Mira Delima
Jurusan Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Effect of Heat Stress on Body Weight Gain, Heterophile-Lymphocite Ratio and Body Temperature in Broiler

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 3, No 1 (2009): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Increasing in ambient temperature inside the cage could lead to heat stress in broilers. This research was conducted to find out effects of heat stress on body weight gain, heterophile-lymphocite ratio and body temperature in chicken broiler. Twenty broilers aged 20 days (strain Cobb) were randomly divided into 2 groups. The first group was treated with no heat stress, the second one was caged in 33±1 0C temperature for 4 hours per day for 14 days. The results indicated that heat stress reduced body weight gain, increased body temperature, and changed behavior, but no effect on feed conversion ratio (FCR) and heterophile-lymphocyte ratio. It suggested that the heat stress caused detrimental effects on broiler chicken.

Analisis Kelayakan Usaha Ternak Ayam Broiler yang diberi Pakan Komersil yang Substitusi dengan Amtabis

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak- Penelitian tentang Analisis Kelayakan Usaha Ternak Ayam Broiler yang diberi Pakan Komersial di substitusidengan amtabisyang difermentasi dengan Aspergillus niger  telah dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syiah Kuala yang berlokasi di Desa Kopelma Darussalam Banda Aceh. Penelitian berlangsung selama 35 hari sejak  tanggal 4 Desember 2015 sampai dengan tanggal 9 Januari 2016. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk  mengetahui tingkat kelayakan produksi dan biaya produksi usaha ternak ayam broiler dengan pemberian amtabis sebagai substitusi sebagian pakan. Parameter yang diamati adalah : biaya produksi, nilai  pendapatan, keuntungan, dan kelayakan usaha. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, peningkatan persentase substitusi amtabis mengakibatkan turunnya rata-rata biaya produksi yang berimplikasi pada meningkatnya nilai rata-rata penjualan, meskipun tidak melebihi nilai penjualan pada kontrol. Substitusi amtabis pada level 2% dan 4% diperoleh nilai B/C ratio lebih kecil dari satu, sehingga ransum tersebut tidak layak digunakan dalam usaha ayam broiler. Sedangkan substitusi amtabis pada level 6% kembali meningkatkan nilai B/C ratio sama dengan satu, sehingga ransum tersebut masih layak digunakan dalam usaha ayam broiler. Finances Feasibility Analysis On Broiler Commercial Production Which Using Fermented Amtabis  To Substitute Partly Amount Of Standard Commercial Feed Abstrack - A research of finances feasibilityanalysison broiler commercial production which using fermented amtabis  to substitutepartly amount of standard commercial feed was done on Animal Science Field Laboratory of Agriculture Department of Syiah Kuala University located at Kopelma County Darussalam Banda Aceh. The research was conducted from December 4th  2015 to January 9th 2016. The research purpose was to find finances feasibilityand production cost of broiler commercial production which using fermented amtabis  to substitute partly amount of standard commercial feed. Parameters observed were productioncost, income value, profits and benefit cost ratio (B/C ratio) analysis. The research concluded that partly substituting broiler standard commercial feed with fermented amtabis nor 2% and 4% was finnancially feasible (B/C ratio <1).However, partly substituting broiler standard commercial feed with 6% fermented amtabis was finnancially feasible (B/C ratio >1)

Evaluasi Nilai Nutrisi dan Karakteristik Complete Feed Berbahan Dasar Ampas Sagu dengan Teknik Fermentasi Berbeda

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak. Penggunaan bahan pakan yang berasal dari limbah pertanian dan industri pertanian merupakan salah satu usaha untuk menekan biaya pakan. Penelitian tentang nilai nutrisi dan karakteristik fisik Complete feed berbahan dasar ampas sagu dengan teknik berbeda telah dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Universitas Syiah Kuala Darussalam Banda Aceh. Rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 3 pelakuan dan masing-masing perlakuan terdiri atas 5 ulangan. Perlakuan dalam penelitian ini adalah P1 kontrol (Complete feed tanpa penambahan SBP dan tanpa fermentasi), P2 (ampas sagu difermentasi dengan SBP selama 14 hari kemudian dicampur menjadi Complete feed dan difermentasi hingga 21 hari), dan P3 (ampas sagu + Complete feed kemudian difermentasi menggunakan SBP selama 21 hari). Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah kandungan bahan kering, serat kasar, protein kasar, lemak kasar, abu, BETN, serta karakteristik fisik pakan berupa tekstur, warna dan bau. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa teknik fermentasi mempengaruhi nilai nutrisi dan karakteristik fisik Complete feed berbahan dasar ampas sagu.  Evaluation of nutritive Values and Physical Charakteristics Complete Feed Based on Sago Residues by Application Different Technique FermentationAbstract. Utilization of feed coming from agricultural and agro-industrial by products is one of the efforts to reduce feed cost. The study about evaluation of nutritive values and physical characteristics complete feed based on sago residues by application different technique fermentations was conducted at Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam, Banda Aceh. The experiment was designed by using completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 3 treatments and 5 replications. The treatments in this study were P1 as control (complete feed without fermentation), P2 (first sago residue was fermented for 14 days, then mixed with complete feed and fermented for 21 days), P3 (sago residue and complete feed were mixed and fermented for 21 days). Parameters observed in this study were dry matter, crude fiber, crude protein, crude fat, ash and N-free extract. In conclusion, different of technique fermentation influenced nutritive values and physical characteristic of fermented complete feed on the basis of sago residues.

Administration of Various Feed Additives on Cholesterol Content of Meat and Fat Abdomen of Local Chicken (Gallus domesticus)

ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 20, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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Abstract

Cholesterol consumed more than required body will influence health problem such as arteriosklerosis and finally resulted in coronary hearth. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the concentration of cholesterol and fat abdomen local chicken administrated various levels of feed additives. Totally 200 chickens from growth study were selected for 20 chickens at the age of 90 d for further cholesterol and fat abdomen analysis. This study was designed by using completely randomized consisting of 4 treatments and 5 replications. Four treatments in this study was administration of feed additives either in the water or in the feed (A0 = control-vita chick 0.7 gram/liter; A1= 20 ml/liter probio-FM; A2= 0.08% MOS (manan-oligosakarida)/kg in feed and A3= herbal leuser KI 5 ml/liter). Variables observed in this study were the content of cholesterol and fat abdomen. All data were statistically analyzed using SPSS and differences between treatments were stated (P<0.05) by using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results of the study indicated that administration of various feed additives significantly effected (P<0.05) on the cholesterol content of breast meat of local chickens.  The average of breast meat cholesterol content was 52 mg/100g, 44 mg/100g, 43 mg/100g and  46 mg/100g for A0, A1, A2 and A3 respectively. Administration of administration of various feed additives significantly reduced (P<0.05) the percentage of fat abdomen of local chickens with the percentage of 0.78%, 0.36%, 0.27% and 0.42% for A0, A1, A2 and A3 respectively. This study concluded that administration various feed additives significantly reduced cholesterol content and the percentage of fat abdomen with the lowest of cholesterol content 43 mg/100g and the lowest percentage of fat abdomen 0.27% for prebiotic treatment.

Performans Rumput Setaria (Setaria spahcelata) yang Diberi Mikoriza Arbuskula dengan Level Berbeda

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 4 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak.  Suatu penelitian tentang efektivitas mikoriza arbuskula terhadap performans rumput  setaria (Setaria sphacelata) telah dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP) yang terletak di Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh dan Laboratorium Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Prodi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala mulai dari bulan Februari 2017 hingga April 2017. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui performans rumput setaria yang diberi mikoriza arbuskula. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri atas 4 perlakuan dengan 5 ulangan. Perlakuan L0 adalah perlakuan kontrol/tanpa pemberian mikoriza arbuskula, perlakuan L1 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 5 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, perlakuan L2 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 10 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, sedangkan  perlakuan L3 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 15 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun. Parameter yang diukur adalah tinggi tanaman, lebar daun, jumlah anakan, berat segar akar dan berat kering akar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi mikoriza arbuskula tidak berpengaruh (P>0,05)  terhadap tinggi tanaman, lebar daun, jumlah anakan, berat segar akar dan berat kering akar.The Performance of Setaria sphacelata on Different Level of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Abstract. A reaserch concerning effectivity ofarbuscular mycorrhizal applied on setaria (Setaria sphacelata) grass was conducted at Field Laboratory Peternakan (LLP) located on Utama Street Gampong Rukoh andat Nutritional Science dan Feed Technology Laboratory,Department of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University from February to April 2017. The objective of this research was to find setaria grass performance applied with arbuscular mycorrhizal. Completely Randomized Design was used in this research with 4 treatments (L0 = control/0 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L1 = 5 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L2 = 10 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, and L3 = 15 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps. Plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh root weight and dry root weight were the parameter determined. The statistical analisisindicated that there was no significant effect (P>0.05) caused by treatments on plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh root weight and dry rootweight. The results revealed that all level of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied showed no effectiveness on setaria grass performance. Abstract. A reaserch concerning effectivity ofarbuscular mycorrhizal applied on setaria (Setaria sphacelata) grass was conducted at Field Laboratory Peternakan (LLP) located on Utama Street Gampong Rukoh andat Nutritional Science dan Feed Technology Laboratory,Department of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University from February to April 2017. The objective of this research was to find setaria grass performance applied with arbuscular mycorrhizal. Completely Randomized Design was used in this research with 4 treatments (L0 = control/0 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L1 = 5 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L2 = 10 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, and L3 = 15 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps. Plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh root weight and dry root weight were the parameter determined. The statistical analisisindicated that there was no significant effect (P>0.05) caused by treatments on plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh root weight and dry rootweight. The results revealed that all level of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied showed no effectiveness on setaria grass performance.

Mineral Level Status of Copper, Magnesium, and Iron in Local Goat Serum Related to Keeping Pattern System

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 2, No 1 (2008): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This research was conducted to find out the mineral level status of Cu, Mg, and Fe in blood serum of local goats which are reared with different methods. Blood serum was taken from 15 male and 15 female goats, 15-18 month old. The goats were divided into three groups which consist of 5 males and 5 females. Three methods of caging in which most commonly conducted by local people were selected as treatments, i.e. 1) Goats are caged only at night, while in daytime (around 10.00-12.00 WIB) they are discharged freely therefore they could foraging; 2) Goat are caged at night, while in daytime (around 10.00-18.00 WIB) they are bound with rope at which they could foraging around and, the rope would be removed several times in that particular daytime; 3) Goats are released freely all day long, but they are provided with kind of place as a cage, under the house or under the tree. Blood serum was taken from every unit sample. This research revealed that there was no significant different among methods of caging on the level rates of Cu, Mg, and Fe in local goat serum. The level rates of Cu, Mg, and Fe in goats serum that was found from the research were in normal range.

Analisis Usaha Ayam Broiler yang Menggunakan Prebiotik Immuno Forte®

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Februari 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh penggunaan Prebiotik Immuno Forte® terhadap usaha ternak ayam broiler. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP) Jurusan Peternakan Universitas Syah Kuala, Banda Aceh dari tanggal 22 Agustus sampai 21 September 2015. Penelitian ini menggunakan 100 ekor DOC ayam broiler CP 707 strain arbor acres produksi PT. Charoen Pokphand. Ransum yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah ransum komersial R511 HI PRO VITEperiode starterdan R512 Bravo periode finisher. Perlakuan dalam penelitian ini adalah level Immuno forte® dalam air minum terdiri dari yang terdiri dari 5 perlakuan yaitu P0(0 mL Immuno forte®/3 L air ), P1 (0,5 mL Immuno forte®/3 L air), P2(1 mL Immuno forte®/3 L air), P3 (1.5 mL Immuno forte®/3 L air) dan P4 (2 mL Immuno forte®/3 L air). Setiap perlakuan terdiri dari 4 ulangan sehingga diperoleh 20 unit perlakuan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penambahan Immuno forte® dalam air minum selama pemeliharaan memberikan hasil yang berbeda terhadap total biaya produksi. Biaya produksi tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan P1 (Rp) 143.761, dan yang terendah P2 (Rp) 140.250, dan B/C ratio tertinggi pada P3 1,39, dan terendah pada P2, 1,24. Hasil dari penelitian ini, penggunaan Immuno forte sebagai prebiotik dalam air minum broiler pada semua perlakuan layak untuk dilanjutkan sebagai usaha ternak ayam broiler.  The Broiler Chicken Business Analysis Using Immuno Forte PrebioticsAbstract. The purpose of this experiments is to obtain the effect of prebiotic Immuno forte® on broiler enterprise. This experiment was conducted at Field Laboratory of Animal Husbandry (LLP), Animal Husbandry Department, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh from 22nd August to 21st September 2015. Totally, 100 of day old chickens (DOC) from CP 707 Strain Arbor Acres produced from PT. Charoen Pokphand were used in this study. Commercial feed of R511HI PRO VITE for starterperiod and R512Bravo for finisher was used in this experiment. This study consisted of 5 treatments and 4 replications. The treatment in this study was the level of prebiotic in the drinking water P0 (0 mL Immuno forte®/3 L in drinking water), P1 (0,5 mL Immuno forte®/3 L in drinking water), P2(1 mL Immuno forte®/3 L in drinking water), P3 (1.5 mL Immuno forte®/3 L in drinking water) and P4 (2 mL Immuno forte®/3 L in drinking water). The results of the study indicated that the level of Immuno forte®   in the drinking water significantly influenced on total production cost. The highest production costs are in treatment P1 (Rp) 143 761, and the lowest P2 (Rp) 140 250, and B / C ratio P3 highest at 1.39, and the lowest in P2, 1.24. The results of this study, the use of Immuno forte as a prebiotic in the broiler drinking water at all feasible to continue treatment as broiler chicken farming.

Produksi Hijauan Segar dan Kadar Bahan Kering Rumput Setaria (Setaria sphacelata) dengan Aplikasi Mikoriza Arbuskula pada Level Berbeda

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 4 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Suatu penelitian tentang produksi hijauan segar dan kadar bahan kering rumput setaria (Setaria sphacelata) telah dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP) yang terletak di Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh dan Laboratorium Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Prodi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala mulai dari bulan Februari 2017 hingga April 2017. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian mikoriza arbuskula terhadap produksi hijauan segar dan kadar bahan kering rumput setaria (Setaria sphacelata). Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri atas 4 perlakuan dengan 5 ulangan. Perlakuan L0 adalah perlakuan kontrol/tanpa pemberian mikoriza arbuskula, perlakuan L1 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 5 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, perlakuan L2 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 10 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, sedangkan  perlakuan L3 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 15 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun. Parameter yang diukur adalah produksi hijauan segar dan kadar bahan kering. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian mikoriza arbuskula tidak berpengaruh (P>0,05)  terhadap produksi hijauan segar dan kadar bahan kering.Fresh Forages Production and Dry Matter Content of Setaria (Setaria sphacelata) with Different Level of Arbuscular Mycorrizal ApplicationA research concerning fresh forages production and dry matter content of setaria (Setaria sphacelata) grass with different level of arbuscular mycorrizal application was conducted at Field Laboratory Peternakan (LLP) located on Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh and at Nutritional Science and Feed Technology Laboratory, Department of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University.  The research had been conducted from February until April 2017. The objective of the research was to find the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal application toward fresh forages production and dry matter content of setaria grass. Completely Randomized Design was used in this research consists of four treatments (L0 = 0 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps (control), L1 = 5 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L2 = 10 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, and L3 = 15 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps), and five replications. Fresh forages production and dry matter content were the parameter determined. Statistical analysis result indicated that there was no significant effect (P>0.05) caused by the treatments on fresh forages production and dry matter content. Therefore, the conclusion of this research was that all level of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied had no effect on setaria grass fresh production and dry matter content. A research concerning fresh forages production and dry matter content of setaria (Setaria sphacelata) grass with different level of arbuscular mycorrizal application was conducted at Field Laboratory Peternakan (LLP) located on Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh and at Nutritional Science and Feed Technology Laboratory, Department of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University.  The research had been conducted from February until April 2017. The objective of the research was to find the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizal application toward fresh forages production and dry matter content of setaria grass. Completely Randomized Design was used in this research consists of four treatments (L0 = 0 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps (control), L1 = 5 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L2 = 10 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, and L3 = 15 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps), and five replications. Fresh forages production and dry matter content were the parameter determined. Statistical analysis result indicated that there was no significant effect (P>0.05) caused by the treatments on fresh forages production and dry matter content. Therefore, the conclusion of this research was that all level of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied had no effect on setaria grass fresh production and dry matter content.

Kandungan Protein Kasar dan Serat Kasar Rumput Setaria (Setaria sphacelata) dengan Aplikasi Mikoriza Arbuskula pada Level Berbeda

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 4 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak.Suatu penelitian tentang efektivitas mikoriza arbuskula terhadap kandungan nutrisi rumput setaria (Setaria sphacelata) telah dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP) yang terletak di Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh dan Laboratorium Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Prodi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kualamulai dari bulan Januari 2017 hingga Juli 2017. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan protein kasar dan serat kasar rumput setaria yang diberi mikoriza arbuskula. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri atas 4 perlakuan dengan 5 ulangan. Perlakuan L0 adalah perlakuan kontrol/tanpa pemberian mikoriza arbuskula, perlakuan L1 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 5 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, perlakuan L2 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 10 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, sedangkan perlakuan L3 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 15 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun. Parameter yang diukur adalah kadar protein kasar dan serat kasar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi mikoriza arbuskula berpengaruh sangat nyata (P<0,01)  terhadap kandungan protein kasar dan serat kasar rumput setaria.The Crude Protein and Crude Fiber Content of Setaria sphacelata with Different Level of Arbuscular Mychorrizal ApplicationAbstract. A research regarding the effectivity of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied on setaria (Setaria sphacelata) grass was conducted at Field Laboratory Peternakan (LLP) located onJalan UtamaGampong Rukoh and at Nutritional ScienceandFeed Technology Laboratory, Department of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Agriculture Syiah Kuala University. The research had been conducted from January to July 2017. The objective of the research was to findthe crude protein and crude fiber content of Setaria sphacelataforage plant on which applied with different level of arbuscular mychorrizal. Completely Randomized Design was used in this research consists of four treatments (L0 = control/0 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L1 = 5 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L2 = 10 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, and L3 = 15 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps), and five replications. Crude protein and crude fiber content were the parameter estimated. Statistical analysis showed that there was highly significant effect (P<0,01) caused bythe treatments on crude protein and crude fiber content. The conclusion was that the different level of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied on setaria grass indicated to different result.