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Pico Hydropower Application on Tidal Irrigation CanalSupporting The Indonesian Agricultural Activities Case Study: Telang II – Banyuasin Darmawi, Darmawi; Sipahutar, Riman; Bernas, Siti Masreah; Imanuddin, Momon Sodik
International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology Vol 3, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

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Abstract

A review of waterwheel history has conducted to evaluate the possibility and thetechnology development in its relation to harvest the energy from the flowing water inand out of irrigation canal regarding the tidal movement. The study has conducted atthe east shore of South Sumatra. Hydro energy became a promising renewable energyin order to achieve at least 5% of total Indonesian national energy mix consumption in 2025. Tidal turbine energy is technologically potential for Indonesian futureregarding the beach of 81,000 kilometers long and 20 millions hectares of tidalswamp area out of 33 millions hectares available. Mechanical torque of 30 Nm isproduced by a waterwheel of 0.38 meter radius. An estimation of 60 watt at the peakof rain season could harvested from each tidal irrigation canal in Telang II. Thismechanical energy is applicable to generate small quantity water pump, water aerationinjector and small electric energy energy appliances.
Bamboo Floated-cultivation Model for Upland Kangkong (Ipomoea reptans Poir.) in Tidal Lowland Area Bernas, Siti Masreah; Pohan, Alamsyah; Fitri, Siti Nurul Aidil; Kurniawan, Edi
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 1, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal

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Abstract

Bernas et al. 2012. Bamboo Floated-cultivation Model for Upland Kangkung (Ipomoea reptans Poir.)  in Tidal Lowland Area. JLSO 1(2):177-185. South Sumatra Province has a high potential of swampland for expansion of floating agriculture system. Swampland in Palembang, for instance, can be adapted for floating vegetable cultivation.  The experiments on floating agricultural system have been done by using wasted plastic glass, bamboo for rice and glutinous rice with the application of Hycinth and water Fern compost.  The purpose of this research was to build bamboo rafts which were suitable for growing kangkong (Ipomoea reptans).  Previous rafts which contained water saturated soil for rice growing needed to be adjusted for kankong cultivation which prefer unsaturated soil.  Two bamboo rafts were built using four plastic containers in bottom corners.The first raft was filled with soil plus compost (ratio 1:1) and the other was filled only with swamp soil.  Kankong seeds were planted with the distance of 25 cm by 25 cm.  Data were collected weekly and analysed statistically using t-test.  Results showed that when the rafts were supported by two bamboos, plants were died due to excessive water.  Plants grew well after the rafts were supported by plastic containers.   Composting significantly increased plant height, number of leaves, plants fresh and dried weight.  Plant height treated with compost was 38 cm compared to that without compost treatment which was 28 cm. Fresh plant weight was 149 g/bunch with compost treatment and 25 g/bunch without.  Thus, low fertility of swamp soil only required compost to increase nutrients content for plant growth.This research concluded that plant can be cultivated cheaply and environmentally safe in swampland.  Further experiments such as replacing plastic container in raft construction and growing other vegetables on the raft were proposed.
Diversity of the Aquatic Vegetation in the Irrigation Canals of Mulya Sari village, Banyu Asin Regency, South Sumatra Septiani, Wiwik; Bernas, Siti Masreah; Windusari, Yuanita
Science and Technology Indonesia Vol 3 No 3 (2018): July
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

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Abstract

Mulya Sari village in Banyuasin Regency is a sub-optimum tidal land with sulfuric acid characteristics which utilize irrigation canal to provide water used in household, fishing, and agriculture. Information on the diversity of aquatic vegetation in the Mulya Sari village is still not much. The purpose of this research to identified and analyzed the diversity aquatic vegetation in the irrigation canal of Mulya Sari village. The method used in this research is purposive sampling method. Aquatic vegetation data are collected trough direct study and using the square of the wooden frame size of 1 m x 1 m (transect methode), then observation are made for identification. Environmental condition in the irrigation canal is still good, with the environmental parameters in the form of Temperature, DO, BOD, TSS, TDS and pH still meet environmental quality standard. The irrigation canal in Mulyasari village was found 7 species of aquatic vegetation belonging to 3 class of Liliopsida, 3 class Monocotyledoneae, and 1 class of Dicotyledoneae, with the value of diversity index between 0,57 – 1,53 and low diversity. Corellation Pearson between water quality and sediment characters of diversity has shown Temperature, DO, BOD, TDS and pH have corellation to diversity.
Changes to Some Physical Properties due to Conversion of Secondary Forest of Peat into Oil Palm Plantation Junedi, Heri; Armanto, M Edi; Bernas, Siti Masreah; Imanudin, Momon Sodik
Sriwijaya Journal of Environment Vol 2, No 3 (2017): Low Land
Publisher : Program Pascasarjana Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to study how the physical properties of peat change due to the conversion of secondary forest into oil palm plantations.  It was done by comparing the three conversion stages of the secondary forest into shrubs and oil palm plantations.  The study was conducted in Ogan Komering Ilir District, South Sumatera Province, about 100 km south of Palembang, Indonesia from August to December 2016.  Data collection was done randomly at all sites, each of five points for field sampling, observation of soil profile and measurement of hydraulic conductivity and water table depth.  The samples were collected at a depth of 0-30 cm, both for undisturbed cores and bulk samples.  The hydraulic conductivity was measured in the field using the auger holes method.  The peat strength was determined by using the hand operated cone penetrometer.  Data analysis was done descriptively and regression correlation test.  The results showed that conversion of secondary forests into oil palm plantations has led to the decline in the quality of some of the physical properties of peat by decreasing total porosity, water table depth, hydraulic conductivity, organic matter content, moisture content and increasing the bulk density and peat strength.
The Change of Nutrients in Tidal Swamp Soil and Palm Oil Plant Due to Several Dosages Application of Palm Oil Mill Effluent on Planting Media Bakri, Bakri; Bernas, Siti Masreah; Budianta, Dedik; Said, Muhammad
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 12, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

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Abstract

The change of several soil nutrients in tidal swamp area due to addition of palm oil mill effluent (POME) on soil media. The research objective was to determine the effect of different dosages application of palm oil mill effluent on nutrient changes within planting media. This experiment was conducted in a plastic house by using 8 month ages of plants consisting of 9 pots combined with 6 levels of BOD treatment (Biological Oxygen Demand) concentrations as follows: 20.000 mg/l (L5), 15.000 mg/l (L4), 10.000 mg/l(L3), 5.000 mg/l (L2), 2.500 mg/l (L1) and water only (Lo). The plants were grown for six months from December 2014 to June 2015. The variables observed were pH (H2O), pH KCl, C-Organic, N-Total, P-Bray I (ppm), K- dd, Na, Ca, Mg, Cation Exchange Capacity, Al-dd and H-dd as well as N, P and K nutrients of crop tissues. The results showed that addition of palm oil mill effluent increased soil pH and availability of soil N, P, K, Ca and Mg. Meanwhile nutrients content of N, P and K in tissues were not increased significantly by given POME with BOD up to 20.000 mg/l.
HUBUNGAN PANJANG-BERAT DAN POLA PERTUMBUHAN IKAN DI MUARA SUNGAI MUSI KABUPATEN BANYUASIN SUMATERA SELATAN ., Nurhayati; ., Fauziyah; Bernas, Siti Masreah
Maspari Journal : Marine Science Research Vol 8, No 2 (2016): Edisi Juli
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SRIWIJAYA

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Abstract

Muara  Sungai  Musi  Kabupaten  Banyuasin  Sumatera  Selatan  berperan sebagai daerah penangkapan  ikan,  pemukiman  penduduk,  dan  sarana transportasi. Seiring  perjalanan waktu,  aktivitas  ini  menjadi  tekanan  pada keberlangsungan organisme  perairan, khususnya ikan. penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi  hubungan panjang berat dan  pola  pertumbuhan  ikan. Hasil penelitian  menunjukkan  bahwa  dari  624  individu  26 spesies 18 famili ikan diperoleh nilai-nilai koefisien korelasi (R2) berkisar 0,405-0,997. Hal ini menunjukkan  bahwa  pertambahan  berat  sekitar  41%-100%  dapat dijelaskan oleh besarnya  pertambahan  panjang  melalui  hubungan  regresi. Pola pertumbuhan  ikan sebanyak  7,7%  bersifat  isometrik,  53,8%  bersifat allometrik  positif,  dan  38,5%  bersifat allometrik  negatif.  Mayoritas pertambahan  berat  lebih  cepat  daripada  pertambahan panjang.KATA KUNCI: Muara sungai, panjang-berat ikan.
Keanekaragaman Plankton dan Hubungannya dengan Kualitas Perairan Terusan Dalam Taman Nasional Sembilang Banyuasin Sumatera Selatan Handaiyani, Sapta; Ridho, Moh. Rasyid; Bernas, Siti Masreah
Jurnal Penelitian Sains Vol 17, No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Mathtmatics and Natural Sciences

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Ekosistem mangrove di perairan Terusan Dalam Taman Nasional Sembilang Banyuasin sebagai eko-sistem peralihan antara laut dan darat mempunyai gradien sifat lingkungan yang sangat tajam. Plankton meru-pakan salah satu komponen penting dalam ekosistem perairan. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan penelitian ten-tang keanekaragaman plankton dan hubungannya dengan kualitas perairan Terusan Dalam Taman Nasional Sembilang Banyuasin Sumatera Selatan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan pengambilan sampel dengan menentukan stasiun dengan memilih daerah yang mewakili lokasi penelitian. Hal itu dilakukan untuk mendapatkan gambaran data yang mewakili kondisi perairan tersebut. Pengamatan di setiap stasiun dilakukan dengan 3 kali ulangan. Setelah semua titik pengama-tan ditetapkan, dilakukan pengambilan sampel dan pengukuran parameter-parameter yang diperlukan, baik parameter fisika, kimia dan biologi. Indeks kemerataan plankton pada bulan April 2012 berkisar antara 0,242-0,648 ind/L, sedangkan pada bulan Juni 2012 berkisar antara 0,35-3,422 ind/L. Indeks dominansi plankton pada bulan April 2012 berkisar antara 0,00059-1,2228 ind/L, sedangkan pada bulan Juni 2012 berkisar antara 0,00118-0,70298 ind/L. 
Kandungan Hara N, P, K pada Gawangan dan Jalan Panen Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Nuryenti, Ismi; Sulistyani, Dwi Probowati; Bernas, Siti Masreah
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 5, No 2 (2016): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Nuryenti, et al. Content of Hara N, P, K on Gawangan and Harvest Road Oil Palm Plantation. JLSO 5(2):219-224. Differences in the location of oil palm plantations cause differences in nutrient content contained in the soil. This study aims to analyze the nutrient content of N, P, K of soil on gawangan and harvest road in PT. Sawit Mas Sejahtera. The method used is a detailed survey method with an observed area of 3 ha. Soil analysis results in nutrient content of N, P, K on harvest road showed higher yield compared to gawangan. N-total value on gawangan 0.11% and 0.16%  harvest road, P-bray value on gawangan 6.15 ppm and 15 ppm harvest road, K-dd value on gawangan 0.10 me/100 g and 0.41 me/100 g harvest road. Soil pH on harvest road and gawangan is a very low pH soil ranging from 3.84 to 4.22. Palm oil production may increase by adding calcification first before the application of N, P, K fertilizer especially on harvest road to improve soil fertility and produce optimal production.
Populasi Bakteri Tanah pada Padi Pasang Surut dengan Aplikasi Pupuk Cair Neptunia Prostrata Aksani, Dila; Aidil Fitri, Siti Nurul; Bernas, Siti Masreah
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal Vol 5, No 2 (2016): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

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Abstract

Aksani, et al. Soil Bacteria Population in Paddy Tidal Land by Application of Liquid Fertilizer Neptunia prostrata. JLSO 5(2):170-177. High soil acidity in tidal lowland influences soil bacteria population. This research aimed to determine soil bacteria population with liquid fertilizer application made by Neptunia prostrata for paddy grown in tidal lowland. This research using factorial completely randomized design with two factors and three replications. The first factor was liquid fertilizer rate, consisting of three levels: 96 mL pot-1(P1), 120 mL pot-1(P2) and 144mL pot-1(P3). The second factor was application period consisting of three times: once time at the planting time (W1), two times at the planting time and harvesting time and three times at the planting time, primordial stage and harvesting time. The result showed that the highest soil bacteria population was 10,94 log spk g-1with the treatment of  144 mL pot-1 liquid fertilizer and given once time at the planting time (P1).
Water quality assessment based on biological and chemical analysis as a parameter for development of fresh water fishery in Lubuk Karet River of Banyuasin District Vratama, Carli Junicef; Bernas, Siti Masreah; Amin, Mohamad
Indonesian Journal of Environmental Management and Sustainability Vol 2 No 2 (2018): June
Publisher : ARTS Publishing

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Abstract

Lubuk Karet River is a river that surrounded by swamps with various kinds of plants and grasses. The Lubuk Karet River has the potential for the development of aquaculture which can be the business part of Lubuk Karet village community. This research was aimed to conduct an assessment effort in order to measure the capability of Lubuk Karet River for any aquaculture activities. The method used in this study is purposive sampling by conducting water quality assessment through biological and chemical parameters to support the development in that region. The results of this test can be a benchmark of fish species that can be cultivated in the Lubuk Karet River. The results of the chemical and biological parameters showed that the lowest DO content at station 2 was 3.11 mg/L and the highest BOD content at station 1 was 4.7 mg/L, the highest at station 1 was 606 mg/L, the highest TSS content 50 mg/L, the highest nitrate content at station 1 was 6,54 mg/L, the highest phosphate content at station 2 was 0.098 mg/L, the highest COD content at station 2 was 5,61 mg/L, Salinity was 0, the highest content at station 2 was 9,71 mg/L and the lowest pH value at station 5 was 2.96. From these results, it can be concluded that for further utilization for aquatic culture, some treatments must be conducted.