Ahmad Najib Burhani
The Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Jakarta

Published : 5 Documents
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Revealing the Neglected Missions: Some Comments on the Javanese Elements of Muhammadiyah Reformism Burhani, Ahmad Najib
Studia Islamika Vol 12, No 1 (2005): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i1.647

Abstract

This paper seeks to discuss Muhammadiyahs attitude towards the Javanese cultural identity in the movement interacted with the ideology, psychology, and cosmology of Javanese culture.The views, insights, and behaviour of the founding father and early prominent figures within the organisation are presented, notably the way in which the former interpreted elements of Javanese culture. To analyse the data available, this work attempts to explore and articulate the grammar of symbol.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i1.647
The 45th Muhammadiyah Congress Contest between Literal-Conservative and Liberal-Moderate Muslims in Indonesia Burhani, Ahmad Najib
Studia Islamika Vol 12, No 1 (2005): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i1.650

Abstract

Muhammadiyahs 45 Congress, held in Malang, East Java July 3-8, 2005, saw the inauguration of the thirteen new high officials for the Board of Muhammadiyah for the 2005-2010 term. the congress also swore in Muhammadiyahs new leader, Professor Din Syamsuddin. The elections for the second largest Muslim organization in Indonesia were not, however, the focus of this congress. the primary issue of concern was on how this organization would prepare itself to develop futher after one century of existence in Indonesia. the theme of the congress was "Movement for Enlightenment" This congress is projected to be a stepping-stone for the resurgence (kebangkitan) of the organization, which was first established in Jogjakarta in 1912DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v12i1.650
Pluralism, Liberalism, and Islamism: Religious Outlook of Muhammadiyah Burhani, Ahmad Najib
Studia Islamika Vol 25, No 3 (2018): Studia Islamika
Publisher : Center for Study of Islam and Society (PPIM) Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v25i3.7765

Abstract

Muhammadiyah has been perceived as an example of a successful blend between Islam and modernity. By adopting modern spirit of discipline, equality, and a hard work ethics, this organization has become a vibrant and independent movement. The number of Muhammadiyah educational and health institutions is only surpassed by those owned by the Indonesian government. Muhammadiyah has 177 universities; thousands of secondary, middle, and elementary schools, as well as hundreds of hospitals and other health institutions. However, the organization’s successes in social, educational, and economic do not necessarily indicate that it also embraces pluralistic values and religious tolerance. This paper, therefore, intends to describe Muhammadiyah’s position in the context of pluralism, liberalism, and Islamism. It argues that although Muhammadiyah is predominated by members with moderate religious inclinations, but a significant number of them are exclusively puritan in their theology. The organization’s focus on social services is the reason why Muhammadiyah has evaded Islamist tendencies.
THE IDEOLOGICAL SHIFT OF MUHAMMADIYAH FROM CULTURAL INTO PURITANICAL TENDENCY IN 1930s Burhani, Ahmad Najib
Jurnal Masyarakat dan Budaya Vol 8, No 1 (2006)
Publisher : P2KK LIPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (81.622 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jmb.v8i1.178

Abstract

Tulisan ini ingin menunjukkan adanya pergeseran ideologi di Muhammadiyah dari tendensi kultural menuju tendensi puritan. Pada awal berdirinya, Muhammadiyah merupakan representasi Islam varian Jawa. Ia lahir di Kauman, satu tempat dalam lingkungan tembok Kesultanan Yogyakarta, oleh sejumlah abdi dalem Kraton tersebut. Ia dibangun dengan inspirasi dan kesadaran seorang Islam-Jawa tulen, Raden Ngabehi Muhamad Darwisy (KH Ahmad Dahlan). Pada perkembangannya, terjadi satu pergeseran di organisasi yang berdiri 1912 ini, seolah-olah NU (Nahdlatul Ulama) lebih pas dipandang sebagai representasi Islam-Jawa daripada Muhammadiyah. Banyak faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya pergeseran ini. Diantarannya adalah masuk dan berkembangnya ideologi Wahabi, terutama setelah Mekah dan Madinah dikuasai Saud-Wahabi. Keterlibatan orang-orang dari Padang dalam Muhammadiyah juga berpengaruh dalam pembentukan sikap organisasi ini terhadap budaya lokal. Terlebih, ideologi Muhammadiyah banyak dipengaruhi oleh ulama besar dari Padang, Haji Rasul. Selain kedua hal tersebut, faktor lain yang ikut berpengaruh dalam membentuk karakter Muhammadiyah dalam kaitannya dengan budaya adalah pembentukan Majlis Tarjih yang berorientasi syari’ah. Pendirian lembaga ini dipelopori oleh Mas Mansur, seorang ulama dari daerah pesisir, Surabaya. Karakteristik keislaman daerah pesisir pantai dikenal lebih ketat dibandingkan daerah pedalaman (hinterland) seperti Yogyakarta. Kata kunci: Muhammadiyah, ideological shift, Majlis Tarjih, cultural tendency, puritanical tendency.
IDENTITAS DAN KESARJANAAN: MELINTASI BATAS DALAM STUDI TENTANG AHMADIYAH DI INDONESIA Burhani, Ahmad Najib
Harmoni Vol 16 No 2 (2017): Juli-Desember 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kehidupan Keagamaan Kementerian Agama

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32488/harmoni.v16i2.15

Abstract

Who is more authoritative in researching certain religious minorities, insider or outsider? How to apply the concept of ‘detachment’, ‘neutrality’, and ‘bracketing’ in studying religious groups officially declared by majority of ulama and mainstream religious organizations as deviant cults like Ahmadiyah? And how would the various concepts, methods, and scientific theories, such as ‘going native’ and ‘participant observation’ be applied in the field? How to negotiate between faith and science, our identity as part of religious mainstream and orthodox group in studying communities deemed ‘heretic’? How does researcher’s identity as a non-Ahmadi affect his research and judgment about Ahmadiyah? This paper intends to discuss the author’s experience in studying Ahmadiyah, in applying various theories and academic principles in the study of this community, and how to behave towards individual conflicts and controversies surrounding Ahmadiyah issues. This paper is based on seven-year experience of living with, studying, and participating in the activities of Ahmadiyah in Indonesia, Singapore, Japan, India, England, and the United States.