Mira Delima
Jurusan Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Analisa Keasaman dan Total Bakteri Asam Laktat Yogurt Akibat Bahan Baku dan Persentase Lactobacillus casei yang Berbeda

Jurnal Agripet Vol 13, No 2 (2013): Volume 13, No. 2, Oktober 2013
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

Analyze of acidity and amount of lactic acid bacteria of yogurt made from different milk types and lactobacillus casei percentageABSTRACT. The objective of this experiment is to determine the effect of milk types and percentages of Lactobacillus casei as a starter to the amount of Lactic Acid Bacteria in yogurt and its pH value and Lactic Acid value.  Factorial Completely Randomized Design with two factors and three replications was applied.  The A factor was the milk types that were a1 = Powder Milk, a2 = Fresh Milk and a3 = UHT milk.  The B factor was the percentages of Lactobacillus casei  (b1 = 5% and b2 = 10%).  Parameters observed were the level of lactic acid, the pH value of yogurt and the amount of lactic acid bacteria.  The result showed  significantly difference (P<0.01) from the use of milk types and Lactobacillus casei percentages on the lactic acid level, and there are no interaction between factors.  There was also significant different (P<0.01) showed from pH value and an interaction between both factors was presented.  In addition there was significant difference (P<0.05) showed by the amount of lactic acid bacteria, and an interaction between both factors was also existed.  The research concluded that the higher the percentage of starter, the higher the level of lactic acid and the amount of lactic acid bacteria of yogurt that made from all milk types.  On the contrary, the higher the percentage of starter, the lower the pH value of yogurt.

Kajian Potensi Limbah Pertanian Sebagai Pakan Ternak Ruminansia di Kabupaten Aceh Besar

Jurnal Agripet Vol 10, No 2 (2010): Volume 10, No. 2, Oktober 2010
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

Evaluation of the potency of agricultural by product as ruminant animal feed in aceh besar regencyABSTRACT. A research to evaluate the potency of agricultural by product as animal feed was conducted in Aceh Besar Regency from June to December 2009. The purpose of this research is to evaluate the availability of local feed from agricultural by product including its production and quality, to calculate animal capacity of ruminant animals by using animal unit (AU) based the production and quality of agricultural by product.This research was carried out by survey method. Data consist of primary and secondary data to calculate the production and quality of agricultural by products in Aceh Besar Regency. The production of agricultural by products was calculated based on dry matter, crude protein and total digestible nutrient. Animal capacity which is calculated based on agricultural by products with the following measurement ; 1 animal unit consumes dry matter with the average of 6,25 kg/day (2.282,25 kg/year), crude protein with average of 0,06 kg/day (240,9 kg/year) and total digestible nutrient with the average of 4,3 kg/day (1.569,5 kg/year).Based on the calculation was found that total of dray matter, crude protein and total digestible nutrient from agricultural by product in Aceh Besar regency was 197.510 ton, 9443,8 ton and 89.167,7 ton respectively. The capacity of ruminant animals fed from agricultural by product in Aceh Besar regency was 87.061 AU, 39.202 AU, and 57.125 AU for dry matter, crude protein and total digestible nutrient respectively. It can be concluded that Aceh Besar regency has a big potency to develop animal production by using agricultural by products. Therefore, agricultural by products in Aceh Besar regency should be used optimally.

Effect of Heat Stress on Body Weight Gain, Heterophile-Lymphocite Ratio and Body Temperature in Broiler

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 3, No 1 (2009): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Increasing in ambient temperature inside the cage could lead to heat stress in broilers. This research was conducted to find out effects of heat stress on body weight gain, heterophile-lymphocite ratio and body temperature in chicken broiler. Twenty broilers aged 20 days (strain Cobb) were randomly divided into 2 groups. The first group was treated with no heat stress, the second one was caged in 33±1 0C temperature for 4 hours per day for 14 days. The results indicated that heat stress reduced body weight gain, increased body temperature, and changed behavior, but no effect on feed conversion ratio (FCR) and heterophile-lymphocyte ratio. It suggested that the heat stress caused detrimental effects on broiler chicken.

Analisis Kelayakan Usaha Ternak Ayam Broiler yang diberi Pakan Komersil yang Substitusi dengan Amtabis

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak- Penelitian tentang Analisis Kelayakan Usaha Ternak Ayam Broiler yang diberi Pakan Komersial di substitusidengan amtabisyang difermentasi dengan Aspergillus niger  telah dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syiah Kuala yang berlokasi di Desa Kopelma Darussalam Banda Aceh. Penelitian berlangsung selama 35 hari sejak  tanggal 4 Desember 2015 sampai dengan tanggal 9 Januari 2016. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk  mengetahui tingkat kelayakan produksi dan biaya produksi usaha ternak ayam broiler dengan pemberian amtabis sebagai substitusi sebagian pakan. Parameter yang diamati adalah : biaya produksi, nilai  pendapatan, keuntungan, dan kelayakan usaha. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, peningkatan persentase substitusi amtabis mengakibatkan turunnya rata-rata biaya produksi yang berimplikasi pada meningkatnya nilai rata-rata penjualan, meskipun tidak melebihi nilai penjualan pada kontrol. Substitusi amtabis pada level 2% dan 4% diperoleh nilai B/C ratio lebih kecil dari satu, sehingga ransum tersebut tidak layak digunakan dalam usaha ayam broiler. Sedangkan substitusi amtabis pada level 6% kembali meningkatkan nilai B/C ratio sama dengan satu, sehingga ransum tersebut masih layak digunakan dalam usaha ayam broiler. Finances Feasibility Analysis On Broiler Commercial Production Which Using Fermented Amtabis  To Substitute Partly Amount Of Standard Commercial Feed Abstrack - A research of finances feasibilityanalysison broiler commercial production which using fermented amtabis  to substitutepartly amount of standard commercial feed was done on Animal Science Field Laboratory of Agriculture Department of Syiah Kuala University located at Kopelma County Darussalam Banda Aceh. The research was conducted from December 4th  2015 to January 9th 2016. The research purpose was to find finances feasibilityand production cost of broiler commercial production which using fermented amtabis  to substitute partly amount of standard commercial feed. Parameters observed were productioncost, income value, profits and benefit cost ratio (B/C ratio) analysis. The research concluded that partly substituting broiler standard commercial feed with fermented amtabis nor 2% and 4% was finnancially feasible (B/C ratio <1).However, partly substituting broiler standard commercial feed with 6% fermented amtabis was finnancially feasible (B/C ratio >1)

Evaluasi Nilai Nutrisi dan Karakteristik Complete Feed Berbahan Dasar Ampas Sagu dengan Teknik Fermentasi Berbeda

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak. Penggunaan bahan pakan yang berasal dari limbah pertanian dan industri pertanian merupakan salah satu usaha untuk menekan biaya pakan. Penelitian tentang nilai nutrisi dan karakteristik fisik Complete feed berbahan dasar ampas sagu dengan teknik berbeda telah dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Universitas Syiah Kuala Darussalam Banda Aceh. Rancangan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan 3 pelakuan dan masing-masing perlakuan terdiri atas 5 ulangan. Perlakuan dalam penelitian ini adalah P1 kontrol (Complete feed tanpa penambahan SBP dan tanpa fermentasi), P2 (ampas sagu difermentasi dengan SBP selama 14 hari kemudian dicampur menjadi Complete feed dan difermentasi hingga 21 hari), dan P3 (ampas sagu + Complete feed kemudian difermentasi menggunakan SBP selama 21 hari). Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah kandungan bahan kering, serat kasar, protein kasar, lemak kasar, abu, BETN, serta karakteristik fisik pakan berupa tekstur, warna dan bau. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa teknik fermentasi mempengaruhi nilai nutrisi dan karakteristik fisik Complete feed berbahan dasar ampas sagu.  Evaluation of nutritive Values and Physical Charakteristics Complete Feed Based on Sago Residues by Application Different Technique FermentationAbstract. Utilization of feed coming from agricultural and agro-industrial by products is one of the efforts to reduce feed cost. The study about evaluation of nutritive values and physical characteristics complete feed based on sago residues by application different technique fermentations was conducted at Laboratory of Animal Nutrition, Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam, Banda Aceh. The experiment was designed by using completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 3 treatments and 5 replications. The treatments in this study were P1 as control (complete feed without fermentation), P2 (first sago residue was fermented for 14 days, then mixed with complete feed and fermented for 21 days), P3 (sago residue and complete feed were mixed and fermented for 21 days). Parameters observed in this study were dry matter, crude fiber, crude protein, crude fat, ash and N-free extract. In conclusion, different of technique fermentation influenced nutritive values and physical characteristic of fermented complete feed on the basis of sago residues.

Administration of Various Feed Additives on Cholesterol Content of Meat and Fat Abdomen of Local Chicken (Gallus domesticus)

ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 20, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

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Abstract

Cholesterol consumed more than required body will influence health problem such as arteriosklerosis and finally resulted in coronary hearth. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the concentration of cholesterol and fat abdomen local chicken administrated various levels of feed additives. Totally 200 chickens from growth study were selected for 20 chickens at the age of 90 d for further cholesterol and fat abdomen analysis. This study was designed by using completely randomized consisting of 4 treatments and 5 replications. Four treatments in this study was administration of feed additives either in the water or in the feed (A0 = control-vita chick 0.7 gram/liter; A1= 20 ml/liter probio-FM; A2= 0.08% MOS (manan-oligosakarida)/kg in feed and A3= herbal leuser KI 5 ml/liter). Variables observed in this study were the content of cholesterol and fat abdomen. All data were statistically analyzed using SPSS and differences between treatments were stated (P<0.05) by using Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT). The results of the study indicated that administration of various feed additives significantly effected (P<0.05) on the cholesterol content of breast meat of local chickens.  The average of breast meat cholesterol content was 52 mg/100g, 44 mg/100g, 43 mg/100g and  46 mg/100g for A0, A1, A2 and A3 respectively. Administration of administration of various feed additives significantly reduced (P<0.05) the percentage of fat abdomen of local chickens with the percentage of 0.78%, 0.36%, 0.27% and 0.42% for A0, A1, A2 and A3 respectively. This study concluded that administration various feed additives significantly reduced cholesterol content and the percentage of fat abdomen with the lowest of cholesterol content 43 mg/100g and the lowest percentage of fat abdomen 0.27% for prebiotic treatment.

Performans Rumput Setaria (Setaria spahcelata) yang Diberi Mikoriza Arbuskula dengan Level Berbeda

Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 2, No 4 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Abstrak.  Suatu penelitian tentang efektivitas mikoriza arbuskula terhadap performans rumput  setaria (Setaria sphacelata) telah dilakukan di Laboratorium Lapangan Peternakan (LLP) yang terletak di Jalan Utama Gampong Rukoh dan Laboratorium Ilmu Nutrisi dan Teknologi Pakan Prodi Peternakan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala mulai dari bulan Februari 2017 hingga April 2017. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui performans rumput setaria yang diberi mikoriza arbuskula. Penelitian ini menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri atas 4 perlakuan dengan 5 ulangan. Perlakuan L0 adalah perlakuan kontrol/tanpa pemberian mikoriza arbuskula, perlakuan L1 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 5 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, perlakuan L2 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 10 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun, sedangkan  perlakuan L3 adalah perlakuan dengan pemberian 15 gr mikoriza arbuskula per rumpun. Parameter yang diukur adalah tinggi tanaman, lebar daun, jumlah anakan, berat segar akar dan berat kering akar. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi mikoriza arbuskula tidak berpengaruh (P>0,05)  terhadap tinggi tanaman, lebar daun, jumlah anakan, berat segar akar dan berat kering akar.The Performance of Setaria sphacelata on Different Level of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Abstract. A reaserch concerning effectivity ofarbuscular mycorrhizal applied on setaria (Setaria sphacelata) grass was conducted at Field Laboratory Peternakan (LLP) located on Utama Street Gampong Rukoh andat Nutritional Science dan Feed Technology Laboratory,Department of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University from February to April 2017. The objective of this research was to find setaria grass performance applied with arbuscular mycorrhizal. Completely Randomized Design was used in this research with 4 treatments (L0 = control/0 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L1 = 5 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L2 = 10 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, and L3 = 15 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps. Plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh root weight and dry root weight were the parameter determined. The statistical analisisindicated that there was no significant effect (P>0.05) caused by treatments on plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh root weight and dry rootweight. The results revealed that all level of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied showed no effectiveness on setaria grass performance. Abstract. A reaserch concerning effectivity ofarbuscular mycorrhizal applied on setaria (Setaria sphacelata) grass was conducted at Field Laboratory Peternakan (LLP) located on Utama Street Gampong Rukoh andat Nutritional Science dan Feed Technology Laboratory,Department of Animal Husbandry Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University from February to April 2017. The objective of this research was to find setaria grass performance applied with arbuscular mycorrhizal. Completely Randomized Design was used in this research with 4 treatments (L0 = control/0 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L1 = 5 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, L2 = 10 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps, and L3 = 15 gr arbuscular mycorrhizal applied per clumps. Plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh root weight and dry root weight were the parameter determined. The statistical analisisindicated that there was no significant effect (P>0.05) caused by treatments on plant height, leaf width, number of tillers, fresh root weight and dry rootweight. The results revealed that all level of arbuscular mycorrhizal applied showed no effectiveness on setaria grass performance.

Pengaruh Pemberian Urea Molease Mineral Blok terhadap Kadar Mineral Serum Sapi yang Memperlihatkan Gejala Defisiensi Mineral

Jurnal Agripet Vol 8, No 1 (2008): Volume 8, No. 1, April 2008
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

The effect of urea molasses mineral block administration on mineral deficiency content of cattle’s serum mineralABSTRACT. A study has been done to find the influence of urea molasses mineral block (UMB) on cattle. The cattle those used in the research were public cattle. The cattle applied were 12 females at the age of 12-18 months which showed mineral deficiency symptoms, and the laboratory analysis result showed that they were lack to one or more mineral element of Ca, Cu, Mg, or P in their serum. UMB was provided to the cattle in the cage all day long (ad libitum) during 3 months. Keeping of the cattle was done in the following pattern: in the evening (18.00p.m - 11.00a.m) cattle were penned, and between 11.00a.m - 18.00p.m were discharged freely in rice field, grassland, or garden, therefore they could foraging around. Blood sample was taken immediately before research was started, which was counted as day 0. It followed with day 42nd, and day 84th. The result study indicates that giving of UMB have no effect on mineral level of Ca, Cu, and Mg in the serum. However, it causes increasing the P level.

Mineral Level Status of Copper, Magnesium, and Iron in Local Goat Serum Related to Keeping Pattern System

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 2, No 1 (2008): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

This research was conducted to find out the mineral level status of Cu, Mg, and Fe in blood serum of local goats which are reared with different methods. Blood serum was taken from 15 male and 15 female goats, 15-18 month old. The goats were divided into three groups which consist of 5 males and 5 females. Three methods of caging in which most commonly conducted by local people were selected as treatments, i.e. 1) Goats are caged only at night, while in daytime (around 10.00-12.00 WIB) they are discharged freely therefore they could foraging; 2) Goat are caged at night, while in daytime (around 10.00-18.00 WIB) they are bound with rope at which they could foraging around and, the rope would be removed several times in that particular daytime; 3) Goats are released freely all day long, but they are provided with kind of place as a cage, under the house or under the tree. Blood serum was taken from every unit sample. This research revealed that there was no significant different among methods of caging on the level rates of Cu, Mg, and Fe in local goat serum. The level rates of Cu, Mg, and Fe in goats serum that was found from the research were in normal range.

Kajian Potensi Produksi Hijauan Pakan pada Lahan Eksisting dan Potensial untuk Meningkatkan Populasi Ternak Ruminansia di Kabupaten Aceh Besar

Jurnal Agripet Vol 15, No 1 (2015): Volume 15, N0. 1, April 2015
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

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Abstract

(The study of prospective forage production on existing and potential land use to support increasing livestock population in Aceh Besar) ABSTRACT. The purpose of this research was to find out the width and scattered location of existing land use which its land capability class suitable for pastures; forage production prospective, and land carrying capacity. The combination of survey and evaluation method was used in this study. The primary data were obtained by field observation and compiling documents, while the secondary data were obtained from various sources, including Bappeda Aceh, and Dinas Peternakan Aceh Besar. Land capability classification was defined based on a modified USDA method and land capability class mapping was prepared based on overlay method by geoprocessing of Geographic Information Systems. The attributes delineating land capability classification included slope, erosion potential and soil depth. Spatial and attributes data were processed using ArcGIS 9.3. Interpretation of land use map derived from satellite imagery analysis results. Brachiaria humidicola green production (tons/year) was determined by assumption-based on obtaining data from various sources. Present livestock population and increasing of population target up to 2017 were obtained from Dinas Peternakan Aceh Besar. The results showed that the existing land use area was 28,632.23 ha (59.03 %), whereas the potential land use area was 19,875.73 ha (40.97%). Land use area for pastures in the district of Aceh Besar, both existing and potential, were sufficient to support the achievement of livestock population increasing program.