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Pengembangan Dan Evaluasi Teknis Alat Pengering Kopra Jenis Tray Dryer Junaidi, Junaidi; Bukhari, Bukhari; Maimuzar, Maimuzar
POLI REKAYASA Vol 7, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : POLI REKAYASA

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Abstract

To produce copra coconut farmers during this drying of fresh coconut in a conventional manner, ie with the sun heating the ground and using a furnace with direct heating fuel from wood or coconut shells. Constraints of the two processes produced copra contaminated with dust and microbe are moldy, temperature / heating temperature can not be determined with certainty. The purpose of this research is to develop a model of mechanical copra dryer type tray dryer and conduct the technical evaluation, analyze the quality of copra is dried with dryer type tray dryer. The results of the technical evaluation of equipment performance earned an average temperature of the drying chamber is 65 0C, the time required for drying the coconut meat with the initial water content of 53.18% to copra with moisture content is 6.84% for 14 hours, and average equipment capacity average to dry the copra is 1.06 kg / hour. From the results of technical analysis on the performance of copra dryers to materials obtained drying rate of 1.0 kg / hour. The energy required to heat the drying air of 2717.08 kJ / h, the energy to evaporate water materials for 2346.20 kJ / hour, the energy generated by the fuel is 12,124 kJ / hour. Gained 22.41% heating efficiency, evaporation efficiency of 86.28%, 19.33% and drying efficiency. From the analysis carried out found that the quality of copra produced quality white colored, clean, and smelled delicious. While the physical form thick and flush with water content ranging between 6-7%.
Trichoderma virens ISOLATED FROM COCOA PLANTATION IN ACEH AS BIODECOMPOSER COCOA POD HUSK Sriwati, Rina; Chamzurni, Tjut; Bukhari, Bukhari; Sanjani, Anwar
Jurnal Natural Volume 13, Number 1, March 2013
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Sustainable development on cocoa farming have been places great emphasis on the management of natural resources for Cocoa pod husk. Until now, there has been much public attention for a farming waste, environment polluting and a place to develop various diseases, especially fungal Phytopthora. To overcome these problems, it needs to utilize alternative cocoa pods. The aims of this study were: (1) to determine the potential use of Trichoderma virens isolated from cocoa plantation in Aceh as bio-decomposer in the composting process cocoa pods. The composition of potential use experiment; Manure+Trichoderma (PT); Cocoa pod husk+Trichoderma (KT); Cocoa pod husk + Manure (KP); Cocoa pod husk +Manure+Trichoderma (KPT) has been tested. The analysis result showed that the combined use of Trichoderma virens compost although no effect on the color, texture and smell of compost but could be effect on characterized of compost maturity by characteristics of C/N compost. The content of C/N compost on all treatments in accordance with the standard compost maturity thus considered quite feasible to be applied to the crop.
Analisis Pertumbuhan Jagung akibat Pemberian Gambut dan Pemupukan Fosfat pada Tanah Mineral Masam Podzolik (Ultisol) Bukhari, Bukhari
Jurnal Agrista Vol 10, No 3 (2006): Volume 10 Nomor 3 Desember 2006
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Corn Growth Analysis with Peat Application and Posfat Fertilization on Mineral Acid Podzolik Soil (Ultisol)ABSTRACT. The experiment to improve mineral acid soil productivity in Aceh that is potential to plantation. This experiment was conducted during the month of February until Mei 2006. It studied the effect of peat application, phosphate fertilization and the effect of the interaction. They were consist of sixteen combination of treatment with fourty eight plots. The experimental design was in randomized completely block design, there were two factors treatment. e.i. four level of peat namely; no pead, 10 ton, 20 ton, and 30 ton ha-1. The result shows that in general the application of peat and phosphate fertilization with different level were able to improve significantly the corn growth e.i.: crop growth rate, relative growth rate, net assimilation rate, and leaf area biomassa ratio, but they interaction were not significantly on 4 – 8 weeks periode. The interaction were significantly on 8 weeks to harvest periode however the two single factor show nonsignificantly. The interaction between pead application of 2 ton ha-1 and 100 ton ha-1 posfat fertilization gave a better result.
DESAIN DAKWAH UNTUK PEMBINAAN KEAGAMAAN KOMUNITAS ELIT INTELEKTUAL Bukhari, Bukhari
ULUMUNA Vol 12, No 2 (2008): December
Publisher : State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v12i2.385

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Dakwah must be designed dynamically to be able to respond various problems. One of dakwah objects that should be specifically considered is intellectual community. They are educated people who are used to think critically, objectively and systematically. They prioritize brain works over muscle ones. To face them we need to prepare special dakwah approaches that move and lead their mind and direct their contaminated ideas, and dakwah subjects that are suitable to their intelligence and religious understanding. To meet such requirements, dakwah institutions should recruit preachers whose excellent capabilities of academic and social aspects. With academic capabilities, preachers can deliver dakwah by logic methods. In addition, they can construct dakwah materials based on logical arguments. With social capabilities, preachers find it easier to know dakwah objects’ characteristics. Therefore, preachers do not find any obstacle to enter into intellectual communities as their dakwah objects.
PENERAPAN PEMBELAJARAN KOOPERATIF TIPE STAD UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR PADA METERI STATISTIK Bukhari, Bukhari
JURNAL SERAMBI ILMU Vol 15, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Serambi Ilmu
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SERAMBI MEKKAH

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (183.863 KB) | DOI: 10.32672/si.v19i2.481

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Abstrak Matematika merupakan ilmu universal yang mendasari perkembangan teknologi dan mempunyai peranan penting dalam berbagai disiplin serta memajukan daya pikir manusia. Oleh karena itu pengajaran matematika menjadi salah satu hal yang pokok dalam menanamkan nilai-nilai dasar ilmu pengetahuan yang lain. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk meningkatkan prestasi belajar siswa pada pelajaran matematika khususnya pada materi bentuk akar dan pangkat pecahan. Penelitian ini berlangsung dalam dua siklus, masing-masing siklus terdiri dari perencanaan, tindakan, observasi, refleksi dan penilaian. Data yang diperoleh dari penelitian ini meliputi hasil belajar siswa yang diambil dari pemberian soal tes pada akhir siklus. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada siklus I hasil belajar siswa adalah 37,9% tidak tuntas, dan 62,1% tuntas. Pada siklus II hasil belajar siswa adalah 82,8% tuntas, dan 17,2% tidak tuntas. Maka hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa adanya peningkatan hasil belajar siswa pada siklus ke II dibandingkan siklus I dan pra siklus. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa model pembelajaran kooperatif tipe STAD dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar matematika pada materi statistik siswa kelas XI IS. Pada SMA Negeri 5 Banda Aceh Kata kunci : Hasil belajar, Model Pembelajaran Kooperatif Tipe STAD
RANCANG BANGUN MESIN PUNTIR UNTUK PEMBUAT BESI TERALIS MODEL SPIRAL SPESIFIKASI BESI KOTAK 10X10X1000 mm Kurniawan, Dicky; Safril, Safril; Bukhari, Bukhari
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Vol 11 No 1 (2018): Jurnal Teknik Mesin
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1218.791 KB) | DOI: 10.30630/jtm.11.1.174

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Today the need for housing (home) is increasing. Touch of beauty and support in terms of security are widely used in the construction of the house, one of the trellis. One of the production processes in processing iron trellis is the process of forming spiral iron trellis models of a certain size, in the process special machines are needed that can alleviate, simplify, and accelerate human work. This process is also called cold work because without the heat treatment process. The specifications of the trellis iron torsion machine are 1500x500x800 mm. This machine has several driving units, namely: Motor as a driver, and reducer to reduce the rotation of the shaft on the swivel chuck, and use belt transmission and chains. From the calculation and design of the engine, the motor power of ½ Hp is obtained, the production capacity is 10x10x1000 mm, the shaft diameter is 25.4 mm. The production time of this machine is 7 times / workpiece or ± 2 minutes / Pcs or 29 to 30 Pcs / hour. This trellis iron torsion machine works well and gets a better and stronger spiral model iron box. The components contained in this machine include: Electric motors, pulleys, belts, frames, sprocket, chains, chucks, bearings and speed reducers.
Pedagang Kaki Lima (PKL) dan Jaringan Sosial: Suatu Analisi Sosiologi Bukhari, Bukhari
Jurnal Sosiologi USK (Media Pemikiran & Aplikasi) Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Perkembangan dan Pemberdayaan Masyarakat
Publisher : Sociology Department Of Syiah Kuala University

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This paper examines how social work takes place along with other people who like to behave similarly to the existing business people in peunayong market environment. This study uses a qualitative approach, with this approach the data produced by the descriptive of the word spoken and written, and the behavior that can be observed from the person being studied. The results of the analysis show that the network and collectivity of street vendors is a manifestation of the interdependence of fellow street vendors / marketers and it is embedded in the concept of entrepreneurship itself. The existence of an adequate and orderly network will make the poor able to create opportunities and compete to get out of poverty.Keywords: Street Vendors, Network, Collectivity
PENDUGAAN DAERAH PENANGKAPAN IKAN TENGGIRI BERDASARKAN DISTRIBUSI SUHU PERMUKAAN LAUT DAN KLOROFIL-a DI PERAIRAN BANGKA Bukhari, Bukhari; Adi, Wahyu; Kurniawan, Kurniawan
Akuatik: Jurnal Sumberdaya Perairan Vol 11 No 1 (2017): AKUATIK : Jurnal Sumberdaya Perairan
Publisher : Department of Aquatic Resources Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Biology, University of Bangka Belitung

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Keberhasilan kegiatan penangkapan ikan tentunya sangat dipengaruhi oleh kondisi dari Daerah Penangkapan Ikan (DPI). Oleh karena itu, informasi mengenai daerah penangkapan ikan yang potensial sangat diperlukan oleh nelayan dalam kegiatan penangkapan ikan. Klorofil-a merupakan produktivitas primer di suatu perairan. Perkembangan Klorofil-a perairan dipengaruhi oleh Suhu Permukaan Laut (SPL). Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu membuat peta sebaran klorofil-a dan SPL serta menduga DPI di perairan Bangka. DPI diduga dengan menggunakan tiga indikator, yaitu konsentrasi klorofil-a, sebaran SPL dan catch per unit effort (CPUE). Distribusi klorofil-a dan SPL di perairan Bangka menggunakan data citra Aqua MODIS. Sebaran nilai rata-rata SPL tertinggi di perairan Bangka terjadi pada musim peralihan 1 yaitu sebesar 31,2˚C, sedangkan nilai terendah terjadi pada musim barat yaitu 28,1˚C. Konsentrasi klorofil-a pada musim barat cenderung tinggi dengan nilai rata- rata 1,3 mg/m3, sedangkan pada musim peralihan 1 nilai konsentrasi klorofil-a lebih rendah yaitu 0,4 mg/m3. Hasil tangkapan ikan terbanyak diperoleh pada musim peralihan 1 yaitu sebesar 470.306 kg dengan nilai CPUE 1.256,44 kg/trip. Jumlah hasil tangkapan terendah pada musim barat yaitu 218.735 kg dengan nilai CPUE 551,11 kg/trip. Hasil dari pengambilan data insitu nilai klorofil-a tertinggi terjadi pada stasiun 5 sebesar 1,602 mg/m3 dan nilai klorofil-a terendah pada stasiun 2 sebesar 0,801 mg/m3, sedangkan SPL berkisar antara 29˚C - 31˚C. Hubungan antara faktor oseanografi tersebut dapat menentukan daerah potensial penangkapan ikan. Berdasarkan hasil analisa klorofil-a dan SPL, perairan Bangka layak sebagai penduga DPI tenggiri potensial. Penyebaran DPI tidak hanya di perairan yang dekat dengan fishing base (PPN Sungailiat), tetapi juga berada di perairan yang cukup jauh dari fishing base yang meliputi lokasi sekitar Karang Sembilan, Karang Tinggi, Karang Bahaya, Pulau Toti dan Pulau Tujuh
PENDUGAAN DAERAH PENANGKAPAN IKAN TENGGIRI BERDASARKAN DISTRIBUSI SUHU PERMUKAAN LAUT DAN KLOROFIL-a DI PERAIRAN BANGKA Bukhari, Bukhari; Adi, Wahyu; Kurniawan, Kurniawan
Jurnal Perikanan Tangkap : Indonesian Journal of Capture Fisheries Vol 1, No 03 (2017): Jurnal Perikanan Tangkap, Desember 2017
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan UNDIP

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Abstract

Fishing activity definitely influenced by the condition of fishing ground. Therefore, the information about potential fishing ground is needed by fisherman in the fishing activity. Chlorophyll-a is the primary productivity in the waters. Chlorophyll-a development of the waters affected by sea surface temperature (SST). The purpose of this study are to map the distribution of chlorophyll-a and SST in the Bangka waters and to predict fishing areas in the Bangka waters. Fishing grounds were estimated using three indicators namely the concentration of chlorophyll-a, SST and catch per unit effort (CPUE). Distribution of chlorophyll-a and SST in the waters of Bangka using Aqua MODIS image data. Distribution of the average value of the highest SST in the waters of Bangka occur in first transitional season that is equal 31,2˚C, while the lowest value occurred in the western season namely 28,1˚C. The concentration of chlorophyll-a in the west tend to be high season with an average value of 1,3 mg/m3, while in the transitional season 1 the value of chlorophyll-a concentration lower at 0,4 mg/m3. Most of the catch obtained in the first transitional season 470.306 kg with a value of CPUE 1.256,44 kg/trip. Lowest number of catches on the west season is 218.753 kg with a value of CPUE 551,11 kg/trip. The Results from in situ data retrieval of chlorophyll-a concentration values were highest at station 5 at 1,602 mg/m3, while the lowest concentrations of chlorophyll-a occurred at station 2 of 0,801 mg/m3. While sea surface temperatures in the study area ranged between 29°C to 31°C. The relationship between oceanographic factors may determine the potential fishing area. Based on the analysis of chlorophyll-a and SST, the waters of Bangka viable as a predictor of potential mackerel fishing area. The spread of fishing areas not just in the waters close to fishing base (PPN Sungailiat), but also in waters far enough away from the fishing base that includes locations around Karang Sembilan, Karang Tinggi, Karang Bahaya, Toti Island and the Tujuh Island.
INISIASI GERAKAN Darul Islam/ Tentara Islam Indonesia (DI/TII) ACEH TAHUN 1950-1953 DALAM PERSPEKTIF PERGERAKAN SOSIAL Minarva, Junian Hijry; Bukhari, Bukhari
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Sosial & Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Februari 2017
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Sosial & Ilmu Politik

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Abstract

ABSTRAKPenelitian ini berkaitan dengan Inisiasi Gerakan Darul Islam/ Tentara Islam Indonesia (DI/TII) Aceh pada tahun 1950-1953 dalam perspektif pergerakan sosial. Adapun Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk: mengetahui tahapan inisiasi gerakan DI/TII di Aceh tahun 1950-1953 dalam perspektif pergerakan sosial. Penyusunan skripsi ini menggunakan jenis metode penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan teknik studi dokumentasi kepustakaan yang bersumber dari berbagai buku bacaan serta wawancara untuk mendapatkan data di lapangan, dan penelitian ini mengunakan teknik snowball sampling dalam penentuan informan. Hasil dari peneitian menunjukkan bahwa kelompok PUSA, ialah kelompok yang sangat dirugikan dari kebijakan-kebijakan Pemerintah Pusat pada awal tahun 1950-1953, Seperti dihilangkannya status provinsi Aceh, Rasionalisasi Kesatuan Militer Aceh dan Razia pada bulan Agustus 1951. Kebijakan tersebut mengancam kedudukan mereka sebagai pemimpin Aceh pada masa itu. Kebijakan-kebijakan Pemerintah Pusat tersebut juga diprovokasikan oleh kelompok “sisa-sisa feodal” yang tidak menginginkan kepemimpin Aceh dikuasai oleh kelompok PUSA. Pada Tahun 1951-952 kebijakan Pemerintah Pusat semakin berdampak buruk bagi mayoritas masyarakat Aceh. Kelompok PUSA terus melakukan upaya penolakan terhadap kebijakan itu, mulai dari penanaman ideologi dan doktrin melalui retorika dalam rapat rahasia maupun rapat terbuka, sampai pada pengorganisasian masyarakat demi melawan Pemerintah Pusat beserta kebijakannya. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah: Kelompok PUSA melihat bahwa dampak dari kebijakan Pemerintah Pusat tidak hanya merugikan mereka saja, namun juga masyarakat Aceh secara luas. Indikasi tersebut memberikan kesempatan waktu dan juga kondisi bagi kelompok PUSA untuk mengarahkan emosi masyarakat kepada perlawanan secara kolektif untuk melawan institusi yang mapan yaitu Pemerintah Pusat. Sebagaimana tipe Gerakan Sosial yang diuraikan William Kornblum, Gerakan Sosial berdasarkan tujuan yang ingin dicapai, Gerakan DI/TII Aceh merupakan Revolutionary Movement (Gerakan Revolusioner)  yang bertujuan untuk mengubah tatanan sosial, institusi dan stratifikasi masyarakat Aceh secara menyeluruh. Kata Kunci: Gerakan DI/TII Aceh, Gerakan Sosial  ABSTRACTThis research is related to The Initiation Movement of Darul Islam/ Tentara Islam Indonesia (DI/TII) Aceh in 1950-1953 in Social Movement perspective. The purpose of this research is: to know the stage of the initiation movement of DI/TII Aceh in 1950-1953 in Social Movement perspective. The making of this thesis is using the qualitative research method by using the study of literature documentary technic sourced by various literatures along with interview in the field to get the data, this research is also using the snowball sampling technic to determine the informant. The result of this research shows that PUSA group was highly disadvantaged by the policies of Central Government in early 1950-1953, such as the removal of Aceh province’s status, the rationalization of Aceh’s military units, and the raid in August 1951. Those policies threatened their populations as the leader of Aceh at the time. Those policies were also provoked by the party of ‘feudalism’s remains’ who did not want Aceh was leaded by PUSA group. In 1951-1952, the Central Government’s policies gave more harmful impacts to the majority of Aceh’s population. The PUSA group kept trying to reject toward those policies, started by brainstorming the ideology and indoctrinating by rhetoric at close and open meeting, until interfering the community’s organizations only to fight the Central Government along with its policies. The summary of this research is: PUSA group observed that the impact of Central Government’s policies were not only disadvantage them, but also Aceh’s population widely, those Indications gave them the time opportunity and also a perfect condition for PUSA group to steer the people’s angers toward the resistance collectively to fight the steady institution which was Central Government. As William Kornblum described about Social Movement types, Social Movement based on the goals they seek to achieve. DI/TII Aceh movement was a Revolutionary Movement that aimed to change the whole of social fabric, institution, and stratification of Aceh’s populations.