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Nyoman Dayuh Rimbawan
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PROFIL SOSIAL EKONOMI PENDUDUK BALI (TINJAUAN DESKRIPTIF SELAMA KRISIS) Dayuh Rimbawan, Nyoman
PIRAMIDA Vol. 1, No. 1 April 2005
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Until now, economy of Bali has not been fully recovered from the impact of economic crisis. The recovery is more restricted by the Kuta bomb blast in the year of 2000 which is followed by decreasing of foreign tourist visit drastically. The economic crisis and the Kuta bomb blast caused several aspect of life of the community become worse, such as decreasing of per capita income, decreasing of life expectancy, and the education qualification in general is not getting better. The decreasing of social and economic life standard of the community is shown by the decreasing of Human Development Index, from 70 in 1996 become 68 in 2002.
KESEMPATAN KERJA DAN PENGANGGURAN DI PROVINSI BALI (HASIL SAKERNAS 2005) Dayuh Rimbawan, Nyoman
PIRAMIDA Vol. 2, No. 1 Juli 2006
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ABSTRACK Sampai tahun 2005 struktur perekonomian Bali dilihat dari kesempatan kerja masih berorientasi pada Sektor Pertanian. Sekitar 31 persen dari total pekerja sebanyak 1,9 juta orang terserap pada Lapangan Usaha Pertanian. Kemudian disusul berturut-turut oleh Lapangan Usaha Perdagangan, Hotel & Restoran dan Industri Pengolahan masing-masing 23 persen dan 18 persen. Enam lapangan usaha yang lain masing-masing menyerap pekerja kurang dari sepuluh persen kecuali Lapangan Usaha Jasa Kemasyarakatan sekitar 14 persen. Dari segi pendidikan, rata-rata kualitas pekerja relatif rendah. Hampir 55 persen pekerja berpendidikan tamat SD ke bawah. Di sisi lain, mereka yang pendidikannya lebih tinggi, sebagian besar tamat pendidikan menengah umum bukan kejuruan. Tingkat pengangguran (open unemployment) relatif rendah yaitu sekitar empat persen (81.748 orang). Mayoritas dari penganggur tersebut termasuk kategori mencari pekerjaan dan pengangguran putus asa. Sedangkan yang sedang mempersiapkan usaha hanya 0,5 persen. Karena batasan orang bekerja adalah bekerja minimal satu jam tanpa terputus seminggu sebelum pencacahan, maka ada indikasi justru yang tinggi adalah angka pengangguran tersembunyi, yaitu pekerja yang bekerja di bawah jam kerja normal (< 35 jam per minggu).
PROFIL LANSIA DI BALI DAN KAITANNYA DENGAN PEMBANGUNAN (Deskripsi berdasarkan hasil Supas 2005 dan Sakernas 2007) Dayuh Rimbawan, Nyoman
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 2 Desember 2008
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Discussions about lansia have been increasingly important due to the increasingnumbers of them. This is enabled by the improvement of economic and socialcondition of the society. Lansia is different from other group of people mainly in terms ofhealth and needs aspects.During 1990-2000, lansia has grown 1,8% averagely and during 2000-2005 thegrowth has increased to 2,4% to form more than 311.000 people (9,2 % of population).Description of lansia in Bali is done based on data of Population Census, Supas,and Sakernas. The result shows that most of them are not cost of development, in fact,they are development assets. This can be seen from several indicators, like (1) morethan 80% of lansia has “good” and “fair” health condition; (2) almost 80% of lansia donot need assistance in doing activities; (3) unemployment rate of lansia is very low(<1,0%). Sixty percent of working lansia are employed in agriculture sector, and the restare in trading, hotel& restaurant, and manufacturing industry respectively.
PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN KEGIATAN EKONOMI ANGKATAN KERJA DI PROVINSI BALI Dayuh Rimbawan, Nyoman
PIRAMIDA Vol. 6, No.2 Desember 2010
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Economic growth is one of macroeconomics indicators. In every developmentprocess, economic growth always becomes an important target, even though it is not a goodindicator to determine development success. A relatively high economic growth is notidentical with increase of welfare. Therefore other indicators are needed, such as povertyindex, unemployment index, income distribution, and so on.During the period of 2005-2009 Bali economic growth fluctuated with trend todecrease. It grew at of 5.61 percent in average, while nationally reached above 6.00 percent.Job opportunities increased, but this was due to half-employment (work less than 35hours/week) and unpaid employment.Poverty index also decreased, but it was not the case in rural areas. This might becaused by a huge worker productivity gap among job fields. For instance, productivity perworker in agriculture ranks eight out of nine job fields.All facts mentioned above show that Bali economics growth has not been optimum, inwhich 50 percent was contributed by household consumption and less than 10 percent byinvestment. Optimum growth will be achieved if most activities are pushed by investment.
POLA MIGRASI DAN KARAKTERISTIK MIGRAN BERDASARKAN HASIL SENSUS PENDUDUK 2010 DI PROVINSI BALI Sudibia, Ketut; Dayuh Rimbawan, Nyoman; Adnyana, Ida Bagus
PIRAMIDA Vol 8, No. 2 Desember 2012
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The population of Bali tends to increase from one period to another period. It’s shown from the result of population census, namely volkstelling that conducted in 1930 in the era of Dutch colonial until the latest population census in 2010. During the New Order era the government succeeded to control the population growth  which had been decreased from 1.71 percent per year during the period of 1971 to 1980 became 1.18 percent per year during the period of 1980 to 1990. This success was also supported by the decrease of fertility and mortality rates, and it’s still continuing until the regional autonomy era today. On the other hand the migration stream to Bali tends to increase, making this as determinating the high population growth achieving 2.15 percent per year along the period of the year 2000 to 2010. The objectives of this study are (1) to analyze population migration in Bali Province based on the population census in 2010; and (2) to analyze the characteristics of in-migration to Bali Province based on the population census the year 2010. The benefits of this study are (1) to provide inputs for the policy makers in the population field, especially in population migration and development aspects; and (2) to enhance the treasury of science, especially that closely related to migration study in Bali. The data sources that are used in this study are available from secondary data, especially from recent migration data that were collected in population census in 2010. Moreover, data are analyzed descriptively, by using frequency tables and cross tabulation. Findings of this study include (1) the recent in-migrant to Bali Province based on the result of population census in 2010 tended to compared to the data of population census in 2000; (2)  the pattern of recent in-migration to Bali in 2010, is not significantly different compared to the data of population census in 2000; (3) the patterns of recent out-migration from the result of population census in 2000 was the same as those of 2010; (4) the highest proportion recent in-migration stream to Bali came from East Java; (5) the selectivity factors of recent in-migrants are characterized in majority by people in productive ages, better educated people, and male; and (6) the majority of recent in-migrant are absorbed in the formal sector, however the majority of non-migrant are absorbed in the informal sector.
PENGARUH PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI TERHADAP KESEMPATAN KERJA (KASUS PROVINSI BALI, 2001--2011) Dayuh Rimbawan, Nyoman
PIRAMIDA Vol 8, No. 2 Desember 2012
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Job opportunities are considered as one of important targets in each phase of development process. Job opportunities are highly related to economic growth. The relation is expected to be positive, meaning that the higher the economic growth the more job available. Therefore it is important to ensure the high rate of economic growth. However, economic growth and job opportunities are not always in line, even though the economic growth is high job opportunities grow slower. Consequently, many workforces stay unemployed and increase poverty level. During 2001 – 2011 the economy of Bali grew 5.57 percent per year in average, but job opportunities only grew 3.36 percent. Job opportunity elasticity and ILOR are the methods that can be used to describe the effect of economic growth on job opportunities creation. In the period of 2001 – 2011 the job opportunity elasticity of Bali was less than one. This means that the capability of economic growth to create job opportunities is low. ILOR rate for the period in average was less than 10.000 persons. Thus in Bali poor people are still found, about 2.3 percent per year; income distribution is also imbalanced which is shown by the increasing Gini Ratios. The low creations of job opportunities in Bali are due to: (1) Bali economic growth is mainly supported by consumption expenditures; (2) distribution of the use of GDP is dominated by consumption expenditures (71 percent) while investment reaches only 27 percent; and (3) in each year regional budget always earns a surplus (called SiLPA) which reflects unproductive funds.