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ANALISIS KESALAHAN PELAFALAN BUNYI DALAM BAHASA RUSIA BAGI PARA KARYAWAN YANG MENGHANDLE WISATAWAN RUSIA

Linguistika Vol 13, No.26
Publisher : Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Abstrak Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kesalahan pelafalan bunyi dalam bahasa Rusia oleh para karyawan yang meng-handle wisatawan Rusia di Bali serta memberikan cara untuk mengoreksi kesalahan tersebut dari segi ilmu linguistik. Bahasa Rusia, yang masuk dalam rumpun bahasa Slavia dan banyak digunakan oleh para karyawan perusahaan yang meng- handle wisatawan Rusia di Bali, memiliki susunan gramatika dan fonetik jauh lebih kompleks dibandingkan dengan bahasa Indonesia dan Inggris (Fadillah:2006). Secara fonetik, terdapat beberapa huruf bahasa Rusia yang tidak terdapat dalam bahasa Indonesia dan Inggris, seperti э [e], ж [zh], щ [shy], ь (tanda pelunak), ы [euy], dan ъ (tanda pengeras) yang sering menimbulkan masalah dalam pelafalan bunyi kata yang berisi huruf-huruf tersebut. Kesalahan pelafalan bunyi huruf dalam bahasa rusia terjadi karena adanya interpensi dari bahasa ibu (native tongue), juga kurangnya pengetahuan tentang artikulasi bunyi huruf tersebut. Koreksi terhadap kesalahan pelafalan bunyi dalam bahasa Rusia mutlak dilakukan untuk meningkatkan jasa pelayanan terhadap kunjungan wisatawan Rusia yang semakin meningkat setiap tahunnya. Abstract This research attempts to discuss the mistake of pronunciation in Russian language committed by the workers who are handling Russian tourists in Bali and give some correction of the mistake in linguistics. Russian language which is belong to Slavia group and it is widely used by the workers of a company which is handling Russian tourists in Bali, has much more complicated grammatical and phonetical pattern than Indonesian and English (Fadillah:2006). Phonetically, there are some letter which are found neither in Indonesian nor in English, like э [e], ж [zh], щ [shy], ь (a soft sign), ы [euy], dan ъ (a hard sign). If these letters are occurred in words they will often cause some problems in pronunciation. The mistake of pronunciation in Rusian is mostly commited due to the interference of the native tongue and also lack of phonological knowledge on the proper sounds of the language. Correction of the mistakes is absolutely needed in order to increase the quality of service towards the Russian tourists who are getting increased and increased every year.

PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA JALAN MENUJU PARIWISATA BALI BERKELANJUTAN

MEDIA BINA ILMIAH Vol 12, No 8: MARET 2018
Publisher : BINA PATRIA

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Abstract

AbstrakPerkembangan pariwisata di Bali yang begitu pesat telah merusak lingkungan baik fisik maupun sosial. Dampak lingkungannya meliputi alih fungsi lahan pertanian, lahan tidur, pencemaran air, banjir, abrasi pantai, sampah dan limbah. Dampak sosialnya adalah makin berkurangnya tradisi gotong-royong di masyarakat,  makin berkurangnya jumlah dan anggota subak, mengurangi kesakralan simbol-simbol agama Hindu, tanah menjadi mahal, dan  meningkatnya kerawanan sosial. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperkenalkan ekowisata sebagai bentuk pariwisata Bali di masa depan yang dapat memberikan solusi terhadap permasalahan lingkungan di Bali. Pada prinsipnya ekowisata memiliki kepedulian, komitmen dan tanggung jawab terhadap konservasi alam, warisan budaya dan ekonomi masyarakat setempat. Pengembangan ekowisata diharapkan dapat mempertemukan kebutuhan-kebutuhan wisatawan dengan kebutuhan daerah yang dikunjungi serta dapat mempertahankan kedua kebutuhan tersebut sampai ke masa yang akan datang. Karena itu, pengembangan ekowisata hendaknya berpayung pada kearifan lokal yang sudah diwariskan oleh nenek moyang orang Bali yaitu Tri Hita Karana.

DAMPAK PEMBANGUNAN VILA DI KECAMATAN KUTA UTARA KABUPATEN BADUNG

MEDIA BINA ILMIAH Vol 12, No 7: FEBRUARI 2018
Publisher : BINA PATRIA

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak pembangunan vila terhadap ekonomi, sosial budaya dan lingkungan Kecamatan Kuta Utara, Kabupaten Badung. Metode pengumpulan data penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan kuesioner. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembangunan vila di Kecamatan Kuta Utara dapat memberikan dampak positif terhadap ekonomi masyarakat, tetapi memberikan beberapa dampak negatif terhadap sosial budaya masyarakat dan lingkungan Kecamatan Kuta Utara. Secara ekonomi, pembangunan vila dapat meningkatkan taraf hidup masyarakat, mengurangi jumlah pengangguran, membuka lapangan pekerjaan seperti bekerja di home stay, penyewaan papan selancar, panti pijat (massage) dan pedagang acung. Dampak sosial budayanya adalah dapat menurunkan tingkat kegotongroyongan masyarakat, terjadi degradasi budaya, harga tanah menjadi mahal, gangguan sosial, penyebaran obat terlarang, dan perdagangan sex. Dampak lingkungannya meliputi alih fungsi lahan pertanian, abrasi pantai, polusi air, banjir, serta limbah dan sampah. Berdasarkan penelitian ini direkomendasikan kepada seluruh sektor pariwisata di Kabupaten Badung mulai dari pemerintah, swasta, dan masyarakat untuk bekerja sama dalam perencanaan dan pengembangan pariwisata supaya pariwisata dapat berkelanjutan.

THE CULTURAL CHARACTERISTICS OF INTERNATIONAL TOURISTS

Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 2 No 1 (2018): June 2018
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Number of international tourists visiting Bali, Indonesia, keeps increasing. They usually come from different countries and cultural background. Objective of this research is to introduce some cultural characteristics of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Australian, American, German, Indonesian, and Balinese. Data of this literature review was based on some academic books and electronic data from internet. Data was collected by reviewing some books and articles and by observing the characteristics of resident’s culture. The result showed that the culture of tourists and the culture of residents are very different. Japanese, Chinese, Korean, Indonesian, and Balinese prefer collectivism or group to individualism but, Australian, American, and Germany prefer individualism to collectivism. Indonesian and Balinese like asking about religion, age, salary, and possession but Australian, American, and Germany don’t like asking about them. It is recommended that all tourism employees should know about the tourist’s cultural aspects so that no misunderstanding between the tourists and the residents.

SPECIAL-INTEREST MARINE TOURISM DEVELOPMENT IN SERANGAN VILLAGE, DENPASAR

Jurnal Internasional Ilmu Pengetahuan Terapan bidang Pariwisata dan Events Vol 1 No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat (P3M) Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

This resarch is held in Serangan Village, Denpasar Selatan District, Denpasar Municipility. Purpose of this researchis to identify the potencies of Serangan Island which could be developed as tourism product such as special-interest marine tourism and to know the visitors’ perceptions to the objects and attractions they visit in order to determine the most favorite tourist attraction in Serangan Village.Data of this research was collected by survey, interview, documentation and library study. The data is analyzed by using quantitative analysis (descriptive statistics)and qualitative analysis (descriptive and comparative analysis). The resultsshowed that there are five potencies of natural attractions identified in Serangan Island which could be developed as tourist objects and special-interest marine tourism. They are the white sand beach, seaweed, clean blue sea, coral garden, and mangrove forest. The special interest-marine tourism are surfing, parasailing, waterski, snorkeling, diving, flying fish, underwater seawalker, banana boat, jetski, donat boat, glass bottom boat, horse riding, fishing, fast boat, turtle conservation and coral transplantation. The biggest market segment of those special marine attractions are 95 % Chinese. The foreign visitors that visit Serangan Island about 94.41 %, and the domestic visitors are about 5.59 %. The most favorite marine attractions in Serangan Village is travelling through the quay by fast boat, it is 311,344 people. Then the second and third favorite are turtle conservation and parasailing, they are 18,040 people and 1,890 people. From the capacity ratio, the most favorite attraction is travelling through the quay by fast boat, it is 276.75, the second and third favorites are flying fish and underwater sea walker with ratio 157.50 and 132.38.

UPAYA STAKEHOLDERS DALAM PEMULIHAN PARIWISATA BALI AKIBAT ERUPSI GUNUNG AGUNG (Sebuah Model Mitigasi Bencana Untuk Pariwisata Berkelanjutan)

MEDIA BINA ILMIAH Vol 13, No 4: Nopember 2018
Publisher : BINA PATRIA

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Abstract

The Government and the people of Bali was constantly working to maintain the sustainability of tourism development sector.However, natural disasters in the form of the eruption of Mount Agung in the year 2017 has been disrupting the flight. As a result the number of visits wisatan who came to Bali to decrease.This paper discusses the efforts of stakeholders in Bali's tourism recovery due to the eruption of Mount Agung in 2017. This scientific papers was a  result of the kualitaif study. Data was obtained through the techniques of observation, study of documents, and in-depth interviews with nine informants, namely tourism officials, observers and the perpetrators of the Bali tours.Data analysis was conducted by applying the theory of stakeholders, the theory of crisis management.Results of the study indicate that Bali's tourism crisis due to the eruption of Mount Agung 2017 has respond by all parties under  Tourism Office of Provincial of Bali. In the face of Bali's tourism crisis year 2017 has done four steps, namely: tactical revocation of travel warning, promotion of tourism, the movement come to Bali, and disaster mitigation strategy.All parties (stakeholders) who are members of a team of disaster mitigation, including tourist services provide the necessary services for tourists, including providing related information of the eruption of Mount Agung in 2017.They also do a quick evacuation against tourists around Mount Agung to a secure area, community and offender tour strives to create a tourist area of Bali as safe and comfortable so that sustainability pariwidata Bali could be maintained

PENGEMBANGAN WISATA TREKKING GUNUNG AGUNG DI DESA SELAT KARANGASEM

Bhakti Persada Jurnal Aplikasi IPTEKS Vol 2 No 1 (2016): Nopember 2016
Publisher : P3M Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Program Iptek bagi Masyarakat (IbM) ini bertujuan untuk mengatasi permasalahan dalam pengelolaan trekking Gunung Agung. Program ini dilakukan melalui: pelatihan manajemen usaha, pembuatan standard operational prosedure (SOP)  perizinan   mendaki,   dan   SOP   pendakian   Gunung   Agung;   pelatihan   produk   tambahan memanfaatkan sumber daya alam (SDA) dan sumber daya manusia (SDM) setempat sebagai upaya pemberdayaan masyarakat; serta   pelatihan pemasaran secara online melalui website “balimountagung.com”. Kabupaten Karangasem terletak di ujung timur Pulau Bali. Wilayahnya sebagian besar kering dan termasuk kabupaten termiskin di Bali. Wilayah kering tersebut sebagian besar berada di daerah Gunung Agung. Akan tetapi, wilayah sekitar Gunung Agung memiliki pesona yang luar biasa. Di samping sebagai kiblat spiritualitas umat Hindu, juga sebagai objek wisata. Kepopuleran Gunung Agung sebagai objek wisata trekking sudah terkenal sejak dahulu. Hal ini disebabkan karena Gunung Agung adalah gunung yang tertinggi di Bali dan tergolong masih aktif. Namun, sayang sekali tidak bisa ditemukan data yang akurat tentang jumlah pendakian sampai saat ini yang dilakukan wisatawan petualang pada kelompok usaha wisata trekking di Desa Selat, termasuk juga pada aparat pemerintahan tingkat desa dan kecamatan. Hal tersebut menjadi alasan utama program pengabdian ini. Desa Selat termasuk wilayah Kabupaten Karangasem, Propinsi Bali. Dari hasil wawancara dengan pelaku usaha wisata di desa tersebut tanggal 20 April 2013 dapat disimpulkan bahwa sesungguhnya objek wisata Gunung Agung memiliki daya tarik tersendiri bagi wisatawan petualang. Pangsa pasar wisata trekking Gunung Agung yang tercatat sampai saat ini adalah Eropa, Amerika Serikat, dan Kanada. Tantangan dan keindahan jalur trekking Gunung  Agung  sudah  dikenal  di kalangan  wisatawan petualang  mancanegara.  Pengelolaan  usaha trekking ini masih lemah dan belum dirasakan manfaatnya oleh masyarakat di desa tersebut. Hal ini terjadi karena masyarakat kurang mampu menangkap peluang yang ada.

POTENCY AND DEVELOPMENT OF ECOTOURISM OF BUTTERFLY PARK IN SESANDAN VILLAGE, TABANAN REGENCY

SOSHUM : Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora [Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities] Vol 7 No 3 (2017): November 2017
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Purpose of this research is to identify the potencies and development of Butterfly Park in Sesandan Village, Tabanan Regency. Data of this research were collected through observation, in depth interview, and questionnaires. The findings showed that the butterfly park in Sesandan Village has 4 (four) tourism components namely attraction, accessibility, amenity, and ancillary (4 A). Those components should be developed so that the number of visitors to the village could increase. The development includes some strategies such as Strength-Opportunities Strategy which include development of small scale tourism, alternative tourism and sustainable tourism. Weakness-Opportunities Strategies which include the development of human resources in Sesandan Village on knowledge and skill in tourism. Strength-Threats Strategies, which include keeping and increasing the security of Sesandan Village and by doing benchmarking to the more-developed destination. Weakness Threats Strategies which is done by preserving the ecosystem of the butterfly to keep the balance of the nature and to enlarge the area of the conservation so that it becomes more attractive to be visited.

KONTRIBUSI PENGEMBANGAN EKOWISATA TAMAN SARI BUWANA TERHADAP BANJAR BENG KAJA, DESA TUNJUK, KABUPATEN TABANAN

SOSHUM : Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora [Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities] Vol 3 No 1 (2013): March 2013
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

The increase of world’s awareness on the importance of environmental protection and saturation towards conventional tourism activity which caused negative impact on the socio-cultural and environment has resulted changes in trend from conventional into alternative tourism. Taman Sari Buwana is one of the ecotourism in Bali which is developed in order to accommodate such trend. This study aims to know the contribution of Taman Sari Buwana Ecotourism development at Banjar beng Kaja, Tunjuk Village, Tabanan Regency. The sampling technique of this study used purposive and accidental sampling. Data is collected using questionnaires, direct observation, depth interview, Focus Group Discussion (FGD) and documentation. Data analysis used qualitative descriptive analysis. The results of this study shows that the development of ecotourism at Banjar Beng Kaja gives a positive contributions to economy, social and environment of Banjar Beng Kaja. They are to organization or group involved in the ecotourism, Elementary School No. 3 Tunjuk, Subak Kaliasem (local farmer’s organization), artist’s group, Banjar Pakraman Beng Kaja and Tunjuk Village. It is also contributing to the preservation of culture and environment of Banjar Beng Kaja. In order to ensure tourist satisfaction, it is necessary to improve some tourist facilities in there. Taman Sari Buwana Ecotourism need to cooperate with the Government of Tabanan Regency through the Departement of Tourism and and Public Works, especially in improving the road to Banjar Beng Kaja.

POTENSI DAN PENGEMBANGAN GOOK RANGSASA (GOA RAKSASA) DESA GIRI MAS SEBAGAI DAYA TARIK WISATA ALTERNATIF

SOSHUM : Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora [Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities] Vol 6 No 1 (2016): March 2016
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Bali

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali potensi yang dimiliki Gook Rangsasa (Goa Raksasa) yang berada di Desa Giri Mas Kabupaten Buleleng dan untuk mengembangkan potensi tersebut menjadi daya tarik wisata alternatif. Teknik pengambilan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasi langsung, wawancara mendalam dan dokumentasi. Data diperoleh dari informan yang memahami objek penelitian ini seperti ketua Persatuan Hindu Darma Indonesia (PHDI) Kecamatan Sawan dan masyarakat desa yang tinggal di sekitar goa. Setelah data dianalisa secara deskriptif, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Goa Raksasa mengandung aspek budaya dan lingkungan yang dapat dikembangkan menjadi daya tarik wisata alternatif seperti ekowisata, wisata agro, wisata pedesaan dan wisata spiritual. Persawahan dan tata cara bertani masyarakat di sekitar goa masih secara tradisional. Selain itu wilayah di sekitar goa kaya dengan pohon dan buah lokal seperti mangga, rambutan, kayu jati, intaran, juwet, bekul dan kayu tulang. Kehidupan masyarakat lokal, cara bercocok tanam dan beternak  yang masih tradisional tersebut dapat dikembangkan menjadi daya tarik wisata alternatif. Dari aspek-aspek tersebut wisatawan diharapkan dapat mempelari sesuatu yang baru berkenaan dengan budaya dan alam Bali Utara.