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Articles

Pembebanan Pajak Pertambahan Nilai dalam pembelian makanan dan minuman di Force Cafe ditinjau menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 42 Tahun 2009 tentang Pajak Pertambahan Nilai Barang dan Jasa dan Pajak Penjualan Atas Barang Mewah Dewi, Ratna
Jurnal Beraja Niti Vol 1, No 9 (2012)
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Hukum Fakultas Hukum Universitas Mulawarman

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Pajak Pertambahan Nilai diatur dalam Undang-undang Nomor 42 Tahun 2009 tentang Pajak Pertambahan Nilai Barang dan Jasa dan Pajak Penjualan Atas Barang Mewah. Didalam Undang-Undang ini diatur tentang jenis-jenis barang yang tidak dikenai Pajak Pertambahan Nilai (PPN). Dengan adanya pembebanan Pajak Pertambahan Nilai dalam pembelian makanan dan minuman pada restoran, maka perlu diketahui apakah pembebanan Pajak Pertambahan Nilai dalam pembelian makanan dan minuman di Force Cafe sesuai Undang-undang Nomor 42 Tahun 2009 tentang Pajak Pertambahan Nilai Barang dan Jasa dan Pajak Penjualan Atas Barang Mewah juga bagaimana cara menghapuskan Pajak Pertambahan Nilai dalam pembelian makanan dan minuman di Force Cafe Samarinda sebagai upaya menghindari timbulnya pengenaan pajak berganda. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ditemukan ada restoran yang mencantumkan pembebanan Pajak Pertambahan Nilai dalam pembelian makanan dan minuman pada restoran yakni Force Cafe. Kenyataan di lapangan yakni di Cafe Force sudah tidak sesuai dengan Undang-undang Nomor 42 Tahun 2009 tentang Pajak Pertambahan Nilai Barang dan Jasa dan Pajak Penjualan Atas Barang Mewah. Hal ini disebabkan kurangnya sosialisasi dan kurangnya pengetahuan Subjek Pajak tentang perubahan jenis-jenis barang yang tidak dikenakan Pajak Pertambahan Nilai dan keberadaan Peraturan Daerah Kota Samarinda Nomor 04 Tahun 2011 tentang Pajak Daerah. Dengan demikian, upaya hukum untuk menghapuskan Pajak Pertambahan Nilai dalam pembelian makanan dan minuman di Force Cafe sebagai upaya menghindari timbulnya pengenaan pajak berganda yakni melakukan penyuluhan kepada pengusaha restoran sebagai wajib pajak, melakukan pendataan ulang wajib pajak seluruh wilayah Kota Samarinda yang menjadi kewenangan pemerintah daerah, baik yang telah dikukuhkan menjadi Pengusaha Kena Pajak ataupun tidak, melakukan monitoring dan pengawasan ke setiap pengusaha restoran atau wajib pajak, memantapkan koordinasi dan konsultasi baik sesama unit kerja perangkat daerah maupun dengan pemerintah propinsi dan memberi peringatan dan teguran kepada pengusaha restoran secara lisan dan tertulis.
Pembuatan Modul Komunikasi Tanpa Kabel Menggunakan Teknologi Bluetooth Untuk Praktek Komunikasi Data Pada Laboraturium Telekomunikasi Dewi, Ratna; Ramiati, Ramiati
JURNAL ILMIAH ELEKTRON Vol 2, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : JURNAL ILMIAH ELEKTRON

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Based on this phenomenon and also to complement the student practice modules in telecommunication engineering courses, then the wireless communication module manufacturing use traditional Bluetooth technology in this research. This study aims to make the lab module wireless communication using Bluetooth technology, so that with thecompletion of these activities, expected results can be used as a practicum in the lab module telecommunications relevant to development of telecommunications technology and complements the existing modules. This module uses 1 piece of a PC (Personal Computer) which is equipped with Bluetooth and 1 piece minimum system using AT89S51 microcontroller which will also be added to the module SPP (Serial Port Profile) Bluetooth and Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) for displaying data that has been received. After the program in Assembly language we downloaded to the microcontroller and Visual Basic program is to enable in your PC, then proceed by connecting all the interfaces that exist to perform a communication. Enter data from the keyboard on a PC and transmit data. Communication is going to say runs very well when the display on the LCD in accordance with the data typed on the PC. If the data typed "TEST CONNECTION" then the data is received and displayed on the LCD is the same. This indicates communication had been going successfully. Communication can be done only in one direction only (simplex). Expected in future studies, could be developed into a Bluetooth module that can perform two-way communication, either half duplex or full duplex.
Penguatan Sinyal Global System For Mobile Communication (GSM) Menggunakan Antena Yagi 14 Elemen Firdaus, Firdaus; Dewi, Ratna; Vitria, Rikki; Lifwarda, Lifwarda
JURNAL ILMIAH ELEKTRON Vol 4, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : JURNAL ILMIAH ELEKTRON

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The hand phone provides an easy to communicate in domestic calls or international calls. The radiation pattern of yagi antenna leads to one direction. Therefore, this antenna is selected for   signal amplifier in global system of mobile communication. The design of 14 element yagi antenna which applied for signal amplification in the cell phones was conducted in this study. The design was done manually without computer software. The antenna was created using an aluminum pipe in 3/8 inch diameter for element and an aluminum beam for boom. The result showed that the operating frequency between the designed antenna and manufactured antenna are the same i.e. 947 MHz. The bandwidth of yagi antenna is 9 MHz. Moreover, the antenna gain which measured in folded antenna transmitter and BTS transmitter are 16 dB and 12 dB respectively. That result is caused differences in distance at the measurement time. Utilization of yagi antenna has succeeded to increase signal amplification in hand phone.
Pembuatan Penggeser Fasa (PHASE SHIFTER) Gelombang Frekuensi Radio 700 MHz Untuk Aplikasi Praktikum Antena Array dan Radar Firdaus, Firdaus; Ramiati, Ramiati; Dewi, Ratna; Dahlan, Andi A; Silvana, Meza
JURNAL ILMIAH ELEKTRON Vol 3, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : JURNAL ILMIAH ELEKTRON

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Radiation pattern controlling of antenna array can be done by change some parameters such as the geometry of antenna array, distance among the element antenna array, amplitude and in phase of excitation. Controlling of antenna array radiation pattern to certain geometry and distance among an element and the amplitude of a constant current can be done by device of phase shifter. This research made a device to shift the phase using switched line method to condition phase 300, 600 and 900. The result show the phase 300, 600 and 900 obtainable with size a cable inter of different elements are 0 λ, 1/2 λ, 1/16 λ.
Analisis Komunikasi Data Pada Aplikasi Percakapan Suara Menggunakan Perangkat Lunak Wireshark Dewi, Ratna; Lumasa Rimra, Ihsan; Vitria, Rikki
POLI REKAYASA Vol 8, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : POLI REKAYASA

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Currently, many applications that support conversations so that we can connect and communicate between users, whether it be a conversation in the form of text, voice and even video. But what actually the form data sent or received by the user during communication? So in this study will be discussed and analyzed how the data communication on the application of voice conversations base LAN network. Applications voice conversations are created using Visual Basic 6.0 is equipped with a database. The database created using Microsoft Access 2007, aims to facilitate users who wish to join in the conversation. The application is built on the local network (Local Area Network / LAN) using a type of peer-to-peer networks. On the type of network where there is no specific functioning computer, all computers can function as a client and server at the same time. For the analyze communications traffic data or data packets on the voice conversation application used a software, namely software Wireshark. On the results captured in wireshark look multilevel process of sending data from the application layer, then successively Transmission Control Protocol, Transport, Internet Protocol, Network, Ethernet II, Data link and Physical layer last.
Pemanfaatan Jaringan Komputer Client – Server Pada Aplikasi Basis Data Akademik Dewi, Ratna; Ramiati, Ramiati
POLI REKAYASA Vol 7, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : POLI REKAYASA

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Now a days, The Computer network is used by various groups to make their job easier. One of them is to process the data which can be computerized in a network. In this study, client-server computer network was used to integrate existing data in the academic database which can be accessed from anywhere in computer network. The academic data base has been built using Microsoft Access and Visual Basic 6.0.  The report of  student data, timetable of courses, academic staff, administration staff, timetable of examination, timetable of final project examination and list of student grades have been  produced by those system. Finally, the data can be well managed and easily accessible because the system uses server as data centre and clients as user.
HUBUNGAN PEMBERIAN ASI PADA BAYI UMUR KURANG DARI 10 HARI DENGAN GEJALA POSTPARTUM BLUESDI KOTA BENGKULU TAHUN 2011 Dewi, Ratna; Mariati, Mariati; Wahyuni, Elly
Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan Vol 15, No 2 Apr (2012)
Publisher : Buletin Penelitian Sistem Kesehatan

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ABSTRACT Background: Postpartum blues is a mild mental disorder in postpartum mothers. infant feeding methods may affect the reciprocal of the postpartum blues or postpartum maternal mental health, and these symptoms can lead to successful breast-feeders (breast milk) exclusively Results in 2010 in lndonesia RISKESDES feeding patterns in infants < 1 month was 55.1% partially, and in the province of Bengkulu in 2010 52.9% prelakteal feeding. Prevalence of postpartum blues in several countries between 40-60% while the incidence of postpartum blues in Bengkulu not yet been reported. Research Goals: to determine the relationship breast-feeders pad infants aged < 10 days with symptoms of postpartum blues. Methods: This research is a type of observational research with cross sectional design studt. Large sampIe of 97 postpartum women with accidental sampling technique. Analysis of the data used is univariabIe, bivariable, and multivariable. Results: univariable analysis found that breast-feeders in infants less than 10 days almost all partial breastfeeding (48.45%) and only a fraction of full breastfeeding (19.59%), and almost half mothers experience symptoms of postpartum blues (29.90%). Bivariable analysis showed that there is a significant association between breast-feeders in infants age < 10 days, parity and social support to the symptoms of postpartum blues. But there is no relationship between type of labor with symptoms of postpartum blues. Results: Results of logistic regression analysis showed a significant association between early feeding patterns in infants with symptoms of postpartum blues (OR = 4.47, 95% CI: 1.03 to 10.43), which means non-breastfeeding mothers who have a risk 4.47 times more likely to experience postpartum blues than women full breastfeeding. Conclusion: non breastfeeding mothers who have a risk 4.47 times more likelyto have symptoms than women postpartum full breastfeeding blues. So need to improve the delivery of information, education and communication (IEC) on the importance of breast­feeders alone since the first hour of birth to age 6 months in the mother on an ongoing basis from now on antenatal care, delivery, and postpartum by involving her husband and close family Key words: breast-feeders in infants age < 10 days, the symptoms of postpartum blues ABSTRAK Postpartum blues merupakan gangguan mental yang ringan pada ibu postpartum. Metode pemberian makanan bayi dapat berpengaruh secara timbal balik terhadap postpartum blues atau kesehatan mental ibu postpartum, dan gejala ini dapat menyebabkan tidak berhasilnya pemberian Air Susu lbu (ASI) secara eksklusif. Hasil Riskesdas tahun 2010 di lndonesia pola menyusui pada bayi < 1 bulan 55,1% masih secara partial, dan di Propinsi Bengkulu tahun 2010 pemberian makanan prelakteaI52,9%. Prevalensi postpartum blues di beberapa negara antara 40-60% sedangkan kejadian postpartum blues di Bengkulu belum dilaporkan. Tujuan Penelitian: Untuk Mengetahui hubungan pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari dengan gejala postpartum blues. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross sectional study Besar sampel berjumlah 97 ibu nifas dengan teknik accidental sampling. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah univariabel, bivariabel, dan multivariabel. Hasil: Analisis univariabel menemukan bahwa pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari hampir sebagian bersifat partial breastfeeding (48,45%), dan hanya sebagian kecil yang full breastfeeding (19,59%), serta hampir sebagian ibu mengalami gejala postpartum blues (29,90%). Analisis bivaribel menunjukan bahwa Ada hubungan yang signifikan antara pemberian ASI pada bayi umur < 10 hari, paritas, dan dukungan sosial dengan gejala postpartum blues. Tetapi tidak ada hubungan antara jenis persalinan dengan gejala postpartum blues. Hasil analisis regresi logistitk menunjukan hubungan yang bermakna antara pola pemberian makanan dini pada bayi dengan gejala postpartum blues (OR = 4,47; 95% CI: 1,03-10,43) yang berarti ibu yang non breastfeeding mempunyai risiko 4,47 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami postpartum blues dibandingkan ibu full breastfeeding. Kesimpulan: lbu yang non breastfeeding mempunyai risiko 4,47 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami gejala postpartum blues dibandingkan ibu full breastfeeding. Sehingga perlu meningkatan pemberian komunikasi informasi dan edukasi (KIE) tentang pentingnya pemberian ASI saja sejak jam pertama kelahiran sampai usia 6 bulan pada ibu secara berkesinambungan mulai saat antenatal care, bersalin, dan setelah melahirkan dengan melibatkan suami dan keluarga terdekat. Kata kunci; Pemberian ASI pada Bayi Umur < 10 Hari, Gejala Postpartum Blues
PENGARUH METODE OUTDOOR STUDY TERHADAP MINAT BELAJAR SISWA PADA MATA PELAJARAN GEOGRAFI KELAS X DI SMA N 1 MAWASANGKA KABUPATEN BUTON SULAWESI TENGGARA dewi, ratna; sudaryati, tovani; suoth, grace
Social Science Journal Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Geografi
Publisher : Social Science Journal

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji tentang pengaruh  metode outdoor study terhadap minat belajar siswa. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode korelasi bertujuan untuk menentukan ada tidaknya hubungan antara kedua variabel yakni penggunaan metode outdoor study  dan minat belajar siswa . Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa (1) pengaruh metode outdoor study terhadap minat belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Geografi diperoleh persamaan regresi: Kp = r2 x 100% = Kp = r2 x 100% = 0,5929 x 100% = 59,29% yang artinya 59,29% minat belajar siswa SMA Negeri I Mawasangka ditentukan oleh metode outdoor study dan sisanya 40,71% ditentukan oleh faktor lain yang tidak termasuk dalam penelitian. (2) Dari uji regresi diperoleh thitung6,12>ttabel 2,056 dimana thitung >ttabel yang artinya metode outdoor study mempunyai pengaruh yang signifikan terhadap minat belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Geografi. (3) Dari sumbangan efektif yang dapat diketahui bahwa variabel metode outdoor study memberikan sumbangan yang signifikan terhadap minat belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Geografi (59,29%). Kata kunci: Metode, Outdoor Study, Minat
Unjuk Kerja Kombinasi Metoda Deteksi Tepi Pada Citra Untuk Menghasilkan Tepi Objek Yang Lebih Jelas Lifwarda, Lifwarda; Dewi, Ratna; Teresa E.S, Shelti
POLI REKAYASA Vol 9, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : POLI REKAYASA

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The edge detection is the operation of image processing which has more important role on image processing, especially on object recognition applications. The edge detection process is a process to find out the differences on the intensity which showing the object limitation of an image. There methods which used to detect the edges of object i.e. Robert operator method, Sobel operator method and Prewitt operator method. Characteristics of an edge detection method sometimes can not provide information about the characteristics of an adequate image so the final result of the image processing is not in accordance with the desired. A combination of two edge detection methods is used in order to detect the object edges of an image with maximum results.
PENGARUH PERKUATAN ANYAMAN BAMBU TERHADAP PENINGKATAN DAYA DUKUNG TANAH LEMPUNG Dewi, Ratna; Sarino, Sarino
Jurnal Ilmu Teknik Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Ilmu Teknik
Publisher : Sriwijaya University

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Penurunan dan rendahnya kapasitas dukung tanah merupakan salah satu faktor penyebab kerusakan konstruksi. Meningkatnya kebutuhan akan pemukiman menyebabkan tanah yang memiliki daya dukung rendah seperti tanah lempung lunak harus tetap bisa dimanfaatkan sebagai lahan pemukiman, sehingga perlu dilakukan perbaikan stabilitas tanah agar kerusakan dapat dicegah.Salah satu alternatif pemecahannya adalah penerapan perkuatan dengan material bambu. Dalam penelitian ini membahas pengaruh kombinasi grid dan anyaman bambu terhadap penurunan dan stabilitas pondasi dangkal. Hal ini menggunakan pondasi telapak dengan lebar 15cm yang diletakkan dalam bak uji yang berukuran 0.9m x 0.9m x 0.9m. Dari hasil uji model didapat nilai kapasitas dukung tertinggi diperoleh pada variasi jarak perkuatan (0.5B) dan lebar perkuatan (4B) adalah sebesar 28.8kPa dengan nilai BCR 164%.
Co-Authors . Indarwati, . Adhityia, Bimo Brata Amir Halid Andi A Dahlan Anung Wahyudi Astuti, Titi Baruwadi, Mahludin Citra Indriyanti, Citra Duti, Ni Kadek Elly Wahyuni Emidar Emidar Endang Purwaningsih Estina Nurma Silitonga, Estina Nurma Ety Nur Inah, Ety Nur Faisal Jamin Fatmasari Fatmasari Firdaus Firdaus Fitriani, Riri Maria Fitrianola Rezkiki, Fitrianola grace suoth Hadi, Mochammad Nur Hadriana Hadriana Hery Sutrisno, Hery Humris, Edith Ihsan Lumasa Rimra Isjoni Isjoni, Isjoni Isnialita Putri3, Indah Jauhari, Imam Julianda, Muhammad Fiqih Juliantina, Ika Kartika Hrp, Ade Kartika, Imelda Rahmayunia Lazdia, Wenny Lifwarda Lifwarda Makmun Wahid, Makmun Mariati Mariati Meza Silvana Mia Aina Mirka Pataras, Mirka Muhammad Arfan Musiana, Musiana Mutahir, Arizal Nazirwan Nazirwan, Nazirwan Nuriyatman, Eko Nurliana -, Nurliana Pratami, Febriyana Prautami, Erike Septa Putra Anugrah, Putra Rahmadini, Rizki Rahmawaty, Indira Sabet Ramiati Ramiati Rasyid, Yulianti Reffanda Kurniawan Rustam, Reffanda Kurniawan Retni S. Budiarti Ridhuan Andika, Ridhuan Rikki Vitria Rosanti, Raina Roszaliya, Eka Githa Sambas, Sukriadi Saptarini, Endang Sarino Sarino Shelti Teresa E.S Siti Fatonah Sri Walny Rahayu Takodama, Iqbal tovani sudaryati Tri Wuryaningsih Wahyuni, Yulia Wardoyo, Ir Widyanta, Anang Yelmi Reni Putri, Yelmi Reni Yessi Novaria Kunang, Yessi Novaria Yogie Ferdiansyah, Yogie Yulia Hastuti, Yulia Yuliani Yuliani Yulinda, Arif Yulindasari Sutejo, Yulindasari Yuniastini, Yuniastini Zahara, Yana Zarkasih Zarkasih Zarkasyi, Ahmad