RATNA KOMALA DEWI
Program Studi Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

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KEBERLANJUTAN NILAI-NILAI TRI HITA KARANA (THK) PADA SISTEM SUBAK DI KAWASAN WISATA DAN KAWASAN AGRARIS KABUPATEN GIANYAR DEWI, RATNA KOMALA; USTRIYANA, I N GEDE
SOCA (SOCIO-ECONOMIC OF AGRICULTURRE AND AGRIBUSINESS) Vol. 7, No. 1 February 2007
Publisher : Program Studi Agribisnis, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana Jalan PB.Sudirman Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia. Telp: (0361) 223544 Email: soca@unud.ac.id

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ABSTRACT Subak is one of cultural traditional heritage in Bali which need maintained properly and suistainably. This institution is Balinese wall to protect the culture from outside world. In order to maintain THK suistainability, the research carried out at two different areas, tourism at Subak Juwuk Manis and agriculture at Subak Temesi. Invers Matrix Analysis is used to observe the level of THK suistainability, while Fuzzy Set Theory is used to rank each matrix cell component. The level of suistainability determined by the level of solidity based on its transferability. The study found that the tourism visit, in both tourism and agricultural areas, has no negative impact on the suistainability of THK values, with good categories, 85.52% for Subak Juwuk Manis and 78.83% for Subak Temesi. There is also a variation of dominant matrix component in each cell of THK sub-systems. It is suggested that the rank of each THK matrix component has to be paid attention. Moreover, the intensity of guiding should be started from the least dominant to the most dominant cell of matrix. Key words: Sustainability, Tri Hita Karana, Subak ABSTRAK Subak merupakan salah satu lembaga tradisional warisan sumberdaya budaya di Bali yang sangat perlu dilestarikan melalui pembinaan yang tepat dan berkelanjutan. Lembaga ini merupakan benteng masyarakat Bali dalam menghadapi berbagai gempuran budaya akibat derasnya arus globalisasi dan pariwisata yang melanda dunia dan Bali pada khususnya. Sebagai upaya untuk menjaga kelestarian dan keberlanjutan nilai-nilai THK tersebut, dilakukan penelitian di dua kawasan yang berbeda yakni kawasan wisata (Subak Juwuk Manis) dan kawasan agraris (Subak Temesi). Dua analisis dilakukan yaitu analisis Inverse Matrix untuk mengetahui tingkat keberlanjutan nilai-nilai THK serta analisis Fuzzy Set Theory dilakukan untuk menentukan ranking komponen setiap sel matrik. Tingkat keberlanjutan dinilai dari tingkat soliditas berdasarkan transferabilitasnya. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa arus wisatawan yang mendatangi kawasan wisata maupun kawasan agraris tidak memberikan dampak negatif terhadap keberlanjutan nilai-nilai THK dengan kategori baik dengan skor 85,52% (untuk Subak Juwuk Manis) dan 78,83% (untuk Subak Temesi). Terdapat variasi dominansi komponen matrik pada setiap sel matrik hubungan subsistem-subsistem dari THK. Dirasakan perlu memperhatikan dengan seksama hasil perankingan pada setiap komponen matrik nilai-nilai THK. Tingkat intensitas pembinaan dimulai dari sel matrik paling tidak dominan hingga ke sel matrik paling dominan. Kata kunci: Keberlanjutan, Tri Hita Karana, Subak
Kelayakan Usaha Pembenihan Ikan Karper (Cyprinus Carpio) di Kelompok “Sari Nadi”, Desa Tua, Kecamatan Marga, Kabupaten Tabanan KHOLIFAH, SITI; ANTARA, I MADE; DEWI, RATNA KOMALA
E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.1, No.2, Oktober 2012
Publisher : E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism)

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Analisis Persediaan Bahan Baku Tebu pada Pabrik Gula Pandji PT. Perkebunan Nusantara XI (Persero) Situbondo, Jawa Timur ROBYANTO, CHAIRUL BAHTIAR; ANTARA, MADE; DEWI, RATNA KOMALA
E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.2, No.1, Januari 2013
Publisher : E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism)

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ABSTRACT Analysis of Raw Material In Pabrik Gula Pandji PT. Perkebunan Nusantara XI (Persero) Situbondo, Jawa Timur Raw material is a production cost factor of an industrial manufacture. Lack of raw material may cause production disruption which means manufacture will probably experience profit opportunity loss. This study aims to acknowledge efforts of raw materials supply that Pabrik Gula Pandji PTPN XI (persero) should fulfill. In this study, data had been analyzed in two ways ; Descriptive methods. A research methods that uses analysis in form of narration using logical view to explain numbers in elucidations so that can help in making decisions. (2) Quantitative methods, by several methods, namely: (a) Metode Economical Order Quantity (EOQ); (b) Safety Stock; (c) Reorder Point (ROP); (d) Maximal Inventory (MI); dan (e) metode Total Inventory Cost (TIC). Quantitative methods was done in couple ways ; (a) Metode Economical Order Quantity (EOQ); (b) Safety Stock; (c) Reorder Point (ROP); (d) Maximal Inventory (MI); dan (e) metode Total Inventory Cost (TIC). According to analysis result, total purchase of economical raw materials that manufacture should do is 3.315,62 ton with 71 purchase frequency in one period of production (5 months / year). Minimum stock that PTPN XI (Persero) must own is 1.578,23 ton. While the company had to re-order raw material when raw material stock remains 3.156,47 ton. Maximum stock that should be maintained of the company is 4.893,86 ton. Based on the result of the analysis, total efficiency is Rp 2.903.796,90 /year. Based on above guidelines then can be determined amount of optimal raw material stock that can assure smooth production of white sugar and its cost efficiency. Keywords: analysis of raw material
Kontribusi Pendapatan Nelayan Ikan Hias Terhadap Pendapatan Total Rumah Tangga di Desa Serangan SIHOMBING, FEBRY; ARTINI, NI WAYAN; DEWI, RATNA KOMALA
E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.2, No.4, Oktober 2013
Publisher : E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism)

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ABSTRACT Contribution Revenue Ornamental Fish Fishermen Against Total Household Income in the SeranganVillage The purpose of this study was to determine: (1) the costand revenue  structure fishermen fish in the Serangan Village (2) ornamental fish revenue contribution to total household income of fishermen fish in the Serangan Village (3) The constraints faced by fishermen ornamental fish culture in running the business. The method used in this study consisted of observation, in-depth interviews, literature review and survey. Data have been obtained were then analyzed by the method of farm analysis. Research results indicate that (1) The average cost of production of ornamental fish business in the village of attack is Rp10.247.084,00/cycle consisting of variable cash cost of   Rp 6.405.430.00 (62,51%), variable costs instead of cash amounting to Rp 2.447.059,00 (23,88%), and a flat fee of Rp 1.394.595,00 (13,61%) and the average amount of revenue obtained from the fishermen ornamental fish farming in the amount of   Rp. 17.329.412.00/cycle and The average income of the fishermen of ornamental fish farming in the Serangan Village is Rp. 7.082.328.00/cycle (2) Contribution to the cultivation of ornamental fish total household income of fishermen in the village was 48,56% Attack This means income from ornamental fish farming contributes greatly to the total household income of fishermen. (3) The constraints or problems faced by fishermen in the cultivation of ornamental fish disease during weather disturbances which makes fishing difficult to regulate the temperature of the water in the pond/aquarium that can bedetrimental to fishermen. Keywords: fisherman, cost structure, analysis farming.
Perbandingan antara Pendapatan Rumah Tangga Petani di Subak Daerah Pariwisata dan Non Pariwisata SEPTIASARI, MELITA ISTI; DIARTA, I KETUT SURYA; DEWI, RATNA KOMALA
E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.2, No.4, Oktober 2013
Publisher : E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism)

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ABSTRACT Comparison between Farmers Household Income in The Subak of Tourism and Non Tourism Area Household income of farmers in the area of subak in tourism and non tourism is different. Diversity of household income of farmers in Subak tourism and non-tourism areas makes it worthy to be known in order to see the effect of tourism on agriculture, especially subak development. The research objective is to determine the ratio of household income from agriculture and non-agricultural sectors in the subak of tourism and non tourism area. Total income of farm households in the subak areas of tourism and non-tourism income derived from agriculture and non-farm sector income. Income households in the tourist areas of the agricultural sector amounted to 14.39% while the non-agricultural sector amounted to 85.61%. The households’ income in non-tourism areas of the agricultural sector amounted to 35.64%. Research shows total income of farm households in the area of ??tourism and non-tourism is different. It can be seen from the t- test with a significance value of 0.000 with a t-value of 4.003. Subak farmers in the tourism area are  expected to set aside revenue from non agricultural sector to increase income from non-agricultural sector, farmers in the non tourism a part from relying on the main livelihood from agriculture  they also rely on non-agricultural sector as side income so that livelihoods of farmers´ household income increased, members farming households are expected to remain as in average farmers have started entering unproductive age so the need for regeneration is highly required. Keywords: household income, In the Subak of Tourism and Non Tourism Area
Kontribusi Usahatani Jeruk Siam (Citrus nobilis) Terhadap Pendapatan Rumah Tangga di Poktan Gunung Mekar, Desa Taro, Kecamatan Tegallalang, Kabupaten Gianyar. WIJAYA, NYOMAN TONY ANGGA; DEWI, RATNA KOMALA; USTRIYANA, NYOMAN GEDE
E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.4, No.2, April 2015
Publisher : E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism)

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Abstract The Contribution of Citrus nobilis Toward Household Incomes at Farmers Group of Gunung Mekar-Village of Taro, District of Tegallalang, Regency of Gianyar. The type of orange which is most widely developed and most widely spread in Indonesia is Citrus nobilis, one of it is in Province of Bali. Gianyar regency is one of the regions potential for developing Siamese orange plants in the Province of Bali, it is because of the suitable environmental condition (soil, climate, altitude and temperature). Gianyar regency is very suitable for Citrus nobilis plants. In the regency of Gianyar, particularly at Taro village, there is a farmer group which called Gunung Mekar farmers group, which has the members of 30 farmers. The main incomes of its members come from Citrus nobilis farming. The result of research regarding the contribution of Citrus nobilis farm toward household incomes at Gunung Mekar farmers group, shows that the source of household incomes of Gunung Mekar farmers group come from the planting of Citrus nobilis, in addition the result of research shows that the contribution toward the household incomes which is originated from Citrus nobilis farming, other farming and non farming. In the final stage of the reseach it is also found out regarding the function of Citrus nobilis marketing activity in Gunung Mekar farmers group at Taro village, District of Tegallalang, Regency of Gianyar. Keywords: Citrus, Contribution, Income, Marketing.
Aspek Finansial Pengembangan KomoditasPisang Hias (Heliconiasp.) Di Sekar Bumi Tropical Farm & Florist Desa Kerta, Kecamatan Payangan, Kabupaten Gianyar TRIYULIANTI, KOMANG; SUDARMA, MADE; DEWI, RATNA KOMALA
E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.4, No.2, April 2015
Publisher : E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism)

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Abstract Financial AspectOrnamental Banana(Heliconia sp.) InSekarBumiTropical Farm& Florist at KertaVillage, Payangan District,Gianyar Regency Heliconia flowernewlydevelopedcommodity, in 2011it’sproductionamounted to936 426stalksor25% of allcommoditiesof cut flowersinBali province. The purposeof this researchincludesthe prospectsof Heliconia flowerin termsoffinancial aspect, marketingaspectandconstraintsencountered in the developmentof commodityinSekarBumi atKertaVillage, Payangan District,Gianyar Regency. The results showedHeliconiaflower businessinSekarBumiFarmis feasiblebased on the financialaspect.Thisagribusinessinvestmenthasto fill several criteria, among others, the NetB/C>1isRp 1.48, NPV>0isRP153.332.226,73,IRR>discount factorof 18%, which is22.38% andpaybackperiodless than productive of this plant(10 years) is5,32years. Sensitivity analysisshowedthat development of Heliconia is no longer feasible to conduct if the increase cost of labor is more than 3% or the revenue falls below 14%. The problemsfaced in this business, consist oftwofactors:internal and external factors. Internal factorsincludelack of capitalinvestmentandlimited number of varietiesof the plants. While, the external factoriscompetitionwithimported productsandfrom outside region.It is suggested that SekarBumiFarmmanagerstoincreaseHeliconiaflowertypesandto expandthe marketingnetwork. Keywords: Heliconia, InvestmentCriteriaAnalysis, Prospects, FinancialAspect, AspectMarketing.
Kemampuan Petani dalam Mengalokasikan Biaya Pada Usahatani Jahe di Desa Taro Kecamatan Tegallalang Kabupaten Gianyar DWISAPUTRA, KADEK AGUS; WIDYANTARA, I WAYAN; DEWI, RATNA KOMALA
E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.4, No.4, Oktober 2015
Publisher : E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism)

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ABSTRAK Farmers’ Capability in Allocating Costs in Ginger Farming in Taro Village Tegallalang Sub District Gianyar Regency. Ginger (Zingiber Oflnule) is a spice plant potential to be developed because it has a high economic value. Ginger commodity value lies at its root wand called a rhizome. The purpose of this research was to know whether farmers had been able to allocate the costs of ginger farming efficiently, to know the profits of ginger farming and the selling place of ginger. Based on the results of research in the village of Taro, the ginger farming in the village of Taro was not optimal, because the marginal costs were not equal to the average variable costs. It showed that ginger farmers in the village of Taro did not produce efficiently. Ginger farming profits were Rp 150.670.250,00 per an area (38,37 area) of arable land per planting season. The profit of ginger farming obtained, ginger farming in the village of Taro should be maintained because ginger cultivation prospect is very bright. It is centered in traditional markets, swalayan and the people market. The sales some of the farming ginger, because ginger demands are more for household needs, such as for religious ceremonies and traditional medicine. Beside the traditional is a market that is easily accessible by residents. Based on this research are advised to farmers, in order to increase production in the area of arable land is being managed by farmer without killing the plants that have the selling price of high and adjust land that is worthy to be ginger and market department store. Keyword: capability, farmers, cost, farming, ginger
Pola Kemitraan Antara Petani Heliconia dengan Sekar Bumi Farm di Desa Kerta Kecamatan Payangan Kabupaten Gianyar SURIATI, NI NENGAH; DEWI, RATNA KOMALA; DJELANTIK, A.A.A WULANDIRA SAWITRI
E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.4, No.4, Oktober 2015
Publisher : E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism)

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Abstract The Pattern of Partnership between Heliconia Farmers and Sekar Bumi Farm in Kerta Village Payangan District Gianyar Regency Heliconia is a type of tropical ornamental plant which is often referred to as ornamental banana. Heliconia is one of ornamental plants developed in Payangan District. Heliconia farmers cooperated with Sekar Bumi Farm in provide infrastructure, market access, and could meet production needs for Sekar Bumi Farm so that it can provide benefits for both parties partners. The purpose of this research was  to determine: (1) the mechanisms of partnership, (2) the success of the partnership, (3) the benefits of the partnership, and (4) constraints faced in partnership. Respondents of this research was 40 % of the 72 members of Amerta Jati, Jati Mekar and Jati Mulia farmers group. Data was obtained through observation method, documentation study, and interview using questionnaires. Qualitative and quantitative data analysis were used in this research. The results indicated that (1) Form of implementation is done in partnership with Sekar Bumi Farm using plasma core pattern (2) mechanism of partnership between farmers with Sekar Bumi Farm originated from Sekar Bumi Farm to approach farmers to be willing to partner, creating a cooperation agreement concerning the rights and obligations of each party, and agree on the agreements (3) ratio of farmer’s profit increased before partnering was 0.98 to 1.34 after joining partnership, (4) benefits of the partnership on the technical aspects, namely Sekar Bumi Farm provide information to farmers, the economic aspect is a guaranteedmarket and increasing farm income, and the social aspect that is the desireof continuity of cooperation, and (5) Constraints in the partnership is unstable market prices, harvesting is not on schedule, weather factors affecting production, and the number and role of extension worker of the Sekar Bumi Farm is still less than optimal. Keywords: Partnership, Farmer, Heliconia, Sekar Bumi Farm
Analisis Pengendalian Persediaan Bahan Baku Biji Kakao pada Pabrik Delicacao Bali di Kabupaten Tabanan MUZAYYANAH, MUZAYYANAH; SUAMBA, I KETUT; DEWI, RATNA KOMALA
E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism) Vol.4, No.4, Oktober 2015
Publisher : E-Journal Agribisnis dan Agrowisata (Journal of Agribusiness and Agritourism)

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Abstract Analysis of raw material inventory control  cocoa beans Delicacao Bali factory in  the district Tabanan   Raw material availability is very important for the production process, therefore Delicacao Bali factory should be able to determine the amount of optimal raw material inventory. Reduce the cost of inventory in order to keep the production process running smoothly. In this case the company needs to analyze the inventory management to be able to minimize the total cost incurred in the  inventory. This study aims to (1) analyze raw material inventory control conducted by Delicacao Bali, (2) analyze alternative raw material inventory control to be applied,the Bali Delicacao to improve the efficiency of the inventory costs. The method used in the study included (1) Qualitative descriptive method and (2) Quantitative Method. The results of analysis the inventory cost, methods MRP of company policy shows that inventory control policy Delicacao Bali cocoa beans is not optimal. The comparison total inventory costs incurred by the company in 2013 amounted to Rp 19,998,452.00, when using the technique of LFL company can issue a total inventory cost of Rp 8,600,000.00, and cost savings (efficiency) reached 54.93 %. While the techniques EOQ company can issue a total cost of Rp 4,109,355.18 and cost savings (efficiency) reached 79.45 %. MRP techniques EOQ is an alternative method that can be recommended to the company as an inventory control techniques in the hopes this method can save the cost of raw material.  Keywords : Inventory cost, MRP, Delicacao Bali