Darmiah Darmiah
Politeknik Kesehatan Kemenkes Banjarmasin

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Perbandingan efektifitas model abatisasi di Laboratorium Kesehatan Lingkungan Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin tahun 2011

Buski Vol 4, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Buski

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Penelitian experimental laboratorium, ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui model yang paling efektif membunuh jentik Aedes aegypti. Model abatisasi ini menggunakan sistem membran yang dibandingkan dengan sistim tabur. Sampel sebanyak 780 jentik Ae. aegypti instar III yang sudah ditangkarkan di laboratorium dan diamati  sebanyak 6 kali ulangan. Studi  ini menunjukkan bahwa efek bunuh jentik Ae. aegypti dengan sistem membran lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan sistem tabur, khususnya pada bulan ke-3: 91,7% untuk sistem membran; 83,3% untuk sistem tabur, dan pada bulan ke-4 : 60,0% untuk sistem membran; 8,3% untuk sistem tabur. Model abatisasi sistem membran mempunyai efek bunuh lebih efektif dibandingkan sistem  tabur.

Perkembangan Pendidikan Anak Usia Balita

PIONIR: Jurnal Pendidikan Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Pendidikan
Publisher : Prodi PGMI FTK UIN Ar-Raniry Darussalam-Banda Aceh

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Bayi yang baru lahir dan sehat itu dengan cepat belajar menyesuaikan dirinya, dan melakukan tugas-tugas perkembangan tertentu. Ada tugas-tugas aktivitas yan harus dilatihnya setiap waktu, agar bayi/anak mampu melakukan adaptasi social (penyesuaian diri terhadap lingkungan social) dan mampu mempertahankan kelangsungan hidupnya.1 Begitu lahir bayi belajar pengenalan ajaran agama dengan cara isyarat yang dilakukan oleh orang tuanya yang ditemukan dalam penjelasan kitab-kitab pendidikan agama yaitu memperdengarkan Azan dan Iqamat saat dia lahir.2 Nah di sini jelas bahwa anak baru lahir sudah mentauhidkan Allah SWT dengan kalimat Azan dan Iqamat.

Hubungan tingkat pengetahuan dan pola perilaku dengan kejadian malaria di Kabupaten Katingan Provinsi Kalimantan Tengah

JHECDs: Journal of Health Epidemiology and Communicable Diseases Vol 3 No 2 (2017): JHECDs Vol. 3, No. 2, Desember 2017
Publisher : Balai Litbangkes Tanah Bumbu

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Malaria disease is one of the environmental health problems, Health Office of Katingan District Kasongan District Health Center. Katingan Hilir is a malaria endemic area with an API value in 2010 of 5.6 ‰ and is a red zone in malaria stratafication. Malaria discovery rates from 2008 to 2010 always increase. The high rate of malaria morbidity is due to the lack of knowledge level and community behavior pattern.The aim of this research is to know the correlation between knowledge level and behavioral pattern about malaria with malaria incident in Kasongan sub-district of Katingan Hilir district of Katingan Regency. The type of research is analytic, research design using Fisher exact test. The number of respondents in this study was 58 respondents.Chi-square statistical test results with Continuity Correction obtained p-value 0.002 indicates that there is a relationship between the level of knowledge with the incidence of malaria and the results of statistical tests with Fisher exact test obtained p-value 0.002 that there is a relationship between behavioral patterns with malariaincidence.Efforts that can be done, among others, control the factors causing malaria such as the level of knowledge and behavior patterns as well as increasing the extension of public awareness.

Hubungan Kepadatan Hunian dan Kualitas Fisik Rumah Desa Penda Asam Barito Selatan

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 12 No. 1 Januari 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Residential density and housis physical quality in the Penda Asam Village of district South Barito 2014. A house that doesn’t meet the physical requirements can cause immune deficiencies so that the diseases so easily affected. This research aims to know the physical quality’s house and residential density in the Penda Asam’s village of South hamlet subdistrict South Barito regency 2014. This research design was cross sectional with  observation method, and measurement. The research population is 195 head of family with 51 houses sample. Data analysis was based on Kepmenkes RI No.829/Menkes/SK/VII/1999 about health housing requirements. The research result showed physical quality’s house: the kind of zinc roof as many as 35 houses 68,6% and 11,8% multiroof. The lighting eligible as 74,5%; ineligible as 25,5%, the temperature eligible as 7,8%; ineligible as 92,2%, the humidity eligible as 17,6%; ineligible as 82,4%, the residential density not solid’s category as 45%; solid’s category as 55%. The effort to overcome the problem: open the window in the morning, keep the ventilation system so that air circulation can be fluently, do reforestation around the house so that the environment condition becomes cool. Keywords:  Residential Density, House Physical (the kind of roof; lighting; temperature;   humidity)

Merubah Ancaman Bahaya Limbah Cair Industri Tahu Menjadi Peluang Ekonomi

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 11, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 11 No. 2 Juli 2014
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstrak : Changing the Threat of tofu Wastewater Hazardous to be Economical Oppurtunities. Wastewater from Tahu industry known as “whey” are offensive and be able to cause negative impact to the environment. This problem is caused by the characteristic of whey which is hot, acid, and containing much organic material. Because of this characteristic, their dissolve oxygen is also zero ppm. Measurement of tahu and tempe wastewater in Semanan, Jakarta Barat showed that the whey contains 1.324 mg/l of BOD5, 6.698 mg/l of COD, 84,4 mg/l of NH4, 1,76 mg/l of nitrate and 0,17 mg/l of nitrite 1). The potential hazard of whey to aquatic life can be measured by counting the concentration of whey’s parameter which be able to cause the death of tilapia (LC50), that is from 3,80% up to 11,5% at 24 hours exposure; 3,67% up to 14,30% at 72 hours exposure; and 3,38% up to 12,10% at 72 hours exposure 2). On the other hand, Acetobacter can change sugar to be vinegar, with byproduct is film coat “nata” floating. Factors influencing Acetobacter growth are sources of Carbon and Nitrogen. Appropriate nutrient content will produce “rendemen nata” (de coco) maximum, that is up to 93,3% 3). This study aims to know does the whey which is added by Acetobacter xylinum can produce nata de soya?. The result gave information that if into the whey added the Acetobacter (made from ripe pineapple) as a starter, and urea in acidic condition, would produce rendemen nata approximately 30%–40%. 4). Keywords: wastewater of tahu industry; nata de soya of whey

Hubungan Pencemaran Karbon Monoksida dalam Rumah dengan Kejadian ISPA di Desa Sungai Alat Kabupaten Banjar

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 12 No. 1 Januari 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: Relationship of Carbon Monoxide Pollution in House With The Upper Respiratory Tract infection In Desa Sungai Alat Kabupaten Banjar. The data showed 64.2 % of households in South Kalimantan residents use charcoal and firewood for cooking, so the room in a house filled with smoke. In addition to the state of the smoke could also come from outside , because the habits of the people who set fire to dry land in the dry season. This phenomenon is predicted to be potential risk of respiratory tract infections. This study aims to determine the relationship of carbon monoxide pollution in homes with the upper respiratory tract infection in Desa Sungai Alat Kabupaten Banjar. Using cross sectional study design. The number of samples taken 28 infants in total population. Analysis used logistic regression. The results of the research data showed levels of CO in the average house of 0.42 mg / m3 in the range of 0.19 to 1.62 mg / m3 . The number of infants who suffer from respiratory 42.9 %. Houses that use firewood as much as 53.6 % , and home to the unhealthy category as much as 78.6 % . Temperatures in the average home 32.6 0C , and air humidity in the average home 71.41 %. Bivariate analysis using logistic regression, there was no significant association between levels of CO with the upper respiratory tract infection in infants ; similarly no significant association between the control variables with the dependent variable. To do a home assessment form should be conducted validity assessment. In further studies the expected number of samples propagated to the toddler . Keywords: pollution , carbon monoxide , upper respiratory tract infection   

Hubungan Jumlah Perenang dengan Sisa Klor di Kolam Renang Antasari Banjarbaru Tahun 2016

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 1, Januari 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: The relationship of total swimmers with residual chlorine in the swimming pool. The swimming pool as a means of public that usually visited by the people can potentially become vehicles for spreading germs through water contaminated media pool so that sanitation should always be considered. This study aims to determine the number of swimmers in the Swimming Pool Antasari Banjarbaru, determine residual chlorine in Swimming Pool. This type of research was analytic research with cross sectional approach. The population is all water swimming pool which used by swimmers and all swimmers in the pool by sampling as much as 5 spots, using correlation analysis. The results showed the number of swimmers on average were 151 swimmers with the lowest number were 113 swimmers and the highest were 223 swimmers. Residual chlorine inside the water of swimming pool was an average of 0.73 mg/L, the standard deviation was 0.71 mg/L with the lowest number was 0.01 mg/L and the highest number was 1.49 mg / L. The results of the analysis did not prove statistically no relationship with the rest of the swimmers amount of chlorine in Swimming Pool because H0 (p = 0.679> value α = 0.05) and the value of r was -0.218 so that the relationship can not be seen. Efforts to do so that residual chlorine water in Swimming Pool in accordance with the requirements is to conduct regular inspections both manager pool and the relevant agencies, maintain the quality of residual chlorine by adding chlorine stabilizer isocyanuric, and perform administration disinfection according to the dosage required to obtain results corresponding residual chlorine required pursuant Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan RI Nomor: 416/Menkes/Per/IX/1990. Keywords: Total swimmer; residual chlorine; swimming pool.

Inspeksi Sanitasi Lingkungan Sekolah Di SMA Negeri 1 Martapura

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 14, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 14 No. 2, Juli 2017
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: The Sanitation Inspection in SMA Negeri 1 Martapura. Public places have potential as a place of transmission of disease, pollution, or other health problems. Places or public service facilities that are obliged to carry out environmental sanitation include public places are managed commercially or public services that have a high intensity of number and time of visit, one of which is the school environment. The study aimed to find out the picture of school environmental sanitation in SMA Negeri 1 Martapura with research variables; Cleanliness and neatness of building space, condition of toilet, building construction, and environmental coaching. Research method’s observational, and measurement of environmental quality (lighting and noise). Processing and data analysis done descriptively. The result of measurement of building cleanliness variables obtained value of 140 points (70%), toilet condition variable 585 points (73.12%), building construction variables 575 (95,83%) and environmental coaching 2,060 points (85,83% ). Overall assessment of school environmental santitasi obtained points 3,360 points (84%) so that included in the category of healthy schools. It is recommended that schools at WC/KM at schools equip with lights for lighting in WC/KM to be bright, sewage discharges with closed construction, students better maintain cleanliness and tidiness of classes, curtains when learning activities are opened, and more activate the activities of clean Friday. Keywords: Inspection; Sanitation; School Environment.

Risiko Kontaminasi Bakteriologis Pada Sarana Air Bersih Di Desa Baruh Tabing Kecamatan Banjang

JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN: Jurnal dan Aplikasi Teknik Kesehatan Lingkungan Vol 12, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Volume 12 No. 2 Juli 2015
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Banjarmasin Jurusan Kesehatan Lingkungan Banjarbaru

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Abstract: The bacteriological contamination risk of clean water facilities in Desa Baruh Tabing, Banjang Sub district. The Indonesian government as part of the population of the world is committed to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), particularly in the field of Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) which lowers the number of people who do not have access to drinking water and basic sanitation by 50% in 2015. However, drinking water coverage in 2010 amounted to 48.8% for the physical. This study aims to determined differences in the bacteriological quality of water is based on the type of water supply system in the Desa Baruh Tabing at  Banjang’s Puskesmas working area. Using a cross sectional study design. A sample of 9 pieces of SAB with the sampling method performed Saturation Sampling. The sampling period was done three (3) times in one month on each of clean water facilities to be checked, so the total number of water samples of 27 samples. Analysis used ANOVA test. The results showed no significant difference between the numbers of clean water facilities with p = 0.010 at α = 0.05; bacteriological quality (number of coliform) the highest number is 1,898, while the lowest is zero. For the average value of the highest coliform number 1,898 on Dug wells. While the risk of coliform contamination in water supply facilities in the high category as much as 44.4% and 11.1% very high category. To keep the risk of coliform contamination of the water supply facilities, monitoring is done periodically by the authorities. Keywords: the risk of contamination; bacteriological; clean water facilities

Konsep Belajar Menurut Islam

PIONIR: Jurnal Pendidikan Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Prodi PGMI FTK UIN Ar-Raniry Darussalam-Banda Aceh

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Dalam perspektif Islam, kecakapan yang konstruktif ini bisa dilihat misalnya, individu yang tidak mampu atau belum bisa melaksanakan wudhu dan shalat. Setelah melalui proses belajar, individu yang bersangkutan menjadi terampil dan terbiasa melaksanakan wudhu dan shalat1. Cara pembentukan sikap berbeda dengan cara pembentukan kebiasaan. Untuk membentuk kebiasaan dapat dilakukan melalui latihan, meniru dan pengulangan secara terus menerus2. Perubahan perilaku sebagai hasil belajar perspektif psikologi, dalam konteks Islam maknanya lebih dalam, karena perubahan perilaku dalam Islam indikatornya adalah akhlak yang sempurna. Akhlak yang sempurna mesti dilandasi oleh ajaran Islam. Dengan demikian, perubahan perilaku sebagai hasil belajar adalah perilaku individu muslim yang paripurna sebagai cerminan dari pengamalan terhadap seluruh ajaran Islam. Dalam pendidikan Islam, proses belajar yang pertama bisa kita lihat pada kisah Nabi Adam di mana Allah mengajarkan berbagai nama benda kepadanya. Dalam Alqur‟an dijelaskan bahwa Allah Swt. telah mengajarkan kepada Nabi Adam tentang nama-nama benda, tabiat dan sifat-sifatnya, dan Adam disuruh mengulangi pelajaran tersebut di hadapan para Malaikat. Peristiwa yang terjadi pada Nabi Adam ditegaskan dalam surat Al-Baqarah: 33 yang artinya: “Wahai Adam, beritahukanlah kepada mereka nama-nama benda ini……” Teori pengulangan sebagai salah satu teori belajar telah dinyatakan dengan jelas dalam Alqur‟an di mana Allah Swt. menyuruh Adam mengulangi menyebut nama-nama benda. Hal yang sama juga terjadi ketika Allah Swt. memerintahkan Nabi Muhammad Saw. untuk membaca. Secara berulang-ulang Allah Swt. menyebut kata “Iqra” dan memerintahkan Nabi Muhammad mengulanginya (Thohirin, 2005: 56).