Nikie Astorina Yunita Dewanti
Unknown Affiliation

Published : 17 Documents
Articles

Found 17 Documents
Search

Hubungan Paparan Merkuri (Hg) Dengan Kejadian Gangguan Fungsi HatiPada Pekerja Tambang Emas di Wonogiri Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita; Setiani, Onny; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 12, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (88.82 KB)

Abstract

Background: Traditional gold mining activities that using WOA/ amalgamation can cause Hg emissions to the environment. The emissions could raise mercury poisoning in the environment and human. Liver as a major part of the metabolism and accumulation of Hg in the human body, so that Hg could lead to liver damage. In the previous research, Hg exposure in male rats caused hepatotoxicosis. Average blood mercury levels of workers was 53.5 μg/m3. Objective: To determine the association between mercury (Hg) exposure and theoccurance of liver dysfunction on gold mine workers at Jendi Village, sub-district Selogiri, Wonogiri District. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study, total sample were 41 workers. The data obtained from the results of laboratory tests of blood samples and the results of the interview respondents.Data would be analyzed using biavariate and multivariate statstic test. Results:There was 41.16% of respondents were miners, processors as well as grates, the average of working period was 10 years, work duration 6 hours a  day and 6 days a week. 97.56% of respondents have blood mercury levels above normal (U.S. EPA: 5.8 ppb). Elevated levels of SGOT experienced by 24.4% of respondents , SGPT 17.1% of  respondents and ALP 58.8% of  respondents or as much as 68.3% of respondents having liver disfunction. There was no difference incidence of liver dysfunction seen from the type of work (p value = 0.459), There was no assossiation between  work duration, work period and blood mercury  levels with the incidence of liver disfunction in workers (p value = 0.148; 0.408 and 0.608). There was a relationship between blood mercury levels with SGPT as an indicator of liver dysfunction (p value = 0.042) Conclusion: Overall, the data did not provide strong evidence that mercury exposure associated with incidence of liver disfunction.   Keywords: mercury exposure, liver disfunction, SGOT, SGPT, ALP
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI ANGKA KUMAN PADA PERALATAN MAKAN DI LAPAS WANITA KLAS IIA SEMARANG Rahmadiani, Rona Arundina; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (69.387 KB)

Abstract

Prison is a place coaching and protege correctional prisoners in Indonesia. They have the same rights as other members of society to achieve the level of health, one of which is food. Therefore, food hygiene are concerned. Tableware plays an important role in the occurrence of food poisoning. According to data from the Directorate General of Communicable Disease Control, 30% of cases of poisoning caused by food or catering cutlery services that are not clean. Kepmenkes no.1908 2003 mentions the equipment in direct contact with food must not contain germs> 100 colonies / cm2. This study aims to determine the factors that influence the number of bacteria on the cutlery in the female prison Semarang class IIA. Research conducted on 51 respondents with cross sectional approach. The research result shows the characteristics of respondents aged 26-35 is the most respondents with elementary and junior high education level and length of stay 1-5 years. Conclusion of the study is a factor that affects the amount of germs among other equipment washing technique (p = 0.002) and storage of cutlery (p = 0.000). Suggestion research is necessary to hold training equipment washing and improve tableware storage facilities.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN FISIK DAN PERILAKU PENGHUNI RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT MALARIA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KOKAP II, KABUPATEN KULON PROGO, DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA Noviarti, Pratiwi Ika; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.621 KB)

Abstract

Malaria is still one of public health problems that is responsible for the high number of death in many countries all over the world until nowadays. It is a disease that threatens people, especially those who live in endemic area.  High morbidity and other issues that arise as a result of malaria can impede the development in health field. In Kulon Progo Regency, the API (Annual Parasite Incidence) was 0,28 0/00  in 2013, 0,20 0/00 in 2014, and until February 2015, it has been 29 cases with API 0,07 0/00. Some factors that influence malaria disease outbreak are physical environment and residents’ behavior. This research aims to analyze the relation between physical environment and residents’ behavior with malaria diseases outbreak in Puskesmas Kokap II working area. Observational analysis method was employed to do the research, with case control approach. The samples of the research were Malaria sufferers in January 2012 up to February 2015 in Puskesmas Kokap II working area, Kulon Progo Regency. There were 37 respondents in case group and also 37 respondents in control group. The data analysis used chi square test and odds ratio (OR). The result of the research showed that there were relations between the presence of ceilings (p value = 0,000 OR = 22,969), the types of the wall (p value = 0,000 OR = 8,488), the presence of breeding places, the presence of resting places (p value = 0,000 OR = 58,556), outdoor activities (p value = 0,000 OR = 10,828), the use of long clothes (p value = 0,000 OR = 16,074), the use of mosquito nets (p value = 0,007 OR = 5,022), and cleaning activities (p value = 0,001 OR = 5,317)  with Malaria disease outbreak. However, the temperature inside the house, the humidity inside the house, the lighting intensity inside the house, the presence of wire gauzes, the presence of cages, and the use of drugs, had no relation with Malaria disease.The conclusion of the research is the presence of ceilings, the types of wall, the presence of breeding places, the presence of resting places, outdoor activities, the use of long clothes, the use of mosquito nets, and cleaning activities had relation with Malaria disease outbreak.
EFEKTIVITAS LARUTAN KAPUR DALAM MENURUNKAN KADAR FOSFAT PADA LIMBAH CAIR RSUD KOTA SEMARANG Astuti, Wiwin Tipuk Dwi; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (89.271 KB)

Abstract

Hospital effluent phosphate levels Semarang exceed the quality standards set out in the Perda Jateng No. 5 Tahun 2012. High levels of phosphates can cause eutrophication and environmental degradation. Advanced treatment processes to reduce phosphate that coagulation and flocculation processes using a hydrated lime. This study aims to determine the effectiveness of a hydrated lime in reducing phosphate levels in waste water RSUD Kota Semarang. This type of research is quasi-experimental design with pretest and post-test. The population in this research that effluent waste water RSUD Kota Semarang and the sample consisted of 56 liters of effluent waste water. Data analysis using Kruskal-Wallis test. The results of the preliminary stage which is the optimum dose  as big as 4% hydrated lime provides phosphate levels decrease by 45,65%. Variations dose of hydrated lime at an advanced stage treatment is equal to 0; 1; 2; 3; 4; dan 5 ml produce phosphate content with value 5,87 mg/l; 5,95 mg/l; 5,24 mg/l; 2,43 mg/l; 1,96 mg/l; and 1,12 mg/l. Effective dose 160 mg/l can reduce phosphate content to 1,96 mg/l to meet quality standards, a minimum doses of the hydrated lime is 3,9 ml/l and a maximum dose is 4,2 mg/l. Statistical analysis shows that there are differences of various dose meaningful addition of lime solution to decreased levels of phosphate waste water RSUD Kota Semarang. The results of this study show that the addition of lime solution can reduce levels of phosphate waste water RSUD Kota Semarang.
PERBEDAAN VARIASI PENAMBAHAN MEDIA ADSORPSI KONTAK AERASI SISTEM NAMPAN BERSUSUN (TRAY AERATOR) TERHADAP KADAR BESI (Fe) AIR SUMUR GALI DI DESA JATIHADI KECAMATAN SUMBER KABUPATEN REMBANG Rachmawati, Savitri; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (176.097 KB)

Abstract

People in the Jatihadi village are using dug wells water which contain high iron level. The average of iron level is 2,79 mg/l. Appropriate technology tray aerator with media contacts zeolite and activated carbon is the right solution to overcome the problems of high Fe content. This study aims to analyze the difference variation the addition of contact media adsorption on tray aerator for dug wells iron level in Jatihadi village, Sumber subdistrict, Rembang regency. The design of this study is pre experiment research with one group pretest posttest design.  We used Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) method to measure the iron level. Water sample volume for each aeration is 20 liters and there are 16 repetitions. The media that we used in this research is zeolite and activated carbon. The result showed average levels of iron before treatment is 2,79 mg/l, and after the first treatment down to 0,21 mg/l, after second treatment is 0,25 mg/l. Statistical analysis showed that there is no difference between variation of contact media adsorption for dug wells  iron level, but Wilcoxon analysis showed that there is a significant difference between before and after treatment for adding zeolite or activated carbon. The efficiency of tray aerator with the addition of zeolite is higher than addition of activated carbon.
FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN LEPTOSPIROSIS DI KOTA SEMARANG Maniiah, Ghinaa; Raharjo, Mursid; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.454 KB)

Abstract

Leptospirosis is one of the emerging infectious diseases caused by pathogenic bacteria called leptospira and it is transmitted from animals to humans (zoonoses). In Semarang, the death rate due to leptospirosis is higher than the national average. This study aimed to analyze the environmental factors that influence the incidence of leptospirosis in the city of Semarang. This type of research is observational case-control design. Population this study were 64 patients with leptospirosis with a sample of 31 cases and 31 controls. Descriptive results showed that the majority of respondents aged 15-49 years with the majority of the work as a trader and the average male gender. Univariate analysis showed that there is an 58.1% puddle, 83.9% bad condition of the ditch, 77.4% there where rats, 64.5% do not have a pet, 61.3% there is no activity in water, 64.5 % no history of contact with dead rats and 87.1% no history of injuries. Bivariate Analysis showed an association between the presence of stagnant water (p = 0.040), the condition of the sewers (p=0,014), presence of rats (p=0.002) and history of injuries (p=0,001). Laboratory results showed that 62 water samples examined contained 38 (61,29%) positive water samples contained bacteria Leptospira which mostly comes from the bath water sources. The conclusions of the environmental factors that influence the incidence of leptospirosis in Semarang City.
KUALITAS MANAJEMEN PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH B3 TERHADAP INDEKS PROPER DI RSUD RAA SOEWONDO PATI Arindita, Nia Dhesti; Rahardjo, Mursid; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (86.37 KB)

Abstract

RSUD RAA Soewondo Pati is a hospital which has not received assessment ratings for PROPER. Based on the field observations that has done, the management of hazardous and toxic waste in the hospital  has not entirely true and safe according to Health Minister Decision No. 1204 in  2004, Environment Minister Decision No. 03 in 2014, and Government Regulation No. 101 in 2014. This study aims to assess the quality of the management of B3 waste management at RSUD RAA Soewondo Pati  to PROPER index. This research methodology used in this research was qualitative and quantitative approaches with cross sectional design.  The population of this study is was executing management of hazardous and toxic wastes by using total sampling technique. The results showed percentage of obedience data collection type and volume hazardous and toxic waste management, reporting activity, license and validity period, the implementation of permit conditions, the amount of waste managed hazardous and toxic, and B3 waste management with a third-party. Hazardous and toxic waste management in the collection, storage, transportation, and disposal has not managed well according to Health Minister Decision No. 1204 in 2004. Based on the research results of hazardous and toxic waste management derived from 13 primary care hospital with various types of  hazardous and toxic waste generated is plabot, infusion hoses, syringes, tissue and fluids body. The conclusion of the research indicated the assessment results of the management hazardous and toxic waste management by 50% and PROPER ranking was red.
HUBUNGAN KUALITAS SANITASI LINGKUNGAN DAN BAKTERIOLOGIS AIR BERSIH TERHADAP KEJADIAN DIARE PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS ADIWERNA KABUPATEN TEGAL Sidhi, Alfia Nugrahani; Raharjo, Mursid; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.82 KB)

Abstract

Quality of sanitation in Puskesmas Adiwerna is still bad. Quality of bad environmental sanitation can cause various diseases such as diarrhea and become a problem in Indonesia, especially diarrhea in infants. One area that is still a high incidence of diarrhea which Tegal district with diarrhea Incidence Rate of 39.74 per 1000 population and Adiwerna Public Health Center has the highest Prevalence Rate infants in 2015 amounted to 20.64 per 100 infants. The purpose of this study to determine the relationship of environmental sanitation and bacteriological quality of water on the incidence of diarrhea in infants in Adiwerna Public Health Center. This study used cross sectional design with the kind of analytical observation. The population is all children under five by 2015 as many as 4320 with a total sample of 42 respondents drawn by simple random sampling. Data were obtained from interviews and observations are then analyzed with chi square. Univariate analysis showed there were 54.8% incidence of diarrhea. There are toilets to 69.0%, 50.0% garbage disposal facilities, SPAL 76.1%, and 78.6% bacteriological quality of water is not eligible. Incidence of diarrhea has a significant relationship with latrine facility conditions, SPAL, and the bacteriological quality of the water (p = 0.02, p = 0.03 and p = 0.02) and was not associated with garbage disposal facilities (p = 0.063). In conclusion latrine facility conditions, SPAL, and the bacteriological quality of water associated with the incidence of diarrhea in infants in Adiwerna Public Health Center.
HUBUNGAN PENGGUNAAN DAN PENANGANAN PESTISIDA PADA PETANI BAWANG MERAH TERHADAP RESIDU PESTISIDA DALAM TANAH DI LAHAN PERTANIAN DESA WANASARI KECAMATAN WANASARI KABUPATEN BREBES Saputri, Regita Damayanti; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.538 KB)

Abstract

Excessive use of pesticides causing pollution and environmental damage agriculture. Examination in Brebes on 31 samples of fruits and vegetables, found 22% of samples contain detectable residues of organophosphate and found two soil samples (10%) contained residues organochlorin. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of the use and handling of pesticides on their onion farmers against pesticide residues in the soil on agricultural land Wanasari Village, District Wanasari, Brebes. This study is observational method with cross sectional approach. The population in this study were all farmers in the Wanasari conducting spraying. Collecting data using the tool Banu questionnaire and examination of pesticide residues in soil using GC-MS Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry. The results of this study are of 55 69.1 onion farmers use pesticides are not good. The use of pesticides covering 80% is not good in mixing pesticides, 87.3% use a smaller dose, 49.1% use pesticides that are not registered with the Ministry of Agriculture, 87.3% is not good in the way of spraying and 87.3 does well in frequency spraying. Handling pesticides in agricultural land is not good 59.1%, ie 74.5% is not good in handling pesticide containers, 90.9% is not good in storage of pesticides, 89.1% is not good in handling a spill and 87.3% did not either in place to clean pesticide containers. The research result is negative soil samples pesticide residues. The conclusion was that no pesticide residue class organochlorin.
ANALISIS RISIKO KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN PAJANAN GAS AMONIA (NH3) PADA PEMULUNG DI TPA JATIBARANG, SEMARANG Harjanti, Wahyu Sekar; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.365 KB)

Abstract

TPA Jatibarang, Semarang with landfills system of garbage disposal, so garbage that piled up to experience the decomposition in anaerobic and produce a variety of harmful gases i.e. amomonia gas. The unavailability of gas processing installation of ammonia gas causes pollutes the air at TPA Jatibarang and inhaled by the scavenger. The purpose of this research is to analyze the environmental health risk assessment exposure of ammonia gas to scavenger at TPA Jatibarang, Semarang. This research is observational research with cross sectional method. The approach is being used, namely Environmental Health Risk Analysis (EHRA) with a population of subjects are scavengers in TPA Jatibarang as many as 245 people and the population of objects are ambient air at TPA Jatibarang. The sample of this research subjects are 72 people and samples of objects had taken at three point measurements. The results showed that scavengers who live in TPA Jatibarang more risky exposure affected gas ammonia compared with scavenger who resides outside the TPA Jatibarang. The level of risk on a scavenger who resides in TPA Jatibarang for real time projection, is said to be insecure on a scavenger as many as 12 people, while the projection for life time, is said to be insecure on a scavenger as many as 34 people. On a scavenger who resides outside the TPA  Jatibarang good projection in real time as well as life time, is said to be still safe on a scavenger as many as 22 people