Fifia Chandra
Bagian Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Kedokteran Komunitas Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Riau
Articles
20
Documents
Correlation between Social Supports and Drug Abuse Screening Test-10 among Senior High School Students

The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 5, No 3 (2009): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : The Indonesian Journal of Public Health

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Abstract

Drug abuse is common among adolescent, and its consequences pose important public health problem. Family, friend, school and other member of community should give support to adolescents so that they are emotionally and mentally ready to fight against drug. This cross sectional study was designed to investigate correlation between social support with Drug Abuse Screening Test-10 (DAST-10) and association of social support with treatment evaluation. Subjects included 210 senior high school students in Pekanbaru, Riau. Data obtained from Adolescents Social Support (ASS) questionnaire included social supports, and from DAST-10 included severity and treatment evaluation of drug abuse. This study showed family support, school environment and peer group support were significantly associated and significantly correlation to DAST-10 with strong correlation (0.718, 0.720 and 0.727, respectively) in negative direction. In conclusion, social supports could be a protective factor for adolescents related drug abuse.Key words: social support, DAST-10, drug abuse, senior high school student

Degree of Problems Related to Drug Abuse and Risk Factors among Senior High School Students

Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Vol. 59 No. 6 June 2009
Publisher : Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association

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Abstract

Adolescent is clearly a high risk group for drug abuse, and could threaten to the comunity. This cross sectional study was designed to investigate degree of problem to drug abuse and risk factors among senior high school students. Two hundred and ten students were included from 7 senior high school at Pekanbaru city. Multiple logistic regression was used to analyze risk factors. The degree of drug abuse was measured using Drug Abuse Screening Test (DAST-10) and self-reported questionnaires were administered to identify risk factors. This study showed that 67% of respondent did not have a problem related to drug abuse. There were significant association of sex, living with parents, smoking habit, friend smokes, and attending extracurricular activity (p<0.005) with drug abuse while parent’s marital status, academic performance and member of peer group were not (p=0.920, p=0.236, p=0.937, respectively). Regression analysis showed risk factors related degree of drug abuse were living of respondents (OR=3.969, p=0.002), active in extracurricular activity (OR=0.316, p=0.001) and smoking habit (OR=0.227, p=0.001).Keywords: adolescent, drug abuse, DAST-10, risk factors, senior high school students

EVALUASI PENERAPAN PROMOSI KESEHATAN DALAM PENCEGAHAN PENANGGULANGAN PENYAKIT DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE MELALUI GERAKAN 3M PLUS DI KOTA PEKANBARU

Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Vol 3, No 01 (2009)
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan

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Abstract

Dengue Hemoraggic Fever (DHF) can be controlled with active participation of the communityas Indonesia Government promotes Gerakan 3M. To assess the knowledge attitudes aboutdengue and practice of prevention followed by the residents, an interview based cross sectionalKAP study was undertaken in several DHF endemic subdistricts of Pekanbaru in Mei 08 to Nov08. About 111 individuals were interviewed regarding the different aspects of the DHF. Thepretest result showed that out of total respondents, 44% and 77.5% had good knowledge andattitude about Gerakan 3M though only 4.5% practiced Gerakan 3M. To all of respondents,intervention was made by giving health education, and vector control demonstration. After 1week intervention, out of total respondents the level of knowledge and attitude increasedsignificantly to 76% and 83.3% regarding modes of transmission of disease and its prevention.However, only 1% respondents practiced that. This study concluded that the intervention ofGerakan 3M Information Education Communication is effectively to increase communityknowledge and attitude status, but regularly intervention is still needed by community forprevention and control of Dengue/Dengue haemorrhagic fever in practice level.

CORRELATION BETWEEN SOCIAL SUPPORTS AND DRUG ABUSE SCREENING TEST- 10 AMONG SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AT PEKANBARU DISTRICT, RIAU PROVINCE, INDONESIA

JIK ( Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran ) Vol 3, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : JIK ( Jurnal Ilmu Kedokteran )

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Abstract

Drug abuse is common among adolescent, and its consequences pose important public health problem. Family, friend,school and other member of community should give support to adolescents so that they are emotionally and mentallyready to fight against drug. This cross sectional study was designed to investigate correlation between social supportwith Drug Abuse Screening Test-10 (DAST-10) and association of social support with treatment evaluation. Subjectsincluded 210 senior high school students in Pekanbaru, Riau. Data obtained from Adolescents Social Support (ASS)questionnaire included social supports, and from DAST-10 included severity and treatment evaluation of drug abuse.This study showed family support, school environment and peer group support were significantly associated andsignificantly correlation to DAST-10 with strong correlation (0.718,0.720 and 0.727, respectively) in negative direction.In conclusion, social supports could be a protective factor for adolescents related drug abuse.

KUALITAS VISUM ET REPERTUM PERLUKAAN DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH DUMAI PERIODE 1 JANUARI 2008 - 31 DESEMBER 2012

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

About 50%-70% of case that come to a hospital especially to theemergency room are physical trauma or injuries cases. The quality of VeR servicedirectly reflect medicolegal services in hospital because it has broad impactjuridical and can determine one’s fate. This research were done to find out thequality of VeR of injury in Dumai General Hospital during 1 January 2008-31December 2012. This is a descriptive retrospective research. It used Herkutantosscoring method. The sample was all of population were the VeR data in DumaiGeneral Hospital during 1 January 2008-31 December 2012 that were completeand has been signed by the doctor who did the examination. It had been gotten166 VeR reports in Dumai General Hospital during 1 January 2008-31 December2012. Injury survivors most cases are in the age group <18 years old as many as55 victims (33,1%). The overview of the living victims were most frequent malewas 131 victims (78,9%) and the most frequent violence that were experienced bythe victims were blunt violence was 154 VeR (92,8%) with the highest age group<18 years old. About 90% showed good quality in preliminary unit of VeR,44,15% showed poor quality in reporting unit and about 26,65% also showedpoor quality in inference unit. It can be concluded that quality of VeR reports inDumai General Hospital during 1 January 2008-31 December 2012 was 37,46%which was mean it was poor quality.Keywords: Visum et Repertum, injury, the quality of Visum et Repertum of injury

PROFIL LIPID PADA PEGAWAI SEKRETARIAT DAERAH (SEKDA) PROVINSI RIAU TAHUN 2012

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

Regional Secretariat employees of Riau Province is a part of the community groups working that have some risk factors of the occurrence of dislipidemia. Their job allows the occurrence of changes in lifestyle such as unhealthy sedentary life style, lack of time to do physical activities, consume fast food and a lot of fat, sugar and salt as well as having a higher risk of stress. The purpose of this research is to find out the lipid profile on Regional Secretariat employees of Riau Province. This research uses the descriptive design with cross sectional approach. By the consecutive sampling method obtained 44 samples, one of them dropped out. The research results obtained 62.78% had normal total cholesterol levels, 30.2% had normal LDLcholesterol levels, 62.8% had normal levels of HDL cholesterol and 86.03% had normal triglyceride levels. However, only 11.6% of the total sample research had normal value from the fourth components of lipid. From the results it can be concluded that 88.4% of respondents experienced dislipidemia, although there is only one of the fourth lipid components is abnormal.Key words :lipid profile, Regional Secretariat employees of Riau Province, LDL cholesterol, dyslipidemia

PERILAKU PROFESIONAL TENAGA KESEHATAN DAERAH PESISIR PADA PELAYANAN KESEHATAN PRIMER WILAYAH PUSKESMAS ALAI KABUPATEN KEPULAUAN MERANTI TAHUN 2014

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

The professional behaviors is a vision of healthy Indonesian in improving the health services, therefore the medical-care need to improve their professional behaviors. The aim of this research was to describe the professional behaviors of the healthcare medical-care that assessed based on the six elements of professionalism. The success of the effort of the health services is not separated from the professional behaviors of the medical-care themselves. This research used exploration method with a qualitative approach in six community health center’s staff selected by Snowball sampling. The data were collected by using interviews and recorded with an audio recorder. The results showed that all informants contain altruism, accountability, duty, honor and integrity, respect for others and one of the six informants did not contain excellence. Based on the results of this research, the value of altruism, accountability, duty, honor and integrity, excellence, respect for others in Puskesmas Alai Kabupaten Kepulauan Meranti staff can be seen from the statements and the attitude of the health workers everyday.Key word : professional behavior, health workers, altruism, accountability, duty, honor and integrity, excellence, respect for others

PERILAKU PROFESIONAL TENAGA KESEHATAN DAERAH PESISIR PADA PELAYANAN KESEHATAN PRIMER WILAYAH PUSKESMAS TANAH MERAH KABUPATEN INDRAGIRI HILIR TAHUN 2014

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

As a developing country, Indonesia continues to strive for the welfare of society. One of the efforts is to improve the proper health services, especially in coastal areas. The success of health services should be supported by the medical workers who have the role of professional conduct . The aim of this research is to discover the professional behavior of health-care workers of Tanah Merah community health care (Puskesmas), Indragiri Hilir Regency, that was reflected by the six elements of professionalism. The design of this research uses exploration method with qualitative approaches on five health-care workers of Puskesmas Tanah Merah, Indragiri Hilir Regency, who were selected by using snowball sampling method. Data collection was done by interview and recorded with an audio recorder. The result of this research showed that all the informants possess altruism, accountability, excellence, duty, honor and integrity, and respect for other.Key word : professional behavior, health-care workers.

PERILAKU PROFESIONAL TENAGA KESEHATAN DAERAH PESISIR PADA PELAYANAN KESEHATAN PRIMER PUSKESMAS SUNGAI SEMBILAN KOTA DUMAI TAHUN 2014

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

One of important aspect to support optimal health care improvement is the availability of health worker who have professional conduct, especially in coastal region. It is due to the low level of public health in the most of the coastal region in Indonesia. Needs of the professional health workers in the coastal region are in the health care center as the first strata health care centers area that become advance in providing services. Exploration method with qualitative approaches was applied as the research design. Seven health care workers of Puskesmas Sungai Sembilan Dumai City were selected as responden by using snowball sampling method. Data were collected by using interview method recorded with an audio recorder. The result of this research showed that all the informants possess altruism, accountability, excellence, honor and integrity. duty and respect for other.Key word : professional behavior, health-care workers

PENILAIAN KEBERHASILAN PROGRAM TB DOTS BERDASARKAN ANGKA KEBERHASILAN PENGOBATAN DAN ANGKA KONVERSI DI RSUD ARIFIN ACHMAD PROVINSI RIAU PERIODE JANUARI 2008 – DESEMBER 2012

Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Kedokteran

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Abstract

World Health Organization (WHO) classified tuberculosis (TB) as global emergency at the end of 1993. Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) is a direct supervision for short-term treatment, recommended by the World Health Organization for the world TB prevention. The Millennium Development Goals (MDGS) in 2015 is to reduce the number of deaths caused by tuberculosis for 50%. To achieve the target, program policy against tuberculosis improvement and evaluation will be needed. Evaluation in this research done by using two nasional indicators, which are success rate (national targets should be at least 85%) and conversion rate (national targets should be at least 80%). This research was using mixed methods with quantitative and qualitative approachment. Samples was taken by total sampling method, where 304 people have obtained as quantitative research samples and 3 people as qualitative research samples. Research results showed that the success rate at the end of 2009 and 2012 was 94%, in 2010 was 93%, in 2011 was 86%, and in 2008 was 77%. While the conversion rate at the end of 2011 was 96%, in 2012 was 94%, in 2009 was 91%, in 2008 was 89%, and in 2010 was 82%. It can be concluded that success rate in General Hospital Arifin Achmad Riau Province in 2008 have not reached national targets yet, but in 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 have exceeded national targets. The conversion in General Hospital Arifin Achmad Riau Province at the end of 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011 and in 2012 have exceeded national targets.Key words : Tuberculosis (TB), Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS), success rate, conversion rate