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Journal : The International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research

The Presence of Salmonella in Sie Balu, Acehnese Dried Meat After Gamma Irradiation Husna, Husna; Nurliana, Nurliana; Darmawi, Darmawi
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Publisher : The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.097 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/ijtvbr.v1i1.8632

Abstract

Sie balu is an Acehnese dried meat preserved by the addition of salt, acid and dried. However, long processing and drying it under the sun can cause meat products contaminated by Salmonella. Irradiation can eliminate  Salmonella  and  other  pathogenic  bacteria  in  food.  This  study  aims  to  determine  the  presence  of Salmonella in sie balu after irradiated with increasing doses and 2 to 4 months shelf life. Sie balu was made of 5 kg fresh beef, dried under the sun to dry, vacuum and irradiated at doses of 5, 7 and 9 kGy. Salmonella was detected using bacteriological and biochemical tests. Results showed sie balu contaminated by Salmonella paratyphi B and Salmonella cholerasuis. The irradiation and shelf life significantly affect (P<0.05) the count of Salmonella in sie balu compared with unirradiated one. Irradiation doses of 5, 7 and 9 kGy do not affect the count of Salmonella in sie balu. Extending the shelf life up to 4 months can increas the count of Salmonella. This study concluded that irradiated sie balu at doses of 5, 7 and 9 kGy can be stored for up to two months
2. Characterization Of Lactic Acid Bacteria (LAB) Origin Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) In Zoo Bukittinggi Based On Analysis 16 S rRNA Hajar, Siti; Safika, Safika; Darmawi, Darmawi; Sari, Wenny Novita; Rahmi, Erdiansyah; Syahputra, Yandi; Nurliana, Nurliana; Rinidar, Rinidar
The International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Vol. 1 (2) November 2016
Publisher : The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.484 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/ijtvbr.v1i2.5944

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to characterize the bacterial 16S rRNA gene of Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) Bukittinggi West Sumatera zoo. The sample used in this study are lactic acid bacteria of the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) derived from zoo Bukittinggi West Sumatra Indonesia. This study was an exploratory study that conducted at the Laboratory through several stages. The first stage was the isolation of LAB from faeces of Sumatran orangutans using MRS agar medium and then cultured in a liquid medium NB. The next stage was the isolation of total DNA, and then, the third stage was the amplification of the 16S rRNA gene and agarose gel electrophoresis. Then,in the fourth stage of determining the DNA sequence and analysis of DNA sequence homology. The final stage was the computational analysis of 16S rRNA gene Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii). The results showed that lactic acid bacteria (LAB) from the Sumatran orangutan (Pongo abelii) is close to lactic acid bacteria Lactobacillus helveticus strain IMAU50151 with the levelof similarity of 89%. It is possible that these bacteria is a new species or the species that LAB has not been reported in Genbank.
The Effect Of Cellulase Content On Phytoestrogens Formation (Genistein) Materials On Fermented Soybean Waste Aspergillus niger Sutari, Vara Tassa; Nurliana, Nurliana; Sugito, Sugito; Darmawi, Darmawi; Rinidar, Rinidar
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Publisher : The Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (253.805 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/ijtvbr.v3i1.11362

Abstract

The activity of the cellulase enzyme and the content of phytoestrogen (genistein) forming is determined during the fermentation of soybean waste with Aspergullus niger. The analysis is performed at fermentation incubation time of 0, 48, 96, 144 and 192 hours and treatment with addition of micro nutrient (V2) and without micro nutrient (V1). Data analysis on cellulase enzyme activity on phytoestrogen forming material is performed using T test. The average of cellulase content of fermented soybean waste increases from 0.032-0.139 IU / ml (V1) and 0.061-0.158 IU / ml (V2) after 48 hours into 0.238 IU / ml (V1) and 0.245 IU / ml (V2) after 192 hours The average of genestein levels in the fermented soybean waste increases as well from 0.101 - 0.573 mg / g (V1) and 0.114 - 0.587 mg / g (V2) after 48 hours and increase into 0.722 mg / g (V1) and 0.699 mg / g (V2) after 192 hours. Statistical analysis indicates that the treatment of V1 and V2 has an effect on the increase of cellulase enzyme content and genistein level (P <0.05). The correlation between enzyme activity of cellulase and genistein on soybean waste fermented with Aspergillus niger is significant (R2 = 0,949). The relationship between the enzyme performance and its formation material is running synergistic, cellulase enzyme activity and genistein level experience significant increase during the fermentation process.
Co-Authors Abdul Harris Abdullah Hamzah, Abdullah Abral, Mahdi Admi, Masda Afriyani, Afriyani Ahmad, Sagasias Al Azhar Amalia Sutriana Ananda Nasution, Annisah putri Annah, Nurjannah Athaillah, Farida Ayuti, Siti Rani Azhar Azhar Azhari Azhari Basri Gani budianto panjaitan Cut Dahlia Iskandar Dani Rosdiana Darniati Darniati Daud AK, M. dwita, rina Eliawardani Eliawardani, Eliawardani Erdiansyah Rahmi Erina Erina Faisal Jamin Fakhrurrarzi, Fakhrurrazi Fakhrurrazi Fakhrurrazi Fema Amzani Nasution, Feby Fifia Chandra Fitriani Fitriani Ginting, Septian Tri Mulyana Hamdani Budiman Hamny Hamny Hasanuddin Hasanuddin Helmi, T. Zahrial Henni Vanda HENNIVANDA, HENNIVANDA Huriatul Masdar Husna Husna Ismail Ismail Jalaluddin, M M. Hasan M. Isa M. Nur Salim Mahdi Abrar Maryam Maryam Maryulia Dewi Matondang, Siti Wardianah Moliwati, Moliwati Momon Sodik Imanuddin Muhammad Hambal Muhammad Jalaluddin, Muhammad Mulyadi Adam, Mulyadi Mulyadi Mulyadi Muslina Muslina, Muslina Muttaqien Bakri, Muttaqien Muttaqien Muttaqien, Muttaqien Nasution, Borgo Mauly Nurdin, Hendri Nurhaspika, Nurhaspika NURLIANA NURLIANA Pratama Sekedang, M. Iqbal Ramadhani, Fitria Sari Rastina, Rastina Rastina, Rastina Razali Daud Razali Razali Reimena, Resti Reynaldi, Fitrah Reynaldi, Fitrah Riman Sipahutar Rinidar Rinidar, Rinidar Risa Tiuria Rosmaidar Rosmaidar, Rosmaidar Safika, Safika Safika, Safika Safika, Safika Safrizal Safrizal Sahputra, Dedy Samadi Samadi Saputri, Pragita Ayu Siti Aisyah Siti Hajar Siti Masreah Bernas Sugito Sugito Sulasmi Sulasmi Suyoto, Balqis Alrasyid Syafruddin Syafruddin Syahputra, Yandi T. Reza Ferasyi, T. Reza Teuku Reza Ferasyi Teuku Zahrial Helmi Teungku Nih Farisni, Teungku Nih Ummu Balqis Vara Tassa Sutari, Vara Tassa Veni Nella Syahputri, Veni Nella Waskito Waskito, Waskito Wenny Novita Sari Winaruddin Winaruddin xarolin, laras berlian Yarmaliza, Yarmaliza Yarmaliza, Yarmaliza Yuda, Sandy Cakra Yudha Fahrimal Yulina Rahmi, Yulina Yurliasni Yurliasni Zahra, Amalia Fatma Zakiah Heryawati Manaf, Zakiah Zakiyah Heryawati Manaf Zakiyuddin, Zakiyuddin Zulfan, Muhammad Zuraidawati Zuraidawati, Zuraidawati