Tjut Chamzurni
Agrotechnology Department, Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia

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Eksplorasi dan Karakterisasi Varietas Mangga Tahan Hama Penggerek Batang di Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam Hafsah, Siti; Jauharlina, Jauharlina; Chamzurni, Tjut
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 2 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 2 Agustus 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Exploration and Characterization of Mango Variety Resist of Cork bore in Nanggroe Aceh DarussalamABSTRACT. The basic knowledge about mango resistance of trunk bore in the field and laboratory is early step to make mango resistance breeding. The result of research could be positive correlation between resistance character and commercial character. The research consisted two parts, survey of varieties of mango on field and the resistance test of trunk borer of mango on laboratory. The survey was done by characterization of mango varieties on Aceh Besar and Banda Aceh. The laboratory research was held by varieties of mango (Arumanis, Gadung, Golek, Cengkeh, Apel and Local) the test of resistance of trunk borer of mango. All treatment was assigned in Completely Randomized Design with 3 replications. The observation was done on characterization of mango varieties, percent of damage, damage index, insect identification and soluble solids contents. This result showed that there are six varieties of mango (Arumanis, Cengkeh, Gadung, Apel, Golek and Local (cengkir) has be found on Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar. Percent damage of trunk borer of mango on Aceh Besar (50-100%) and intensity of damage (10-60%). Percent damage (0-100%) and intensity of damage (0-30%) on Banda Aceh is Lower than Aceh Besar. The soluble solid contents of mature fruit of Golek, Gadung, Cengkeh and Arumanis 13.90-15.68 0brix) higher than Apel and Local (11.54 and 12.72 0brix). Result of identification of insect that trunk borer og mangoes on Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar is Rhytidodera simulans Wh. 
Uji Waktu Aplikasi Kascing untuk Menekan Intensitas Serangan Rhizoctonia Solani Kùhn di Pesemaian Tembakau Oktarina, Hartati; Chamzurni, Tjut; Afriani, Afriani
Jurnal Agrista Vol 16, No 2 (2012): Volume 16 Nomor 2 Agustus 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Rebah semai yang disebabkan oleh R. solani merupakan salah satu penyakit yang sering kali menyerang pesemaian tembakau. Penambahan kascing kedalam media semai tembakau telah terbukti mampu menekan intensitas serangan patogen tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan waktu aplikasi kascing yang paling tepat untuk mengendalikan R. solani pada pesemaian tembakau agar mendapatkan hasil yang lebih optimal. Percobaan dilaksanakan di kebun percobaan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syiah Kuala dari bulan Mei sampai dengan November 2010. Rancangan yang digunakan dalam percobaan ini adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri dari empat perlakuan dan enam ulangan. Perlakuan terdiri atas pengaplikasian kascing satu, dua, tiga, dan empat minggu sebelum semai. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa tidak ada pengaruh waktu aplikasi kascing terhadap intensitas serangan R. solani pada pesemaian tembakau.A Study Of Vermicompost Application Time To Suppress Disease Intensity Of Rhizoctonia Solani Kùhn On Tobacco SeedlingABSTRACT. Damping off disease caused by R. solani is a major tobacco seedling disease. Vermicompost has been studied extensively and proven its ability to suppress damping off disease intensity caused by the pathogen. The research was aimed to determine the optimum of application time of vermicompost to reduce the disease intensity on tobacco (N. tabacum). The experiment was conducted at plant field experiment of agriculture faculty from May to November 2010. The experiment was arranged in the randomized complete block design using 4 treatments and 6 replications. The treatments consist of vermicompost application of 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks before seedling. The result showed that vermicompost application time had no effect on disease intensity of R. solani on tobacco seedling.
Keefektifan Trichoderma harzianum dan Trichoderma virens untuk Mengendalikan Rhizoctonia solani Kuhn pada Bibit Cabai (Capsicum annum L.) Chamzurni, Tjut; Oktarina, Hartati; Hanum, Khalidah
Jurnal Agrista Vol 17, No 1 (2013): Volume 17 Nomor 1 April 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRAK. Trichoderma sp. telah dipertimbangkan para peneliti sebagai suatu alternatif dalam penggunaan fungisida tradisional yang efektif di bidang pertanian konvensional yang tidak meninggalkan residu baik pada tanaman maupun tanah.  Penelitian ini akan menentukan efektifitas T. harzianum dan T. virens dalam mengendalikan R. solani pada perkecambahan C. annum.  Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Ilmu Penyakit Tumbuhan dan Kebun Percobaan Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh sejak Maret sampai Juni 2011. Rancangan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan menggunakan 7 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Perlakuan tersebut adalah: Kontrol, dosis T. harzianum 30 g tanaman-1, dosis T. harzianum 45 g tanaman-1, dosis T. virens 30 g tanaman-1, dosis T. virens 45 g tanaman-1, dosis  T. harzianum 15 g + T. virens 15 g tanaman-1, dan dosis T. harzianum 22,5 g + T. virens 22,5 g tanaman-1.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dosis T. harzianum 22,5 g + T. virens 22,5 g tanaman-1 adalah paling efektif mengendalikan R. solani dengan rata-rata benih yang tumbuh dan tinggi tanaman, masing-masing 75% and 9,25 cm. The Effectivity of Trichoderma harzianum and Trichoderma virens to Control Rhizoctonia solani Kühn on Seed  of Capsicum annum L.ABSTRACT. Trichoderma sp. has been considered by researchers as an effective alternative to the use of traditional fungicides in conventional agriculture because it leaves no residue both on plant and soil. This work determined the affectivity of T. harzianum and T. virens to control R. solani on seedling of C. annum. The experiment was carried out at Plant Disease Laboratorium and  Experiment Field Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University from March to June 2011. The experiment was arranged in the randomized complete design using 7 treatments and 4 replications. The treatments were; Control, dosage of T. harzianum 30 g plant-1, dosage of T. harzianum 45 g plant-1, dosage of T. virens 30 g plant-1, dosage of T. virens 45 g plant-1, dosage of T. harzianum 15 g + T. virens 15 g plant-1, dosage of T. harzianum 22,5 g + T. virens 22,5 g plant-1. The result showed that dosage of T. harzianum 22,5 g + T. virens 22,5 g plant-1 is the most effective to control R. solani with averages of emergent seed and plat height, 75% and 9.25 cm, respectively.
Uji Ketahanan Beberapa Varietas Tomat terhadap Penyakit Layu Fusarium (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici) Chamzurni, Tjut; Ulim, M. Abduh; Dianur, Edi
Jurnal Agrista Vol 14, No 2 (2010): Volume 14 Nomor 2 Agustus 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Resistency of Tomatoes Varieties on Fusarium wilt Disease (Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici)ABSTRACT. Tomato plants are herbaceous annual plant, having hermaphrodite  flowers and are suitable to be planted in a cold area. Wilt disease is one of the important disease of tomato plants which is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici (fol). This disease can cause a great loss to the tomato producing in many regions in the world 20%-30%. A study has been conducted the resistance of several varieties of tomato plants against Fusarium wilt disease caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lycopersici. The tomato varieties observed were Local Aceh, Jelita, Permata, Sakata and Lentana. The results showed that Local Aceh variety and Jelita variety were highly  resistant to Fusarium wilt disease. The other 3 varieties showed a lower level of resistance to the wilt disease compared to those of Local Aceh and Lentana variety.
Deteksi dan Identifikasi Cendawan Endofit Trichoderma yang Berasosiasi pada Tanaman Kakao Sriwati, Rina; Chamzurni, Tjut; Sukarman, Sukarman
Jurnal Agrista Vol 15, No 1 (2011): Volume 15 Nomor 1 April 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Detection and Identification of Endophyte Trichoderma Fungi Associated Cocoa PlantABSTRACT. The endophytic fungi are non pathogenic fungi and almost all of them associated with plant cells without any symptoms. Endophites fungi that associated with cacao plant from East Aceh has been isolated. Based on morphological and molecular identification was found two species of fungi Trichoderma spp which is fungal antagonist. Molecular identification have provided the species of Trichoderma virens and Trichoderma longibrachiatum. Trichoderma virens had goog poteny as biological control agains patogen.
Trichoderma virens ISOLATED FROM COCOA PLANTATION IN ACEH AS BIODECOMPOSER COCOA POD HUSK Sriwati, Rina; Chamzurni, Tjut; Bukhari, Bukhari; Sanjani, Anwar
Jurnal Natural Volume 13, Number 1, March 2013
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Sustainable development on cocoa farming have been places great emphasis on the management of natural resources for Cocoa pod husk. Until now, there has been much public attention for a farming waste, environment polluting and a place to develop various diseases, especially fungal Phytopthora. To overcome these problems, it needs to utilize alternative cocoa pods. The aims of this study were: (1) to determine the potential use of Trichoderma virens isolated from cocoa plantation in Aceh as bio-decomposer in the composting process cocoa pods. The composition of potential use experiment; Manure+Trichoderma (PT); Cocoa pod husk+Trichoderma (KT); Cocoa pod husk + Manure (KP); Cocoa pod husk +Manure+Trichoderma (KPT) has been tested. The analysis result showed that the combined use of Trichoderma virens compost although no effect on the color, texture and smell of compost but could be effect on characterized of compost maturity by characteristics of C/N compost. The content of C/N compost on all treatments in accordance with the standard compost maturity thus considered quite feasible to be applied to the crop.
Aplikasi Herbisida Glifosat dan Paraquat pada Berbagai Dosis serta Pengaruhnya Terhadap Pertumbuhan Biduri (Calotropis Gigantean R. Br) Erida, Gina; Chamzurni, Tjut
Jurnal Agrista Vol 12, No 3 (2008): Volume 12 Nomor 3 Desember 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Application of Different Dosage of Glyphosate and Paraquat Herbicides and Their Effect on the Growth of Milky Weed (Calotropis gigantean R. Br)ABSTRACT. The study on application the different dosages of glyphosate and paraquat herbicides and their effect on the growth milky weed (Calotropis gigantean) has been conducted at Experimental station, Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University, Darussalam, Banda Aceh. The treatment were arranged in a completely randomized bloc design (CRD) manner with two factors. The first factor was the dosages of herbicides which were 0 kg a.i/ha, 0,4 kg a.i/ha, 0,8 kg a.i/ha, and 1,2 kg a.i/ha. The second one was the different herbicides which were glyphosate and paraquat. The result showed that the dosages of the 0,8 kg a.i/ha significantly increased the percentage of milky weed control, suppressed the height of milky weed 21 days of application (DAA), reduced the diameter of milky weed stem and decreased the dry weight of milky weed. The type of the herbicides and different dosages used interactively affected the percentage of milky weed control and the diameter of milky weed stem on 21 days of application (DAA). The paraquat herbicide applied with dosage of 1,2 kg a.i/ha significantly increased the percentage of milky weed control and suppressed the diameter of milky weed stem.
FORMULATION OF TRICHODERMA VIRENS ORIGIN OF ACEH COCOA CONTROLLING BLACK POD DISEASE CAUSED BY PHYTOPHTORA PALMIVORA CHAMZURNI, TJUT; SRIWATI, RINA; MUARIF, RIZKY; AMIN, BUNI; ULIM, ABDUH
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 4, No 2 (2014): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Trichoderma virens have been isolated from rooting cocoa in Aceh and in the laboratory have been reported capable of inhibiting the growth of P. palmivora in vitro. However, the formulations of T. virens from Aceh can be used as an alternative product for farmers in controlling black pod disease of cocoa. This research was conducted t the Laboratory of Plant Pathology College of Agriculture Syiah Kuala University and cocoa fruit samples obtained from cocoa plantations owned by farmers in Pidie Jaya District of Aceh. The purpose of the study was to obtain an application formulations strains of T. virensfrom Aceh, as one of the biological control study consisted of seven treatments, namely W (water), Pest (Mancozeb Fungicide), Det (Detergent), Det+Tv( detergent+strainsof T.virens), P+Tv (Adhesive +strainsof T.virens), Co+Tv( Corn Oil+strainsof T.virens), Po+Tv (Palm oil+strainsof T.virens) and each treatment was repeated 10 times to obtain70 experimental units. The parameters observed incubation period, disease incidence (%), and the diameter of the spots (cm). Application results show that the strains of T. virens Origin Aceh effective in controlling P. palmivora on cocoa pods and the best  formulation in controlling P. palmivora on cocoa pods are corn oil+T. virens formulation (Co +Tv) compared with other formulations are characterized by the length of the incubation period, the low incidence of P. palmivora disease, and the small diameter of the spots on the cocoa pods.
EFEKTIVITAS DOSIS DAN WAKTU APLIKASI Trichoderma virens TERHADAP SERANGAN Sclerotium rolfsii PADA KEDELAI Chamzurni, Tjut; Sriwati, Rina; Rahel, Rahel
Jurnal Floratek Vol 6, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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            This study was aimed at obtaining an effective dose and application timing of Trichoderma in controlling wilt disease caused by Sclerotium on soybean. This study used a factorial complete ramdomized design with 8 combination of treatments and 4 replications. There were two factors studied, dose and timing of Trichoderma. Four level doses factor were studied, i.e. 75, 150, 225, and 300 g.polybag-1, while timing of application consisted of 2 levels, 7 days before planting and at the planting time. The observed variables were germination rate, incubation period, length of lesion formed on the base of the stem, and dry weight of seeds per plant. Data of variables observed was analized by analysis of variance and followed by least significance different test at level 5%.  The results showed that dose of Trichoderma gave a significant effect on seed germination rate, incubation period, length of lesion and dry weight of seed per plant. Dose of Trichoderma 300 g.polibag-1 was the best and gave  germination rate of seed up to 84,38%, incubation period 8 days, length of lesion 1,35 cm and dry weight of seed 24,13 g. The timing of application gave a significant effect only on dry weight of seed per plant.  The best timing of application was found at 7days before planting and no interaction between doses and time of application of Trichoderma.
DOSIS DAN FREKUENSI KASCING UNTUK PENGENDALIAN PENYAKIT LAYU FUSARIUM PADA TANAMAN TOMAT Susanna, Susanna; Chamzurni, Tjut; Pratama, Arisandi
Jurnal Floratek Vol 5, No 2 (2010)
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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A study of dosage and frequency of casting (earthwarm excrement) for controlling fusarium wilt disease (Fusarium oxysporum f.sp lycopersici) on tomatoes (Lycopersicum esculentum Mill) has been done in a Laboratory of Plant and Disease Department and a Field Experiment Station, Agriculture Faculty, Syiah Kuala University in Banda Aceh. The purpose of this experiment was to study effects of dosage and frequency of casting to control fusarium wilt on tomato plants. The experiment applied a factorial completely randomized design (CRD) with five replications. The factors studied were dosage and frequency of kascing. The dosage consisted of 100 and 200 g/plant, whereas the frequency of kascing consisted of one and two times of application. The results showed that dosage of 200 g/plant with two times of kascing application can control disease fusarium wilt on tomato plant.