Articles
9
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Influence of Safety and Health Job Factor to Work Productivity Employees (Case Study to Employees Part of Production in PT. Gatra Mapan I, Malang)

Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 7, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The research was aimed at examining the influence of the availability of occupational safety and health factors on the productivity of employees at a particular furniture industry located in Malang town. A survey-type research was conducted employing a pre-determined questionnaire involving five main variables, namely the safety factors, work-place accident coverage, health and rest facilities, health benefits and physical environment of the work-place. Each of which was represented by 3-4 related aspects. As many as 78 employees were taken by means of simple random sampling as respondents. A scale scoring technique introduced by Likert was used to rate the degree of employees’ satisfaction upon the availability of such factors. The productivity of the employees per month was measured by the ratio of the value of output (value in Rupiahs of the sold products) to the input, i.e. total salaries or wages in Rupiahs paid to the employees of the corresponding month. The measurement was conducted in two consecutive months, from March to April 2006. The results showed that the occupational safety and health factors in the studied furniture industry were quite good. The productivity was certainly influenced by such variables. And their relation maybe expressed as Y = 9.494 + 0.379 X1 + 0.249 X2 + 0.571 X3 + 0.239 X4 + 0.284 X5 + e, where Y is the productivity and X1 to X5 are the safety factors, work-place accident coverage, health and rest facilities, health benefits, physical environment of the work-place and e is the degree of error respectively. Keywords : Productivity, Occupational Safety and Health Factors, Employees

The Use of - R Control Chart on The Filling Process at A Particular Pasteurized Milk Industry in Malang

Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 8, No 1 (2007)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The purposes of this research were to develop an  - R control chart of the filling process in a particular pasteurized milk industry in order to improve the performance of the process. Based on the data of the milk volume filled in the container, the  - R control chart of the filling process was developed. It was found that an average volume ( ) was 143.88 ml; and the respective values of UCL and LCL  were 147.74 ml and 140.52ml, with an average volume range (R) of 5.83 ml; UCLR = 12.30 ml; and LCLR = 0. The chart showed that the center line and limits of the X control exceeded the predetermined value of 140 ± 5 ml, with the average volume of 143.88 ml, which was above the set value of volume 140 ml.  The value of Cp was 0.66 (less than 1,00) and the Kane performance index, CPK = 0,15 which was equal to the CPU. It means that the operation of the filling process was under its capacity. Since the filling machine used was a semi automatic one, to reduce the excessive filling may be carried out either by upgrading operator or machinery performances.Key word:  control chart, filling process, pasteurized milk

The Analysis of Consumer Acceptance of Starch/Tapioca Powder Made from Dried Cassava (Gaplek) with Kaporit as Whitening

Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 9, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

This study aimed at identifying variables that affected the consumer acceptance of tapioca powder made from dried cassava (gaplek). The result shows that the consumer acceptance of this product is ordinary meaning it has yet  been accepted by the consumer due to its relatively high price. The fourth variable X are positively affected the variable Y which mean if the variable X increase, it will make the variable Y increase.The multiple regression model used in this research is:Y  =  - 13,599 + 0,855 X1 + 0,629 X2 + 0,803 X3 + 0,543 X4With R = 0,819 means the relations between all variable X to variable Y are close. R square = 0,650 means the contribution of variable X to variable Y is 65% and 35% contribution came from other variable that not include in the model. The F-test shows that F counted > F table so we can conclude that variable X affected variable Y simultaneously. The T-test shows that T counted > T table so we can conclude that variable X affected variable Y partially.Keywords : Dried cassava (Gaplek), tapioca  powder, kaporit.

Utilization of Nypa (Nypa fruticans) Bark for Making Biocharcoal Briquette as Alternative of Energy Sources

Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 14, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

This research aim are to get combination of the best treatment between the amount of tapioca glue and lime as additional material to be able to produce charcoal briquette which is able to be taken the beneficial  as alternative energy source, and to know production price which needed in making leaf sugarcane biocharcoal briquette.  The experiment for this research is Completely Randomized Block Design with 2 factors;, they are concentration of Tapioca glue (P) and Concentration of lime as additional material (K). Each of the factors has three levels, they are: P1 (20 %), P2 (30 %), and P3 (40 %); K1 (1%), K2 (3%), K3 (5%) which are repeated twice. Product yield, water content, endurance press, heat value, and ash content are analysed on this reserach. The best treatment is on biocharcoal briquette with the tapioca glue is 20% and lime is 5% with product yield is 78.04%, water content is 4.10%, the endurance press is 157.57 kg/cm2, heat value  is 2753.71 cal/g, and ash content is 22.35%. The result of production analysis show the base price of the product is Rp. 1120.00/ kilogram. The price of product sold is Rp. 1700/ kilogram with profit expectation is 40 so that the BEP value (unit) is 11986.03 kilograms or Rp.18224978.07. Keywords: biocharcoal, briquette, lime, nypa bark, tapioca.

Productivity Analysis Using Objective Matrix (OMAX) Method: Case Study On The Production Departement of Sari Roti PT Nippon Indosari Corpindo, Tbk Pasuruan

Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 14, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the level of partial and total productivity on the production department of Sari Roti PT Nippon Indosari Corpindo, Tbk Pasuruan with productivity measurement was carried out in January to December 2012. The result of this research can be used as the benchmark productivity and basis of planning for increasing productivity in future periods. Objective Matrix (OMAX) methods was used for analyzing the data. Criteria of productivity used in this study were the use of raw material, man hour, fuel, and electrical energy. The results showed that the highest score of productivity was on the use of man hour which was achieved in October at level 9. The criteria for the use of raw materials, fuel, and electrical energy reached the lowest score of 0 on November and December. The highest value of total productivity index level achieved during the measurement period was 84.69% in October and the lowest value was -95.18% in November. Unsuitable raw material received, defective parts, discomfort working environment, lack of discipline, lack of motivation, and too tired workers were factors that lead to low productivity in the production department of Sari Roti PT Nippon Indosari Corpindo, Tbk Pasuruan.Keywords: Objective matrix (OMAX), bakery industry, productivity

The Effects of Mix Marketing (7P) and Consumers Behavior to Healthy Food Bar Product Purchasing Decision in Malang Region

Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 15, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

The improvement of activity and income the citizen need the practical, easy, fast, and nutritious foods. Healthy Food Bar (HFB) is a product that is considered a high nutritional value and practical. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of variables simultaneously and partially in the marketing mix ( product attributes , pricing, distribution channels , promotion , people , process , physical environment ) as well as in consumer behavior (environmental factors, individual , psychological) to the purchasing decision HFB. The results of the study of 100 respondents showed variable marketing mix (product, price, distribution channels, promotion, people, process, physical environment) and consumer behavior (environmental factors, individual, psychological) simultaneously significant effect on product purchasing decisions HFB. In partial marketing mix (product, price, distribution channels, promotion, people, process) and consumer behavior variables (environmental factors, individual, psychological) significantly while the variable physical lingkungn insignificant effect on product purchasing decisions HFB .Keywords: HFB, Marketing Mix, Consumer Behaviour, Purchasing Decision, Multiple Linear Regression

Apple Chip’s Material Requirement Planning at UD. Ramayana Agro Mandiri

Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 17, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan informasi kebutuhan dan pengadaan bahan baku apel di UD. Ramayana Agro Mandiri, serta pengendalian persediaan agar proses produksi dapat berjalan dengan lancar. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah perhitungan Material Requirement Planning (MRP). Dari hasil penelitian tersebut UD. Ramayana dapat melakukan perencanaan kebutuhan bahan baku keripik apel menggunakan perhitungan MRP dengan teknik EOQ. Pemesanan buah apel dilakukan sebanyak 12 kali dalam satu tahun sedangkan untuk bahan baku yang lain, seperti aluminium foil, vitamin C, minyak goreng, dan kardus dipesan oleh UD. Ramayana sebanyak 2 kali dalam satu tahun. Pemesanan buah apel dilakukan setiap bulan, sedangkan aluminium foil dipesan pada periode ke 0 (sebelum proses produksi) dan bulan ke 8, vitamin C dan kardus dipesan pada periode ke 0 (sebelum proses produksi) dan bulan ke 7, minyak goreng dipesan pada periode ke 0 (sebelum proses produksi) dan bulan ke 11. Total biaya pengendalian persediaan bahan baku pembuatan keripik apel sebesar Rp 40.975.424,80 / tahun atau sebesar 1,265% dari total pendapatan penjualan keripik apel / tahun.

Factors Influencing Consumers Behaviour Towards The Decision on Purchasing Organic Rice

Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 17, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi konsumen dalam pengambilan keputusan pembelian beras organik di kota Batu dan mengukur besarnya pengaruh faktor perilaku konsumen terhadap keputusan pembelian beras organik di kota Batu. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah analisis faktor dan analisis regresi linier berganda. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa bahwa faktor produk (X1), harga (X2), tempat (X3), pribadi (X4), dan motivasi (X5) berpengaruh secara simultan terhadap keputusan pembelian (Y) beras organik. Secara parsial faktor yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap pengambilan keputusan pembelian konsumen untuk membeli beras organik adalah faktor produk dan faktor motivasi, sedangkan faktor harga, tempat, dan faktor pribadi tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap keputusan pembelian beras organik

Analysis of company performance measurement using Green Supply Chain Management Method on bussiness unit of black tea

Jurnal Penelitian Teh dan Kina Vol 20, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Research Institute for Tea and Cinchona

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Abstract

Competition black tea bussiness currently is no longer competition between companies but competition in supply chain network. PPTK Gambung as company and research institution that manage business unit of black tea so far nor been the identification of performance indicators Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM), to understand the condition of black tea business unit performance integrated overall both the process and operation. The aim of this study which provides recommendations for improvement to the company in improving the performance of the bussiness unit of black tea which has not reached the expected target. Performance measurement in this study using GSCM involving Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) for weighting KPI, Scoring System method Objectives Matrix (OMAX), and Traffic Light System (TLS) to analyze the scores of environmental performance assessment are classified by color. The aim of this study which provides recommendations for improvement to the company in improving the performance of which has not reached the expected target. From the result, it can be seen that Index Performance Indicator is 5,35 company which means the PPTK Gambung performance has yet to be reached despite the are approaching the target,. Based on the results obtained 31 KPI valid OMAX which consists of 18 KPI that have reached the target; 1 KPI has yet to be reached despite the are approaching the target and 11 KPI that have a performance targetless. Based on these results can be made efforts to improve the performance of the company by making an integrated measurement that includes all existing processes (upstream - downstream) and periodically for maximum performance can be achieved, so it can be a consideration and evaluation for the company to overcome the performance problems companies either preventive action or corrective action.