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PENGARUH PERKEMBANGAN KEPARIWISATAAN DAN SISTEM KEKERABATAN TERHADAP SISTEM BAGI HASIL USAHA TANI PADI SAWAH DI BALI Budi Susrusa, Ketut; Iqbali, Saptono
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

High population growthled to a scarcity of arable land in Indonesia. During 1963-1993 periods, farmer households have increased 1.77% i.e, almost three times than the extend of agricultural land. Soe, the land that is held by the farmer households were not only decreased in its size, but also increased in its inequality. Furthermore, this phenomenon encouraged the existence of share cropping contract. Sharecropping contract is an old institution that was known since Babylonian era ( ± 2300 BC) and still showing controversial issues related to agricultural productivity. Certainly, the institution that was born in along history of mankind could not be easily change, however some modification should be conducted along with the implementation of recent agricultural debelopment programs. The objectives this study was identify the change of sharecropping contract on rice farming along with development of economy in Bali which was also stimulated by development of tourism and to learn weather or not sharecropping contract was contra productive in terms labor used and farming performance. This study was conducted at the subaks area, three within and three others of tourism area. The population was classified into three group, owner-cultivator, non-kinship-sharecrpper, kinship- sharecropper. Farming intensity was measured by the indicator of the used of labor and inputs, whereas farm performance will be evaluated by land productivity and farm income. This study reveals that the more developed economy within a region, the better sharecropper? s bargaining position. Furthermore, kinship-sharecropping contract was as not bad as the general opinion that is not agreed to sharesropping contract. Labor utilization and farm performance both in kinship sharecropping were consistent with enforceable contract that is led to optimizing input allocation. From the view points of owners-sharecropping relationships it was indicated that the owners held control upon the allocation of farm inputs.
PENGARUH PERKEMBANGAN KEPARIWISATAAN DAN SISTEM KEKERABATAN TERHADAP SISTEM BAGI HASIL USAHA TANI PADI SAWAH DI BALI Budi Susrusa, Ketut; Iqbali, Saptono
PIRAMIDA Vol. 4, No. 1 Juli 2008
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

High population growthled to a scarcity of arable land in Indonesia. During 1963-1993periods, farmer households have increased 1.77% i.e, almost three times than the extend ofagricultural land. Soe, the land that is held by the farmer households were not only decreased inits size, but also increased in its inequality. Furthermore, this phenomenon encouraged theexistence of share cropping contract. Sharecropping contract is an old institution that was knownsince Babylonian era ( ± 2300 BC) and still showing controversial issues related to agriculturalproductivity. Certainly, the institution that was born in along history of mankind could not beeasily change, however some modification should be conducted along with the implementation ofrecent agricultural debelopment programs.The objectives this study was identify the change of sharecropping contract on ricefarming along with development of economy in Bali which was also stimulated by development oftourism and to learn weather or not sharecropping contract was contra productive in terms laborused and farming performance.This study was conducted at the subaks area, three within and three others of tourismarea. The population was classified into three group, owner-cultivator, non-kinship-sharecrpper,kinship- sharecropper. Farming intensity was measured by the indicator of the used of labor andinputs, whereas farm performance will be evaluated by land productivity and farm income.This study reveals that the more developed economy within a region, the better sharecropper? sbargaining position. Furthermore, kinship-sharecropping contract was as not bad as the generalopinion that is not agreed to sharesropping contract.Labor utilization and farm performance both in kinship sharecropping were consistentwith enforceable contract that is led to optimizing input allocation. From the view points ofowners-sharecropping relationships it was indicated that the owners held control upon theallocation of farm inputs.
Tingkat Keberhasilan Program Pengembangan Usaha Agribisnis Perdesaan di Kabupaten Ende Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur Supardi, Philipus N.; Budi Susrusa, Ketut; Budiasa, I Wayan
JURNAL MANAJEMEN AGRIBISNIS Vol. 3 - No. 2 - Oktober 2015
Publisher : Program Magister Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Rural Agribusiness Development Program is a breakthrough program of Ministry of Agriculture for poverty reduction and employment, as well as for development gap reduction between central and regional regions and between sub-sectors. Ende Regency is one of beneficiary of Rural Agribusiness Development Program in East Nusa Tenggara province. The objectives of this study are assessing the success rate of the Rural Agribusiness Development Program in Ende Regency and assessing factors affecting the success of Rural Agribusiness Development Program in Ende Regency with survey method. The study population is the Farmers Group Association (GAPOKTAN) as the beneficiary of Rural Agribusiness Development Program in the year of 2010. Sampling is done randomly (random sampling) with a total of 30 GAPOKTAN. Data was analyzed quantitative descriptively and relation analysis with partial least squares (PLS). The success rate of the Rural Agribusiness Development Program in Ende Regency is classified as less successful with the score of 2.1. Simultaneously, all the exogenous factors: Organizational Factor (X1), Rural Agribusiness Development Program Management Factor (X2), Agribusiness Factor (X3), Entrepreneurial Factor (X4), Agribusiness Management Factor (X5), and Leadership Factor (X6) collectively have strong influence towards the success of Rural Agribusiness Development Program. Partially, not all of the six variables affecting the success of the program, in which the Agribusiness variable has no influence towards the success of the Rural Agribusiness Development Program. Suggestions may be submitted to this study are the enhancement of the Farmers Group Association Boards capability as the facilitators by conducting comparative study to regencies or provincies whose Rural Agribusiness Development Programs are successful in conducting trainings, that the business can be developed that absorb labours, intensive supervission of the government and  monitoring and evaluation by the regency coordinating team related to financial management.
Hubungan Antara Jiwa Kewirausahaan dan Manajemen Agribisnis terhadap Keberhasilan Usaha Jamur Tiram di Kota Denpasar Purnami Rusadi, Ni Wayan; Budi Susrusa, Ketut; Setiawan AP, I Gede
JURNAL MANAJEMEN AGRIBISNIS Vol. 3 - No. 2 - Oktober 2015
Publisher : Program Magister Agribisnis Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Oyster mushroom cultivation is one of the right businesses to be developed in Denpasar. It is based on high market demand and terraced cultivation usage system which is able to save the land. The success of oyster mushroom business is influenced by many factors such as entrepreneurial spirit ability and agribusiness management. The purpose of this study was to analyze the influence of entrepreneurial spirit and agribusiness management to oyster mushrooms business success in Denpasar. This study was conducted to oyster mushroom farmers who have at least 1000 baglog (growth media) with minimum 1 year cultivation period. The number of samples was determined by 36 respondents of mushroom farmers who were scattered in Denpasar.  The data analysis techniques which were used were SPSS and Smart PLS program. The result of the relation between variable which used PLS in the structural path coefficient showed that there was a positive and very significant relationship with more than 2,72 t-statistic value. There was a positive and very significant relationship with 5,990 t-statistic value of entrepreneurial spirit variable to oyster mushrooms business relationship. Agribusiness management to oyster mushrooms business success had a positive and very significant relationship with 6,670 t-statistic value. Entrepreneurial spirit variable to agribusiness management had a positive and very significant relationship with 49,555 t-statistic value. Goodness of fit evaluation showed that Q2 value was 0,969 which had a meaning that 96,95% information which was in the data could be explained by model and 3,1% remaining was explained by another model. The most influenced indicator in entrepreneurial spirit variable was creative character with 0,927 outer loading value. The most influenced indicator in agribusiness management variable was agribusiness development with 0,874 outer loading value. The most influenced indicator in oyster mushrooms business variable was oyster mushroom farming income improvement with 0,866 outer loading value. This study suggests farmers to improve their entrepreneurial spirit and manage the oyster mushroom business better than before to get a maximum result. Creative character in developing this business becomes the strong main asset to compete with another oyster mushroom which comes from outside Denpasar. The government should give the policy which is related to oyster business assistance and make a plenty promotion of this healthy food therefore it can be more known by people.