Mira Dewi
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680

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Journal : Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia

Mikroenkapsulasi Mineral Besi dan Seng dalam Pembuatan Makanan Tambahan untuk Balita Gizi Kurang

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 16, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

As a health problem, prevalence of severe underweight in Indonesia is still high. Riskesdas 2008 indicate that prevalence of severe underweight and underweight in Indonesia are 5.5% and 13.0%, respectively. Effort to overcome that problem are still focused on severe underweight children, so need to anticipate of getting worse of underweight ones of being fell into severe underweight. The aim of this research is to make RUF fortified by encapsulated iron and zinc to overcome underweight balita (under five of age children). First step of this research is making flour from rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro with proceeded by two kinds of treatment, i.e. physic method (using high temperature and pressure) and soaking in solution of Na2HC03 (1.5% and 2.0%). Drum dryer was applied to dry the ingredient (rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro) and then milled using disc mill. Microencapsulation of iron and zinc was using arabic gum and maltodextrin (80:20 and 70:30) and concentration of iron or zinc each is 5.0% and 7.5%. Then, assays of stability of microencapsulated iron and zinc, and their bioavailability (in vitro and in vivo). Before mixed with minerals, 12 combinations of flour (3 kinds of tuber x 2 cooking time x 2 concentration of Na2C03) are tested by hedonic test to choose the best preferences of that combination of ingredients of porridge. Based on technical, economical, and technological considerations, and acceptability, mixed of rice, soybean, and sweet potato is selected as based ingredients of porridge. There is no color and odor change or even crystalline forming during more than one month of storing of microencapsulated iron and zinc. Bioavailability (in vitro) of Fe is around 15,48% to 17,05% and Zn is around 6.05% to 6,36%.   Keyword: Ready-to-use food, encapsulated mineral, porridge, underweight balita.

Pengetahuan Tentang Manfaat Kesehatan Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza.) Serta Uji Klinis Pengaruhnya pada Sistem Imun Humoral pada Dewasa Obes

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 17, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.559 KB)

Abstract

Sufficient knowledge of the community regarding benefits of temulawak for health and scientific evidence of its influence on the immune system is crucial for rationalizing the utilization of these plants for health purposes. This study aimed to analyze the publics knowledge about health benefits of temulawak drinks, as well as analyzing the effect of temulawak extract drink consumption on humoral immune system function as assessed by population of B lymphocytes in obese adults. The study consisted of a survey of knowledge about the health benefits of temulawak involving 80 subjects and a clinical trial of the effect of extract temulawak drink consumption given for 2 weeks in 21 obese subjects. Populationof total lymphocytes and B lymphocytes were analyzed before and after intervention. This study showed that the health benefits of temulawak most widely known by subjects were to increase appetite and to maintain stamina. From the clinical trial it was shown that the extract significantly reduce the population of B lymphocytes, indicating a decrease in humoral immune function. Keywords: health benefits, humoral immune system, knowledge, temulawak

Pengetahuan Tentang Manfaat Kesehatan Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza.) Serta Uji Klinis Pengaruhnya pada Sistem Imun Humoral pada Dewasa Obes

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 17, No 3 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.559 KB)

Abstract

Sufficient knowledge of the community regarding benefits of temulawak for health and scientific evidence of its influence on the immune system is crucial for rationalizing the utilization of these plants for health purposes. This study aimed to analyze the publics knowledge about health benefits of temulawak drinks, as well as analyzing the effect of temulawak extract drink consumption on humoral immune system function as assessed by population of B lymphocytes in obese adults. The study consisted of a survey of knowledge about the health benefits of temulawak involving 80 subjects and a clinical trial of the effect of extract temulawak drink consumption given for 2 weeks in 21 obese subjects. Populationof total lymphocytes and B lymphocytes were analyzed before and after intervention. This study showed that the health benefits of temulawak most widely known by subjects were to increase appetite and to maintain stamina. From the clinical trial it was shown that the extract significantly reduce the population of B lymphocytes, indicating a decrease in humoral immune function.

Mikroenkapsulasi Mineral Besi dan Seng dalam Pembuatan Makanan Tambahan untuk Balita Gizi Kurang

Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 16, No 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1085.879 KB)

Abstract

As a health problem, prevalence of severe underweight in Indonesia is still high. Riskesdas 2008 indicate that prevalence of severe underweight and underweight in Indonesia are 5.5% and 13.0%, respectively. Effort to overcome that problem are still focused on severe underweight children, so need to anticipate of getting worse of underweight ones of being fell into severe underweight. The aim of this research is to make RUF fortified by encapsulated iron and zinc to overcome underweight balita (under five of age children). First step of this research is making flour from rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro with proceeded by two kinds of treatment, i.e. physic method (using high temperature and pressure) and soaking in solution of Na2HC03 (1.5% and 2.0%). Drum dryer was applied to dry the ingredient (rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro) and then milled using disc mill. Microencapsulation of iron and zinc was using arabic gum and maltodextrin (80:20 and 70:30) and concentration of iron or zinc each is 5.0% and 7.5%. Then, assays of stability of microencapsulated iron and zinc, and their bioavailability (in vitro and in vivo). Before mixed with minerals, 12 combinations of flour (3 kinds of tuber x 2 cooking time x 2 concentration of Na2C03) are tested by hedonic test to choose the best preferences of that combination of ingredients of porridge. Based on technical, economical, and technological considerations, and acceptability, mixed of rice, soybean, and sweet potato is selected as based ingredients of porridge. There is no color and odor change or even crystalline forming during more than one month of storing of microencapsulated iron and zinc. Bioavailability (in vitro) of Fe is around 15,48% to 17,05% and Zn is around 6.05% to 6,36%.