Endro Basuki
Rumah Sakit Umum Pusat Dr.Sardjito, Yogyakarta

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Hubungan Kadar Iodium dalam Garam Beriodium di Rumah Tangga dengan Kecukupan Iodium Berdasarkan Nilai Ekskresi Iodium Urin (EIU) pada Wanita Usia Subur

Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia Vol 5, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Media Gizi Mikro Indonesia

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ABSTRACT Iodine Deficiency Disorder (IDD) was one of the nutrition problems in Indonesia that causes decrease of human resource quality. The main cause of iodine deficiency was the environmental factors where land and water in that area were poor of iodine. Childbearing age woman was one of the most vulnerable group to have IDD. Iodine fortification in salt was one of the approach to control iodine deficiency problem. The aim of this study was to measure the relationship between iodine level of iodized salt in the household with the iodine allowance based on Urinary Excretion of Iodine (UEI) value. This was an observational study with cross sectional design and conducted in Kragilan village, Pakis sub district, Magelang. A total of 68 women age 18 – 45 years was measured for iodine level of iodized salt in the household, UEI which reflect iodine allowance, the amount of iodine comsumption dan recall for iodine contained food consumtion. The result of this study showed that median UEI was 124.6 μg/L, among subject of this study, the proportion who had iodine deficiency was 41.1% and excess 5.9%. Mean iodine level of iodized salt in the household was 19.58 ppm and 52.9% had ≥ 30 ppm KIO3. The pearson correlation statistic analysis showed there was a significant relationship between iodine level of iodized salt in the houshold with the iodine allowance based on urinary excretion of iodine (UEI) value (rho=0,5 p<0,01). Based on multi variable analysis, the regression equation was Y = 22.199 + 6.076 X1. With that equation, the level of iodine in the salt for sufficient allowance of iodine should be in the range of 13 – 29 ppm iodine or 22 – 49 ppm KIO3. Keywords: iodine, iodized salt, allowance of iodine, UEI, women.   ABSTRAK Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Iodium (GAKI) adalah salah satu masalah gizi di Indonesia yang akan mengakibatkan penurunan kualitas sumber daya manusia. Kekurangan iodium terutama disebabkan karena faktor lingkungan di mana tanah dan air setempat kurang mengandung iodium. Pada daerah tersebut Wanita Usia Subur (WUS) adalah segmen penduduk yang rawan mengalami GAKI. Sebagai upaya penanggulangan, saat ini dilakukan fortifikasi iodium pada garam. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengukur hubungan antara kadar iodium dalam garam beriodium di rumah tangga dengan kecukupan iodium berdasarkan nilai ekskresi iodium urin (EIU). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain potong lintang. Lokasi penelitian di Desa Kragilan, Kecamatan Pakis, Kabupaten Magelang. Sebanyak 68 wanita usia 18 – 45 tahun terlibat dalam penelitian ini, yang diukur kadar iodium dalam garam yang digunakan di rumah tangga, kecukupan iodium berdasarkan kadar iodium urin (EIU), konsumsi garam beriodium dan makanan sumber iodium. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa median EIU sebesar 124,6 μg/L, proporsi subyek penelitian mengalami defisiensi iodium sebesar 41,1%, dan mengalami excess sebesar 5,9%. Rata-rata kadar iodium dalam garam beriodium di rumah tangga sebesar 19,6 ppm dan proporsi garam beriodium memenuhi syarat (≥ 30 ppm KIO3) sebesar 52,9%. Hasil analisis korelasi pearson menunjukkan ada hubungan bermakna antara kadar iodium dalam garam beriodium di rumah tangga dengan kecukupan iodium berdasarkan nilai EIU (rho = 0,5, p < 0,01). Hasil analisis multi variabel diperoleh persamaan Y = 22,199 + 6,076 X1. Dengan persamaan tersebut, untuk memenuhi kebutuhan iodium, kadar iodium dalam garam beriodium berkisar antara 13 – 29 ppm iodium atau 22 – 49 ppm KIO3. Kata kunci: iodium, garam beriodium, kecukupan iodium, EIU, wanita.

Akurasi Pulse Oximetry dalam menentukan hipoksemia

Jurnal Ilmu Keperawatan Vol 4, No 1 (2009)
Publisher : School of Nursing Faculty of Medicine Universitas Gadjah Mada

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