Articles

Risk Management Strategy on Shallot Farming in Bantul and Nganjuk Regency Hasan, Fuad; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Masyhuri, Masyhuri; Adiyoga, Witono
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2016): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to understand farmers’ perception to risk and risk management strategy on shallot farming. The research was conducted in Bantul and Nganjuk Regency. The number of samples taken were 57 farmers in Bantul and 90 farmers in Nganjuk. Analysis used was frequency table that disaggregate based on agroecosystem and cropping pattern. The result showed that according to farmers’ perception, production and price risk were high. Farmer's decision to follow dominant cropping pattern and production system reflected on the ex ante risk management strategies done by the farmers as their own respection. In the interactive risk management strategies, farmers tended to use chemical fertilizers over chemical pesticides. In ex post risk management strategy, in the failure of shallot farming, they kept cultivating shallot that their capital got on cash and input for shallot farming.
Analysis of Rice Price Trend and Vertical Integration of Rice Market in Indonesia Kusumaningsih, Asih; Jamhari, Jamhari; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2016): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

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Abstract

The aims of this study were (1) to determine the trend of retail rice price in Indonesia and the price of grain at the farmer level in Indonesia and (2) to identify the vertical integration of the rice market in Indonesia. The monthly data of retail rice price and the price of grain at the farmer level (price of harvested dried grain at the farmer level) in Indonesia during January 2008 - January 2016 were used in this study. The least squares method was applied to determine the trend of prices, while Co-integration Model of Engle-Granger and ECM was used to estimate the vertical integration of Indonesian rice market. The results indicated that both types of prices had an upward trend. In the analysis of the vertical integration of rice market in Indonesia, there was a long-term balance relationship and short-term equilibrium relationship.
The Export Strategy of PT. Dagsap Endura Eatore Yogyakarta for Entering Asean International Market Wijayanto, Khusaini; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Waluyati, Lestari Rahayu
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 3 (2016): December
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the position of PT. Dagsap Endura Eatore Yogyakarta and to formulate the export strategy to enter the international market of ASEAN. The primary and secondary data were used in this study. The SWOT analysis, consisted of four indicators i.e strengths, weakness, opportunities, and threats, was used for analysis data. The results showed that the total of weighting score for force factor of PT. Dagsap Endura Yogyakarta Eatore was 4.45; the vulnerability factor was 4.07; odds factor was 4.70; and threats factor was 4.11. The current PT. Dagsap Endura Eatore Yogyakarta is in quadrant 1 (one) SWOT matrix that supports an aggressive growth policy (Growth Oriented Strategy). Export strategy for PT. Dagsap Endura Eatore Yogyakarta should use the power, so that it can seize the export opportunities to enter the international market of ASEAN.
Consumer Willingness to Pay of Organic Rice and The Factors which Affected in Pontianak Setiyadi, Heru; Hartono, Slamet; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 3 (2016): December
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

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Abstract

Organic rice is claimed as one of staples food alternative choice. Consuming organic rice is not only about fulfilling the quality needs but also a part of life style. Organic rice is also available in many modern retails in Pontianak so that it is affordable enough to be consumed by Pontianak’s residents. The aims of study were to analyze Willingness To Pay (WTP) of consumers with Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) and find factors affected consumers WTP value of organic rice . Primary data were collected during March to April 2016 and analyzed by multiple regression. The samples of Pontianak’s residents were used as respondents. The result showed that willingness to pay rate of organic rice in Pontianak was low. The age, price of organic rice, ergonomic packaging, respondent expenditure in month, and non-organic rice price affected WTP  with marked positive, while marital status factor had negative marked.
Analysis of Soybean Availability in Indonesia Natalia, Grace; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Hartono, Slamet
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2017): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine the factors affected the soybean availability in Indonesia. This study used secondary data obtained from FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), World Bank, and the Ministry of Finance. In this study, the data from 1964 to 2013 used to determine the factors affected soybean availability in Indonesia . The Error Correction Model (ECM) was used to determine the factors affected soybean availability. The results showed that (1) the data were stationary at first difference; (2) the data used co-integrated means long-term parameters; (3) ECT coefficient was 0.846 (significant at α = 5%) indicated the model used was valid. Soybean availability in Indonesia in the short term was positively influenced by the total planted area, total soybean consumption, and soybean import tariffs. In the long term, soybean availability in Indonesia was positively influenced by the total planted area, productivity of soybean, domestic soybean prices, soybean consumption, and rupiah exchange rate to dollar. In the long-term, availability of soybeans was negatively affected by the price of imported soybean.
KEBIJAKAN PEMERINTAH DAERAH DALAM PENGENTASAN KEMISKINAN MELALUI PEMBANGUNAN DAN PENGELOLAAN IRIGASI Damayanti, Lien; Hartono, Slamet; Hardyastuti, Suhatmini; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi
AGROLAND Vol 18, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : AGROLAND

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In the current era, government has facilitated, trained and supported the implementation ofirrigation development and management providing maximum opportunities to any region, bybringing forward the initiative, capacity, and the regional authority concerned in accordance withthe economic and decentralization spirits. However, based on the present data, it is suggested thatirrigation improvement program has not been able to absolutely alleviate poverty because irrigationis only one of supporting capitals in farming system. The research was conducted in ParigiMoutong from March 2009 to December 2010. Data was collected through survey aimed at: (1)analyzing poverty incidence and gap; (2) identifying government policy on irrigation developmentand management. The research results showed that: (1) based on the poverty incidences and gapanalysis, Torue and South Parigi sub districts had populations of poor people of 55.89 and 49.36%,respectively, (2) the Central Sulawesi governmental policy on Water Resources and IrrigationSector Management Program (WISMP) has been running for 3 years, which is currently a priorityprogram in managing water/irrigation resources. Its implementation is needed in order tosuccesfully create self-supported farmers in participative irrigation management by activelyinvolving water user farmer groups (WUFG) directed to foster the sense of belonging. Thus,responsibility transfer in management can run smoothly and the realization of efficient, effectiveand sustainable irrigation based on self-supported farmer community belong to WUFG isachievable. The WISMP can reduce the poverty level 5% but it was not significant in alleviating povertyKata kunci : Irrigation, poverty, regional government policy.
ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI IMPOR BERAS INDONESIA Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Rahayu, Endang Siti
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 23, No 1 (2008): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

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Abstract

Most of all developing countries including Indonesia gave serious enough attention to overcome incursion import and also low import price problem. In many cases, low import product price into a state will have several bad effects to agriculture industry, rural development and employment. This research aims are (1) to know and analyze factors influence to rice import and (2) to know elasticity of rice import variable. The research use time series data, with secondary data type starting 1969-2004 year which collected from various archives or publication from Department of Agriculture, Statistical Bureau Center, BULOG, FAO, IRRI and relevant publication with this research. Analysis method used by econometric with OLS (Ordinary Least Square). Because of used time series data for the estimation, so will be test stationer of variable in data analysis (Koutsoyiannis, 1978). And than testing for degree of integration and to see long-range and short-range model used ECM Engle-Granger, 1997 (Insukindro, 2002).Conclusion of the research are (1) factors influence rice import is previous year import factor in short-range and long-range, despitefully rice import on a long term influenced also by earnings, (2) elasticity of previous year rice import in short-range 0,77 (inelastic) and on a long-range 0,40 (inelastic), while earnings elasticity is 13,5 (elastic). Research implication to depress rice import is substitution rice with higher value level of commodity.
Patterns and Determinant Factors Of Arabica Coffee’s Marketing Margin In Ngada Regency Mau, Maria Clara; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Masyhuri, Masyhuri Masyhuri
Agro Ekonomi Vol 29, No 1 (2018): JUNI 2018
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Coffee is one of the essential plantation commodities in the development process of plantation sub-sector. Ngada Regency is one of the coffee producers in East Nusa Tenggara Province. Coffee in Ngada Regency becomes one of the plantation commodities that conceive high potential to be developed. This research aims to discover the established marketing channel pattern, factors  influencing marketing margin of Arabica coffee, and the quantity of price received by farmers the in Ngada Regency. The respondents in this research were 59 farmers who were derived randomly and 10 merchants who were derived from snowball sampling technique. This research used  interview with a questionnaire as supporting tools in collecting the data. This research analyzed the data descriptively and multiple regression analysis was also conducted through Ordinary Least Square method. The analysis results show that (1) the established marketing channel pattern of Arabica coffee in Ngada Regency are channel I: Farmers - Product Processing Unit – PT. Indocom (sold in the form of red logs coffee that is processed into Hard Skin coffee), channel II: Farmers – PT. Indocom (sold in the form of Hard Skin coffee) and channel III: Farmers – Collected Traders – Retailers – Consumer (sold in the form of coffee beans). (2) The factors that influence the marketing margin are marketing volume and marketing cost. The distance and coffee processing do not have any significant influence towards the marketing margin. (3) The marketing channel that conceives high value of farmer’s share is the marketing channel II.   
Leading Commodities of Livestock Subsector in Riau Islands Province Misbah, Ahmad; Mulyo, Jangkung Handoyo; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi
Agro Ekonomi Vol 29, No 2 (2018): DESEMBER 2018
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the leading commodities of livestock subsector in Riau Islands Province and to find out its growth structure. Location quotient (LQ), dynamic location quotient (DLQ), Klassen Typology (KT) and shift-share analysis (SSA) were applied in the analysis. The results at the subsector level shows that livestock becomes the leading subsector of agriculture in Riau Islands Province. At the commodity level, the livestock commodities used as research objects are selected based on relatively dominant production in Riau Islands Province, so it is expected to meet the representation in subsector. The selected commodities are: pig, broiler, cattle, goat, duck and egg of layer chicken. Pigs are the leading commodity in the livestock subsector in the Riau Islands Province. The growth structure of the livestock subsector is entirely positive in the economy. Livestock subsector has become the biggest contributor of GDP growth in agriculture sector in Riau Islands Province. All growth components of this subsector are positive and categorized in quadrant I (rapid growth) Klassen Typology. Likewise at the commodity level, the growth structure of leading commodities (pigs) are the same as the subsector level.
The Study of Leading Subsector and Leading Commodities of Agricultural in Anambas Islands Regency, Riau Islands Province Marina, Marina; Darwanto, Dwidjono Hadi; Masyhuri, Masyhuri
Agro Ekonomi Vol 29, No 1 (2018): JUNI 2018
Publisher : Department of Agricultural Socio-Economics Faculty of Agriculture Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Indonesian government is currently implementing regional development emphasizing on the characteristic and potential strength of each region. This program will be more optimal if conducted based on the introduction of the leading potential along with its use by maintaining the environmental sustainability. This research is aimed to (1) identify the basis/leading and non-basis/non-leading of agricultural sub-sector and its commodities; (2) to classify the pattern of sub-sector growth and agricultural commodities. The data used was time series consisting of secondary data from Anambas Islands Gross Regional Domestic Product (GRDP) in accordance with the basic constant price in 2010 and the production value data of agricultural commodity during 2010-2015. The data analysis by Location Quotient (LQ) and Typology Klassen method. The analysis result shows that the sub-sectors of food crops, plantation, and fishery are the basis sub-sector (LQ > 1). The commodities of wetland paddy, sweet potato, mustard, water spinach, spinach, pineapple, banana, coconut, clove, cow (cattle) and kampong chicken are the basic commodities (LQ > 1). According to the analysis of Klassen Typology, the sub-sectors of food crops and plantation crops are included in leading and fast-growing classification (rik  > riand Yik> Yi), while the commodities of wetland paddy, sweet potato, mustard, spinach, and coconut are included in the leading and fast-growing commodities.
Co-Authors . Irham, . Agatha Wahyu Widati, Agatha Wahyu Ananti Yekti, Ananti Anik Sri Rahayu, Anik Sri Anjani, Septi Rostika Any Suryantini Ardiyanto Ardiyanto Aristiyana Nur Tri Wardani, Aristiyana Nur Tri Aziz Ely, Aziz Banyu Riatiga, Banyu Cecep Suhardedi, Cecep Daroni Daroni, Daroni Dian Eswin Wijayanti, Dian Eswin Dwi Iriana, Dwi Dwi Purnomo Dwi Utari Indah Nurhandayani, Dwi Utari Indah Endang Siti Rahayu Fadilah, Ilma Faoeza Hafiz Saragih, Faoeza Hafiz Farid Styawan, Farid Fiska Rahmawati, Fiska Fuad Hasan Grace Natalia Hanifah Erma Ratnasari Usada, Hanifah Erma Ratnasari Ilma Sarimustaqiyma Rianse, Ilma Sarimustaqiyma Imelda Imelda Irham Irham Isdiana Suprapti Isti Nuryati, Isti Ivan's, Eny Jamhari Jamhari Jangkung Handoyo Mulyo Jhon Wardie, Jhon Joko Triastono, Joko Ken Suratiyah Khasanah, Ukhwatul Kusumaningsih, Asih Lagana, Christy Adeleine LANTARSIH, RETNO Lestari Rahayu Waluyati Lien Damayanti Lulan, Prischa Marina Marina Mashyuri, Mashyuri Masyhuri . Masyhuri Masyhuri Masyhuri, Masyhuri Masyhuri Mau, Maria Clara Misbah, Ahmad Moch. Maksum, Moch. Mudjijono Mudjijono, Mudjijono Muhamad Hirzan Hadi Muslim, Muhamad Hirzan Hadi Muhammad Naufal, Muhammad Muhjidin Mawardi MULYO, JANGKUNG HANDOYO Natelda Rosaldiah Timisela Niniek Dyah Kusumawardani Nur Chasanah Nur Fitriana Nurul Trya Wulandari, Nurul Trya Pramusintho, Bagus Pratiwi, Liana Fatma Leslie Prawithasari, Roro Ernia Putu Sudira Rencia Aggraini, Rencia Resyuli Rahman, Resyuli Retno Lantarsih Rika Fitri Ilvira, Rika Fitri Rustan Massinai Salqaura, Siti Sabrina Sandi Budi Arta, Sandi Budi Saragih, Faoeza Hafis Senendar, Sunendar Septika Arifianti, Septika Setiyadi, Heru Sigit Andy Cahyono, Sigit Andy Sipri Paramita, Sipri Slamet Hartono Sofyan P Warsito Sofyan Partidjo Warsito, Sofyan Partidjo Sri Budhi Lestari, Sri Budhi Sri Widodo Subejo Subejo Suhatmini Hardyastuti Supriyanto Supriyanto Sutrilah Sutrilah, Sutrilah Syikhristani, Syikhristani Teguh Endah Saraswati Toni Kuswoyo, Toni Tri Sunu Budi Artha, Tri Sunu Budi umi barokah Wahyu Andayani Wibisono, Olivia Esteevani Widodo Widodo Wijayanto, Khusaini Witono Adiyoga Yogi Pradeksa, Yogi Yuminarti, Umi