Umi Cahyaningsih
Bagian Klinik Hewan, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Udayana, Bali

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Tingkat Insidensi Malaria di Wilayah Pemanasan Kelambu Berinsektisida Tahan Lama dan Wilayah Kontrol (MALARIA INCIDENCE RATE OF HEAT ASSISTED REGENERATION LONG LASTING INSECTICIDAL NETS AREA AND CONTROL) Sudarnika, Etih; Sudarwanto, Mirnawati; Saefuddin, Asep; Cahyaningsih, Umi; Hadi, Upik Kesumawati; Kusriastuti, Rita; Eng, Jodi Vanden; Zhang, Daowen; Hawley, William A.
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

Long lasting insecticidal nets (LLIN) is one effective way to prevent malaria. Permethrin treatedLLIN is one type of LLIN which is recommended by WHO. Several studies have shown that these types ofLLIN requiring heat assisted regeneration after washing to enhance the biological activity of insecticidethat contained in the LLIN fibers. This study aimed to compare the incidence rates of malaria in childrenunder five years old who live in the intervention area (where the heat assisted regeneration on LLIN afterwashing was applied) and control area (where the heat assisted regeneration on LLIN after washing wasnot applied). Data of malaria cases was collected from laboratory log book at all health centers in BangkaDistrict, in the period of June June 2007 until July 2008. Data were analyzed with Poisson regressionmodels. The results showed that the incidence rate of malaria in children under five years old was notsignificantly different between the treatment and control areas.
Ekstrak Sambiloto Menurunkan Patogenesitas Ookista Eimeria Tenella Yellita, Yulia; Cahyaningsih, Umi; Pradono, Dyah Iswantini; Winarsih, Wiwin; Manalu, Wasmen
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 4 (2011)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

Eimeria tenella is one of the nine of Eimeria species, a pathogenic intraseluler protozoa causing aviancoccidiosis. Infection was initiated by the ingestion of sporulated oocysts. The aim of this study was toinvestigate the effect of E. tenella oocyst incubation in methanol extract of Andrographis paniculata beforeinfection in broiler performance. This research used 115 broiler DOC (CP 707) devided into five groups,each group consisted of 23 broilers. The infection with 1x105 oocyst were done at the 14th day old of chicken.The 1st group was placebo (KN), while the 2nd group was infected with unincubated oocyst (KP), and theother three groups i.e. : 3rd, 4th, 5th were infected with incubated oocyst in A. paniculata extract for 2, 4, and6 hours, respectively. The number of oocysts in feces were counted on day 5th to 14th post-infection, theheterophile and macrophages were counted from caecum histology preparation, by slaughtered threechickens of each of groups on the day 0,3,6.9, and 14 post infection, and accretion body weight wasmeasured by weighing chickens per week to five-week old chickens. The results of this study indicated thatthe incubation period the sporulated oocyst in the extract of A.paniculata for six hours before infection,reduced the number of oocysts production in the feces, the number of inflammatory cells (macrophages andheterophile) in the cecum, and increases body weight (gain). In conclusion A.paniculata extract decreasedthe pathogenisity of E.tenella oocyst, so the extract of A.paniculata has good potential as anticoccidia. Itis high likely that A. paniculata extract has a potential to be anticoccidia.
Ekstrak Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata) Menurunkan Jumlah Skizon, Mikrogamet, Makrogamet, dan Oosista Eimeria tenella (EXTRACT OF ANDROGRAPHIS PANICULATA DECREASED SCHIZONTS, MICROGAMETES, MACROGAMETES AND OOCYSTS NUMBER OF EIMERIA TENELLA) CAHYANINGSIH, UMI; RIANDCI, RESSY; ISWANTINI, DYAH
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 13, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Veteriner

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Abstract

The aim of this research was to observe the effect of ethanol extract of Andrographis paniculata givenin grading doses to the schizonts, microgamete, macrogamete, and oocytes counts of Eimeria tenella inchicken caecum. A total of ninety day old broiler chicks were used in the study. At two weeks old the broilerswere divided into six groups. Each group consisted of 15 broilers, the 6 groups were: (i) negative control(broilers did not receive any treatment); (ii) positive control (each animal were infected with 104 E. tenellaoocytes); (iii) medicine control (each animal were infected with 104 E. tenella oocytes and coccidiostat); (iv)A1 (each animal were infected with 104 E. tenella oocytes and paniculata extract 90 mg/kg body weight); (v)A2 (each animal were infected with 104 E. tenella oocytes and paniculata extract 180 mg/kg body weight);and (vi) A3 (each animal were infected with 104 E. tenella oocytes and paniculata extract 360 mg/kg bodyweight). At day 6, 9, 13, 16, and 22 post infection three broilers from each group were sacrificed and theirceca were collected for histopathological examination. The results showed that paniculata extract at dose90 mg/kg body weight and 180 mg/kg body weight was able to decrease the numbers of shizont, microgamete,macrogamete, and oocytes of E. tenella in the chicken caecum.
Protozoa Parasitik pada Ikan Sidat (Anguilla spp.) Asal Danau Lindu, Sulawesi Tengah Jabal, Arif Rahman; Cahyaningsih, Umi; Tiuria, Risa
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol 20, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (931.519 KB) | DOI: 10.18343/jipi.20.2.103

Abstract

Infection protozoan parasitic on eels (Anguilla spp.) from Lindu Lake was affected weight eels and health eels. The protozoan parasitic examinations were collection of eels, inspection eels, observation, measurement, identification of parasites, and staining protozoan used giemsa stained, trematode used semichons’s acetocarmine stained and nematode used clove oil and KOH. The diversity of parasitic protozoan found such as: Myxidium sp., Myxobolus sp., Chilodonella sp., Ceratomyxa sp., Balantidium sp., Henneguya sp., and Glugea sp. The highest prevalence Myxidium sp. in eels was 77% and no protozoan dominated between other parasites. Based on chi-square test, protozoan parasitic had a different preference to organs of eels.
ENDOPARASIT CACING PADA ORANGUTAN EX-CAPTIVE DI SUAKA MARGASATWA SUNGAI LAMANDAU KALIMANTAN TENGAH INDONESIA Mirsageri, M.; Assidiqi, M. Jamaluddin; Cahyaningsih, Umi; Tiuria, Risa; Z, Zulfiqri
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 9, No 1 (2015): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.462 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v9i1.2796

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan melakukan identifikasi dan mengetahui persentase orangutan yang terinfeksi endoparasit (cacing) pada orangutan excaptive yang berada di Suaka Margasatwa Sungai Lamandau. Sampel feses orangutan yang diperiksa sebanyak 30 individu yang didapatkan dicamp Gemini dan Siswoyo. Pemeriksaan feses dilakukan secara makroskopis dan mikroskopis. Pemeriksaan mikroskopis dilakukan dengan menggunakan dua metode yaitu metode Ridley dengan larutan sodium acetate, acetic acid, dan formaldehyde (SAF) fiksatif dan metode apung. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan adanya infeksi cacing gastrointestinal sebesar 56,7%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa orangutan positif terinfestasi telur cacing tipe ascarid; trichurid; dan strongiloid masing-masing sebesar 43,3; 16,7; dan 6,7%. Orangutan dapat mengalami infeksi lebih dari satu jenis tipe telur cacing.
PREVALENSI DAN FAKTOR RISIKO KOKSIDIOSIS PADA SAPI PERAH DI KABUPATEN BANDUNG (Prevalence and Risk Factor of Coccidiosis in Dairy Cattle in Bandung District) Sufi, Isrok Malikus; Cahyaningsih, Umi; Sudarnika, Etih
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 10, No 2 (2016): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (134.225 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v10i2.5138

Abstract

This study aimed to determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of coccidiosis. Samples were obtained from 400 dairy cattle (196 calves aged <6 months, 37 calves aged 6-12 months, and 167 calves aged >12 months). Feces samples were collected, examined and counted for prevalence and number of oocyst per gram faeces (OPG) by McMaster technique. A questionnaire was design to record information about animal health and husbandry, individually. Risk factors associated with the prevalence of Eimeria in cattle were analyzed by logistic regression model. The overall prevalence and the average of OPG of Eimeria in cattle was 179 (44.75%) and 286.75, while highest prevalence of Eimeria was observed in calves aged less than 6 months. Cattle aged more than 12 months showed significantly different relationship (P<0.05) to the prevalence of Eimeria infection compare to calves aged less than 6 months and aged 6-12 months. The presence of an immature immune system in younger calves resulting in their higher susceptibility to coccidiosis. Among management and animal health practices, floor type and treatment of cattle influence the prevalence of Eimeria in cattle.
DAYA TAHAN HIDUP Toxoplasma gondii DALAM SUSU KAMBING SETELAH PASTEURISASI SUHU TINGGI WAKTU SINGKAT Saridewi, Rismayani; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Sudarwanto, Mirnawati; Cahyaningsih, Umi
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 9, No 2 (2015): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (120.33 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v9i2.2824

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian adalah menetapkan daya tahan hidup takizoit Toxoplasma gondii galur RH dalam susu kambing setelah dipasteurisasi pada suhu tinggi dalam waktu singkat. Dalam penelitian ini digunakan metode in vivo dan mencit diinfeksi dengan takizoit Toxoplasma gondii galur RH secara intraperitoneal dengan konsentrasi 2,76x106 takizoit/ekor. Mencit dibagi atas tiga kelompok perlakuan, yaitu susu pasteurisasi dan takizoit yang dipanaskan pada suhu 72 °C selama 15 detik (P), susu pasteurisasi dan takizoit tanpa dipanaskan sebagai kontrol positif (KP), dan  susu pasteurisasi tanpa takizoit sebagai kontrol negatif (KN). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak ditemukan takizoit di dalam cairan peritoneal pada P dan KN. Takizoit Toxoplasma gondii galur RH ditemukan pada KP yang mempunyai jumlah konsentrasi hampir sama sebelum dan setelah infeksi.
COMPARISON OF POLYPEPTIDE PROFILE OF Trypanosoma evansi ISOLATES FROM INDONESIA AND THEIR RELATION TO BIOTYPE AND SENSITIVITY TO TRYPANOCIDAL Yuniarto, Ichwan; Subekti, Didik T; Cahyaningsih, Umi; Satrija, Fadjar
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 12, No 2 (2018): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1984.103 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v12i2.11486

Abstract

This study aimed to determine whether the variant or biotype of Trypanosoma evansi can be seen from their polypeptide profiles using 12%sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS PAGE) stained with Brilliant Blue Commasie. The results generally showed thatthe molecular weight (MW) of polypeptides from nine isolates from East Java, Central Java, Banten, South Kalimantan, Central Kalimantan, andLampung provinces were in the range of 85.46 to 15.76 kD and each isolate has different polypeptide profile. Isolates A13 and A14 were isolatedfrom the same place but have different polypeptide profiles. Likewise, isolates S13 and S18 also have different polypeptide profiles despite beingisolated from the same place at the same time. On the other hand, isolate 372, 87, and 06 have different protein profiles but was classified in thesame biotype namely biotype I. Generally, the difference in protein profile actually more related to the biological diversity of the metabolism ofeach Trypanosoma evansi isolate from Indonesia.
Aktivitas Antimalaria Ekstrak Kayu Bidara Laut Syafii, Wasrin; Sari, Rita K.; Cahyaningsih, Umi; Anisah, Laela N.
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis Vol 14, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kayu Tropis

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Abstract

Penyakit malaria merupakan salah satu penyakit menular yang masih menjadi masalah utama kesehatan di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menetapkan rendemen zat ekstraktif kayu bidara laut dan aktivitas antimalarianya secara in vitro  terhadap Plasmodium falciparum serta menganalisis kandungan kimia ekstrak teraktifnya  Ekstrak kayu bidara laut dihasilkan dari maserasi dengan pelarut organik berkepolaran bertingkat (n-heksana, etil asetat, dan etanol). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kadar ekstrak tertinggi terdapat pada ekstrak etanol (4,11%), diikuti dengan ekstrak etil asetat (1,24%) dan ekstrak n-heksana (0,55%). Berdasarkan uji aktivitas antimalaria, ekstrak etanol merupakan ekstrak teraktif (IC50 3,09 µg ml-1), sedangkan ekstrak etil asetat (IC50 81,38 µg ml-1) dan ekstrak n-heksana (IC50 889,30 µg m-1) tergolong  tidak aktif.  Hasil uji fitokimia secara kualitatif menunjukkan kelompok senyawa yang terkandung di dalam serbuk kayu bidara laut adalah flavonoid, alkaloid, triterpenoid, steroid, tannin dan hidroquinon yang diduga berperan terhadap aktivitas antimalaria. Analisis GCMS mendeteksi adanya senyawa alkaloid strychnine yang diduga memiliki aktivitas antimalaria. Berdasarkan hasil tersebut, ekstrak etanol kayu bidara laut sangat berpotensi sebagai sumber obat antimalaria.
The Role of Fennel Infusion on Estrous Cycle and Follicles Development of White Rats MAHESHWARI, HERA; SATYANINGTIJAS, ARYANI SISMIN; HARLINA, EVA; CAHYANINGSIH, UMI; EFFENDI, MULYATI; MUSTOFA, MUHAMMAD ADIB; BEKALANI, YENI KEZIA
JURNAL ILMU KEFARMASIAN INDONESIA Vol 14 No 1 (2016): JIFI
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

This study aims to describe the estrous cycle and follicles development in female rats given infusion of fennel fruit that known to have phytoestrogen compound. Twenty five of female rats were used in this research and were divided into 5 groups. Group I was negative control group (NC), given 1 mL/100g bw of distilled water, group II was positive control group (PC), given 0.0045 mg/100g bw of ethinyl estradiol, groups III, IV and V were treatment groups (TI, T2 and T3), given fennel infusion at 36.5; 73 and 146 mg/100g bw respectively. All treatments were conducted every morning for 20 days by oral route. Changes of vaginal epithelium were observed through vaginal swabs previously stained with Giemsa stain. Histopathological examination of ovarian swere examined to reveal follicles development. Results showed that fennel fruit infusion extended the duration of estrous and metestrous phases, while shortened the proestrous and diestrous phases. Eventhough the longest estrous phase was found in T3 group, there was no significant effect on the lengthening of estrous cycle. Moreover, infusion of fennel fruit had no effect on the development of ovarian follicles, except tended to increase the number of corpus luteum.