Articles

KEBIASAAN KONSUMSI MINUMAN DAN ASUPAN CAIRAN PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DI PERKOTAAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 3 (2011): November 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The study objectives were to analyze the food and beverages contribution to the total fluid intake, and the sign of mild dehydration of school age children. The cross-sectional study was applied to 78 boys and 78 girls of elementary school students in Bogor City. Two days food recall was applied to estimate fluid intake. The fluid intake was a summation of various food and beverages. The result showed beside of plain water, most of the school children used to consumed milk and tea (>70%) at home. The total fluid intake was 2283 mL for boys and 2024 mL for girls, and its contribution was 21 percent from food (430-490 mL) and 78 percent from beverages (1600-1800 mL). There are 67.4 percent boys and 62.8 percent girls suffered mild dehydration with minimum three physical signs of dehydration. There are still 18.6 percent boys and 3.5 percent girls that their fluid intake below 100% of the requirement.Key words: beverage, food, fluid intake, school children

MINUMAN BERKALORI DAN KONTRIBUSINYA TERHADAP TOTAL ASUPAN ENERGI REMAJA DAN DEWASA

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 1 (2012): Maret 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objective of this research was to analyze energy intake from calorie beverages (EICB) and it’s contributionto the total energy intake of adolescents and adults. The research was carried out through analyzing a data set of THIRST (The Indonesian Regional Hydration Study) collected in 2008 and 2009 by applying a crossectional study design among 606 adolescents (male and female aged 15-18 yrs) and 594 adults (male and female aged 25-55 yrs) in North Jakarta, West Bandung, Surabaya, Malang, Makasar and Malino. Data processing and analysis were conducted in Bogor in April-June 2011. The results showed that the mean EICB among adolescents was 420 ± 406 kcal/day and among adults was 450 ± 382 kcal/day, which is 21.2% and 23.4% of the total energy intake (TEI) of adolescents and adults respectively. EICB was moderately associatedwith TEI of adolescents (r= 0.58, p

KERAGAAN PENYULUH PERTANIAN DALAM UPAYA MENDUKUNG PEMBANGUNAN KETAHANAN PANGAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 3, No 3 (2008): November 2008 (Edisi Suplemen Ketahanan Pangan)
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Abstract

The objectives of this research were to know correlation and influence of agricultural extension characteristic to their comprehension about main duty and function and their knowledge about food security. This research was conducted in West Lampung District, using cross sectional design. The method of analysis was descriptive and inferential. There were 58.9% respondents who have a good knowledge of their main duties and about 68.5% respondents who have knowledge about food security. Education and facilities lead to positive correlation with comprehension for knowledge about food security. But in the contrary it was proved that field of expertise and instruction experiences have negative correlation with knowledge for agricultural extension main duties. The other result is that main duties and function of agriculture extension had significant correlation with knowledge of food security, especially for food consumption. Keywords: agricultural extension, food security, knowledge.

KEBIASAAN DAN KUALITAS SARAPAN PADA SISWI REMAJA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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ABSTRACTThe study aimed to describe breakfast habit among teenage girls of vocational high school Bogor. A cross-sectional study was conducted and was involving 68 students 14—18 years old from SMK Pelita Ciampea, Bogor District. Breakfast consumption was collected by a 7-day food records. The result showed that there were 45.6% schoolgirls having breakfast regularly. Breakfast frequency per week was associated with BMI and anaemic status (p

PERCEPATAN DIVERSIFIKASI KONSUMSI PANGAN BERBASIS PANGAN LOKAL : PERSPEKTIF PEJABAT DAERAH DAN STRATEGI PENCAPAIANNYA

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 4, No 3 (2009): November 2009
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Until the year of 2008, Indonesia’s food consumption quality has not met its ideal pattern yet as shown by DDP (Desirable Dietary Pattern) Score 81.9 and the domination of rice consumption up to 64.1%. The government of Indonesia’s effort to accelerate food consumption diversification requires coordination and good preparation of all related stakeholders. Therefore the aims of this study were to assess the perceptions of the key persons at the local government regarding the food consumption diversification program and to analyze the strategy priority in achieving the acceleration program. This research was carried out in March to December 2008 and used a cross sectional study. Survey was done in three provinces which represent the differences of food consumption pattern. In each province, twenty head officers at the local government purposively selected were assessed about their perception. The perception data was measured by Likert scale and analyzed by the trends using percents and mode score. The strategy priority was measured by AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process) method. This research shows that there are variations among stakeholders in the three provinces ranging “from poor to good” in perceiving the concept and application of food consumption diversification program. Nevertheless, local food is mainly defined as should be locally produced. Increasing the commitment and participation within all stakeholders (29. 3%) are the strategy priority besides promoting local food business through capital and marketing support (25.1%). Key words: perception, stakeholders, food consumption diversification, local food

KONSUMSI PANGAN, PENYAKIT INFEKSI, DAN STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA PASCA PERAWATAN GIZI BURUK

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 3 (2010): November 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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The research objective was to determine food consumption, infectious diseases, and nutritional status of children under-five years old after the treatment of severe malnutrition at Puskesmas. The cross-sectional study design was conducted in four sub-districs in Bogor.  The number of 27 children was selected purposively out of 44 patients at the Puskesmas. The results showed that 88.9% and 77.8% of children consumed less than 70% RDA of energy and protein. In the last three months, the most children suffered from diarrhoea (55.6%) and ARI (59.3%). There were 81.5% of children still in severe malnutrition and only 18.5% of them shifted to the moderate malnutrition. Key words: severe  malnutrition,  infectious diseases,  post-treatment,  children  under-five

FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 5, No 3 (2010): November 2010
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status. One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not having canteen). Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ) and height for age (HAZ) were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009). School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years), more girls (54%), and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ). School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana) and mother (senior high school).  Almost all school children (99%) knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97) with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14), tempe and tofu (2.22 + 1.10), vegetables (2.25 + 0.76) and fruits (2.37 + 1.31). There was a tendency overweight and obese school children eat more rice although statistically not significant.  On average, school children drank milk more than twice daily (2.34 + 0.98), plain water more than 7 glasses daily (7.34 + 4.10), exercise 3 times weekly (3.02 + 2.16) and no difference were observed between nutritional status and family socioeconomics. School children food habit were strongly supported by mother behavior especially in providing breakfast, lunch box and guiding their children in choosing snack food. School children from middle class in urban Bogor had relatively good food habits which were supported by mother behavior. This study found no relationship between family socioeconomic and nutritional status on school children food habit. Key words: food habit, nutritional status, elementary school children.

FAKTOR RISIKO ANEMIA PADA SISWI PESERTA PROGRAM SUPLEMENTASI

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 6, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
Publisher : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

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The aim of study was to analized the risk factors of anemia among school girls participant of supplementation program. Design of this study wass cross-sectional covering  400 secondary and high school students (SMP and SMK) in Bekasi. The secondary data were analized from the baseline program of the Health Office of Bekasi. The prevalence of anemia among school girls was 38.3 percents. The significant risk factors of anemia among school girls were the age and nutritional status (IMT). The anemia risk was higher among school girls at age 13-15 years (OR = 2.73) and the thin girls (OR = 8.32). Key words: risk factors, anemia, school girls

POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN ASUPAN ENERGI DAN ZAT GIZI ANAK STUNTING DAN TIDAK STUNTING 0—23 BULAN

Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol 7, No 2 (2012): Juli 2012
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ABSTRACTThe objective of this study was to analyze food consumption, energy, and nutrients intake patterns between stunting and non-stunting in young children of 0—23 months old, using the data from BHR (Basic Health Research)2010. The data sub-set from BHR 2010 was obtained into e-files form. From 6 634 under-two children 3 539 were screened out due to incompleteness, outlier, and unusual food consumption during data collect-ion. Nutritional status data were processed using the WHO AnthroPlus 2007, while the other data/statistics were processed using the Excel and SPSS for windows. The different on food consumption pattern was performedwith Man-Whitney U test. Food consumption, energy and nutrients intake patterns which measured were type number of food consumption, group number of food consumption, frequency of food consumption, nutrient adequacy, nutrient quality, and nutrients density. The results of study showed that analyze food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns were different between stunting and non-stunting YC according to their age group; the higher the age, the higher their difference. There was no difference in food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns between stunting and non-stunting children 0—5 months. Meanwhile, there was difference in children 6—11 and 12—23 months. The average of protein adequacy and protein density was difference between stunting and non-stunting children 6—11 months. In children 12—23 months, the differences not only in the average of protein adequacy and protein density but also in average of energy and calcium adequacy and calcium density, phosphor, vitamin A, and C adequacy, nutrient quality, and type number of food. Implications for Indonesia that is necessary to study the efficacy of nutritional interventions to achieving optimal linear growth in young children.Key words: children 0—23 months old, food pattern, stuntingABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting 0—23 bulan menggunakan data Riskesdas 2010. Sub-set data Riskesdas 2010 diperoleh dalam bentuk e-files. Dari 6 634 data anak baduta dalam e-files Riskesdas 2010, sejumlah 3 539 data anak dikeluarkankarena data tidak lengkap, pencilan, konsumsi pangan saat kondisi tidak biasa. Status gizi diolah menggunakan WHO AntroPlus 2007, pengolahan data lainnya menggunakan program Microsoft Excel 2007 dan SPSS for windows. Uji beda pola konsumsi pangan menerapkan Mann-Whitney U test. Pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan zat gizi yang diukur berupa jumlah jenis konsumsi pangan, jumlah kelompok konsumsi pangan, frekuensi konsumsi pangan, tingkat kecukupan zat gizi, mutu gizi asupan pangan, dan densitas asupan zat gizi. Hasil kajian menunjukkan pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan zat gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting 0—23 bulan berbeda menurut kelompok umur; semakin bertambah umur semakin meningkat perbedaannya. Pada anak 0—5 bulan tidak ada perbedaan pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting; sebaliknya pada anak 6—11 dan 12—23 bulan. Pada anak 6—11 bulan, rata-rata tingkat kecukupan protein anak stunting dan tidak stunting berbeda, demikian pula densitas asupan protein.Pada anak 12—23 bulan, tidak hanya rata-rata tingkat kecukupan protein dan densitas asupan protein, tetapi rata-rata tingkat kecukupan energi, tingkat kecukupan kalsium dan densitas asupan kalsium, tingkat kecukupan fosfor, tingkat kecukupan vitamin A, tingkat kecukupan vitamin C, mutu gizi makanan, dan bahkan jenis pangan juga berbeda. Implikasi untuk Indonesia yaitu perlu dilakukan penelitian efikasi intervensi zat gizi tersebut untuk pencapaian pertumbuhan linier optimal anak.Kata kunci: anak usia 0—23 bulan, pola konsumsi pangan, stunting

Profile of Food Consumption, Fe and Zn Serum at The First Trimester Pregnant Women

Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol 24, No 1 (2000): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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A cross sectional study in food consumption and serum of iron and zinc in Bogor District (West Java) was conducted between August to November 1998. Interview and blood sample were collected from 60 women in the first trimester of pregnancy. Most of them were young (20 ¡V 30 years old), graduated from elementary school (60 %) and have low income. The staple food was rice, eaten only twice a day. Ninety percent respondent have no food taboo in their food habit. Intake of energy, protein, Vitamin C, iron, zinc and cooper were calculated from food composition value on the basis of literature. Mean daily nutrient intakes were follow ; energy 1616 kcal (73,5 % RDA), protein 52,8 (99,3 % RDA), Vitamin C 93,3 mg (347,5 % RDA), iron 23,6 mg (86,0 % RDA), zinc 7,3 mg (36,8 % RDA) and cooper 1,8 mg (122,9 % RDA). Eighty percent of pregnant women had energy intakes below the recommendation of Indonesia RDA. Mean serum iron and zinc were 90,3 ƒÝ g/dl and 54,9 ƒÝ g/dl. Thirty-three percent of pregnant woman were severe iron deficiency and 8,7 % zinc deficiency.

Co-Authors . Hardinsyah . Hartoyo . Pusporini Abdul Razak Thaha, Abdul Razak Abdul Salam Adriyani, Ari Ali Khomsan Ali Rosidi Amelia, Leily Andri Susanti Anita Christina Sembiring, Anita Christina Anna Febritta Intan Sari Aris Sulaeman Arundhana, Andi Imam Aslis Wirda Hayati Budi Iman Santoso Budi Setiawan Cesilia Meti Dwiriani Dewi Permaesih Dian Herawati Dias Indrasti Drajat Martianto Dwi Hastuti Elvandari, Milliyantri Elvandari, Milliyantri Elvira Syamsir Emmy S Karsin Ermita Arumsari Erni Rukmana Erry Yudhya Mulyani Evy Damayanthi Fasli Jalal Fauziah, Aimmatul Hadi Riyadi Hardinsyah . Hardinsyah Hardinsyah Hari Purnomo, Eko Hari Purnomo Hidayat Syarif Ikeu Ekayanti Ikeu Tanziha Imas Destiara Jannah, Aisyah Fathul Karlina Nurcahyo Kartika Annisa Lilik Kustiyah Lilik N Yuliati Listyani Hidayati M Muchtar M. Aries, M. M. Taqi, Fahim MADE ASTAWAN Marhamah . Mei Rini Safitri Mewa Ariani Migi Barunawati Mohamad Yulianto Kurniawan Muhilal ., Muhilal Nadiyah Nadiyah Ni Made Putria Sukma Febriyani Nita Yulianis Nunung Cipta Dainy Nuradhiani, Annisa Nurul Muslihah Paramitha Rachma Permatasari, Tyas Purnasari, Galih Purnasari, Galih Purwiyatno Hariyadi Pusparini Pusparini Pusporini, Pusporini Putri, Widya Ayu Kurnia Rahmawati Rahmawati Ratu Diah Koerniawati Refdanita, Refdanita Rezzy Eko Caraka Rizal Damanik Rohmatullayaly, Eneng Nunuz Sedayu, Tyas Rara Sefrina, Linda Riski Siti Madanijah Sri Anna Marliyati Sri Mustika Surlitah, Sutemy Tetty Herta Tin Herawati Tiurma Sinaga Tjahja Muhamdri Tonny C Maigoda Vera Uripi Vitria Melani, Vitria Wirawanti, Ika Wirya Yayuk Farida Baliwati Yekti H Effendi Yuni Pradilla Fitri, Yuni Pradilla Zulaikhah ., Zulaikhah