Bayu Wisnu Broto
Balai Penelitian Kehutanan Makassar

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Bird responses to habitat change in the karst area of Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park Putri, Indra A.S.L.P.; Broto, Bayu Wisnu; Ansari, Fajri
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea Vol 6, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Makassar

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Abstract

Birds are useful bioindicators to habitat changes. This study aims to determine the responses of birds to habitat change at Maros-Pangkep karst area, Bantimurung-Bulusaraung National Park. The research was carried out in three disturbance degrees (core-zone, wilderness-zone, and the community-gardens), which represents minimal, middle, and high interference level.  A modified square-line method was used to observe vegetation of bird habitat. Point count method was used to observe bird population. Data of the bird habitat vegetation was analyzed using vegetation density. The difference of vegetation composition was analyzed using Sorensen-similarity index. Data of the bird was analyzed using abundance, and indexes of Shannon-Weinner diversity, Simpson dominance, Pielou evenness, and Margalef species richness. Significant differences between the number of the individual bird were tested using one-way ANOVA, Tukey-Bonferroni test. The results showed that birds living in karst were sensitive to habitat changes. Birds responded through reducing the number of individuals and species, shifting the species of bird that has high importance value index from low tolerance species to high tolerance species. Birds also responded by shifting the feeding guild that has high important value index from frugivore to frugivore-insectivore and then to granivore, decreasing the number of bird species with large body size, reducing the number of bird species that need a special location to build nest. Considering that Maros-Pangkep Karst has vital roles, scientific values, and biodiversity richness, it is necessary to involve all stakeholders to maintain its sustainability, including the establishment of entire Maros-Pangkep Karst area as the karst-landscape area.
PERILAKU HARIAN TARSIUS DALAM KANDANG DI PATUNUANG, TAMAN NASIONAL BANTIMURUNG BULUSARAUNG Qiptiyah, Maryatul; Broto, Bayu Wisnu; Setyawati, Titiek
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea Vol 1, No 2 (2012): Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Makassar

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Abstract

Tarsius is one of the protected and endegered species. This study aims to examine the behavior of Tarsius fuscus in captivity in Patunuang, Batimurung Bulusaraung National Park, South Sulawesi Province. The observations were made from March until October of 2011, with 6 periods of observation and each the observations made during of three days from 15:00 pm until 8:00 am. The observations were not done during the day because Tarsius dont present any activity during daylight. The observed behaviors were ingestive, allelomimetic, agonistic, shelter-seeking, grooming, eliminative, playing, and resting behaviors. Observations indicated that the behavior of Tarsius which has the highest proportion was playing, followed by allelomimetic and rest behavior.Keywords : Daily behaviour, Tarsius fuscus, Captivity, Bantimurung Bulusaraung National Park
KERAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG PADA KAWASAN MANGROVE DI TAMAN NASIONAL RAWA AOPA WATUMOHAI Qiptiyah, Maryatul; Broto, Bayu Wisnu; Setiawan, Heru
Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Penelitian Kehutanan Wallacea
Publisher : Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Makassar

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Abstract

Bird is one of the important species associated with mangrove vegetation. This study aims to determine the diversity of birds in the mangrove areas of Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park, Indonesia. Observations were done at 12 points for data collection by scanning field by field method. The results revealed that about 54 bird species was found in the surrounding mangrove, eight types of which species was Sulawesi endemic birds and at least three types of which species was migratory birds. The bird species commonly found was Pergam Laut (Ducula bicolor), as many as 63 individuals. Index of bird diversity in the mangrove Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park was 3.40.Keywords : Diversity, birds, mangrove, Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park