M. A. Chozin
Fakultas Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Kampus IPB Darmaga, Bogor

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Uji Potensi Hasil Beberapa Galur Padi Gogo Sulistyono, Eko; Chozin, M. A.; Rezkiyanti, Femila
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 30, No 1 (2002): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Artificial shading experiment was conducted to test upland rice lines yield potential and study agronomic character correlated with high yield. A factorial experiment was arranged in split plot design with three replications. The main plot were three levels of shading: 0%, 25% and 50%. The sub-plot were 18 upland rice lines. Dry grain weight was affected by interaction between shading and lines. High yield was resulted by B8503E-TB-19B-3-4, .S´3605F-PN-201, IGM440, and 2GM440. Agronomic characters correlated with high yield potential at low light intensity were high plant, high leaf area, low tiller number, high shoot and root dry weight, high grain density and low unfilled grain percentage. Key words: Agronomic character, Grain density, Root weight, Low light intensity.
Studi Serapan Hara N, P, K dan Potensi Hasil Lima Varietas Padi Sawah (Oryza sativa L.) pada Pemupukan Anorganik dan Organik Sugiyanta, ,; Rumawas, Fred; Chozin, M. A.; Mugnisyah, Wahju Qamara; Ghulamahdi, Munif
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 36, No 3 (2008): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of the research was to study the nutrition uptake (nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium,) and the grain production of five rice varieties representing modern, new plant type and local varieties under application of inorganic, organic and combined inorganic-organic fertilization. Five rice varieties were Way Apoburu and IR-64 (modern varieties), Midun and Sarinah (local varieties from Sukabumi and Garut, respectively), and Fatmawati (new plant type variety).  Five fertilizer treatments were (1) full recommendation dosage of inorganic fertilizer (250 kg urea/ha, 100 kg SP-36/ha, and 100 kg KCl/ha), (2) ¼ recommendation dose of inorganic fertilizer + rice straw, (3) ½ recommended dose of inorganic fertilizer + rice straw, (4) rice straw, and (5) green manure from Crotalaria juncea biomass. The results showed that there was no specific response of rice varieties to the fertilization treatments, even though there was specific nutrient uptake pattern and yield of each variety, and there was significant effect of fertilizer treatment to nutrient uptake and rice yield. Nutrient uptake and grain yield indicated that nutrient imobilisation occurred at 1stseason, however the availability of N, P, K nutrients increased at 2nd and 3rdseason on rice straw and green manure treatments. Rice straw application caused lower nutrient uptake and grain yield than full dosage inorganic fertilizer at 1st season but both were not significantly different at 2nd and 3rdseason.  Application of rice straw with  ½ dosage of inorganic fertilizers was not significantly different from full dosage of inorganic fertilizers in nutrient uptake and grain yield. Modern varieties showed higher level of N absorption than that of new  type variety although it was not significantly different with that of local varieties, whereas the P and K uptake of modern varieties was lower than that of local and new plant type varieties. The modern varieties also showed higher level of dry grain per hill than that of local and new plant type varieties. However yield per ha of all varieties tended to be similar.   Key words: uptake, efficiency, mineral nutrition, variety, lowland rice
Penapisan Galur Haploid Ganda Padi Gogo Hasil Kultur Antera untuk Toleransi terhadap Cekaman Aluminium Bakhtiar, ,; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Trikoesoemaningtyas, ,; Chozin, M. A.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 35, No 1 (2007): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Aluminum (Al) toxicity is one of the most important yield-limiting factors for upland rice grown on acid soils. Since many small farmers may have difficulty in soil liming, the genotypes tolerant to soil acidity and aluminum toxicity should be developed. Anther culture can substantially speed up new variety development through recombination of parental characters in early generations and immediately homozygous lines were upon chromosome doubling. The Doubled haploid (DH) rice lines were screened under both nutrient solution containing either 0 or 45 ppm Al and acid soils containing either low or high-Al saturation. The relative root length (RRL) was determined at 14-day-old stage to characterize genotypes for Al-tolerance in nutrient solution. The relative grain weight (RGW) was determined to characterize genotypes for Al-tolerance in soils conditions. The results of this study indicated that Al reduced root elongation. The differential tolerance for Al among genotypes was found to be highly significant for RRL. Of the 120 genotypes tested, 16, 77 and 27 genotypes were found to be Al-tolerance, moderate and sensitive in term of RRL respectively. KRGM4, JTGR13, JTGR17, JTGR18, JTKR1, JTKR5, GRGM4, GRGM6, GRGM9, GRGM14, GRGM25, GRJT11 and SGJT27 lines were consitently Al-tolerance under both nutrient solution and acid soils. The RRL of doubled haploid upland rice lines in nutrient solutions were strongly correlated with RGW in acid soils.   Key words: Rice, doubled haploid, aluminum tolerance, relative root length, relative grain weight
Pengaruh Penggunaan Pupuk Anorganik dan Pupuk Semai Mikrobia terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Kapas (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Guntoro, Dwi; Chozin, M. A.; Dwirestina, Dini
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 32, No 1 (2004): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

effect of inorganic fertilizer dosage and concentration of Semai Mikrobia fertilizer on cotton growth and production was studied at Cikabayan greenhouse, IPR. The experiment was arranged in split plot design with three replicates. The dosages of inorganic fertilizers as the main plot and the concentration of Semai Mikrobia as sub plot. The dosages of inorganic fertilizers were no fertilizer, 50% recommended dosage, and IOO% recommended dosage and the concentrations of Semai Mikrobia were 0 cc/l water, 4 cc/l water, 8 cc/l water, and I2 cc/l water. The results indicated that the application of Semai Mikrobia fertilizer up to I2 cc/l did not affect growth and production of cotton. There was no interaction effect between the dosage of inorganic fertilizer and Semai Mikrobia concentration. Inorganic fertilizer application at IOO% recommended dosage increased height and the number of generative branch compared with no fertilizer.
Evaluasi Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Padi Gogo Haploid Ganda Toleran Naungan dalam Sistem Tumpang sari Sasmita, Priatna; Purwoko, Bambang S.; Sujiprihati, S.; Hanarida, I.; Dewi, I. S.; Chozin, M. A.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 34, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Three doubled haploid (DH) upland rice lines obtained from anther culture having good agronomic and shade  tolerant traits were planted in an intercropping with maize. Their  monoculture systems were also included.  Those lines were GI-8, IG-19, and IW-56. Jatiluhur was also treated similar as shade tolerant control cultivar. The experiment was arranged in randomized complete block design with three replications. The treatments consisted of eight intercropping systems, four monoculture systems of rice, and two monoculture systems of maize. The result showed that all of tested DH lines were consistently shade tolerant under intercropping condition. The characteristics was represented by  similar growth and grain yield with  Jatiluhur under  intercroping system. The highest grain yield was 2.49 t/ha resulted by GI-8 and IG-19 lines  at the time that Jatiluhur was 2.36 t/ha. The intercropping of DH lines with  maize also showed the Land Equivalent Ratio (LER) =1.33-1.58, while Jatiluhur LER = 1.25-1.28, indicating that agronomically they were more advantageous than those in the monoculture system.   Key words :  Doubled haploid,, intercropping system, shade tolerant lines
Pemanfaatan Cendawan Mikoriza Arbuskula dan Bakteri Azospirillum sp. untuk Meningkatkan Efisiensi Pemupukan pada Turfgrass Guntoro, Dwi; Chozin, M. A.; Tjahjono, Budi; Mansur, Irdika
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 34, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Introduction turfgrass varieties require fertilization with high dosage, but it can contaminate environment.  The increasing  efficiency of fertilizer absorbtion was expected to reduce fertilizer requirement.  The experiment was conducted to study the effect of arbuscular mycorrhizae and Azospirillum sp. on nutrient uptake, fertilization efficiency, growth and visual quality of turfgrass.  The experiment consisted of two factors, i.e. the dosages of fertilizer and inoculant types.  The dosages of fertilizer were the relatif dosage from recommended dosage (RD) i.e 100%RD, 75%RD, 50%RD, and 25%RD.  The recommended dosage was 0.5 kg N + 1.5 kg P2O5 + 0.5 kg K2O per 100 m2/month by compound fertilizer (15-15-15).  The treatment of 100%RD without inoculant was used as control.  The inoculant types were no inoculant, arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF), Azospirillum sp., and AMF+Azospirillum sp.  Factorial experiment was arranged in Randomized Block Design with three replications.  The results showed that interaction between inoculant type and dosage of fertilizer affected nutrient uptake, fertilizer efficiency, growth, and visual quality.  AMF inoculation and 25%RD increased shoot N uptake and N fertilizer efficiency, compared with control.  Azospirillum sp. inoculation at 75% RD increased shoot N concentration, but did not affect on shoot N uptake and N fertilizer efficiency compared with control.  Inoculant did not affect shoot P concentration, shoot P uptake, and P fertilizer efficiency.  Azospirillum and AMF+Azospirillum inoculation increased shoot K concentration.  AMF+Azospirillum inoculation and 100%RD increased shoot N concentration and shoot N uptake, compared with control.    Key words : Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Azospirillum, fertilizer efficiency, nutrient uptake, turfgrass.
PENGARUH KONSENTRASI DAN SELANG WAKTU PEMBERIAN EFFECTIVE MICROORGANISMS 4 (EM-4) TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL TANAMAN KAPAS (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Arsyid, Moh. Amri; Chozin, M. A.; Zaman, Sofyan
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol 26, No 1 (1998): Buletin Agronomi
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

The objective of this experiment is to study the effect of concentration and application interval of EM4 on growth and yield of cotton. The experiment was held in KP Sindangbarang Bogor from March to August 1996, using RCD with two factors and three replications. The first factor was EM4 concentration which were 0 ml L-1  water, 5 ml L-1  water, 10 ml L-1  water, 15 ml L-1  water, and 20 ml L-1  water. The second factor was application interval which were 5, 10, and 15 days. The result shows that the concentration of 5 ml L-1  water significantly affected the vegetative growth. But in the contrary, application interval and its interaction do not give the similar effect. The generative growth were significantly affected by concentration and application interval and its interaction. The best combination for maximum cotton yield is in concentration of 5 ml L-1 water and application interval 10 days, and for maximum seeded cotton yield is 5 ml L-1 water and 15 days.
Rancangbangun Aplikator Kompos untuk Tebu Lahan Kering ., Iqbal; Mandang, Tineke; Sembiring, E. Namaken; Chozin, M. A.
Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JURNAL KETEKNIKAN PERTANIAN
Publisher : PERTETA

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AbstractThe widely sugarcane plantation area in Indonesia causes the management of sugarcane litter conducted by mechanization. To manage sugarcane litter into compost needed several machineries such as tractors,trash rakes, trailesr, choppers, trucks, composting turner, loaders, and compost applicators. The objective of this study was to design a compost applicator for sugarcane litter that can be used for a plant cane andratoon in dry land. The process of making a prototype applicators follow the design flowchart that begins with the calculation of the dimensions, design of engineering drawings, selection and material purchases. The result showed that the applicator prototype with belt conveyor metering device could function well and was able to apply the compost with a high dose (15 ton / ha).Keywords: mechanization, compost applicator, compost, sugarcane litter, sugarcaneAbstrakAreal perkebunan tebu di Indonesia yang luas menyebabkan kegiatan pengelolaan serasah tebu dilakukan dengan mekanisasi. Untuk mengelola serasah tebu menjadi kompos dibutuhkan beberapateknologi seperti traktor, trash rake, trailer, alat pencacah, truk, pengaduk, loader, dan aplikator kompos. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah merancang aplikator kompos serasah tebu yang dapat dioperasikan untuktanaman tebu baru (PC) dan tebu keprasan (ratoon) lahan kering. Proses pembuatan prototipe aplikator mengikuti alur perancangan alat yang diawali dengan perhitungan dimensi, disain gambar teknik dan pemilihan serta pembelian bahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prototipe aplikator dengan penjatah tipe belt conveyor dapat berfungsi dengan baik dan mampu mengaplikasikan kompos dengan dosis tinggi (15 ton/ha).Kata kunci : mekanisasi,aplikator kompos, kompos, tebu, lahan keringDiterima: 27 November 2013; Disetujui: 19 Februari 2014
Rancangbangun Aplikator Kompos untuk Tebu Lahan Kering ., Iqbal; Mandang, Tineke; Sembiring, E. Namaken; Chozin, M. A.
Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian
Publisher : PERTETA

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Abstract

AbstractThe widely sugarcane plantation area in Indonesia causes the management of sugarcane litter conducted by mechanization. To manage sugarcane litter into compost needed several machineries such as tractors,trash rakes, trailesr, choppers, trucks, composting turner, loaders, and compost applicators. The objective of this study was to design a compost applicator for sugarcane litter that can be used for a plant cane andratoon in dry land. The process of making a prototype applicators follow the design flowchart that begins with the calculation of the dimensions, design of engineering drawings, selection and material purchases. The result showed that the applicator prototype with belt conveyor metering device could function well and was able to apply the compost with a high dose (15 ton / ha).Keywords: mechanization, compost applicator, compost, sugarcane litter, sugarcaneAbstrakAreal perkebunan tebu di Indonesia yang luas menyebabkan kegiatan pengelolaan serasah tebu dilakukan dengan mekanisasi. Untuk mengelola serasah tebu menjadi kompos dibutuhkan beberapateknologi seperti traktor, trash rake, trailer, alat pencacah, truk, pengaduk, loader, dan aplikator kompos. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah merancang aplikator kompos serasah tebu yang dapat dioperasikan untuktanaman tebu baru (PC) dan tebu keprasan (ratoon) lahan kering. Proses pembuatan prototipe aplikator mengikuti alur perancangan alat yang diawali dengan perhitungan dimensi, disain gambar teknik dan pemilihan serta pembelian bahan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa prototipe aplikator dengan penjatah tipe belt conveyor dapat berfungsi dengan baik dan mampu mengaplikasikan kompos dengan dosis tinggi (15 ton/ha).Kata kunci : mekanisasi,aplikator kompos, kompos, tebu, lahan keringDiterima: 27 November 2013; Disetujui: 19 Februari 2014
Penggunaan Kacang Hias (Arachis pintoi) sebagai Biomulsa pada Budidaya Tanaman Tomat (Lycopersicon esculentum M.) Chozin, M. A.; G. Kartika, uang; Baharudin, Raisa
Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Hortikultura Indonesia
Publisher : Perhimpunan Hortikultura Indonesia dan Departemen Agronomi dan Hortiluktura

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to  determine the effect of  Arachis  pintoi planting  as bio-mulch on growth and yield of tomato and weed growth.  An experiment was conducted at Cikabayan, University Farm of IPB, from January to June 2010. The research was arranged  in a  randomized Complete Block Design with 3 replications. The results of this study showed  the g rowth and speed of coverage of  A. pintoi  in this experiment was relatively slow. The use of mulch improved the growth, yield components and production of tomatoes.  The best mulch was a plastic mulch.  The best planting period of A. pintoi as bio-mulch was 7 and 10 weeks before planting.Key words: bio- mulch, growth, silver black plastic mulch, yield ABSTRAKPenelitian  ini  bertujuan  untuk  mengetahui  pengaruh  penanaman  Arachis pintoi  sebagai  biomulsa dalam  menghambat  pertumbuhan  gulma  dan meningkatkan  pertumbuhan  dan  produksi  tanaman  tomat. Penelitian dilaksanakan di kebun percobaan Cikabayan- UF IPB, Darmaga Bogor dari Januari sampai Juni 2010.  Percobaan  menggunakan  Rancangan  Kelompok Lengkap  Teracak  (RKLT)  faktor  tunggal,  yaitu dengan  4  perlakuan  waktu tanam  A.  pintoi  dan  2  pembanding:  M0  (m onokultur  tanaman  tomat tanpa mulsa),  M1  (monukultur  tanaman  tomat  dengan  mulsa  plastik hitam perak),  M 2  ( 10  minggu  A.  pintoisebelum  tomat ditanam), M3 (7 minggu A. pintoi sebelum tomat ditanam), M4 ( 4 minggu A. pintoi sebelumtomat ditanam), dan M5 ( 1 minggu A. pintoi sebelum tomat ditanam ). Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa persentase tumbuh dan kecepatan penutupan A. pintoi  relatif lambat. Tanaman tomat yang ditanam dengan biomulsa  A. pintoi 10 dan 7 minggu sebelum tanam menunjukkan persentase tumbuh dan pertumbuhan yang lebih baik dibandingkan perlakuan mulsa plastik hitam perak (MPHP)  maupun perlakuan tanpa mulsa. Perlakuan biomulsa A. pintoi 10 dan 7 minggu sebelum tanam (MSbT) serta perlakuan mulsa plastik hitam perak (MPHP) meningkatkan komponen pertumbuhan dan produksi buah tomat.Kata kunci: biomulsa, pertumbuhan, mulsa plastik hitam perak, produksi