningkatkan ketahanan perambatan retak fatiknya.Kata kunci: Al-Si, Sr, fatik.
FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENGGUNAAN JAMBAN KELUARGA DAN KEJADIAN DIARE DI DESA TUALANG SEMBILAR KECAMATAN BAMBEL KABUPATEN ACEH TENGGARA TAHUN 2012 Pebriani, Rahma Ayu; Dharma, Surya; Naria, Evi
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 2, No 3 (2013): JURNAL LINGKUNGAN DAN KESELAMATAN KERJA
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Factors Related With the Use of Family Latrines and the Incidence of Diarrhea in the Village of Tualang Sembilar Bambel Southeast Aceh District in 2012. One of the health efforts by community  is to prevation basic sanitation facilities. One of the  basic sanitation facilities in the community latrine. For that, keep in mind the factors related with the use of latrines. One of the diseases that can be generated is a diarrheal disease. Diarrhea can be defined absolutely or relatively. Absolute diarrhea is defined as more than five bowel movements a day or liquid stools. Relative diarrhea is defined as an increase in the number of bowel movements per day or an increase in the looseness of stools compared with an individual´s usual bowel habit. In diarrhea, bowel patients more than usual, the diarrhea may be defined as a bowel movement more than three times. The purpose of this study is the to analysis factors related with the use of latrines and the incidence of diarrhea in the village of Tualang Sembilar Bambel Southeast Aceh district in 2012. The method used in this research is  analytic descriptive research with cross sectional design. The samples in this study were 71 samples using random sampling technic , the sampling technique is done by random sampling. The results showed that 46.5% of respondents did not work; 33.8% of low-income respondents; 64.8% of respondents knowledgeable about ; 66.2% of respondents are not good; 52.1% latrine conditions do not qualify; 52, 1% use pit latrines 40.8% no 59.2% 53.5% instead diarrhea diarrhea 46.5%. The results of the statistical test using Chi-square tests were , knowledge, attitudes, and conditions of latrines have a significant relationship with the use of latrines and diarrhea. For people living in the village of Tualang Sembilar Bambel Southeast Aceh district home use the latrines when defecating to prevent diarrhea. Keywords: Knowledge, Attitudes, Usage Latrines, Diarrhea
Co-Authors . Dachriyanus Abdi Hanra Sebayang Adelinda, Eka Santi Adirman, Adirman Alam Bakti Keloko, Alam Bakti Ardeno Kristianto Arridina Susan Silitonga Ashar, Taufik Damanik, Natalina Danny, Siska S. Darma, Diken Maywidia Devi Nuraini Santi Dewita, Friska Mulya Dwisari Dillasamola Eddy Syahrial Elisma Elisma Elliyana, Novi Erdinal, Erdinal Erwan Martanto Evi Naria fadhil munthe Fatma Sri Wahyuni Fatriona, Hendri Fiesta Oktorina Sinaga Fitriyani Siregar gabriella sembiring, gabriella Ginting, Berta Br H, Irsan Ryanto. H, Irsan Ryanto. Hafni Laila Siregar, Hafni Laila Helmi Arifin Hendra Saputra henny pradipta tarigan Hodriani Hodriani Ibrahim, Husin Ifora, Ifora indra cahaya Indra Chahaya Ira Putri Lubis Irene Puspa Dewi, Irene Puspa Irmalita, Irmalita Irnawati Marsaulina Irsan Ryanto H Isman Firdaus Johannes LRS Juzar, Dafsah A. Kintoko Rochadi, Kintoko lidia oktavia, lidia Lilihata, Gracia Linda Wati Marlina Marlina Meithyra Melviana Simatupang Merry Irasanti Mia Yulianty Muhammad Munawar Nasri, Elfia Nasrul Zubir Netty Suharti nuraini hayati nurmaini *, nurmaini Oktavia, Sri Pebryantika, Selvina Pramayana A.P Sinaga putri ruth ras meita putri yani, putri Rahma Ayu Pebriani Rena, Desis rifhan dita, rifhan rizki sarjani Rofirma Manurung Rosha, Zeshasina Rosnah Siregar Rusmayanti, Rusmayanti Sailent Rizki Simaremare sarah safira, sarah Sartika, Zikra Sartika, Zikra Saut Hasudungan Simatupang Shinta Dewi Putri Sinaga Simanjuntak, Cindya K. Simatupang Patar Siti Haritsah Sri Lestari Sulina Parida S Supanda, Oki SURYANI HARAHAP Syarif Subiyakto Taufik Ashar Theodora Simatupang Tobing, Daniel P.L. Tota Farida Erfinna Uthia, Rahimatul Winni R.E Tumanggor Wirahmi, Nori Wirsal Hasan Yarman, Anton Yuli Arisyah Siregar Yulia Khairina Ashar Zesfin BP Zet Rizal