Kusyogo Cahyo
Magister Promosi Kesehatan Universitas Dipenegoro Semarang

Published : 42 Documents
Articles

Faktor-Faktor Yang Mempengaruhi Praktik Kesehatan Reproduksi Remaja Di SMA Negeri 1 Purbalingga Kabupaten Purbalingga Cahyo, Kusyogo; Kurniawan, Tri Prapto; Margawati, Ani
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 2, Agustus 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Youth behavior is becoming more permissive in terms of sexual interaction. These matters generate many cases of unwanted pregnancy and abortion. This research is aimed to know the factors influencing youth reproduction health practices in SMA 1 Purbalingga, district of Purbalingga by using a cross sectional study.Method: This study applies quantitative using questionnaires for data collection from 110 samples and combines with a qualitative using in-depth interview.Results: This study revealed that respondents’ level of knowledge in term of sexual health is mostly at sufficient level. The attitude of respondents is mostly still traditional and supported to have sexual practices such as abstinence. Most respondents admitted that their parents have no skill to inform them about reproductive issues. So they prefer to access informationfrom friends and media. Bivariate analysis shows that knowledge, parent’s role and media have significantly correlated with youth reproductive health practices. However respondent attitude and teacher’s role factors have no correlation with reproductive health practices.Keywords: reproductive health, practice, youth.
Kajian Adaptasi Sosial Psikologis Pada Ibu Setelah Melahirkan (Post Partum) Di Ruang Rawat Inap RSUD Kota Semarang Cahyo, Kusyogo; Rimawati, Eti; Widagdo, Laksmono; Solikha, Dewi Amila
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 3, No. 1, Januari 2008
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Abstract

Background: Delivery process is a big moment in women’s life and will effect to their role’s change. Psychological burden of post partum is an emotional symptoms and feeling like downhearted, insomnia, physically tired and do not know what they do with the new role. Role pressure and role could influence women’s depression development after delivery. Toavoid the physically tired, emotional increased and psychological crisis, human should learn to face the problem effectively by adaptation mechanism or adjustment. Family, friend and parent have important role in social system of delivery’s mother. The aim of research is to examine the socio-psychological adaptation among delivery’s mothers in In-patient department RSUD Kota Semarang.Method: The research design is qualitative study by emic dimension approach. The informants are ten mothers who had delivered 2 days, 2 nurses, and ten people from family delivery’s mother. Data collecting was conducted by in-depth interview with interview guideline. Data analysis was done by content analysis.Result: Age, education, and social economic status influenced psychology and physiology of delivery mothers. Experiences and family support were being reinforcing factors for delivery mothers to adapt after delivery.Key words: adaptation, socio-psychology, delivery’s mother
Perilaku Gelandangan Dalam Pemanfaatan Pelayanan Kesehatan Masyarakat Di Kota Semarang Jawa Tengah (Studi Kasus di Kawasan Pasar Johar) Cahyo, Kusyogo; Hidayatullah, M. Syarif; Widjanarko, Bagoes
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Background : Vagrants are an interesting and critical social phenomenon where their numbers in large cities is steadily increasing. They have been generally vulnerable from many health problems and hence they have a high risk of various diseases. Poverty, illiteracy, lack of assets and production means, unemployment and many other factors have made them never using health facilities and services. This research is therefore, intended to discribe health seeking behaviour of the vagrants who usually stay in the area of Johar market Semarang.Method : This study applies a qualitative approach. In-depth interviews have been used to collect the data from 18 selected respondents. Snowball sampling technique has been employed to find respondents.Results : The study found that most vagrants have lack of knowledge primarily in terms of disease preventions, health protections and promotion. Their perceptions about sickness is acondition when they feel unable to do their daily activities anymore. Generally, they seldomknow the type of diseases they are suffering from, but they only feel the pain. The kind of preventive and curative measures which they adopt often based on information obtained from their friends. When they feel pain or sick, they just treat themselves by taking some medicines which bought in drug store or taking some traditional herbs (Jamu). The majority of va-grants have never visited health center because they could not afford to pay, feel embarassed, fear to be refused by health personnels. Importantly, they feel that they have never obtained a serious illness.Keywords : Vagrant, health seeking behaviour, qualitative method.
Praktek Cuci Tangan Pakai Sabun di Sekolah pada Siswa Sekolah Dasar di Kota Semarang Nugraheni, Hermien; Widjanarko, Bagoes; Cahyo, Kusyogo
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 5, No. 2, Agustus 2010
Publisher : Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

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Background : PHBS in school applying an absolute necessity as the emergence of diseases, which was generally associated with PHBS, especially associated with the practice of washing hands with soap, as an indicator PHBS in educational institutions. The aims of research is identify the factors that associated with practice of handwashing (CTPS) at the elementary school students in Semarang City.Method: This research is explanatory research with Cross Sectional design. Research sample is 5th grade elementary school students in the Semarang city with sample retrieval technique with proportional simple random sampling of 394 respondents. Retrieval of data by conducting interviews.Result: The results of bivariate analysis using statistical tests with chi-square testshowed there are three variabels which significantly associated with, they are the role of parenting, the role of teachers in schools and the availability of the practice of handwashing at the elementary school students. Logistic regression test results, then gained, variabels that jointly associated with the practice of handwashing at the elementary school students are the role of parenting and the availability of the practice of handwashing at the elementary school. The most dominant variabel associated with the practice of handwashing at the elementary school students is the availability of handwashing facilities in schools, where the availability of hand washing facilities in schools that both have probably 20 times the practice of washing hands with soap in school of the availability of hand washing facilities are not good.Keywords : Hand-washing, Elementary, Student
Perilaku Seksual Pranikah pada Siswa SLTP Pengungsi Eks Timor Timur di Kecamatan Kupang Tengah dan Kupang Timur Kabupaten Kupang Nusa Tenggara Timur Hanifah, Astin Nur; Cahyo, Kusyogo
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 7, No. 2, Agustus 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (40.428 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.2.116-125

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Kasus KTD dan IMS remaja eks Timtim banyak ditemukan pada kelompok umur 12 – 15tahun. Penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor yang mempengaruhi perilaku seksual berisikoterhadap IMS padasiswa SLTP pengungsieks Timtim di kecamatan Kupang Tengah dan TimurKabupaten Kupang. Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metodepenelitian penjelasan (explanatory research method). Pengambilan data dilakukan dengancara wawancara terstruktur menggunakan kuesioner dengan jumlah sampel 100 orangremaja.Hasil analisa menunjukkan bahwa ada 4 variabel yang berhubungan dengan perilakuseksual berisiko terhadap IMS yaitu sikap terhadap seksualitas, budaya remaja tentangseksualitas, perilaku seksual teman sebaya dalam berperilaku seksual, dan akses mediainformasi. Perilaku seksual remaja SLTP pengungsi eks Timtim berisiko terhadap KTD (24%)dan (17%) berisiko terhadap IMS. Hasil analisa multivariate dengan uji regresi logisticmenunjukkan bahwa variabel yang paling berpengaruh yaitu budaya remaja terhadapseksualitas dan sikap remaja terhadap seksualitas. Hasil penelitian yang paling berpengaruhadalah budaya remaja yang mendukung perilaku seksual pranikah dan sikap remaja yangpermisif terhadap seksualitasKata kunci : perilaku seksual pranikah, Remaja Premarital Of Sexual Behaviour Toward Junior High School Students Ex-East TimorRefugees In Sub Central Kupang And East Kupang District Kupang Homeland SouthEast;Unwanted Pregnancy problem and adolescent cases of STDs in the former East Timorare found at group which has 12-15 years. This study to determine the factors that influencesexual behavior at risk for sexually transmitted infections in junior high student former EastTimorese refugees in central and Eastern sub-district of Kupang regency. Research methodused in this study is the explanation of research method (explanatory research methode).Data is collected by structure interviews using a questionnaire with a sample of 100 teenagers.Bivariate analysis with chi squre test showed that there are 4 variables related to sexualbehavior risk for STI namely attitude sexuality, youth culture about sexuality, peer influencein sexual behavior, and acces media information. Sexual behavior of the former East Timoreserefugees teens junior 24% risk of Unwanted Pregnancy and17% risk of STDs. The result ofmultivariate analysis with logistic regression test showed that the influential variables areadolescent culture toward sexuality and attitudes toward adolescent sexuality.Key words : sexual behavior premarital, Student
Perilaku Perawat Gigi dalam Pelaksanaan Program UKGS di Kota Pontianak Femala, Dian; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Cahyo, Kusyogo
JURNAL PROMOSI KESEHATAN INDONESIA Volume 7, No. 2, Agustus 2012
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Promosi Kesehatan Undip

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (40.308 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.2.145-152

Abstract

Perawat gigi sebagai pelaksana dalam kegiatan manajemen mikro pada pelayanan kesehatangigi khususnya usaha kesehatan gigi sekolah melaksanakan kegiatan perencanaan,pelaksanaan (promotif, preventif dan kuratif sederhana), monitoring dan evaluasi. Penellitianini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perilaku perawat gigi dalam pelaksanaan program usahakesehatan gigi sekolah di Kota Pontianak. Penelitian ini merupakan Explanatory Researchdengan pendekatan Cross Sectional. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dankuesioner terstruktur dengan jumlah sampel 59 orang perawat gigi yang bekerja diPuskesmas. Perilaku perawat gigi yang kurang baik sebanyak 33.9%. Variabel yangberhubungan dengan perilaku perawat gigi adalah pengetahuan, sikap, dukungan kepalapuskesmas, dukungan kepala sekolah, dukungan dokter gigi dan sarana prasarana. Variabelyang paling berpengaruh terhadap perilaku perawat gigi dalam pelaksanaan program usahakesehatan gigi sekolah (UKGS) adalah sarana prasarana.Kata Kunci : Perawat gigi, Perilaku, UKGS The behavior of dental nurses in the implementation of the program UKGS in Pontianak;Dental nurses, as the excecutor in the activities of micro-management in dental health care services,especially business school dental health activities of planning, implementation ( promotive, preventive,curative and referral) monitoring and evaluation.The purpose of this study was to determine thefactors analysis of the factors that influence the behavior of dental nurse in the implementation ofprogram in the city of Pontianak UKGS. Explanatory research is research with cross sectionalapproach.The result showed that 33.9% of responden behave less well on the implementation of theprogram UKGS. Variables related to the behavior of dental nurses in the implementation of theprogram is the knowledge of the dental nurses UKGS, the attitude of dental nurses, support thehead of clinic, the principal support, support dentist and infrastructure.Keywords : Behavioral, dental nurses, UKGS
Sikap Remaja Perempuan Terhadap Pencegahan Kanker Serviks Melalui Vaksinasi HPV di kota Semarang Rachmani, Berlian; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh; Cahyo, Kusyogo
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Abstract

Kanker serviks merupakan the silent killer diseases dengan penderita risiko tinggi pada perempuan mulai umur 20 tahun sehingga remaja perempuan perlu melakukan tindakan preventif secara dini melalui vaksinasi HPV. Tuiuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan sikap remaja perempuan terhadap pencegahan kanker serviks melalui vaksinasi HPV, dengan sampel penelitian adalah mahasiswi berlatar belakang kesehatan dari empat universitas di Kota Semarang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sikap remaja perempuan mendukung pencegahan kanker serviks melalui vaksinasi HPV (92,9%). Dari uji statistik terlihat ada hubungan antara keyakinan remaja perempuan dengan sikap (p=0,00), ada hubungan antara pengetahuan dengan sikap (p=0,005), ada hubungan antara sikap keluarga dengan sikap remaja perempuan (p=0,009). Dari penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa keyakinan terhadap viksinasi HPV pengetahuan tentang kanker serviks dan vaksin HPV serta sikap keluarga terhadap vaksinasi HPV merupakan factor yang berhubungan dengan sikap remaja perempuan terhadap pencegahan kanker serviks melalui vaksinasi HPV. Kata kunci : sikap, kanker serviks, vaksin HPV, remaja The factors associated with attiude factors adolescent girl to prevention cervical cancer through HPV vaccination; Cervical cancer is the silent killer disease with high risk patients in women starting at 20 years old that adolescent girls need to take some prevention action at an early stage through HPV vaccination. This study investigate the factors associated with attitude factors adolescent girls to prevention cervical cancer through HPV vaccination, with sample were student with medical backgrounds from four universities in the Semarang City. These result indicate that the attitude of adolescent girls support the prevention of cervical cancer through HPV vaccination (92,9%). The results of the chi square test statistic showed associated between adolescent girls with an attitutde (p=0.00), associated between knowledge with attitude (p=0,005), associated between familly attitude with the attitude of adolescent girls (p=0,009). Conclution this study is belief of against HPV vaccination, knowledge about cervical cancer and HPV vaccines and family attitudes toward HPV vaccination is a factor related to adolescent female attitudes towaids the prevention of cervical cancer through HPV vaccination. Keyword : attitude, cervical cancer, HPV vaccination, girls adolescent
Rokok, Pola Pemasaran dan Perilaku Merokok Siswa SMA/Sederajat di Kota Semarang Cahyo, Kusyogo; Asmita Wigati, Putri; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA

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Abstract

Populasi perokok yang mulai merokok sebelum berumur 19 tahun meningkat dari 69% tahun 2001 meniadi 78% tahun 2004. Penelitian ini bertuiuan untuk mengetahui pola pemasaran rokok, karakteristik perokok dan perilaku merokok siswa SMA/sederajat do Kota Semarang. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif kualitatif dengan subyek adalah siswa SMA/sederajat, berumur l5-19 tahun, berstatus perokok. Pengambilan subyek penelitian menggunakan metode Purposive Sampling. Pengumpulan data melalui wawancara dan diskusi kelompok terarah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar subyek memulai merokok ketika berumur dibawah 15 tahun, memiliki konsep diri yang negatif karena merokok, mengetahui kegawatan dari penyakit akibat rokok, akan tetapi belum dapat berhenti karena factor kecanduan. Pola pemasaran produk rokok yang berpengaruh kuat membentuk perilaku merokok remaja adalah pergaulan teman sebaya, perilaku merokok orangtua atau keluarga terdekat. Pengetahuan subjek yang masih rendah tentang rokok mengakibatkan sikap yang positif terhadap perilaku merokok. Kata Kunci: Rokok, pola pemaiaran, peiilaku merokok Cigarette, Marketing Patterns, and Smoking Behaviour of senior High school student in Semarang City, The smoker population had started on 19th years old getting increase from 69% on 2001 become 78% on 2004. The goal of this research were to analized cigarette marketing pattterns, smoker characteristic, and smoking behaviour of senior High school student in Semarang city. The type of this research is descriptive and qualitative that sample were smoker students on 15-19th years old and taken by purposive sampling. Collecting data by interview and Focus Group Discussion. The result showed that almost subject started smoking when they were on l5th years old, they have a negative concept because of smoker status, and actually know the illness, but cannot stop smoking. The association between friends, parents or family behaviour were form of cigarette marketing patterns that have strong influence of smoking behaviour. The knowledge of subject were low and it caused a positive attitude of smoking behavior Key Words: Cigarette, Marketing Path, Smoking Behaviour
Gambaran Pelaksanaan Kegiatan Kelas Ibu Hamil Di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Mranggen Kabupaten Demak Description Of Implementation Of Pregnancy Class In Worked Area Of Public Health Centre Mranggen District Demak Regency Puspita Sari, Rini; Budi Mustofa, Syamsulhuda; Cahyo, Kusyogo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 2, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)

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Abstract

Bacground:  The  high  maternal  mortality  rate  (MMR)  and  Infant  Mortality  Rate  (IMR)  in Indonesia  related  to  pregnancy,  childbirth,  and  postpartum  so  that  one  of  promotive  and preventive health ministry began intensively conducted the Pregnancy It’s means to learned together about pregnant women health form of face-to-face in groups. The purpose of this research to describe the implementation of pregnancy class in worked area of public health centre Mranggen district Demak regency. Method ;  The research was conducted at  Mranggen Public Health Centre and a qualitative research  method  depth  interview.  Midwives  15  key  informants  selected  by  purposive sampling. The  validity  of  the  data  used  by  the  source  triagulasi  methods  that  follow  the activity of Pregnancy Pregnancy classes and midwife coordinator. Result ; The results showed the picture of the implementation of the implementation class of pregnant women in health centers Mranggen Demak is good enough it is seen from  POAC (planning,  organizing,  actuating  dan  controling)  the  planning  still  exist  that  do  not  have  a plan,  with  a  fairly  good  organizing  with  the  cooperation  with  relevant  parties  Viewed actualing  between  planning  and  execution  is  appropriate,  whereas  views  control,  in  each level of each already have a person in  charge, and full reporting and routine every month. Conclusions;  Direct supervision of a midwife coordinator advised to not rely solely on the monthly report
Beberapa Faktor yang Berkaitan dengan Praktek Kepala Keluarga Dalam Membuang Limbah Rumah Tangga di Kelurahan Bendanduwur Kecamatan Gajah Mungkur Kota Semarang. Cahyo, Kusyogo; Sumarni, Sri
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA Vol 1, No 2 (2002): vol 1, No 2 (2002)
Publisher : JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN INDONESIA

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ABSTRACT Background : The poluted river is still a problem in a big city, for example Kali Garang, which is used by Water Drinking District Company in producing portable water in Semarang City. The stream zone of Kali Garang trought the crowded people areas/houses, where people still use water from Kali Garang for daily need, include domestic waste, It caused the quality of water in Kali Garang trend to decrese. The aims of this research is to know some faktors related to the practise of the head of family (house wife) in disposing domestic waste. The factors are education, knowledge, attitude, waste domestic tools and family environment. Methods : This was an explanatory research, using survey method with cross-sectional design. The data would be analized using Chi-Square method at 0,05 level of significant. Results : This research show that the relationship between education, knowledge, attitude, waste domestic tools and family environment with the practise of the head of family in disposing domestic waste are significant. Key Words : Domestic Waste Diposal, The Head of Family, Semarang