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Journal : JOURNAL OF LAW AND GOVERMENT SCIENCE

CONSTRUCTION OF NATIONALISM ON PAPUAN COLLEGE STUDENT IN SURABAYA IN MULTICUTURALISM PERSPECTIVE Darsono, Darsono
JOURNAL OF LAW AND GOVERNMENT SCIENCE Vol 1, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Universitas Ubudiyah Indonesia

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Abstract

This research is motivated by the upsurge of inter-ethnic tensions in Indonesia relations, the demands of ethnic independence, double nationalism of Papuans, and various activities of Papuan college students who come into contact with leading political and cultural demands for independence. The focuses of myresearch is (1) essential-primordial elements are constructed, (2) the factors that influence the development of Papuan nationalism construction, (3) the construction process Papuan nationalism, and (4) the meaning of nationalism Papua on Papuan college students in Surabaya in the perspective of multiculturalism.To examine these focuses, Iused the theory of constructive nationalism multiculturalism perspective. Following theorists of nationalism constructive thoughts Hobsbawm (1990) with "invented tradition", Anderson (1983) "imagined political community", Gellner (1983; 1987; 1994) "fabrication as true community", and Kedourie (1993) "nationalism as a movement "social entities and social identity as a people (nation) is something that is constructed. These theories used in the perspective of multiculturalism Parekh (2000) that promote cross-cultural dialogue on the basis of cultural diversity, that coexistence is not only principled, but pro-existence. Structuralism theory by de Saussure and post-structural of Barthes and deconstruction of Derrida, and as well as post-colonial Orientalism of  Said (1978) was also used.  As a form of qualitative research with the social definition paradigm, this research uses ethnographic approach (Fetterman, 2010) with the emic-ethic perspective. By taking location in Surabaya, data were collected from 35college students from Papua with observation techniques, in-depth interviews either directly, by phone, or e-mail, focus of group discussion (FGD), and surf the internet, the blogs, facebooks, and twitter are related to their activity.The resulting findings can be summarized as follows. Consciousness as a nation and a stronger Papuan nationalism is constructed on the essential elements of the primordial. This construction is influenced by various factors, namely awareness of students as agents of change, colonization by mass transmigration process, the exploitation of natural resources, marginalization of indigenous Papuans, and the violence and human rights violations. Papuan nationalism construction proceeds through the development of Papuan college student organization that later became the pioneer rejection of government programs, international contacts, and demands for independence. Papuan nationalism is as a meaningful cultural reorientation and development of modern Papua.Keywords: Papuan nationalism, multiculturalism,Papuan college students, construction, reorientation of political-cultural, multicultural-nationalism-constructive
Co-Authors A. Sudirman, A. Acepudin, Acepudin Ade Ayu Eres Setyarini, Ade Ayu Eres Ade Kurniawan Ade Pradana, Gita Adei Saputra, Adei Adelina Hasyim Adha Nur Hidayat, Adha Nur Adhysti Kartika Zamira Adi Baskara Perwira, Adi Adinda Ageng Syahputri, Adinda Ageng Afnan, Fauzi Agnes Carolina Agung Pramudito, Agung Agung Prihatmojo, Agung Agus Pujianto Agustira, Ines Agustono Agustono, Agustono Ahmad Rifan, Ahmad Ahmad Sudirman Aisyah Yohanella, Aisyah Akhmad Rasyid Syahputra, Akhmad Rasyid Akhsani Lubis Dwi Saputra, Akhsani Lubis Alben Ambarita Aldona Meylina Manalu, Aldona Meylina ali wijayanto Allantara, Rio Dedi Andika Nugroho Sulistianto, Andika Nugroho Angrayana, David Anik Sunarni Apriliani Rahmawati Apriyani Apriyani Apriyani, Cici Apriyanti Apriyanti Apriyanti, Bunga Ardhi Yudisthira Ariadi, Ariadi Arif Wibawa, Fajri Arisandi, Tiras Adi Arwin Surbakti Asmaul Khair Astuti, Natalia Kris Tri Atmoko, Yulius Kristian Tri Ayu Astira Ayu Silvia Febriani Ayuningrum, Yessy Azka Falaih Rizqiyana, Azka Falaih B. Sampurna Jaya, M. Thoha Bahar Triono Budi Legowo Budianto, Anwar Caswita Caswita Cherleyrian Ningsih Christa Evandini Cut Rohani Dapat Syahputra, Dapat Darmanto Darmanto Darmawi, Ahmad Darwanto Darwanto Daryanta Daryanta Deasy Vivta Rini Dedi Firmanto, Dedi Delima Sari, Irlani Aprida Desi Susanti Desy Mauliya, Desy Deviyanti Pangestu Devy Larasati Sukoco Dewi Sri Leni Indah DEWI WULANSARI Dhedy Handono Diah Nuraini Dian Erika Wati Diana Hariani dina rosita Doni Andeska Dumanika Rizky Bimasakti, Dumanika Rizky Dwi Ariyani Dwi Mawarti Dwi Setyo Putri, Ragil Dwi Yulia Sari, Dwi Yulia Dwinanda Harsa, Dwinanda Eddy Purnomo Edi Basuki Edy Purnomo Eka Dewi Nurjayanti Elsa Destriyani, Elsa Enden Sopa Sopiyana Eni Setianingsih Eny Lestari Erlina Rufaidah Erlyna Wida Riptanti Erni Mustakim Febra Anjar Kusuma, Febra Anjar Febrintina S, Dian Fenny Rita Fiantik, Fenny Rita Ferdesi Hanafia FITRI ANA Fitrianingsih Fitrianingsih Fitrihandayani, Anis Gusnetty Jayasinga, Gusnetty H., Yulina Habibatussolikhah, Annisa Titias Hambali Hambali Harsojo Harsojo Hastuti, Mistin Kusuma Hendry Susanto Heri Usmanto Heri Wahono herman, mey zulfia Herpratiwi Herpratiwi Hery Pratiknyo Hidayatullah Hidayatullah himmatul Aliyah, himmatul Hudawati, Deniq Hudayawan, Riza Nor Hurustiati Hurustiati Iding, Iding Ignatius Sulistyo Ika Santia Imam Widhiono Irawan Suntoro Irtanti Retno Astuti Iskandar Syah Iskandar, Sudrajat Ismiati Marfuah Rochmat, Ismiati Marfuah Jatmiko Jatmiko Jaya Wijaya JOKO SUSANTO Joko Sutrisno Juang Kurniawan Syahruzah Kartika, Leli Kesuma Wardani Kharisma Idola Arga Khasanah, Meyla Khumaida, Nosya Fachrizadini Kinayung, Satria Koesuma, Sorja Kosyi Hadi Prayogo, Kosyi Hadi Kusuma, Damar Yoga Kusumawardani, Zarra Aulia Lasri, Lasri Leny Marlina Lessie Novitasari, Lessie Lestari, Yulita Dwi Lia Dwi Arinda, Lia Dwi Linawati, Anissa Listanti, Sinta Nur Rizqi Loliyana Loliyana M Thoha BS Jaya, M Thoha M. Thoha B.S. Jaya M.Thoha B.S Jaya, M.Thoha B.S Made Sumarti Kardha Made Sumarti, Made Mardalena, Ni Nyoman Maria Claudia Karina Marsongko Marsongko, Marsongko Maryani Maryani Mastina, Lisda Metri Setyaning Komalasari Minar Ferichani Mirzan T. Razzak Mochamad Ibnu Harris, Mochamad Mohd. Harisudin Mugiadi Mugiadi Muhajir, Faisal Muhammad Fajar Maulana Muhammad Fathul Anwar, Muhammad Fathul Muhammad Iqbal Birsyada, Muhammad Iqbal Muhammad Oktavian Kristiana Muhammad Ramadhan Muji Desy Susanty Muncarno Muncarno Na’im, Azizun Zuhudatin Nazaruddin Wahab Nelly Astuti Ni Luh Ketut Shanti Antik Safitri, Ni Luh Ketut Shanti Antik Nia Susilo Wardani Noca Yolanda Sari Novia Ayu Puspitasari Nugroho, Novian Trio Nur Cahyonowati Nuraini, Tumang Nurhayat Nurhayat, Nurhayat Nurjayanti, .Eka Dewi Nurmalena, Nurmalena Nurudin Nurudin Octiara, Dwinta Ovita, Dhea Pamuji, Iska Aditya Pargito Pargito Parwono Parwono Prabowo, Hanif Imam Prama Handitya Wardhana Pramedita, Cindy Pujiati Pujiati Purnama Sari Putri Nurul Aini, Putri Nurul Putri Permatasari, Putri Putu Ayu Dahliawati R Gunawan Sudarmanto R. Gunawan Sudarmanto Raden Gunawan Sudarmanto Rahmat Diyanto, Rahmat Rahmawati, Shanti Eka Ramadhani, Achmad Rapani Rapani Ratri Dian Hestuningrum Ratri, Lintang Dianing Ravel, Ravel Rheza Rahadhitya, Rheza Rian Suryo Darmawan Rini Asnawati Risma Margaretha Sinaga Ristiana Ristiana Riswanti Rini Riyani Riyani Riyanto M. Taruna Riza Damayanti Rizky Agung Pratiwi, Rizky Agung Rizky Ariawan Ramadan, Rizky Roseanna Febriyani Rosmalina, Putu Rusdawati, Mala Rusmini, Rosalia Saefurrochman Saefurrochman Saifullah Saifullah Sanun Sanun, Sanun Saputro, Setiyawan Adi Sarengat Sarengat Sari Puspa Dewi, Sari Puspa Sari, Dwi Novita Sari, Ni Made Sukerti Satria Nugroho, Satria Sella Pramesta, Sella Septa Inda Yuli Septi Arianingsih Septianto, Rizki Serli Birlina, Serli Setyaningsih, Fitri Setyarso Herlambang, Setyarso Setyowati Setyowati Sibarani, Gianti Siddiq Dharmadi Siswanta, Siswanta Siswantoro Siswantoro Siswati Handayani Sisworo Sanjaya Siti Rachmah Siti Rachmah Sofiani Sitta Kurniawati Sowiyah Sowiyah Sri Lisdayeni, Sri sri marwanti Sri Maryati Sri Murniasih Sri Wahyuni Sucipto Sucipto Sudartoyo, Sudartoyo Sudjarwo Sudjarwo Sugara, Okinando Sugeng Pamudji Sugianti, Hanifah Feni Sugiarto Danu Sugiman Sugiman Sugiyanto Sugiyanto Suhardi Suhardi Suhardiansyah Suhardiansyah Suhartono Suhartono Sukana, Asep Sukirno Sukirno Sulistiasih Sulistiasih Sultan Djasmi SUMADI SUMADI Sunardi Sunardi Supanggyo Supanggyo Suprapti Supardi Suprapto Suprapto Supriyadi Supriyadi Suri, Ima Suripto Suripto Susi Wuri Ani Sutiarahmah, Ridha Suwarjo Suwarjo Suyamto Suyamto Syuaibah Yoswinda Floren, Syuaibah Yoswinda Taufik Taufik Tedi Rusman Tiara Nurbaiti, Tiara Tri Darmawati, Tri Trisnaningsih Trisnaningsih Tutut Zatmiko, Tutut Umi Salamah UT, Ika Wulandari Veridiana Eka Christy Vivi Novita Sari W Turnip, Purnama wahyuni wahyuni Wardaya Wardaya Wardhani, Ayu Pratiwi Kusuma Wati, Anis Ambar Wellfa Rina Hamer Wibowo, Hendri Wicaksana, Erza Ardenta Widodo, Dyah Winarni, Eka Ayu Tyas Windasari, Sri Wiwit Rahayu Yavina Nugrahanti Yayah Haenilah, Een Yohanie, Dian Devita YUDI PURWANTO Yulina Hamdan Yulina Hamdani Yulina Yulina Yusep Muslih Purwana Zainul Mubtadiin Zanah, Nur