I Komang Gde Bendesa
Universitas Udayana

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BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG MENGHAMBAT AKSESIBILITAS MASYARAKAT MENGIKUTI PENDIDIKAN DI UNIVERSITAS UDAYANA Sudibia, I Ketut; Windia, I Wayan; Bendesa, I Komang Gde; Tisnawati, Ni Made
PIRAMIDA Vol. 5, No.2 Desember 2009
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

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Abstract

One of the most important factors to improve the population quality is education.Udayana University is one of the oldest higher educations in Bali. The students are notonly coming from Bali, nor outside of Bali but also from overseas. The total of activestudents attending the education in Udayana University is 17.461. The recent data, fromthe last three years showed that there has been a quality improvement in terms ofeducation. This is proved by the tendency of improving Achievement Index Cumulative(IPK) for regular S1 as 3.05 in 2005, became 3.06 in 2006 and 3,14 in 2007.Apart from the success being mentioned above, Udayana University is still facingimportant problem related to the opportunity which is not taken by the student candidatesIt can be recorded that such opportunity (empty chair) in Unud is still very high (41%)although there was a declining number comparing to the last year data. Considering thefact that the number of SMU (high school) graduates tended to be high, it is importantto conduct research in order to find out the various factors slowing down the societyaccessibility to attend education in Udayana UniversityThe aims of this research are to find out the factors slowing down of the societyaccessibility to attend education in Udayana University. This research was conducted inthree outside cities of Bali, namely: Malang, Surabaya and Yogyakarta. These three citieswere chosen due to be that they have been known as the centers of education cities. Byconducting research outside of Bali, it is expected to find out that there are realisticreasons why they did not choose Udayana University as the place to continue theireducation. The respondents from each city are (1) 80 persons in Yogyakarta; (2) 70persons in Surabaya and (3) 70 persons in MalangThe influencing factors are viewed from the culture system study, among others :mind-set system, social and artifact aspects. The respondents generally stated the basicconsiderations why they did not choose Unud are (i) education quality (41.4%); (ii)education cost (9.1%); (iii) supporting facilities (10.9%); (iv) working prospects (24.5%)and (v) academic atmosphere (14.1%)In relation to such finding, the main suggestions to be implemented that Unudshould soon improve the education quality. The main key to improve the education isto qualify the teaching staff. The teaching-learning process done by all of UdayanaUniversity teaching staff must be thoroughly controlled, based upon the providedstandard operational procedure
Pengaruh Hari Raya Galungan Pada Seasonal Adjustment IHK dan Penentuan Komoditas Utama Yang Mempengaruhi Inflasi di Provinsi Bali: Analisis ARIMA Arini, Putu Simpen; Bendesa, I Komang Gde
Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan Vol. 5, No. 2, Agustus 2012 (pp. 79-150)
Publisher : Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan

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Abstract

Inflation is one of macroeconomic indicators that show a rise of prices in the general level of goods and services over a period of time. The research conducted by Bank Indonesia in 2003 and 2004 show that the largest component that determine the inflation was people’s expectation. One of the required information to controling inflation expectation is the prediction of future inflation and the main commodity that make a big contribution to inflation. Consumer Price Index (CPI) data use to prediction of future inflation rate. Forecasting the time series data of CPI must be preceded with seasonal adjustment to reduce a seasonal component in time series data. Seasonal component which is tested in this study is Galungan (one of Balinese’s big ceremony). This is based on fact that the majority of Balinese are Hindust. Data which used in this research are Consumer Price Index (CPI), inflation rate, commodity price index, producer prices, and consumer prices. The method which used to seasonal adjusted is X-12 ARIMA and the method which used to forecast is SARIMA. Modus method and the principal component analysis are use to determine the main commodity which make an influence to Bali’s inflation. The results of this research are: (1) Galungan has unsignificant result as seasonal component to effect the Bali’s CPI, (2) The forecast for Bali’s inflation rate in 2012 is 6,23 percent, and (3) The main commodity that has a big contribution to influence the Bali’s inflation rate is rice.  
Exploring Destination Identity and Destination Image in The New Age of Tourism: a Case Study of Bali Brand Asti Aksari, Ni Made; Bendesa, I Komang Gde
E-Journal of Tourism Volume 3 Number 1 (March 2016)
Publisher : Doctoral Program in Tourism Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24922/eot.v3i1.21242

Abstract

Bali's economy has grown rapidly since a decade ago. This is possible because tourism is growing continuously. However, tourism growth is not optimal because of insufficient promotion and tourism destination identity is unclear.  The growth of Web 2.0 as a platform to share travel information has prompted tourism bodies to pay closer attention to how their destinations are perceived by target markets. Set within the context of the emergence of Web 2.0, a platform designed to enable users to generate and share information on the Internet, this paper evaluates the relationship between destination identity and destination image and adopts the view that a successful destination brand relies on the congruence between destination identity and destination image. The elements of destination identity are composed from the supply side and the elements of destination image are composed from the consumer side. The objective of exploring the alignment between these two perspectives is to propose a model to encourage the alignment of these two perspectives and evaluate the effectiveness of a destination branding strategy.
SUMBERDAYA MANUSIA BERKUALITAS dan BERKARAKTER Bendesa, I Komang Gde
PIRAMIDA Vol 10, No 1 (2014): Jurnal PIRAMIDA
Publisher : PIRAMIDA

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Abstract

Human capital is one resource that can produce goods and services. Human capital as a multi-dimensional concept has meaning according to the interests of use. Similarly, human capital is the physical capital of the oldest in the world that is inherent in human beings that have been created since the human and born. Human capital has a narrower meaning than human resources, as more measure of the economic benefits alone. Report of the World Economic Forum includes human capital index of 122 countries in the world. However, the human capital index has not entered a real human character element is very important in improving the quality of human resources, in order to form a strong national character. In this paper, based on the character of the cultural elements included in the measurement of human resources that can be done through formal and informal education
Keunggulan Komparatif Produk Alas Kaki Indonesia Ke Negara ASEAN Tahun 2013 Silvia Andriani, Kadek Mega; Bendesa, I Komang Gde
Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan Vol. 8, No. 2, Agustus 2015 (pp. 113-216)
Publisher : Jurnal Ekonomi Kuantitatif Terapan

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Abstract

Export of footwear products Indonesia has potential that is strong enough to compete with other countries in ASEAN. The purpose in this research to measure the competitiveness of Indonesia’s footwear products the ASEAN in 2013 and analyze the effect of labor productivity, inflation and exchange rate, the export value of footwear to Indonesia 2000-2013. In this study uses secondary data from 1994-2013 and analyzed using the analysis technique of RCA, RCDA, RTA, ISP, and multiple linear analysis techniques. Results of this study stated that Indonesia has a footwear product comparative advantage decreases, which is analyzed by RCA to measure on the export, import side by RCDA, RTA on side of exports and imports, and ISP’s to measure the stage of growth products footwear, as well multiple linear analysis results for each of the variables that affect labor productivity positively and significantly to the export value of footwear, exchange rate effect is positive but not significant to the export value of footwear, and inflation effect is negative and not significant to the export value of footwear.
The Effect of Service Quality in International Airport I Gusti Ngurah Rai on Satisfaction, Image, and Tourists Loyalty Who Visited Bali Manulang, Saroha; Bendesa, I Komang Gde; Darma Putra, I Nyoman
E-Journal of Tourism Volume 2 Number 1 (March 2015)
Publisher : Doctoral Program in Tourism Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24922/eot.v2i1.19439

Abstract

Airport are the first and the last contact point for tourists when they arrive at their holiday destination. Therefore, the airport facilities are a source of first impression that effect the quality expectations of the tourists on holiday activities. Bali as a world class tourism destination to develop and renovate the Ngurah Rai International Airport in order to improve quality of service in order to give higher satisfaction for tourists visiting Bali. Based on this study aims to determine (1) the effect of quality of service to tourists' satisfaction and the image of Bali tourism; (2) the effect of the image of tourism and the quality of service to the loyalty of tourists visiting Bali; (3) the effect of the satisfaction of tourists to the tourism image and loyalty of tourists visiting Bali; (4) the effect of indirect tourism image of the traveler loyalty through satisfaction of tourists; (5) service quality indirectly traveler loyalty through tourism image; and (6) to determine the rating opinion on the quality of service Bali's Ngurah Rai International Airport. Population of this research was all foreign tourists visiting Bali through Ngurah Rai Airport at the time of the research. The research samples included 348 respondents were chosen with nonprobability sampling. accidental sampling technique. Data collected through questionnaires, interviews and observations. The collected data were analyzed with SERVQUAL, Importance Performance Analysis (IPA), and Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) for hypothesis testing. The results showed (1) the quality of service Bali's Ngurah Rai International Airport is a positive effect on tourist satisfaction and the image of Bali tourism; (2) the image of tourism and service quality Bali's Ngurah Rai International Airport is a positive effect on loyalty rating; (3) The traveler satisfaction positive effect on tourism image and loyalty of tourists visiting Bali; (4) Tourism image positive effect on loyalty through satisfaction of tourists; (5) service quality Bali's Ngurah Rai International Airport affect the tourist loyalty through tourism image; and (6) overall rating opinion on the quality of service in the high category, with the highest quality opinions contained in the tangible dimension and the opinion of the lowest quality is below average are in the dimension of reliability.
Factors Influencing Tourists Revisit to Bali as Mice Destination Mahadewi, Ni Made Eka; Bendesa, I Komang Gde; Antara, Made
E-Journal of Tourism Volume 1 Number 1 (March 2014)
Publisher : Doctoral Program in Tourism Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24922/eot.v1i1.9845

Abstract

Plan to revisit of MICE tourists has been highlighted as an important research topic in competitive market of tourism destinations especially in MICE Destination. Despite the considerable number of research on MICE tourists, it remains unclear why MICE tourists undertake to plan their repeated visits and what kind of indicators influenced. This research aims to identify factors influencing MICE tourists to revisit to Bali – Indonesia. By using SEM (Structural Equation Model), one of the results of this study indicated that MICE Destination’s attribute, Promotion, Satisfaction and Image were the important factor to affect Revisit of MICE tourists to come again or revisit to Bali as MICE Destination. Concerning with MICE tourists perception on revisit; tourist visit to Bali for MICE destination can be enhanced by promotion through image of Bali.
PROPORSI ADAT BUDAYA DI BALI DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT LOKAL Setyari, Ni Putu Wiwin; Bendesa, I Komang Gde; Saskara, Ida Ayu Nyoman
Jurnal Kawistara Vol 9, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Sekolah Pascasarjana UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/kawistara.36526

Abstract

A lot of the views of practitioners outside of Bali looked at the ceremony as one of the causes of poverty. It is seen from the portion of income that must be spent for various ceremonies to be performed by the Balinese Hindu community. This study aimed to answer the fundamental question, whether it is the customs and cultures led to affect Hindu community income in Bali? The data used is primary data from 350 Hindu households listed as poor households in Bali using depth interview survey method. Religion can play a role in overcoming poverty. Religion is not only a moral conscience that reminds the community will give generously to the poor but also to see the poor as human beings. The opinion says that the religious activities and custom made by Balinese Hindu communities causes increased poverty seems supported by the magnitude of the data portion of the expenditures for this activity. In Balinese Hindu communities, family income will be issued again and consumption expenditure shaped yajna. The analysis shows if traditional rituals and Balinese Hindu religious tend to have positive influence, good for people's income and the level of happiness. Therefore, it is not appropriate if the customs and religion are said to have made the Balinese Hindu community becomes poorer. This result also shows a shift in the understanding of religion in Balinese Hindu community. Religiosity someone then be interpreted by the implementation of the ritual in the form of upakara (yadnya) and the implementation of ethics in public life (susila).
The Employees’ Quality of Services based on The Balinese Local Wisdoms at Non Star-rated Hotels in Bali Astina, I Nyoman Gede; Bendesa, I Komang Gde; Wiranatha, Agung Suryawan
E-Journal of Tourism Volume 4 Number 1 (March 2017)
Publisher : Doctoral Program in Tourism Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24922/eot.v4i1.30169

Abstract

Indonesia is classified as a country that is still promoting traditional culture in seeing service as a profession and business, including in Bali as part of Indonesian territory. Based on empirical studies about the cultural-based service quality, as well as the expectations of tourists to interact with the local knowledge has inspired a new idea to conduct a study on the quality of local wisdom-based services at the non-star hotels in Bali. The problems in this research are what factors that could explain the quality of services of employees based on the Balinese local wisdom at the non-star hotels in Bali. The result of the research showed that variables of local wisdom-based quality of service that play the most important roles are jemet (industrious), tresna (loving), asih (affectionate), and bakti (devotion) or the teaching of the Catur Sewaka which is part of the Sad Sewaka. These four factors are the positive characteristics of the Balinese which are applied in everyday life from generation to generation.
Contribution of Female Entrepreneurs in Promoting Local Food to Support Tourism in Bali Sucita Yanthy, Putu; Darma Putra, N.; Bendesa, I Komang Gde
E-Journal of Tourism Volume 3 Number 2 (September 2016)
Publisher : Doctoral Program in Tourism Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (71.575 KB) | DOI: 10.24922/eot.v3i2.23985

Abstract

This study analyzed the contributions of Balinese female entrepreneurs in the culinary industry in promoting local food to support tourism in Bali. Research was undertaken in the area of Bali province and data were obtained from observations, interviews and study of literature supported by the theory of invented tradition. Eight Balinese warrior of culinaries were interviewed supported by food bloggers, literature reviews and documentation. Data were analyzed based on descriptive qualitative. The results show that Balinese female entrepreneurs have: (1) popularized Balinese food, (2) preserved the existence of Balinese food, (3) strengthened the Balinese culinary identity, and (4) supported tourism in Bali.