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Heterosis dan Daya Gabung Karakter Agronomi Cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) Hasil Persilangan Half Diallel Daryanto, Ady; Sujiprihati, Sriani; Syukur, Muhamad
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 38, No 2 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

<!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:Calibri; panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1073750139 0 0 159 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin-top:0cm; margin-right:0cm; margin-bottom:10.0pt; margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:IN; mso-no-proof:yes;} @page Section1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> The objective of this research was to study heterosis and heterobeltiosis effects of fi  fteen chili genotypes (Capsicum annuum L.), the general combining ability (GCA) and specifi  c combining ability (SCA) of six chili inbred lines through half diallel crosses. The experiment was conducted from November 2008 to June 2009 using a Randomized Complete Block Design with three replications at IPB experimental fi  eld, Leuwikopo, Darmaga. Heterosis values were predicted based on the average values of their parents whereas heterobeltiosis were predicted based on the average values of the highest parents. Analyses GCA and SCA were based on the Griffi  ng’s fi xed model of diallel design method II. Genotype IPB C2 had  the highest GCA for fruit weight and fruit length. Genotype IPB C15 had the highest GCA for yield per plant and percentage of marketable fruit. Hybrid IPB C2 x IPB C14 and IPB C9 x IPB C14 had the highest heterosis, heterobeltiosis, and SCA for all fruit characters and yield per plant. Keywords: chili, hybrid, heterobeltiosis, yield.
Pewarisan Sifat Ketahanan Cabai terhadap Infestasi Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Daryanto, Ady; Syukur, Muhamad; Maharijaya, Awang; Hidayat, Purnama
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol 8, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia dan Departemen Agronomi dan Hortiluktura

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Abstract

ABSTRACTAphis gossypii Glover is one of the major pests of chili pepper and can cause damage up to 65% when the population is not controlled. The objective of this research was to elucidate the genetic control of resistance inheritance character of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.) to A. gossypii. Set a population of six generations (P1, P2, F1, F2, BCP1, BCP2 was established from a cross between IPB C20 (resistant parent) with IPB C313 (susceptible parent). Choice test based experiments was applied with two aphids per leaf on a five-week-old seedlings. The results showed that based on number of individual aphids per plant, segregation of resistance and susceptibility characters in the F2 fitted to the normal distribution, indicated that resistance controlled by polygenic genes. Subsequently based of scaling test analysis, resistance characteristics based on the number of aphids per plant categorized overdominan against resistant parent and controlled by many genes. Genes effect for controlling resistance to A. gossypii infestation was recessive. Broad-sense heritability was relatively large for the infestation of aphids per plant, aphids per leaf, and winged aphids while the narrow sense heritability relatively very low on the infestation aphids per plant and per leaf, indicated by the dominant variance was greater than additive variance.Keywords: action genes, Capsicum annuum, dominant varience, heritabilityABSTRAKKutudaun Aphis gossypii Glover adalah salah satu hama pengganggu penting dalam produksi tanaman cabai. Saat populasi kutudaun tidak terkendali dapat menyebabkan kerusakan tanaman cabai hingga 65%. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mempelajari kendali genetik pewarisan sifat ketahanan cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) terhadap infestasi A. gossypii. Set populasi enam generasi (P1, P2, F1, F2, BCP1, BCP2) dibentuk dari persilangan tetua P1 (IPB C20) dengan nilai infestasi rendah dan tetua P2 (IPB C313) yang bernilai infestasi tinggi. Metode skrining yang digunakan adalah choice test. Jumlah kutudaun yang diinfestasikan adalah dua ekor per daun pada bibit berumur lima minggu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karakter ketahanan cabai terhadap infestasi kutudaun berdasarkan jumlah A. gossypii per tanaman ialah tetua rentan overdominan terhadap tetua tahan dan dikendalikan oleh banyak gen. Gen-gen pengendali ketahanan terhadap infestasi A. gossypii adalah resesif. Nilai heritabilitas arti luas tergolong besar untuk infestasi kutudaun per tanaman, kutudaun per daun, dan kutudaun bersayap, sedangkan heritabilitas arti sempit tergolong sangat rendah pada infestasi kutudaun per tanaman dan per daun yang ditunjukkan oleh proposi ragam dominan lebih besar dibandingkan ragam aditif.Kata kunci: aksi gen, Capsicum annuum, heritabilitas, ragam dominan
Diallel Analysis of Chili Pepper Resistance to Melon Aphid (Aphis gossypii Glover) Infestation in Seedling Phase Daryanto, Ady; Syukur, Muhamad; Maharijaya, Awang; Hidayat, Purnama
Agrotech Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2018): Agrotech Journal (ATJ)
Publisher : Universitas Sembilanbelas November Kolaka

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Abstract

Aphis gossypii Glover is one of important insect pest in Indonesia. Genetic analysis of resistance to A. gossypii is required in plant breeding program to obtain host-plant resistance cultivar. Diallel analysis was used to estimate genetic parameters for chili pepper resistance to A. gossypii infestation in early generation. The objective of this research was to estimate genetic parameters of chili pepper resistance to A. gossypii infestation with diallel crossing design. The F1 and parent plants were arranged in randomized competed block design with three replication. Resistance lines was measured using choice test laboratory screening techniques. Two aphids were infested per plant and stopped 12 days after first infestation. Different lines respond was detected as shown by significant numbers of aphid per leaf, total aphid per plant, and total winged aphid per plant. There were no maternal effect and resistance were controlled by recessive and polygenic genes. Gene effects for resistance to aphid’s infestation were additive and dominance. Dominance effect larger than additive effects. Broad-sense heritability values were high but narrow-sense heritability values were very low