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PRODUKSI DAN EVALUASI KUALITAS SUSU BUBUK ASAL KAMBING PERANAKAN ETTAWA (PE) [Production and Quality Evaluation of Ettawa-Crossbred Goat Milk Powder] Widodo, .; Rachmawati, Afina Viyunnur; Chulaila, Rina; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Jurnal Teknologi Dan Industri Pangan Vol 23, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.6066/6146

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PRODUKSI DAN EVALUASI KUALITAS SUSU BUBUK ASAL KAMBING PERANAKAN ETTAWA (PE) [Production and Quality Evaluation of Ettawa-Crossbred Goat Milk Powder] Widodo*, Afina Viyunnur Rachmawati, Rina Chulaila dan I Gede Suparta Budisatria Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta   Diterima 06 September 2011 / Disetujui 08 Juni 2012 ABSTRACT   The objective of this study was to produce milk powder from Ettawa-crossbred goat milk and subsequently evaluate the quality of the products. The raw material used was Ettawa-crossbred goat fresh milk with total solid, lactose, fat, and protein content of 15.93%, 4.2%, 4.8% and 4.7%, respectively. Milk with final total solid of 17.5% and 20% were prepared for spray drying by adding skim milk powder. Drying was carried out using a spray dryer type Lamp having nozzle size of 0.05 mm with an inlet temperature of 90°C and an outlet temperature of 45°C. Parameters observed were chemical, physical and microbiological qualities. The data showed that milk powder produced from Ettawa-crossbred goat milk had water content of 1.5-1.7%. Further analysis showed that the acidity, proteins, lactose, and fat content were 0.90%, 28.4%, 21.7%, and 22.5%, respectively. The physical analysis showed that milk powder produced from Ettawa-crossbred goat milk had a higher wettability score (143 seconds) as compared to that of commercial products (29 seconds), a higher sieve test score (0.6 g vs 0.004 g), but similar index of insolubility (1.4 ml vs.1.6 ml). The microbiological analysis showed that the Total Plate Count (TPC), Enterobacteriaceae (EB) and presumptive coliforms increased during storage either in refrigerator or room temperature. The increase in TPC, EB and coliforms was substantially higher when products were kept at room temperature than in refrigerator. In conclusion, Ettawa-crossbred goat milk powder had a good nutrition quality, but still need improvement for the physicochemical characteristic including wettability and nutritional enrichment for vitamins and minerals by means of fortification.   Keywords: Ettawa-crossbred goats, milk powder, powder quality ABSTRAK    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memproduksi susu bubuk asal kambing PE dengan cara pengeringan semprot diikuti evaluasi kualitas produk yang dihasilkan. Bahan dasar yang digunakan adalah susu kambing PE dengan kadar padatan total 15,93%, laktosa 4,2%, lemak 4,8% dan protein 4,7%. Padatan total untuk proses spary drying diatur pada kadar 17,5 dan 20% dengan penambahan susu bubuk skim. Pengeringan susu dilakukan dengan spray dryer tipe Lamp dengan nozzle 0,05 mm dan menggunakan suhu inlet 90°C dan outlet 45°C. Parameter yang diamati adalah kualitas kimia, fisik dan mikrobiologis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa susu bubuk asal kambing PE mempunyai kadar air 1,5 - 1,7%. Analisa lanjut menunjukkan kadar keasaman, protein, laktosa dan lemak secara berturutan adalah 0,90%; 28,4%; 21,7%; dan 22,5%. Hasil analisis kualitas fisik menunjukkan susu bubuk asal kambing PE mempunyai wettability yang lebih lama (143 detik) dibandingkan dengan susu bubuk komersial (29 detik), angka sieve test yang lebih tinggi (0,6 vs 0,004 g) dengan indeks ketidaklarutan yang sama (1,4 ml vs 1,6 ml). Uji mikrobiologis susu bubuk menunjukkan angka Total Plate Count (TPC), Enterobacteriaceae (EB) dan koliform meningkat selama penyimpanan baik suhu ruang maupun suhu refrigerator. Peningkatan angka TPC, EB dan koliform terjadi lebih cepat ketika produk disimpan pada suhu ruang dibandingkan pada refrigerator. Sebagai kesimpulan, susu bubuk asal kambing PE memiliki kualitas nutrisi yang cukup baik walaupun masih perlu peningkatan kualitas fisik khususnya wettability dan peningkatan nutrisi khususnya vitamin dan mineral.   Kata kunci: Kambing Peranakan Ettawa, susu bubuk, kualitas fisiko-kimia, mikrobiologis
Pengaruh Cara Pemberian Daun Lamtoro dalam Bentuk Segar dan Bentuk Tepung terhadap Penampilan Domba Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 20, No 1 (1996): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 20 (1) Juni 1996
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2224.405 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1687

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PERFORMA DOMBA YANG DIBERI COMPLETE FEED KULIT BUAH KAKAO TERFERMENTASI (Kamalidin), Kamalidin; Agus, Ali; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 36, No 3 (2012): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 36 (3) Oktober 2012
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (262.32 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1624

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui performa domba yang diberi complete feed kulit buah kakao (KBK) terfermentasi. Domba ekor tipis umur 1-1,5 tahun sebanyak 15 ekor digunakan dalam penelitian ini dengan pemberian pakan dan air minum secara ad libitum. Perlakuan yang dicobakan adalah K yang merupakan pakan kontrol terdiri dari hijauan (sumber serat) + konsentrat, NF merupakan complete feed dari kulit buah kakao (sumber serat) + konsentrat tanpa fermentasi dan F merupakan complete feed dari kulit buah kakao (sumber serat) + konsentrat yang melalui proses fermentasi (CFF) dengan perbandingan antara sumber serat dan konsentrat adalah 40% : 60%. Variabel yang diamati adalah konsumsi pakan, pertambahan bobot badan, konversi pakan, feed cost per gain dan income over feed cost. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa complete feed berpengaruh nyata terhadap konsumsi bahan kering (BK), bahan organik (BO), protein kasar (PK), serat kasar (SK), lemak kasar (LK) dan total digestible nutrients (TDN), sedangkan pertambahan bobot badan harian dan konversi pakan tidak berbeda nyata terhadap formulasi complete feed. Rerata konsumsi BK, BO, PK, SK, LK, dan TDN berturut-turut adalah 87,72; 78,21; 10,12; 12,21; 1,77, dan 59,52 g/kg BW0,75. Rerata pertambahan bobot badan harian adalah 128,67 g/hari atau 0,88 g/kg BW0,75, sedangkan rerata konversi pakan adalah 6,27. Disimpulkan bahwa pemberian ransum complete feed menghasilkan konsumsi nutrien yang tinggi tetapi tidak memberikan efek pertambahan bobot badan harian dan nilai konversi pakan yang lebih tinggi. Pemanfaatan fermentasi KBK menggunakan biofit menghasilkan PBBH 128,57 g/ekor/hari atau 0,88% g/kg BB0,75 efektif untuk digunakan dalam ransum penggemukan ternak domba.(Kata kunci: Domba, Complete feed, Kinerja)
Pengaruh Penambahan Urea dan Molases dalam Ransum terhadap Penampilan Domba Lokal Jantan Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 22, No 4 (1998): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 22 (4) November 1998
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2237.446 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1661

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PERUBAHAN FENOTIP SAPI PERANAKAN ONGOLE, SIMPO, DAN LIMPO PADA KETURUNAN PERTAMA DAN KETURUNAN KEDUA (BACKCROSS) (Trifena), Trifena; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; Hartatik, Tety
Buletin Peternakan Vol 35, No 1 (2011): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 35 (1) Februari 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (300.342 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/585

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The aims of the study was to analyze the phenotype of Ongole Grade, SIMPO, and LIMPO cows based on the exterior characteristics and body size of cattle, and to distinguish the phenotype of the first filial (F1) and the backcross(BC1) of SIMPO and LIMPO cows, reared by farmers at Pacitan, East Java. The study was conducted with purposive sampling method, involving 5 districts: Pacitan, Arjosari, Pringkuku, Nawangan, and Punung. Eighty four farmers asrespondents with total of 100 head cattle were used in the study. The results showed that the dominant coat color in Ongole Grade was white. However, none of crossbreed in F1 and BC1 had white color, but the color phenotype changeto brown and dark brown, which increase the dark intensity. The muzzle color of Ongole Grade was black, and changed to red in BC1. The hoof color’s of Ongole Grade was black, and brown for BC1. The color phenotype of F1 was similarto both color of Ongole Grade and BC1 phenotype. The increasing intensity of coat color in F1 to BC1 indicated that there was a combination of gene from Simmental or Limousin with F1 and BC1which containing of two or several set ofgenes. SIMPO and LIMPO cows had greater body size than those of Ongole Grade cows. The body’s sizes of BC1 was larger than F1 in SIMPO and LIMPO cows, which was influenced by increasing the effect of additive genes from F1 toBC1.(Keywords: Ongole Grade, SIMPO, LIMPO, First filial, Backcross, Phenotype of cattle)
Kinerja Kerbau Betina di Pulau MOA, Maluku (The Productivity of Female Buffaloes at MOA Island, Maluku) Pipiana, Justinus; Baliarti, Endang; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 34, No 1 (2010): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 34 (1) Februari 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (115.104 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/106

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The objectives of the study was to identify the existence, productivity, reproductive performances and its relation on the reproductive efficiency, body measurements and weight of female buffalo at Moa island, Maluku Barat Dayaregency, Maluku province. There were 96 farmers used as respondents, 222 female buffaloes and secondary data from Agricultural Department in that area that were observed. Survey method and descriptive analysis were applied tocollect all of information required. Body measurement was accompleted by direct measurement on the body, consisted of body length, withers height, chest depth, heart girth, rump height, rump width, and ages of buffaloes evaluated. Theresults showed that reproduction efficiency (RE) was 70.91±10.84%. Body measurements and weight of female buffaloes at 2-3 year old were body length 88.92±9.94 cm; heart girth 136.69±21.05 cm; withers height 94.77±7.23 cm;rump height 44.77±5.54 cm; and body weight 192.46±29.12 kg. At 3-4 years old of female buffaloes, the body length, heart girth, withers height, rump height, chest depth, rump width and body weight were 106,21±4,19 cm; 163.61±16.40cm; 110.03±6.14 cm; 109.08±5.88 cm; 65.58±6.69 cm; 46.82±4.62 cm; and 253.45±30.79 kg, respectively. At 4-5 year old, the body length, heart girth, withers height, rump height, chest depth, rump width, and body weight of females buffaloes were 116.14±10.98 cm; 174.04±12.12 cm; 115.07±3.23 cm; 113.07±3.74 cm; 67.36±7.44 cm; 48.07±3.74 cm; and 270,42±27,24 kg, respectively, while for female buffaloes of more than 5 year old, were 121.44±12.22 cm; 180.01±16.63 cm; 120.19±3.76; 119.49±13.74 cm; 79.40±5.52 cm; 58.72±4.88 cm; and 292.09±29.76 kg. It was concluded that productivity of female buffaloes at Moa island have not optimalet, but it has good performances which can be further developed.(Key words: Productivity, Female Buffaloes, Moa Island)
HUBUNGAN ETOS KERJA, MOTIVASI DAN SIKAP INOVATIF DENGAN PENDAPATAN PETERNAK KERBAU DI KABUPATEN MANGGARAI BARAT (Nasrudin), Nasrudin; Sulastri, Endang; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 35, No 1 (2011): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 35 (1) Februari 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.57 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/592

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The purposes of study was aimed to investigate the work ethics, motivations and innovative attitudes and its correlation with income of buffalo farmers in West Manggarai Regency. The surveys was conducted in December 2009until February 2010, involving 103 respondents chosen based on certain criteria. The relationships between work ethics, motivations and innovative attitude with the farmers income was analyzed using the chi-square, they are foundto have a significant correlation, and then continued by Phi test. The results showed that buffalo farmers in Lembor Subdistrict, West Manggarai regency, had a high working ethics, farming motivations and a positive innovativeattitude. The work ethics and innovative attitudes were not related to the income of buffalo farmers. The Breeding motivations had significantly correlated to income of buffalo breeder’s (X2count 14.934 > 3.84 X2table), meaning that thehigher breeding motivations, would bring effect to a higher income. The relationship between the variable of breeding motivations and the breeder’s income shows a medium (Phi coefficient = 0.381). The average income of respondents per livestock unit was Rp. 756,944 ± 221,542/year, while the average contribution from buffalo breeding activities for the household income, was 31.2%. This research implicated, that work ethics, and innovative attitudes, cannot be used to predict the farmers income, while breeding motivations, plays the role as a variable reliable to predict the farmers income.(Key words: Work ethics, Motivations, Innovative attitudes, Farmers income, Buffalo)
Pengaruh Berat Potong dan Harga Pembelian Domba dan Kambing Betina terhadap Gross Margin Jagal di Rumah Potong Hewan Mentik, Kresen, Bantul (The Effects of Slaughter Weight and Purchase Price of Female Sheep and Goats on the Butcher’s Gross Margin at Ment Widiarto, Wisnu; Widiati, Rini; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 33, No 2 (2009): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 33 (2) Juni 2009
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (835.501 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/125

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This study was aimed to determine the effect of slaughter weight and purchasing price of female sheep and goats on the butcher’s gross margins at the slaughterhouse of Mentik, Kresen, Bantul. The study was conducted to determinethe production activities of butchers. Sixty heads of local female sheep and goats respectively, were used as samples. The animals were divided into two groups, based on its body weight, namely 10 to 14.99 kg (BP1) and 15 to 20 kg(BP2) of body weight. The data consisted of purchasing price, slaughter weight, variable cost, dressing and non carcass percentages and the butcher’s gross margin. Factorial analysis was used to determine the ratio between spesies andgroups which live weight is best for the production of sheep and female goats. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine the effect of slaughter weight and purchase price to production of female sheep and goats, andslaughter weight and variable costs to gross margin of sheep and female goats butchers. The results showed that Bligon female goats of 15-20 kg body weight has the highest value on production and gross margins, it was 9.83 kg and Rp.104,901.50, respectively. The purchasing price and the slaughter weight significantly and positively affecting the production of female local sheep and goats with R2 = 0.718, female goats has better production than sheep. Slaughterweight significantly and positively affecting the gross margin of the butcher. Variable costs significantly and negatively affecting the gross margins of the butcher with R2=0.665. Higher variable cost will reduce the butcher’s gross margin. There were differences in the gross margin of female sheep and goat. The Gross margin of female goats was better than the gross margins of sheep. It can be concluded that local female goat’s production and gross margin was better than sheep.(Key words: Female local sheep and goats, Dressing and non carcass percentages, Production and Gross margin)
Analisis Investasi Usaha Tani Pembibitan Sapi Potong di Kabupaten Sleman Emawati, Shanti; Widiati, Rini; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta
Buletin Peternakan Vol 32, No 3 (2008): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 32 (3) Oktober 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (813.205 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/1259

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KINERJA KAMBING BLIGON YANG DIPELIHARA PETERNAK DI DESA GIRI SEKAR, PANGGANG, GUNUNGKIDUL Murdjito, Gatot; Budisatria, I Gede Suparta; (Panjono), Panjono; Ngadiyono, Nono; Baliarti, Endang
Buletin Peternakan Vol 35, No 2 (2011): Buletin Peternakan Vol. 35 (2) Juni 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (512.971 KB) | http://journal.ugm.ac.id/index.php/buletinpeternakan/article/view/595

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This study was conducted to evaluate performances of Bligon goats kept by farmers at Giri Sekar village, Panggang sub-district, Gunungkidul as basic information for establising the village breeding centre program. The research was conducted for three months, starting from October to December 2010, located at Purwo Manunggal farmers’ group, Jerukan, Giri Sekar village, Panggang, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta. Twenty farmers were involved during the study to be interviewed, while their goats were measured regularly. The parameter of goat meausred in this research were pre weaning, weaning, does and buck. Interviewing the farmers was done using questionnaire. Interview, direct measurement were applied to collect all required informations. The data consisted of farmer’s background, possesion of goats and land, goats’ daily management, service per conception, litter size, post partum estrus, post partum mating, kidding intervals, and average daily gain. Qualitative data were analysed descriptively and presented as percentage, while quantitative data were analysed using Independent Sample T-test, presented as mean and its standard error. The results showed that majority of the farmers (37.9%) kept goat as main sources of income, while others were to saving (34.5%) and produce manure (27.6%). On average, the numbers of goat owned by the farmers was four heads, ranging from 1 to 7 heads. The average of service per conception (S/C), gestation period, litter size, post partum estrus, post partum mating and kidding intervals of Bligon were 1.23; 5.5 months; 1.74 head; 63.2 days; 95 days and 8.53 months, respectively. The average daily gain of male kid, young and adult Bligon goats were 0.15; 0.29and 0.27 kg/head/day, while for female Bligon gotas were 0.16; 0.26 and 0.15 kg/head/day, respectively. It is concluded that performances of Bligon goats was high in terms of litter size, post partum estrus, post partum mating, gestationperiod, kidding intervals and average daily gain.(Keywords: Performance, Bligon goats, Gunungkidul)