Articles

Found 10 Documents
Search

CHALLENGING FOR SEAGRASS MANAGEMENT IN INDONESIA adiarti, N; Riani, Etty; Djuwita, Ita; Budiharsono, Sugeng; Purbayanto, Ari; Asmus, Harald
JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Vol 15, No 3 (2012): Volume 15, Number 3, Year 2012
Publisher : JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Seagrasses, one of the important ecosystems in Indonesian coastal waters, have declined mostly due to a variety of multi-sector (i.e. ecology, socio-economy, technology and institution) anthropogenic disturbances. The decline and loss of seagrass meadows will have an effect not only on biodiversity and fisheries productivity within the ecosystems but also on the adjacent ecosystems (coral reef and mangrove forest), and even the effect will spread out far to the outside of the areas where seagrass grow.  Seagrass ecosystems management in Indonesia is urgently required as part of fisheries management. However, this concept has not been understood by most of Indonesian people, including some government officials. Consequently, the seagrass ecosystems are still marginalized in the coastal resource management practices in Indonesia. In order to sustain fisheries productivity, knowledge of impact scales of each seagrass-related multi-sector human activities are very important as one of basic requirements in designing an effective seagrass management.
The Design of Waterfront City Management Policy: A Case Study of Semarang Waterfront City Kanti Laras, Bambang; ., Marimin; Nurjaya, I Wayan; Budiharsono, Sugeng
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 34, No 4 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Semarang waterfront city is a unique ecosystem with a great variety of potentialities as well as problems in the utilization of natural resources, particularly in the trade-off between economic growth and ecological preservation. Based on those conditions, the research is mainly focused upon designing some scenarios on environmental management, which ensure a profitable synergy of all stakeholders without sacrificing the principles of environmental conservation. Secondly, it is to design an interaction model among variables in the bio-physic, economy and social subsystems, in order to increase sources of learning and sustainable use of natural resources. Using a dynamic system, the main inputs of the designed model are the feasibility of natural resources management as a product of extended cost-benefit analysis (ECBA), the suitable option of natural resources management, as an input of comparative performance index (CPI), the integrated sustainability of using multidimensional scaling, the suitable land-use planning through geographic information system (GIS). From those main inputs the waterfront city environmental management policy can be observed as an output of analytical hierarchy processes (AHP).  The feasibility study shows that all of natural resources management options are feasible to be developed, where sustainable management, sustainable harvest and beach protected areas depict the most feasible management options.  Based on the results of the integrated sustainability research using multidimension scaling, the management of waterfront cities has to prioritize attention to the five important factors, i.e., (1) the issues of community empowerment; (2) the rate of land utilization; (3) the contribution of the industrial sector; (4) the availability of electricity and; (5) the availability of community organizations. Key words: sustainable environmental management, coastal and marine zone, dynamic and spatial dynamic system, waterfront policy strategy
Handling Operation Sustainability (Case Study: Semarang Waterfront) Laras, Bambang Kanti; ., Marimin; Nurjaya, I Wayan; Budiharsono, Sugeng
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 34, No 2 (2011): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Semarang waterfront is a unique ecosystem which has a variety potentialities and problem of using some natural resources, especially in the trade-off between economic growth and ecological preservation.  Generally the handling operation of waterfront city in Indonesia is not effective, caused by (1) low budged and increase the poverty; (2) over loaded investment; (3) destroyed of ecology and ecosystem; (4) the lost of local wisdom; and (5) other problem in commonly urban city.  Based on these conditions, this research aimed to design an environmental management policy ensuring a profitable synergy of all stakeholders without sacrificing the principles of environmental conservation.  The objective of this study was to analyze the index and sustainability status of the Semarang waterfront area, based on five sustainable dimensions.  Secondary data resources have been used from literature study and references, primary data have been received from questionairy feedback and expert judgement survey.  The analysis  used multi dimensional scalling (MDS) method, called Rap-WITEPA, and the results were stated in the index and sustainability status.The second objective was to analyze the attributes that affect sensitivity on index and sustainability status and the effect of error using Laverage and Monte Carlo Analysis.  The result of this study show that ecological dimension was in the status of less sustainable (49,34), economical dimension was sufficient sustainable (53,96), socio-culture dimension was sufficient sustainable (52,21), dimension of infrastructure and technology was sufficient sustainable (56,72) and dimension of law & institutional was the highest sufficient sustainability value index (57,19).  Out of 94 attributes analyzed, there were 50 attributes need to be handled immediately as they affect sensitivity on the increase of index and sustainability status with negligible error in the level of 95% confidence limit.  It was concluded that an important factor of waterfront city handling operation design in Semarang is social community development, land use efficiency, industry contribution, electricity, and local society organization.   Key words: sustainability index, sustainability status, waterfront city
Sustainable Analysis of Local Economic Development of Shoes Industry at Bogor Regency Kusumawati, Riny; Siregar, Hermanto; Budiharsono, Sugeng; Ridwan, Wonny A.
Forum Pasca Sarjana Vol 33, No 3 (2010): Forum Pascasarjana
Publisher : Forum Pasca Sarjana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB)

Abstract

Shoes industry is an important sector which contributes significantly to the national and local government’s revenue and advantages to the local community to reduce unemployment and poverty.  The objective of this research is to analyze local economic development of sustainable shoes industry, especially the environmental impact at Bogor.  This research uses appraisal for local economic development for shoes industry analysis (ALEDIA), modification from Rapid Assessment for Local Economic Development (RALED).  The result shows that the sustainability index of shoes industry at Bogor is bad/unsustainable (34.84).  Its sustainability includes economy, ecology, social, institution, technology and policy aspects.  Based on the strategic policy implementation, the sustainability index of shoes industry at Bogor is good/sustainable (55.82).   Key words: local economic development, sustainable development
KONDISI EKOSISTEM TERUMBU KARANG DI KAWASAN KONSERVASI LAUT DAERAH BINTAN TIMUR KEPULAUAN RIAU Adriman, Adriman; Purbayanto, Ari; Budiharsono, Sugeng; Damar, Ario
126-4265 Vol 40, No 01 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Terubuk

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Coral reef ecosystems is one of the major coastal and marine ecosystems that haveecological value, economic and aesthetic. Unfortunately, the ecosystem continuesto come under pressure from a variety of activities such as fishing, tourism,pollution and other activities. This study aims to determine the condition of coralreef ecosystems in the Regional Marine Protected Area (RMPA) East Bintan.Observations of coral reefs is done using a modification of the square transectmethod and condition of coral reefs can be estimated by the percentage of livecoral cover approach. While the analysis of water quality refers to the APHA. Tosee the linkages between the biophysical environment-chemical characteristics ofwater with each of the locations used multivariable statistical analysis approach toPCA (Principal Component Analysis). The results show that coral reefs in theMarine Protected Area Region East Bintan including the condition of being togood. This condition is caused by the pressure of population activities in the pastsuch as sea sand mining, leaching of bauxite tailings disposal, tailings sandmining land, and the impact of destructive fishing continues until the timeresearch was conducted. Meanwhile, the measured water quality is below the seawater quality standard for marine life. Further analysis of the factors in marineenvironment conditions with live coral cover showed that the live coral cover wasnegatively correlated with most variable environmental parameters such as flowvelocity, salinity, TSS, DO, BOD5, nitrate, sediment and algae. except fortemperature, brightness, and depth and phosphate positively correlated.
ANALISIS DAMPAK PENINGKATAN ALOKASI ANGGARAN PADA SEKTOR INDUSTRI MAKANAN DAN MINUMAN TERHADAP PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI JAWA TENGAH Setyanto, Kurniawan Ari; Harianto, Harianto; Budiharsono, Sugeng
Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 10 (2018): Edisi Khusus "Tatakelola Keuangan dan Investasi Daerah"
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (554.594 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jurnal mpd.10.-.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe movement of the development paradigm causes development direction not only focuses on growth but also as an effort in reducing poverty and unemployment level and also in improving the quality of human life. The priorities of the economic development should be directed to the leading sector development which has strong relevance to other sectors, so that the sector development will provide a great multiplier effect on the economy. Food and beverages industry is one of the leading sector that contributes greatly to the GRDP of Central Java. The purposes of this research were to analyze the role of the food and beverages industrial sector for the economy of Central Java by using input and output analysis, and to analyze the impact of the increasing budget allocation through government consumption in this sector by using a system dynamic analysis. The results of this research showed that the food and beverages industrial sector had a forward linkage coefficient of 2.42 and backward linkage coefficient of 2.18, and also forward dan backward linkage indexes above 1 which meant that the sector was the key sector in the economy of Central Java because it had strong linkage with other sectors. Simulations on increasing of the allocation of government consumption in that sector had a positive impact on the increase of GRDP and IPM and in reducing poverty in Central Java, but the increase in budget allocation actually causes open unemployment rate in Central Java to increase. Keywords: Budget Allocation, Government Consumption, GRDP, Poverty, Unemployment,ABSTRAKPergeseran paradigma pembangunan menyebabkan arah pembangunan tidak lagi hanya berfokus pada pertumbuhan, tetapi juga sebagai sebuah usaha dalam mengurangi tingkat kemiskinan dan pengangguran serta dalam meningkatkan kualitas hidup manusia. Prioritas pembangunan ekonomi hendaknya diarahkan pada pengembangan sector unggulan yang mempunyai keterkaitan yang besar kepada sektor lainnya, sehingga pengembangan sektor tersebut akan memberikan multiplier effect yang besar terhadap perekonomian. Industri makanan dan minuman merupakan salah satu sektor unggulan yang memberikan kontribusi besar terhadap PDRB Jawa Tengah, sehingga pengembangan sektor tersebut diharapkan akan dapat meningkatkan pembangunan ekonomi Jawa Tengah. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis peran sektor industri makanan dan minuman bagi perekonomian Jawa Tengah dengan menggunakan analisis input output, serta menganalisis dampak peningkatan alokasi anggaran melalui konsumsi pemerintah pada sektor tersebut dengan menggunakan analisis sistem dinamik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sektor industri makanan dan minuman memiliki koefisien forward linkage sebesar 2.42 dan koefisien backward linkage sebesar 2.18, serta indeks forward dan backward linkage diatas 1 yang berarti bahwa sektor tersebut merupakan sektor kunci dalam perekonomian Jawa Tengah karena memiliki keterkaitan yang kuat dengan sektor lainnya. Simulasi terhadap peningkatan alokasi konsumsi pemerintah pada sektor tersebut memberikan dampak yang positif terhadap peningkatan PDRB dan IPM serta dalam menurunkan angka kemiskinan di Jawa Tengah, namun peningkatan tersebut menyebabkan tingkat pengangguran terbuka bertambah.Keywords: Alokasi Anggaran, Konsumsi Pemerintah, PDRB, Kemiskinan, Pengangguran
Analisis Struktur Ekonomi Kelautan Indonesia sapanli, kastana; kusumastanto, tridoyo; budiharsono, sugeng; sadelie, agus
Jurnal Mina Sains Vol 4, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30997/jms.v4i2.1538

Abstract

Marine economy is an economic activity carried out in the sea and land areas whose activities are still related to marine resources. The marine sector is defined as seven sectors, namely: fisheries, marine tourism, mining, marine industry, sea transportation (marine transportation), marine building, marine services. This study used descriptive and impact analysis in the national Input-Output Table in 2010. The total output of the marine sector accounted for 27.39% of total national output. The GDP value in the marine sector is able to contribute 30.32% of the total national GDP. From the results of calculations regarding the analysis of the multiplier numbers by output, the formation of new output in the economy was 1.4087 units. Analysis of multiplier numbers by job opportunities causes an increase in employment opportunities by an average of 0.1451 units. The majority of the sectors of maritime tourism show high distribution power. The largest sub-sector with a sensitivity index value is the trade service sub-sector, which is 1.4608. Key words: descriptive analysis, impact analysis, marine economy, I-O table
Analisis Struktur Ekonomi Kelautan Indonesia sapanli, kastana; Kusumastanto, Tridoyo; Budiharsono, Sugeng; sadelie, Agus
JURNAL MINA SAINS Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Mina Sains
Publisher : Universitas Djuanda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30997/jms.v4i2.1520

Abstract

Marine economy is an economic activity carried out in the sea and land areas whose activities are still related to marine resources. The marine sector is defined as seven sectors, namely: fisheries, marine tourism, mining, marine industry, sea transportation (marine transportation), marine building, marine services. This study used descriptive and impact analysis in the national Input-Output Table in 2010. The total output of the marine sector accounted for 27.39% of total national output. The GDP value in the marine sector is able to contribute 30.32% of the total national GDP. From the results of calculations regarding the analysis of the multiplier numbers by output, the formation of new output in the economy was 1.4087 units. Analysis of multiplier numbers by job opportunities causes an increase in employment opportunities by an average of 0.1451 units. The majority of the sectors of maritime tourism show high distribution power. The largest sub-sector with a sensitivity index value is the trade service sub-sector, which is 1.4608. Key words: descriptive analysis, impact analysis, marine economy, I-O table
SEAGRASS BEDS DISTRIBUTION AND THEIR STRUCTURE IN THE SURROUNDING COASTAL WATERS OF KAPOPOSANG ISLAND, SOUTH SULAWESI Nadiarti, Nadiarti; Riani, Etty; Djuwita, Ita; Budiharsono, Sugeng; Purbayanto, Ari
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL)
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (366.971 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.2.1.11

Abstract

Kapoposang Island and the surrounding waters has been appointed by Indonesian Governmet to be a part of waters tour park in South Sulawesi, implying the requirement of the marine resources, including seagrass ecosystems in this area, should be well managed in order to provide biodiversity protection and sustainable use of the seagrass ecosystems. For this purpose, one of basic required information is seagrass distribution and habitat structure. This study was aimed to 1) observe the location of continues seagrass beds, 2) identify the habitat structure in each site of continues seagrass beds. A combination of visual observation and transect method was applied to determine the sites of continues seagrass beds, while seagrass habitat structure was identified based on ecological habitat structure model. Study results revealed that continues seagrass beds were only found in five different sites of Kapoposang coastal waters. Seagrass habitat structure among the five sites were in variable and the highest seagrass cover was found in two sites, namely 1) site A in the north-west part of the island (S04o41'42.5"; E118o56'59.5") dominated by Thalassia hemprichii and 2) site E located in the north part of the island (S04o41'57.8"; E118o57'45.7") dominated by Enhalus acoroides. Both of these sites were different in heterogeneity but similar in complexity. Keywords: Thalassia hemprichii, Enhalus acoroides, continues seagrass beds, habitat structure
IKAN TUNA SIRIP KUNING (Thunnus albacores) DI PERAIRAN ZONA EKONOMI EKSKLUSIF INDONESIA SAMUDERA HINDIA SELATAN JAWA TIMUR Hermawan, David; Boer, Mennofatria; Dahuri, Rokhmin; Budiharsono, Sugeng; Farid Ma’ruf, Widodo
Jurnal Harpodon Borneo Vol 5, No 1 (2012): Volume 5 No 1 April 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Harpodon Borneo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.892 KB) | DOI: 10.35334/harpodon.v5i1.76

Abstract

Stock status of Yellowfin tuna in Indian Ocean on southern water of East Java currently is predicted undergoing overfishing or close to overfishing which is very alarming from sustainability context. A research has been done on Yellowfin tuna fisheries sustainability based on ecology, economy, technology, social and institutional dimensions. Collected data are analyzed using RAPFISH (multidimensional scaling/MDS, leverage analysis, monte carlo analysis), and comparison pairwess analysis to asses multidimensional sustainability of Yellowfin fisheries.Research result shows that Rapfish index for ecological sustainability is 57.83%, whereas economical, technological, social and institutional sustainability are consecutively: 68.14%, 98.03%, 44.89% and 47.88%.  Multidimensional sustainability status assessment result show sustainability index 64.54 %, or Fairly Sustainable. Of those dimensions, social and institutional dimension have the lowest proportion in Yellowfin fisheries in Indian Ocean economic exclusive  zone (EEZ) they are 7.63% and 4.24 %. Keywords: yellowfin tuna, sustainability, EEZ, Rapfish